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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Effect of Growth Stage and Variety on the Yield and Quality of Whole Crop Rice
Kim, Jong-Geun ; Chung, Eui-Soo ; Ham, Jun-Sang ; Seo, Sung ; Kim, Meing-Joong ; Yoon, Sei-Hyung ; Lim, Young-Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2007.27.1.001
This experiment was conducted to determine the effect of growth stage and variety on the yield and quality of whole crop rice (WCR) at National Livestock Research Institute, RDA from 2003 to 2005. Two types of rice ("Chucheong" for food and "Hamasari" for feed) were harvested at six different growth stages (heading, flowering, milk, dough, yellow ripening and fully ripening stage). Crude protein content decreased with progressed maturity at harvest. As growth stage delayed, TDN (total digestible nutrient) content of all rice varieties increased. The average TDN content of two type of rice was about 60% (59.3) which was calculated from ADF(acid detergent fiber) content. The contents of ADF and NDF(neutral detergent fiber) decreased with harvest maturity. The highest DM(dry matter) yield was at the ripening stage (p<0.05) and "Chucheong" gave higher yields than for "Hamasari". In this experiment, the DM yield of all varieties was low. The yield of TDN followed a similar trend to DM yield. According to this results that dough to yellow ripening stage of harvest maturity will be recommendable as proper harvest time for whole crop rice silage.
The Effect of Application of Cattle Slurry on Dry Matter Yield and Feed Values of Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) in Uncultivated Rice Paddy
Jo, Ik-Hwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2007, Pages 9~20
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2007.27.1.009
This experiment was conducted to investigate effects of application of diluted and undiluted cattle slurry with water on seasonal and annual dry matter yields and feed values of tall fescue in the uncultivated rice paddy and it was compared with chemical fertilizer in order to determine optimal application season and dilution level of cattle slurry. When diluted or undiluted cattle slurry with water was applied to uncultivated rice paddy, annual dry matter yields showed 11.31 to 14.81 ton DM/ha (average 13.13 ton DM/ha) for diluted and 10.57 to 12.51 ton DM/ha (average 11.50 ton DM/ha) for undiluted cattle slurries, these had a higher dry matter yield than those of no fertilizer (9.21 ton DM/ha). Furthermore, separate application of early spring and summer (SA plots), separate application of early and late spring, and summer (SUA plots) fur undiluted cattle slurries, and whole application of spring (DS plots), separate application of early spring and summer (DSA plots), separate application of early and late spring, and summer (DSUA plots) for diluted cattle slurries were significantly (P<0.05) higher for annual dry matter yield than no fertilizer plots. Plots applied chemical fertilizer with nitrogen (N), phorphorus (P) and potassium (K) had 15.38 ton DM/ha annually, resulted in significantly (P<0.05) higher DM yield than chemical fertilizer containing P and K, and no fertilizer plots. Moreover, average annual DM yield for the chemical fertilizer with P and K was lower than that of cattle slurry applications. The efinciency of DM production for mineral nitrogen of chemical fertilizers was annually average 31.3 kg DM/kg N. In terms of cutting time of tall fescue, it was lowered in the order of 2nd growth followed by 1st and 3rd growth. However, efficiencies of annual DM production of nitrogen for diluted and undiluted cattle slurries were 26.1 and 15.3 kg DM/kg N, respectively, especially, highest in 2nd growth. While, efficiencies of DM production for cattle slurry versus for mineral nitrogen were 48.9 (undiluted) and 83.4% (diluted), respectively. For annual crude protein (CP) contents of tall fescue, aqueous cattle slurry applications showed 9,9 to 11.6%, which were significantly (P<0.05) higher than no fertilization (9.5%) and chemical fertilizer (9.0 to 9.8%), but annual average NDF and ADF contents were lowest in no fertilization. On the contrary, relative feed value (RFV) and total digestible nutrients (TDN) of no fertilizer plots were significantly (P<0.05) higher than the other plots. The application of cattle slurry and their dilution significantly increased yields of crude protein and total digestible nutrients compared with no and/or P and K fertilizers (P<0.05). These trends were much conspicuous in water-diluted cattle slurries applied in the early and late spring and summer, separately (DSUA plots).
Effects of Cattle Slurry Application According to the Slopes on Forage Yield and Nutrient Runoff in Mixed Grassland
Jung, Min-Woong ; Choi, Ki-Choon ; Yoon, Chang ; Kim, Won-Ho ; Yook, Wan-Bang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2007, Pages 21~28
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2007.27.1.021
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of the degree of slope according to cattle slurry (CS) application on productivity of herbage yield and nutrients runoff in mixed grassland. silage corn and environmental pollution in silage corn cultivation soil. Field study was conducted on the steel-made erosion apparatuses which consisted of various degree of slope, such as 0%, 8.75% and 17.50%, Dry matter yield and N yield of forages decreased as the degree of the slope increased, whereas N contents increased as the degree of slope increased.
concentrations from the surface run-off significantly elevated by increasing the slope during the experimental period (P<0.05). However,
content from the surface run-off by application of CS maintained a low levels during the experimental period. In conclusion, com productivity and nutrient losses from run-off are significantly affected by heavy rainfall on the sloping land. The results of this study suggest that CS application in the sloping land can be an important source of pollution for surface water if intensity rainfall takes place within a short period.
The Evaluation of Trace Minerals Levels of Pasture Soils and Forages in Jeju
Lee, Chong-Eon ; Park, Myung-Hee ; Park, Nam-Keon ; Park, Hyung-Soo ; Oh, Woon-Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2007, Pages 29~36
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2007.27.1.029
A study was conducted to determine the trace minerals (Cu, Fe, Cd, Zn, Mo, Se, Mn, Cr, Co, Ni) levels in pasture soils and forages collected in Jeju area. Chemical characteristics and total or soluble trace minerals levels in 187 pasture soil samples (76 very dark brown and 111 black soils) were measured. Total trace minerals contents in hay samples of 60 Italian ryegrass, alfalfa and mixture grasses each were assessed. The pasture soils of Jeju were characterized to have low pH (5.1) and to contain low levels of available
(20.5 mg/kg) and exchangeable Ca, Mg, K, Na (2.6, 0.9, 0.5, 0.2 cmol+/kg, respectively) when comparing to upland soils of Jeju or Korean mainland. All trace elements in total or soluble analysis of pasture soils were detected, and there was a big difference between total and soluble levels. The pasture soils tended to have the higher total Fe, Mn, Ni and Zn contents. Cr in all forages was not detected, but other trace minerals levels showed normal range. The hay samples of Italian ryegrass and mixture grasses produced in Jeju tended to contain higher Mn (105 vs 23 mg/kg) and lower Mo (2.7 vs 4.9 mg/kg) than those of alfalfa hay imported from USA. Results show that trace minerals of pasture soils and forages in Jeju seem to be not deficient, indicating that supplementation of some trace minerals are not always necessary in diets for grazing animals and should be done after careful evaluation of diets with regard to concentrations and biological availability of essential elements.
Proline and Ammonia Accumulation in the Zoysiagrass Infected with Large Patch
Kim, Dae-Hyun ; Lee, Bok-Rye ; Lee, Jae-Sik ; Li, Ming ; Kim, Tae-Hwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2007, Pages 37~44
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2007.27.1.037
To investigate the response of proline and ammonia to pathogen infection, plant growth and relevant chemical component were examined in large patch-infected or healthy (control) zoysiagrass during 6 days after treatment. Pathogen-infection increased root mortality by 30% compared to control. Soluble protein was not significantly affected by pathogen-infection except in the leaf at day 6. Ammonia concentration also increased significantly in both leaves and roots of pathogen-infected plants. Proline concentration in leaves and roots increased to 3.4- and 4.5-fold, respectively, compared to those of control at day 6. These results suggest that proline accumulation may be a sensitive biochemical indicator representing the stress intensity caused by pathogen infection in zoysiagrass.
Effect of Cattle Manure Application on Forage Productivity and Soil Characteristics of Pasture
Hwang, Kyung-Jun ; Ko, Seo-Bong ; Park, Hyung-Soo ; Park, Nam-Gun ; Ko, Moon-Suck ; Kim, Moon-Chul ; Song, Sang-Teak ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2007, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2007.27.1.045
This study was conducted from 2003 to 2005 at crop field of National Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, RDA, in Jeju. The treatment consisted of chemical fertilizer 100%(CF 100%, T1), cattle manure 100%(CM 100%, T2), CF 50%+CM 50%(T3), CF 25%+CM 75%(T4), CM 100%(1st yr.)+CF 100%(2nd yr,)+CM(3rd yr)(T5), CM 100%(1st yr.)+CF 100%(2nd yr.)+CF(3rd yr.)(T6). The highest substitution effect of chemical fertilizer for cattle manure indicated that the highest yield(Avg. 11,169 kg/ha) obtained from CM 100%(1 yr.)+CF 100%(2 yr.) treatment. The forage yield of CM 100%(1 yr.)+CF 100%(2 yr.) was 4% more than CM 100% application whereas was 3% less than CF 100% application. Changes of physical and chemical properties of soils for applications of CF 100% and CM 100% was clearly in cattle manure application. Especially, cattle manure application in pasture were superior to chemical fertilizer application with respect to organic matter(OM, %), total nitrogen(T-N, %), and avaliable phosphorous(
, %) contents of soils. In this present study, cattle manure application recorded slightly lower forage yields than CF 100% application but the combined use of cattle manure and chemical fertilizer was attribute to reduction of chemical fertilizer application rate as well as maintaining soil health on long-term basis.
Growth Characteristics and Productivity of New Orchardgrass(Dactylis glomerata L.) Variety "Kordione"
Choi, Gi-Jun ; Sung, Byung-Ryul ; Seo, Sung ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Lee, Joung-Kyong ; Park, Hyung-Soo ; Moon, Chung-Sup ; Ji, Hee-Chung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2007, Pages 53~56
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2007.27.1.053
A new orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) variety named "Kordione" has developed by the National Livestock Research Institute (NLRI) in 2005. To develope a new variety of orchardgrass, 5 superior clones were selected and polycrossed for seed production. Various agronomic growth paramaters and forage production of "Kordione" were examined at Suwon from 2001 to 2002. During 2003-2005, regional trials were conducted at Suwon, Pyungchang, Youngju, Iksan, and Jeju. "Kordione" showed a medium type growth habit in fall and spring, and short in length of flag leaf and upper internode. Plant height of "Kordione" was similar to that of standard variety, "Ambassador" and heading date was 2 days later than 10th May compared to Ambassador. "Kordione" showed enhanced winter hardiness, lodging tolerance and disease resistance compared to Ambassador. In addition, dry matter yield (12,081 kg/ha) of "Kordione" was also higher (11%) than that of the Amabassador. However, nutritive value was similar in both varieties.
Effects of Hilly Pasture Types on Performances and Nutrient Availability in Breeding Korean Black Goats
HwangBo, Soon ; Choi, Sun-Ho ; Kim, Sang-Woo ; Kim, Young-Keun ; Sang, Byung-Don ; Kwon, Doo-Jung ; Jo, Ik-Hwan ; Choi, Jae-Gook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2007, Pages 57~66
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2007.27.1.057
This study was conducted not only to evaluate the feed value for forests and organically produced-agricultural byproducts, but also to determine effects of different hilly pasture types on feed intake, nutrient digestibility and nitrogen retention in Korean black goats. Forty black goats were employed in the feeding trial and they were separated into four treatments (forages grown in chemical fertilizer, organic forages, native plants and browses) with 10 goats for each treatment. Furthermore, 12 goats, for nutrient digestibility trial, were allotted to few treatments of three goats per treatment with a randomized complete block design. Total body weight gain and average daily gain were significantly (p<0.05) decreased in the order of forages grown in chemical fertilizer, organic forages, native plants and browses throughout the trial. Dry matter intake (DM), digestible DMI, DM digestibility and nitrogen retention were highest in forages treatment grown in chemical fertilizer (p<0.05). From the above results, Organic Korean black goats fed forest byproducts as forage source and domestic organically produced-agricultural byproducts as supplemental diets were somewhat lowered in their performance. However, it showed high stability in the sustainable farming of organic Korean black goats. As the result, the consumption of organic Korean black goats might be more desirable for medicinal use rather than fur meat as a table food. The way to increase the low performance of organic Korean black goats for supplemental diets might be the additional supply of lacking nutrients for supplemental diets
A Study on the Cultivation of Forage Crops in Amur Oblast - An Alternative Measure of Preparations for Conclusion of the FTA -
Kim, Jong-Heon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2007, Pages 67~76
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2007.27.1.067
The conclusion of free Trade Agreement between South Korea and USA can become a serious threat to the Korean agriculture. On the strategic scheme the foodstuffs is the basis for protection of the state sovereignty. The Amur oblast of Russian Federation is region, which can supply South Korea cheap and good qualitative feeds. It means South Korea should create agricultural cooperation with the Amur oblast of Russian Federation with the purpose to begin organic agriculture in this area and it will help South Korea to counteract a quantitative attack on Korea from the side of american agricultural production. In the Amur oblast there are following fodder crops; Alfalfa, Smooth brome grass (gromus adonis L.), Siberian couch grass, Sudan pass, Colza rape (Brassica napus) and Amaranth (Avfranthus). In the same area also exist oatmeal, wheat, corn and barley, which is possible to use for feeds. All these above written cultures are cultivated organically, therefore it is possible to use them as organic forages in South Korea. It is very important to know system of crop rotation in the Amur oblast. There is a scheme of crop rotation, which is connected with increase and preservation of fertility of soil, maintenance of growth of productivity of agricultural cultures and reception of high-quality production. It is necessary to begin organic agriculture in a southern part of Amur oblast, where, in 2001 year, 97% of all sowing areas was concentrated. The acidity degree of soil in this part is not high (
), therefore does not require liming.