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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Growth Characteristics and Productivity of New Orchardgrass(Dactylis glomerata L.) Variety "Korditwo"
Ji, Hee-Chung ; Choi, Gi-Jun ; Sung, Byung-Ryul ; Seo, Sung ; Kim, Ki-Young ; Lee, Joung-Kyong ; Kim, Won-Ho ; Park, Hyung-Soo ; Moon, Chung-Sup ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 28, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~6
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2008.28.1.001
Korditwo is a new orchardgrass(Dactylis glomerata L.) variety developed by the National Institute of Animal Science(NIAS) in 2005. To develope the new variety of orchardgrass, 5 superior clones, Dg8533, Dg9518, EDg9133, U8504 and U8519, were selected and polycrossed for seed production. That synthetic variety was designated newly as "Korditwo", and it`s agronomic growth characteristics and forage productivity were examined at Suwon from 2001 to 2002, and regional yield trials were conducted in Suwon, Pyungchang, Youngju, Iksan, and Jeju from 2003 to 2005, respectively. "Korditwo" showed medium type growth habit in fall and spring and short in length of flag leaf and upper internode. Plant height of "Korditwo" was similar to that of standard variety, "Ambassador" and heading date was 4 days later than 14th May compared to Ambassador. Characteristics such as winter hardiness, lodging tolerance, disease resistance of "Korditwo" were stronger or better than those of Ambassador, specially in winter hardiness and lodging tolerance. "Korditwo" showed 10% higher dry matter yield(11.3 ton/ha) compared to Amabassador. Nutritive value was appeared to be similar in both varieties.
Comparing of a Yearly Agronomic Characteristics and Yields of Festulolium Hybrids
Kim, Meing-Jooung ; Sung, Byung-Ryeol ; Choi, Gi-Jun ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Lim, Keun-Bal ; Ji, Hee-Chung ; Jung, Ki-Beak ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 28, issue 1, 2008, Pages 7~12
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2008.28.1.007
This experiment was carried out to examine the winter hardiness, heading date, quality, and yields of Festulolium hybrids, Festuca pratensis and Lolium multiflorum, which were cultivated during September 2005 to July 2006 at Suwon and Namwon. The results are as follows; Perun, Boxer, and Fleurial showed stronger or same level of hardiness than Hwasan 101, which is one of the strongest hybrids in winter hardiness. Therefore, we did not detect any problem in winter hardiness when these hybrids were cultivated in Korea. These are turned out to be mid and late maturing hybrids. The average heading date of three hybrids were 24 to 27 May in Suwon and Namwon. These date are same or 3 days later than Hwasan 101. The average fresh yields of 3 hybrids were increased by
than that of Hwasan 101. And the dry matter yields of Perun, Boxer, and Fleurial were increased by 39%, 26%, and 29%, respectively, than that of Hwasan 101. We could not detect any difference in the average fresh and dry matter yields between region, however there were significant differences in hybrids(p<0.05). Crude protein contents of 3 hybrids were higher to
than that of Hwasan 101. The neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber were decreased by 3.9 and 7.0%, respectively, comparing to Hwasan 101. Therefore these hybrids have turned out to be excellent feed quality hybrids.
Comparison of Growth Characteristics and Yields of Autumn-Sowing Annual Legumes in Paddy Field of Central Provinces
Shin, Jae-Soon ; Kim, Won-Ho ; Yoon, Sei-Hyung ; Lim, Young-Cheol ; Lim, Keun-Bal ; Seo, Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 28, issue 1, 2008, Pages 13~18
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2008.28.1.013
This experiment was conducted to compare the agronomic characteristics, flowering condition and productivity of introduced annual legumes at paddy field of Seonghwan(Cheonan, Chungnam, Korea) from September 2006 to May 2007. Annual legumes used in this study were hairy vetch(Vicia villsa, Rosa), crimson clover(Trifolium incarnatum, Contea), berseem clover(Trifolium alexandrinum, Alexandria), persian clover(Trifolium resupinatum, Prolific), balansa clover(Trifolium michelianum, Paradona), sweet clover(Melilotus officinalis, Yellow) and forage pea(Pisum sativum, Austrian). Emergency rate after seeding were 90% or more in crimson clover, hairy vetch, forage pea and berseem clover. Wintering of hairy vetch and crimson clover were excellent as 98% and 95%, respectively. Flowering rate of harvesting date(May 10) was 100% in crimson clover, 98% in balansa clover, 5% in persian clover and others were not flowering. Fresh and dry matter yield of crimson clover were highest as 72,556 kg/ha and 16,062 kg/ha, respectively. Crude protein yield of hairy vetch was highest as 2,929 kg/ha but not significant with crimson clover(2,169 kg/ha). TDN yield of crimson clover was highest as 9,007 kg/ha but not significant with hairy vetch(7,366 kg/ha). According to the results from this study, it is suggested that crimson clover would be recommendable for autumn-sowing annual legume at paddy field of Central Provinces.
Effect of Water Treatment Sludge(WTS) on Trace Metals Content in Sorghum(Sorghum bicolor(L.) Moench). II. Measuring of Nickel Content of the Forage
Park, Byung-Hoon ; Choi, In-Sub ; Kim, Eun-Young ; Lee, Eun-Mi ; Lee, Hyo-Jeong ; Lee, Su-Chan ; Park, Jae-Won ; Yoo, Sung-Mook ; Kim, Sang-Deog A. ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 28, issue 1, 2008, Pages 19~28
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2008.28.1.019
Effect of Water Treatment Sludge(WTS) on trace metals content in Sorghum(Sorghum bicolor(L.) Moench) was investigated. At this report measuring of nickel(Ni) content of the forage was presented. Four treatments, Control, Compost, Alum+(nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium)(NPK), Compost+NPK, were applied to the sorghum in a mountainous place near the Joongbu University. With the 1, 3, 5 hours conditions, the background value was the least on the 5 hours warming up of the AA-680 spectrophotometer, and on the condition(mean/SD) of absorbances of Ni observed was the most. It is necessary in Ni analysis warming up for longer period around 5 hours for this type of apparatus. And we think that the difference of warming time for Ni analysis in order to carry out better measuring; the reason might be the larger bonding energy of Ni than those of Cu, calcium(Ca), magnesium(Mg) and (potassium)(K).
Effect of Growth Stage and Variety on the Quality of Whole Crop Rice Silage
Kim, Jong-Geun ; Chung, Eui-Soo ; Seo, Sung ; Kim, Meing-Jung ; Lee, Joung-Kyeong ; Yoon, Sei-Hyung ; Lim, Young-Chul ; Cho, Yong-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 28, issue 1, 2008, Pages 29~34
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2008.28.1.029
This experiment was conducted to study the effects of growth stage and variety on the quality of whole crop rice(WCR) silage at National Institute of Animal Science, RDA from 2004 to 2005. Two types of rice("Chucheong" for food and "Hamasari" for whole crop) were harvested at six different growth stages (heading, flowering, milk, dough, yellow ripen and fully ripen stage) and ensiled each harvest stages. Crude protein(CP) content of all whole crop rice silage was also decreased with progressed maturity at harvest and TDN(total digestible nutrient) content of WCR was increased. The average CP content of whole crop rice was higher than that of food rice. The contents of ADF(acid detergent fiber) and NDF(neutral detergent fiber) decreased with delayed harvest maturity. The content of TDN estimated from ADF content was increased with progressed maturity, but there was not found significant difference between rice varieties(p<0.05). The average pH value was 4.69 and it was increased with delayed harvest maturity. Acetic and butyric acid content were decreased, but lactic acid content was increased with progressed maturity. The experiments presented here show that all rice varieties may give a good quality silage. But some wrong practical method(grain loss, productivity, nutrient value, etc.) will make poor quality of rice silage. Therefore, dough stage of harvest maturity will be recommendable as proper harvest time for making high quality of whole crop rice silage in Korea.
Effects of Rotatory Speed of Coating Pan on the Physical Characteristics of Coated Seeds
Hur, Sam-Nam ; Li, Cheng-Yun ; Park, Chun-Soo ; Zhang, Bo ; Park, Hong-Suk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 28, issue 1, 2008, Pages 35~40
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2008.28.1.035
Using a small pilot coating pan, red clover and tall fescue seeds were coated under different rotating speed of pan(20, 30, 40, 45, 55, 60 rpm) for standardization of seed coating. Vermiculite was used as particulate matter and polyvinyl alcohol as adhesive for the coating of seeds. Coating index was calculated based on the percent singles out, percent agglomerates out, weight of particulate matter fine, percent friability, and average weight per 100 seeds to evaluate the physical characteristics of coated seeds. The coated seed of red clover under 45 rpm rotating speed of pan, was best in terms of percent singles out, percent agglomerates out, weight of fines, and average 100 seed weight. The coated seed of tall fescue under 40 rpm rotating speed of pan, showed highest percent singles out, lowest percent agglomerates out, lowest weight of fines, and heaviest average 100 seed weight. Excellent coating results were obtained with the pan speed of 45rpm for red clover and 40 rpm for tall fescue seeds. As rotatory speed of coating pan affected much to the physical characteristics of coated seeds, standardization of the speed is required before seed coating.
Effects of Agricultural By-Product Feeds on Growth and Carcass Characteristics of Korean Native Steer
Lee, Sang-Moo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 28, issue 1, 2008, Pages 41~48
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2008.28.1.041
This study was carried out investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of agricultural by-product feed(persimmon-pell+barley bran+fermented rice bran+activated carbon) on calves disease, growth and carcass characteristics of Korean native steer. A total of twenty Korean native steer were allocated into four feeding group and assigned to four dietary treatments: Control(normal concentrate as a basal diet), T1(1% addition of by-product feeds), T2(3% addition of by-product feeds) and T3(5% addition of by-product feeds). The calf diarrhea was the highest at Control, while T3 was the lowest. The breath disease was the lowest at T2, occurrence with diarrhea and breath disease was the highest at Control. The daily gain was orderly ranked as T2(0.76kg)>T1(0.7kg), T3(0.70kg)>Control(0.67kg). The back fat thickness was orderly ranked as T2>T3>Control>T1, eye muscle area was orderly ranked as T3>T1>Control>T2. Grade of meat quantity was the highest at T1(2.3), but fat color, firmness and maturity tends to have a similar result. The marbling score and quality grade of T2 were the highest at 5.0 and 3.5, respectively. Based on the study, agricultural by-product feeds are able to many used for various purposes at disease reduce, increment of meat quantity and improvement of quality grade.
The Effect of Alcohol Fermented Feedstuff Made of Byproducts on Fermentation Characteristics and Dry Matter Disappearance in the Rumen
Shin, Jong-Suh ; Lin, Guang Zhe ; Kim, Byong-Wan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 28, issue 1, 2008, Pages 49~60
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2008.28.1.049
A study was conducted to determine the effect of alcohol-fermented feedstuff formulated with byproducts on the fermentation characteristics and dry matter disappearance in the rumen. Dietary treatments were either a soybean curd-based alcohol-fermented feedstuff(AFS) and brewery grain-based alcohol-fermented feedstuff(AFB). The AFS and AFB are composed of 50% commercial beef cattle feed, 50% soybean curd dreg, 5% molasses and 0.5% yeast, and 25% commercial beef cattle feed, 25% brewery grain, 25% soybean curd dreg, 25% corn grit, 5% molasses and 0.5% yeast, respectively. The ruminally cannualted Korean cattle were utilized to investigate the change of ammonia, pH alcohol, volatile fatty acids, and DM digestibility at 0, 2, 4, 8 and 12 hr after feeding. The rumen ammonia concentrations were significantly lower in AFS and AFB with incubation time, especially at 6 hr incubation(AFS, 0.7 mg/dl; AFB, 1.5 mg/dl; control 2.5 mg/dl). Lower rumen pH was observed in AFS and AFB during the early stage of incubation, but no significant difference was found at late stage of incubation. The total VFA concentrations were not affected by diet treatments at 2 hr incubation time, but the concentration significantly decreased after that. The dry matter disappearance was significantly lower in AFS and AFB during the early stage of incubation. However, the dry matter disappearance of AFS and AFB was similar to that of control during the late stage of incubation. It is concluded that the industrial byproducts such as soybean curd dreg and brewery grain were effective materials to make an alcohol fermented feedstuffs and resulted in better fermentation characteristics in the rumen when both were applied to Hanwoo.
Study on the Food Habits of Sika Deer(Servus Nippon) Fed with Various Roughage Sources
Lee, In-Duk ; Lee, Hyung-Suk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 28, issue 1, 2008, Pages 61~70
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2008.28.1.061
The object of this experiment was to investigate the food habits of sika deer fed with various roughage sources. The feeding trials were conducted at Chungnam National University and Unbong Animal Genetic Resources Station in 2007. The experimental roughages sources were five including 25 species in all; grass sources; 5 species(Lolium perenne, Festuca arundinacea, Poa pratensis, Agrostis alba and mixed grass), legume sources; 5 species(Trifolium pratense, Medicago sativa, Trifolium repens, Melilotus officinalis and Vicia villosa), browse sources; 5 species(Quercus serrata Thunb., Prunus jamasakura Sieb., Quercus aliena Blume, Robinia pseudoaccacia and Pinus densiflora), weed sources; 5 species(Artemisia princeps Pampanini, Erigeron canadensis, Alopecurus aegualis Sobolewski, Echinochloa crusgalli var. frumentacea(Roxb.) Wight and Rumex crispus), and native grass sources; 5 species(Zoysia japonica Steudel, Agropyron tsukushiense var. transiens(Hack) Ohwi., Arundinella hirta(Thunb.) Tanaka, Miscanthus sinensis Anderss and Phragmites comunis Trin). Five sika deer were selected which had nearly the same body weight(average 92.5kg) as experimental animal. Experimental roughages were prepared by 0.5kg(DM basis) per 1 species fed to sika deer, and the experiment was carried out from 08:00 to the next day 06:00. The chemical composition and dry matter digestibility of each roughage source and species were significantly different at the sampling area, plant species, growth stages and cutting period. The sika deer ate more roughages which had low fibrous contents, but high dry matter digestibility. Among all the 25 species of roughages, the favorite intake species ranking by sika deer was observed like this: Quercus aliena Blume, Prunus jamasakura Sieb, Quercus serrata Thunb. and Trifolium pratense, respectively, and the lower intake species was Phragmites comunis Trin. On the other hand, compared to each roughage source, total intake amount by sika deer was showed as browse(36.5%), Legumes(34.2%), grasses(14.0%), native grasses(13.5%) and weeds(1.8%), respectively. Based on the result, the food habits of sika deer seems to be closer to typically browser type.