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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1983
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Sep 1983
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 1983
Selecting the target year
Economic Feasibility of Hill Pastures Their Development Starategies
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 3, issue 2, 1983, Pages 47~57
Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization and cutting management on the Carbohydrate Reserves, Regrowth, and Dry Matter Yeild of Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrid[Sorghum bicolor(L.)Moench]for Forage Production I. Effect of nitrogen fetilization and cutting height on the appearance, dry weight and death of new bud after cutting of sorghum-sudangrass hybrid
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 3, issue 2, 1983, Pages 58~66
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of the nitrogen rates and cutting heights on the appearance dry weight and death of new bud (branch and tiller) of sorghum-sudangrass hybrid (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). The cultivar used in the present study was Pioneer 988. The experiment was arranged as a split plot design and undertaken in the Experimental Livestock Farm of Agriculture Coll., Seoul Nat'l Univ. in Suweon, 1981 and 1982. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The appearance and death of branch and tiller were not influenced with high nitrogen fertilization. 2. The frequency of the branching was decreased as the low stubble height, and the rate of the tillering was decreased in the high stubble height. 3. The yield of forage mostly depended on the tiller regardless of cutting height, and minor portion of the yield was resulted from the branch. 4. The low cutting height resulted in the increased number of dead bud (p<0.05).
Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization and Cutting Management on the Carbohydrate Reserves, Regrowth, and Dry Matter Yeild of Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrid[Sorghum bicolor(L.)Moench] II. Effect of nitrogen fertilization and cutting height on the dead stubble and carbohydrate reserves in stubble of sorghum-sudangrass hybrid
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 3, issue 2, 1983, Pages 67~76
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of the different nitrogen rates and cutting heights on the dead stubble after cutting, and the carbohydrate reserved in stubble of sorghum-sudangrass hybrid (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) Pioneer 988. The experiment was undertaken in the Experimental Livestock Farm of Agriculture Coll., Seoul Nat'l Univ. In Suweon, 1981 and 1982. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The dead stubble after cutting was found to be great with high rate of nitrogen fertilizer and low cutting height. It was also learned that the rainfall during forage cutting period made the dead stubble increased. 2. A significant higher (p<0.05) carbohydrate reserves in the stubble was observed in the high stubble height at the first cutting time and 6th through 7th day after the first cutting. The results indicate that the high stubble height reserves more carbohydrate for the early regrwoth stage after the first cutting when comparing with the low stubble. 3. The content of carbohydrate reserves was influenced by climete. Drought is caused to high content of carbohydrate, whereas, rain is caused to low content of that. The critical soluble carbohydrate content causing the death of stubble supposed to be 3 to 6% at least. 4. It is suggest that carbohydrate reserves in plant do not play a distinctive role for the regrowth in a summer annual forage like sorghum-sudangrass hybrid, but it might be rather influenced by the other factors, for example, environmental conditions at harvest and new bud.
A Study on Phtosynthetic Kinetics of Sunflower , Helianthus annus L.
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Kim, Sung-Ha ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 3, issue 2, 1983, Pages 77~85
This report gives the results of studies on the photosynthetic kinetics. Futhermore, conformity and validity of the kinetic equation are elucidated by the experiment of sunflower leaves. The kinetic equations of photosynthesis are dirived from the equations of assimilation and dissimilation. The equations (6) and (7) are obtained by the result of this investigation. Conformity and validity of the above kinetic equations are elucidated by the fitted equation (8) on photosynthesis of sunflower leaves in relation to various environmental factors.
Determining the Harest Time for Maximum Yield and Qualty of Ochardgrass Swards
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Lee, Sung-Kyu ; Kim, Sung-Ha ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 3, issue 2, 1983, Pages 86~91
The harvest schedule for maximum total yield and quality of orchardgrass sward was studied on the basis of theoretical analysis due to Chang's total yield equation. Harvesting at the 10% bloom stage of morphological development of orchardgrass swards was selected as a criterion which provided highest dry matter (DM) yield in conjunction with high and consistent levels of in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVD) and crude protein contents (CP) from harvest to harvest. However, since orchardrass after the 1st cutting do not bloom, the harvest time for the maximum yield and quality of orchardgrass swards is replaced by the three should time of the ceiling leaf area index (LAI).
The Effect of Pre-Wilting Herbage on the Composition and Feeding Value of Silage
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 3, issue 2, 1983, Pages 92~99
Experiment were conducted to study effect of pre-wilting on the quality of silage. Herbage samples were taken on November 11, 1981. Italian ryegrass and rye plant at grazing stage were taken and wilted to adjust their dry matter contents to the range of 15.8 to 53.2% and ensiled in order to evaluate the effect of pre-wilting on the chemical composition and nutrient loss of silage. Both prewilted and unwilted grass material were ensiled in small polyetylene film bag and stored under room temperature. 1. The formation of total acid decreased by increasing DM content, however, lactic acid content of the total organic acid increased. 2. In the silage, the loss of DM declined as DM content increased. 3. The quality of silage estimated by organic acid constituent was improved as DM content in the herbage increased. 4. The production of
decreased by increasing degree of prewilting. 5. In vitro dry matter digestibility was not affected by prewilting.
Studies on the Utilization of Woodland for Livestock Farming II. Problem and Its Improvement Followed by the Join Cattle Grazing in king Won Do
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 3, issue 2, 1983, Pages 100~111
The research results reported herein had the objectives to understand and analyze the present problems of saemaeul woodland joint cattle grazing system in Kang Won Do and to take steps of improvement. The study results on actual management conditions, problems analyzed and improvement plan of total 208 joint cattle grazing area which was established 105 area in 1981 and 103 area in 1982 were summarized as follows: 1. the effectiveness of joint cattle grazing projects 1) Average daily weight gain of cattle during joint cattle grazing period was 0.4kg, showing higher daily than the conventional feeding of 0.33kg. 2) Increase of total farm income over the conventional feeding system were \1,031,357,320 during the grazing period from May to October in 1982 by adapting the 208 joint cattle grazing system, of which effectiveness of weight gain was \293,075,300 and labor saving was \543,838,750. 3) According to the results of questionaire investigation from 208 joint cattle grazing area, effectiveness of joint cattle grazing system over the conventional system were (1) labor saving, (2) feed cost saving, (3) reduced diseases, (4) increase of number of feeding, (5) inspiration of joint endeavor, (6) effect of more gain, (7) easiness of feeding and feed cost savings. 2. Problems of joint cattle grazing system. 1) Shortages of grass were a problem at second year of joint cattle grazing period due to the low regrowth rate of wild grass. 2) Proper land for woodland joint cattle grazing is belonging to land of Government ownership and it is very hard to get the permission from office of forestry for cattle grazing purpose. 3) It is also difficult to find a proper time of breeding in grazing area by the difficulty of estrus detection. 4) There are a difficulty to give a proper vaccination and medical examination for the grazing cattle. 3. Improvement plans for woodland joint cattle grazing projects. 1) Obtain sufficient roughages by hoof cultivation and oversowing pasture from the second year of joint cattle grazing period. 2) In order to increase the beef production and to use for a calf production area, Government should arrange that all proper grazing land of Government owned in Kang Won Do convert into woodland joint cattle grazing area. 3) Make a good reproductive record by mixed grazing with a excellent breeding cow in a remote area. And carry out the collective artificial insemination with synchronous puberty induced by injection of puberty stimulation hormone. 4) Make a preventive injection for blackleg, twice medication of fasciola hepatica in a year, and spray and medication of tick insecticide. 4. A policy towards upbringing of woodland joint cattle grazing area. 1) Government should thoroughly investigate about a proper land for woodland joint cattle grazing from all forests. 2) When the area is suitable for the woodland joint cattle grazing, though it is national forest or restricted area, government should make it possible to establish a grazing area. 3) On the proper land foe joint cattle grazing in the remote place, Government should support for the road construction and electric fence equipments by using of national funds. 4) There should be an administrative consideration for well promotion of the project that make woodland joint cattle grazing suitable to the characteristics of Kang Won Do. 5) In order to improve the reproduction record, Government should reform the insufficiency of artificial insemination in the joint cattle grazing area. 6) In order to maintain a proper price of cow, Government should carry out the price plan. 7) When there is any request for grassland formation in the woodland joint cattle grazing area, Government should permit it with preference.