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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
A Stress-Tolerant and High-Yielding Tall Fescue New Variety, 'Greenmaster'
Choi, Gi-Jun ; Lim, Young-Chul ; Ji, Hee-Chung ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Park, Hyung-Soo ; Seo, Sung ; Moon, Chung-Sup ; Kim, Dae-Ho ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 30, issue 3, 2010, Pages 199~204
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2010.30.3.199
A new tall fescue variety (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) named "Greenmaster" was developed by the National Institute of Animal Science, RDA, at Suwon from 1999 to 2007. For synthetic seed production of this new variety, 5 superior clones, EFa9111, EFa9122, EFa9211, EFa9225, and EFa9234 were selected and polycrossed. The agronomic growth characteristics and forage production capability of the seeds were studied at Suwon from 2003 to 2004, and regional trials were conducted in Suwon, Pyungchang, Jeju, and Ikcsan from 2005 to 2007. Greenmaster showed enhanced winter hardiness, disease resistance, and regrowth ability as compared to Fawn. The dry matter yield of Greenmaster was 11% higher as 19,156 kg/ha than that of Fawn. However, the nutritive value of both varieties was similar.
Comparisons of Growth, Yield and Feed Quality at Spring Sowing among Five Winter Cereals for Whole-crop Silage Use
Ju, Jung-Il ; Lee, Dong-Hee ; Seong, Yeul-Gue ; Han, Ouk-Kyu ; Song, Tae-Hwa ; Lee, Kwang-Won ; Kim, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 30, issue 3, 2010, Pages 205~216
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2010.30.3.205
Few spring sowing have been conducted on winter cereal crops for whole-crop silage use. Experiments were conducted during 2007 and 2008 at the Chungnam Agricultural Research & Extension Services. The objectives of this study were compared the spring sowing with the optimum season's sowing on growth, yield and feed quality in five winter cereal crops. The treatments consisted of 5 winter cereal crops, Youngyang (Barley, Spring habit I), Keumkang (Wheat, Spring habit II), Gogu(Rye, Spring habit estimated III), Shinyoung (Triticale, Spring habit estimated III), Samhan(Oat, Spring habit estimated II), and 3 planting dates, 18 October (optimum season's sowing), 23 February and 10 March in spring. Heading days as affected by spring sowing compared to optimum season sowing were delayed by 16~20 days in barley, wheat, rye and triticale, and 9 days in oat. The clipping dates at the optimal harvesting stage of each crop for round-baled silage in spring sowing was 8 June (yellow ripe stage) in barley, 25 May (10 days after heading) in rye, and 17 June in wheat (yellow ripe stage), triticale (milky stage) and oat (milky stage). The accumulative temperature from emergence to heading was significantly decreased as affected by spring sowing compared to optimum season's sowing, but that of sowing to emergence and that of heading to maturing was similar. The rate of spikes per tillering surveyed at each clipping date was 62.0-73.1 percent in barley, wheat, triticale and oat, and 56.0 percent in rye compared to that of optimum season sowing. The dry matter yield in spring sowing compared to 18 October was obtained about 71.7 percent in barley, 60.6 percent in wheat, 46.2 percent in rye, 70.2 percent in triticale and 110.9 percent in oat. It were increased in acid detergent fiber (ADF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and crude protein content, but decreased in digestible dry matter content(DDM) and relative feed value (RFV). The yield of DDM by spring sowing was decreased in barley, wheat, rye and triticale, but increased in oat. The yield of dry matter and DDM were higher in oat and triticale than that of barley, wheat and oat. So, regardless to clipping dates and cropping system, the appropriated crop for spring sowing was oat, and subsequently triticale and barley. It was not adopted for spring sowing in rye because of low rate of no. of spikes per tillers and yield. It was necessary eliminated winter growing nature by earlier sowing at the late of February after overwinter.
Study on the Growth Characteristics, Seasonal Anthesis Distribution and Botanical Composition of Autumn Sown Wildflower Pastures
Lee, In-Duk ; Lee, Hyung-Suk ; Lee, Byong-Chul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 30, issue 3, 2010, Pages 217~226
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2010.30.3.217
The purpose of this study was to suggest the growth characteristics, seasonal distribution and botanical composition of wildflower pastures. The experimental wildflowers were 34 species (1 turfgrass species, 4 native wildflower species and 29 introduced wildflower species). The experiment was administered in the Chungnam National University experimental field from October, 2007 to December, 2009 and the result is as follows: The length of the wildflowers was within the range of 7-52 cm and they bloomed into six to ten colors but the species of blooming wildflowers and flower colors and blooming periods were simplified during from August to November. Their tendencies were obviously observed two years later (2009) but among them especially the colors, seasonal anthesis distribution and continuation of wildflower became a problem. The botanical composition of wildflowers, turfgrass, and weeds came to 20%, 67%, and 13% each one year later (2008) and two years later (2009) 16%, 72%, and 12% each. Being grounded upon this result, in case of wildflower pastures of autumn seeding, it is more important to maintain the color, seasonal distribution, and permanence of wildflowers occurring due to annual wildflower reduction after wintering in two years, let alone in the establishment year.
Effect of Seeding Rate (Sheep fescue 90% + wildflowers 10%) on the Growth Characteristics, Seasonal Anthesis Distribution and Botanical Composition in Wildflower Pastures
Lee, Byong-Chul ; Lee, Hyung-Suk ; Lee, In-Duk ; Do, Chang-Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 30, issue 3, 2010, Pages 227~236
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2010.30.3.227
This study was carried out in order to find out the growth characteristics, the seasonal anthesis distribution and the botanical composition of the wildflower pastures which were altogether composed of 90% sheep fescue and 10% wildflowers in the Chungnam National University experimental field from October, 2007 to December, 2009. The experimental species contained 34 species in total consisting of sheep fescue (fundamental turfgrass), 4 native wildflowers, and 29 induced wildflowers belonged. At the time of the anthesis of the wildflowers, the average length was 28.7 cm one year later and 36.7 cm two years later. They bloomed out into from six to nine colors, but into one or three colors during August, September, and October. The blooming season leant toward May and June, and from August, there was lots of difficulty in the wildflower blooming and the maintenance of their consistency. Especially, at the age of two (2009) the color, seasonal distribution, and consistency emerged as problems owing to the reduction of annual wildflowers after winterization. The annual botanical composition of wildflowers, sheep fescue, and weeds came to 22%, 68%, and 10% each one year later (2008) and 19%, 72%, and 9% each two years later (2009). Based on this result, cultivating wildflower in grassland (90% sheep fescue and 10% wildflowers) is the proper method not only for maintaining green space, to prevent soil erosion by sheep fescue, but also for commanding a fine view of wildflowers.
Comparison of Growth Characteristics and Yield of Silage Corn Hybrids by Different Planting Dates at Paddy and Upland Field
Son, Beom-Young ; Kim, Jung-Tae ; Lee, Jin-Seok ; Baek, Seong-Bum ; Kim, Wook-Han ; Kim, Jong-Duk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 30, issue 3, 2010, Pages 237~246
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2010.30.3.237
This study was conducted to evaluate growth characteristics and yield of silage corn hybrids by different planting dates at paddy and upland field. Days to silking by different planting dates at paddy field were 81 days at planting on April 22, 70 days on May 20 and 62 days on June 10, respectively, and they were getting shorter as planting date delayed. There was no significant difference in days to silking between paddy and upland field. Plant height in paddy field was no significant difference between at planting on April 22 and on May 20, and it was shortened sharply at planting on June 10. There was no significant difference in plant height between paddy and upland field. There was no significant difference in lodging by different planting dates in paddy field. There was significant difference in lodging between paddy and upland field (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in stay-green by different planting dates in paddy field, and no significant difference between paddy and upland field. Ear ratios to total dry matter in paddy field were 43% at planting on April 22, 41% on May 20 and 28% on June 10, respectively, and it was lower as planting date delayed. There was no significant difference in ear ratios to total dry matter between paddy and upland field. Fresh yields in paddy field were lower with 14% at planting on May 20 and 32% on June 10 compared to on April 22 as planting date delayed. There was no significant difference in fresh yield between paddy and upland field. Dry matter yields in paddy field were higher with 9% at planting on May 20 and lower with 24% on June 10 compared to at planting on April 22 as planting date delayed. Dry matter yield in paddy field was lower with 9% compared to 1,931 kg/10a at planting on April 22. TDN (Total digestible nutrients) yields in paddy field were higher with 5% at planting on May 20 and lower with 28% on June 10 compared to at planting on April 22 as planting date delayed. TDN yield in paddy field was lower with 11% compared to 1,340kg/10a at planting on April 22.
Effect of Seeding Rates of Cold Tolerant Italian Ryegrass Varieties on Those Seed Production
Kim, Meing-Jooung ; Seo, Sung ; Kim, Jong-Geun ; Choi, Ki-Jun ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Chang, Sun-Sik ; Kim, Tae-Il ; Kwon, Eung-Gi ; Jeon, Byoung-Soo ; Choi, Ki-Choon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 30, issue 3, 2010, Pages 247~256
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2010.30.3.247
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of seeding rate of newly developed Italian ryegrass varieties, "Kogreen" and "Hwasan 101", on those seed production in Cheonan for three years (2005 to 2007). Two Italian ryegrass varieties were seeded at experimental fields of Grassland and Forage Division, National Institute of Animal Science on late September, and harvested at seed shattering stage. The experiment was arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications by each variety. The treatments was consisted of five seeding rates (5, 10, 20, 30, 40 kg/ha). The average heading date of "Kogreen" was 9 May and "Hwasan 101" was 25 May. The harvesting date of "Kogreen" was on 16 June when the rainy season should not set in. In the case of "Hwasan 101", the harvesting date of seed production was 3 July, because of rainy season. The number of ear per square meter, ear length, spikelet number, seed yield per ha and ripening rate of "Hwasan 101" were 471, 28.5 cm, 24.8, 1,631 kg and 71%, respectively. and those of "Kogreen" were 633, 24.0 cm, 20.8, 2,676 kg and 82.1%, respectively. The shattering property rate of "Hwasan 101" 40.3% was higher than that of "Kogreen" 2.6%. The germination rate of harvested "Hwasan 101" seed was 81.8% and that of "Kogreen" was 79.4%, respectively. In conclusion, the optimum seeding rate of Italian ryegrass for seed production are recommended 20kg/ha in both "Hwasan 101" and "Kogreen".
Effect of Whole Crop Barley Silage Feeding on the Growth Performance, Feed Requirement and Meat Quality of Hanwoo Steers
Seo, Sung ; Kim, Won-Ho ; Kim, Jong-Geun ; Choi, Gi-Jun ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Cho, Won-Mo ; Park, Beom-Young ; Kim, Young-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 30, issue 3, 2010, Pages 257~266
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2010.30.3.257
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of feeding whole crop barley silage (WBS) on the growth performance, gain, feed requirement, carcass grade and beef quality of Hanwoo steers in 1999 to 2001. Twenty one steers were allocated, and divided into three treatment groups which fed rice straw only (control), WBS only, and fresh rice straw silage plus WBS during overall period ad libitum. Concentrates were fed at 1.5% level of live-body weight during growing stages, 4~12 months of age, at 1.8% level of live-body weight during early fattening stages, 13~18 months of age, and ad libitum after late fattening stages, 19~27months of age. The production yields of WBS were 17,135 kg as a silage, and 6,011 kg as a dry matter per ha, and the quality of WBS was 2~3 grade, while that of rice straw silage was 4grade. The daily gain with feeding of WBS (0.70 kg) during experimental period was higher than that of control group (0.65 kg), and the concentrate requirement (7.31 kg) per kg gain in WBS was lower than that of control (8.95 kg). The effects of gain and feed efficiency were very distinct during growing stage. i.e., the daily gain of WBS (0.84 kg) was increased by 65% compared to control (0.51 kg), and the concentrate requirement (4.16 kg) per kg gain in feeding of WBS was decreased by 35%, compared to control (6.39 kg). Meat quality with WBS was higher than that of control. Frequency rate of 1 and/or
grade, and marbling score of feeding of WBS were 62.5% and 4.38, while those of control were 37.5% and 2.75, respectively. The results of the sensory evaluation showed that Hanwoo beef fed with WBS were better than that of control. In conclusion, feeding of WBS was desirable to improve daily gain, reduction of concentrates, feed efficiency and meat quality of Hanwoo steers.
Effects of Different Energy and Protein Level of TMR on Milk Production of Dairy Goats in Early Lactation
Ki, Kwang-Seok ; Lee, Hyun-June ; Kim, Sang-Bum ; Lee, Wang-Shik ; Lim, Dong-Hyun ; Lim, Hyun-Joo ; Park, Sung-Jai ; Cho, Won-Mo ; Kim, Hyeon-Shup ; Jin, Ze-Lin ; Lee, In-Duk ; Kim, Wan-Young ; Jeo, Joon-Mo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 30, issue 3, 2010, Pages 267~274
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2010.30.3.267
The objective of this experiment was to investigate effects of total mixed ration (TMR) of different nutrition level on milk production in dairy goats (Sannen). Twenty four lactating goats were randomly assigned to one of four TMRs; medium energy-medium crude protein (CP) TMR (control), high energymedium CP TMR (T1), medium energy-high CP TMR (T2) and high energy-high CP TMR (T3). The content of total digestible nutrients (TDN) and CP in the control diet were 67.0% and 13.9%. The TDN content of the high energy TMR was 73.7% and the CP content of the high CP TMR was 15.3%. Milk yield was significantly (P<0.05) higher for T1 (
) than for T2 (
) and T3 (
). But there were no significant differences in milk composition between the treatments. Daily body weight gain was increased in T1 and T3 but reduced in control and T2. The result of the present study showed that dietary energy level supplied more than that of NRC recommendation did not affect milk yield of dairy goats in early lactation but prevented body weight loss.