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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
A New Forage Oat Cultivar 'Taehan' for Early-heading and High-yielding of Double Cropping Cultivation in Paddy Field
Han, Ouk-Kyu ; Park, Tae-Il ; Park, Hyung-Ho ; Song, Tae-Hwa ; Oh, Young-Jin ; Hwang, Jong-Jin ; Kwon, Young-Up ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 227~233
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.227
'Taehan' (Avena sativa L.), a winter oat for forage use, was developed by the breeding team at the Department of Rice and Winter Cereal Crops, NICS, RDA in 2012. It was derived from a cross between 'Malgwiri' and 'CI8015'. Subsequent generations were handled in bulk and pedigree selection programs at Suwon and Yeoncheon, respectively. After 2 years of preliminary and advanced yield tests, 'SO00020B-YB-15-5-9-4-3', designated as 'Gwiri78', were subsequently evaluated for earliness and forage yield during 3 years in four regions such as Yesan, Iksan-1 (Paddy), Iksan-2 (upland), and Jeju from 2010 to 2012, and finally named 'Taehan'. Over 3 years, the heading date of 'Taehan' was about 6 days earlier than that of the check cultivar 'Samhan' (May 8 and May 14, respectively), and their average forage dry matter yield harvested at the milk-ripe stage was 14.5 tone
, compared with 14.1 tone
for the check cultivar. The cultivar 'Taehan' was lower than that of the check cultivar 'Samhan' in terms of protein content (6.3% and 7.7%, respectively) and total digestible nutrients (60.7%, and 62.1%, respectively). The TDN yield was more than that of the check cultivar (9.1 tone
and 8.0 tone
, respectively). Fall cropping of 'Taehan' is recommended only in areas where average daily minimum mean temperatures in January are >
, and it should not be cultivated in mountainous areas, where frost damage is likely to occur.
Effects of Drying Methods on Anthocyanin Contents of Colored Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cv. Boanchalbori
Song, Tae Hwa ; Park, Tae Il ; Han, Ouk Kyu ; Yoon, Chang ; Kang, Hyen Jung ; Park, Kuang Geun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 234~239
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.234
This study investigated the effects of drying methods and drying time on the changes in anthocyanin content in colored barley. Colored barley cultivar Boanchalbori was harvested at a time when the anthocyanin content was the most and dried in afield. The harvested barley was then treated by two methods, sun drying and shade drying, for 4, 8, 24, and 32 h. The moisture content of the sun-dried barley decreased slightly faster than shade-dried samples, but the difference was not statistically significant. Chemical analysis indicated that the samples dried under shaded conditions had slightly higher crude fiber and lower nitrogen free extract, but the difference was not statistically significant. There was no difference in the total digestible nutrients between the two methods. In the case of sun-dried barley, the anthocyanin content decreased compared to the control and shade-dried samples after drying for 4 h (p < 0.05), was maintained at a constant level at 24 h, and then decreased at 32 h. In case of shade-dried barley, the anthocyanin content decreased gradually with the drying time, and a significant decrease was found at 24 h of drying (p<0.05) as compared to the control. The shade-dried method was more successful in reducing anthocyanin loss than the sun-dried method (p<0.05). There was a slight decrease in 1,1-Diphenyl-2-Picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging with drying time in the shade-dried method, and a significant decrease after 4 h with the sun-dried method. These results showed that covering with a two-layer awning was advantageous to dry colored barley in the field conditions.
Study on Nutritive Value and In Situ Ruminal Degradability of Whole Crop Rice Silage Prepared Using Chucheongbyeo
Ki, Kwang Seok ; Park, Su Bum ; Lim, Dong Hyun ; Park, Seong Min ; Kim, Sang Bum ; Kwon, Eung Gi ; Lee, Se Young ; Choi, Ki Chon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 240~244
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.240
We investigated the nutritive value and ruminal in situ dry matter degradability of whole crop rice silage prepared using Chucheongbyeo (WCRS) as a roughage source for ruminants. The crude protein (7.54%), acid detergent fiber (29.63%), neutral detergent fiber (62.98%), and total digestible nutrient (TDN) (57.88%) found higher in WCRS than those of rice straw. Manganese content in the WCRS was the highest, followed by carbon, iron, zinc, and copper, but magnesium content was the lowest. Glutamic acid content in WCRS was the highest, followed by leucine, asparagine, alanine, valine, arginine, and methionine content was the lowest. We examined ruminal in situ digestibility from total whole crop rice (TWCR), rice husks containing rice (RHR), whole crop rice except RHR (WER), and husked grain (HG) for 3, 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours. Ruminal in situ digestibility in the HG was the highest, followed by RHR, TWCR, and WER. Therefore, we suggest that ruminal in situ degradability was influenced by parts of whole crop rice, and the content of manganese and glutamic acid were the highest in WCRS.
Studies on Growth, Forage Yield, and Nutritive Value according to Different Seeding Dates of Barnyard Millet
Lee, Jung-Joon ; Kim, Jung-Gon ; Sung, Byung-Ryul ; Song, Tae-Hwa ; Park, Tae-Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 245~251
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.245
These experiments are being conducted to obtain data of plant height, panicle length, heading date, number of culm, and fresh and dry weight, crude protein, acid detergent fiber (ADF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), total digestible nutrients (TDN) by six times seeding of 10 days interval ranging from May 1st to June 21st for two types of barnyard millet from the Suwon area in Korea. In the early-heading type, IT 170609 (Echinochloa crus-galli), the plant height and the number of culm per square meters are decreased by late seeding relatively, and heading date is 7 to 10 days earlier than the late seeding. And the dry weight of forage is rapidly decreased after the June 11th seeding. In the late-heading type, IT 195422 (Echinochloa frumentacea), the plant height and the number of culm per square meters are also decreased by late seeding relatively, and heading date is about 13 days earlier than late seeding. The dry weight of forage was rapidly decreased after the June 11th seeding. In both two types, the nutritive value of ADF, NDF, and TDN are not changed by late seeding, but crude protein is increased by late seeding. The TDN yields of late-heading type, IT 195400, show average amounts in the June 1st seeding, but the TDN yield of early-heading type, IT 170606, indicate safety amounts of dry weight to the March 21st seeding. And these data are available for cropping systems, cultivating barnyard millet in summer and cereals for forage in winter, to get high production of forage in Korea.
Effects of Horseradish, Spent Mushroom Compost and Almond Hull on Odorous Compound Concentration of Pig Slurry for Recycling in Grassland
Cho, Sung Back ; Hwang, Ok Hwa ; Lee, Jun Yeop ; Kim, Jong Kon ; Choi, Dong Yoon ; Park, Sung Kwon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 252~256
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.252
This study investigated the effect of slurry additives on reducing the concentration of odorous compounds. Slurry treatments included control, horseradish, spent mushroom, and almond hull (n = 4 each group). Odorous compounds including volatile organic compounds (VOCs phenols and indoles) and volatile fatty acids (VFAs short chain FA, SCFA, and branched chain FA, BCFA) were analyzed. Pigs of 85~120 kg body weight were fed diets formulated to meet the Korean Feeding Standard (2012) and their excretion was sampled from slurry pits. VOCs decreased (p<0.05) in horseradish, spent mushroom, and almond hull, compared to the control. SCFA was lower (p<0.05) in the horseradish group and BCFA was lower (p<0.05) in all three treatment groups compared to the control. Taken together, the tested additives are effective in reducing odorous compounds in pig slurry, indicating that the use of spent mushroom and almond hull can not only recycle the agri-byproduct but also reduce the impact of odors on surrounding communities.
The Effect of the Addition of Carbohydrate Sources on the Concentration of Odorous Compounds for Recycling of Pig Slurry to Grassland
Cho, Sung Back ; Hwang, Ok Hwa ; Park, Kyu Hyeun ; Choi, Dong Yun ; Yang, Seung Bong ; Kim, Do Hwan ; Park, Sung Kwon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 257~262
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.257
This study investigates the effect of fermentable carbohydrate on the concentration of odorous compounds in pig slurry. Four types of pig diet were studied: control, peanut hull (crude fiber 29.87, NDF 44.02%), golden fiber (crude fiber 48.77, NDF 65.88%), and almond hull (crude fiber 44.30, NDF 64.44%). Pigs (average BW 37.0 kg) were fed diets that met the Korean Feeding Standard (2012) and their excreta samples were collected from the slurry pits. Levels of volatile organic compounds (phenols and indoles) and volatile fatty acids were analyzed by gas chromatography. Phenol level was the lowest (p<0.05) in golden fiber (33.26 ppm) group and the highest in control (97.29 ppm). The concentration of indoles in the peanut hull (1.27 ppm), almond hull (1.20 ppm), and golden fiber (1.02 ppm) groups was lower (p < 0.05) than that of control (1.79 ppm). Levels of short chain fatty acid (SCFA) were lower (p < 0.05) in golden fiber (1,319 ppm) and almond hull (1,433 ppm) groups than in control (1,893 ppm). Concentration of branched chain fatty acid (BCFA) in the golden fiber group (74 ppm) was lower (p < 0.05) than that of control (98 ppm). Taken together, the concentration levels of phenols, indoles, and VFAs decreased on addition of peanut hull, golden fiber or almond hull to the diet, suggesting that fermentable carbohydrate may contribute to reducing odorous compounds in pig slurry.
A Study on The Changes of Linoleic Acid Concentration in Major Domestic Forage Species
Park, Hyung Soo ; Seo, Sung ; Lim, Young Chul ; Choi, Ki Chun ; Kim, Ji Hea ; Lee, Ki Won ; Kim, Jong Geun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 263~268
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.263
We investigated the range of linoleic acid concentrations in different forage species and harvest stages. The linoleic acid concentrations in main cultivated grasses and forage crops were analyzed at three harvesting dates in Korea. The experiment compared 19 species of main grasses and forage crops, including eight species of grasses (Perennial ryegrass, Reed canarygrass, Tall fescue, Timothy, Bromegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, Orchardgrass and Wheat grass), six legumes (White clover, Red clover, Sweet clover, Crimson clover, Alfalfa and Hairy vetch) and five forage crops (Italian ryegrass, Barley, Rye, Oat and Rape) in Korea with three cuts (8 May, 19 May and 28 May). The linoleic acid concentrations of Reed canarygrass and Timothy were the highest, and Bromegrass was the lowest among the grass species. All grass species had high concentrations of linoleic acid at the late May harvest stage but were low at the mid May harvest stage. Legumes had higher linoleic acid concentrations than those of grasses, and harvesting in mid-May resulted in the highest linoleic acid concentration. Rape had the highest linoleic acid concentration and rye showed high concentrations of linoleic acid when compared with those of forage crops. All species of grasses and forage had decreased linoleic acid concentrations by the harvest stage. We have demonstrated opportunities to change the composition of ruminant products through breeding, selection, and management of grasses for altered levels of linoleic acid as a precursor to conjugated linoleic acid.
Evaluations of Nutrient Compositions and In Situ Ruminal Disappearance Rates of Roughage Sources Commonly Used in Korea
Na, Young Jun ; Lee, Kyung Won ; Hong, Kyung Hee ; Lim, Jong Soo ; Kim, Myeong Hwa ; Kim, Kyeong Hoon ; Lee, Sang Rak ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 269~274
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.269
This study is conducted to estimate the nutrient compositions and in-situ ruminal disappearancerates of roughage sources which are commonly used in South Korea. Twelve types of roughage sources are being selected based on surveys from more than 50 farms, and 12 samples from various farms and companies are collected and analyzed for their nutritive components and minerals. Two Hanwoo steers (BW
kg) with ruminal cannula are used to investigate in situ ruminal degradability. Five roughage sources, timothy hay, alfalfa pellet, rice straw, klein grass hay and tall fescue straw, are all selected from 12 roughage sources above for further experiments. Overall, the nutrient components and minerals from the 12 roughage sources have shown low values when comparing with standard tables of feed compositions in Korea. In situ dry matter disappearance rate is recorded as high in order of klein grass, timothy, alfalfa pellet, tall fescue and rice straw. In situ crude protein disappearance rate is high in order of alfalfa pellet, klein grass, timothy, tall fescue and rice straw.
Comparison of Yields of Winter Forage Crops According to Regions of Korea
Lim, Young Chul ; Choi, Ki Choon ; Park, Hyung Su ; Ji, Hee Chung ; Kim, Ki Yong ; Lee, Sang Hack ; Choi, Gi Jun ; Kim, Mang Jung ; Kim, Won Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 275~280
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.275
We examined the use of basic forage data and indicators of forage productivity in different regions of Korea. The productivity of winter forage crops was evaluated from mid to late May 2012 by directly collecting information from farmhouses. A survey of winter forage crop productivity was conducted with 66 farmers in 16 regions; including, Italian ryegrass (IRG) from 22 farmers in 11 regions, whole crop barley from 21 farmers in eight regions, rye from 11 farmers in five regions, and IRG mixed with whole crop barley from 12 farmers in six regions. The results indicated that the Konju region exhibited higher yields of dry matter (DM) forage (15,128 kg/ha) and that the Dangjin region (reclaimed land) showed the lowest (3,885 kg/ha). The average yield of DM forage was 9,418 kg/ha. Yields of whole crop barley and IRG mixed with whole crop barley were comparatively higher than those of rye and IRG. We conclude that overall forage productivity was influenced by farmer's cultivation ability rather than the forage cultivation environment.
Effect of Seleniferous Whole Crop Barley Silage on Growth Performance, Blood and Carcass Characteristics, and Tissue Selenium Deposition in Finishing Hanwoo Steers
Hwangbo, Soon ; Jo, Ik Hwan ; Kim, Guk Won ; Choi, Chang Weon ; Lee, Sung Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 281~289
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.281
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding seleniferous whole crop barley silage (WCBS) on the growth performance, blood and carcass characteristics, and tissue selenium deposition infinishing Hanwoo steers. A total of 20 growing Hanwoo steers were selected and assigned to one of the following feed groups: control (0.1 ppm Se), T1 (0.3 ppm Se), T2 (0.9 ppm Se), and T3 (0.9 ppm of inorganic Se). Five steers were allocated to each treatment group, and the trial lasted for 90 days. All experimental diets combined seleniferous and/or non-seleniferous WCBS up to a ratio of 30%. For the T3 diet, 0.9 ppm Se in the form of sodium selenite was added to the control diet. Dietary level and type of selenium did not affect feed intake and body weight gain. Blood total lipid and triglyceride concentrations were significantly (p<0.05) lower in the T2 group than in control. Blood immunoglobulin G concentration increased significantly (p<0.05) with increasing levels of dietary selenium; concentrations were significantly (p<0.05) higher in T2 and T3 than in control. Blood selenium concentration was the highest (p<0.05) in T2. No significant difference was observed in dressing rate, ribeye area, marbling score, meat color and fat color. Further, no association was found between levels and chemical form of dietary selenium and quality and quantity of meat. To the contrary, tissue selenium content in kidney, liver, and hind leg increased significantly (p<0.05) with increasing levels of selenium; however, feeding inorganic selenium did not introduce a significant increase in tissue selenium content of finishing Hanwoo steers. The results indicated that the selenium present in seleniferous WCBS was an effectively absorbable selenium source, suitable for increasing tissue selenium content in beef. Approximately 100 g of hind leg muscle from steers fed on the T2 diet met approximately 69% of the recommended daily selenium requirements.
Effect of Feeding a By-product Feeds-based Silage (Biosilage
) on Behavior Pattern of Growing Hanwoo Steers
Kim, Young Il ; Lee, Sang Moo ; Park, Keun Kyu ; Kwak, Wan Sup ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 290~297
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.290
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of a by-product feed-based silage (BF silage) feeding on behavior patterns of growing Hanwoo steers. A total of 10 Hanwoo steers (11 months old, 302kg of body weight) were assigned to 2 dietary treatments: the control (concentrate mix + free access to rice straw), and the treatment (concentrate mix + free access to BF silage). The behavior patterns were observed for 48 hours. The intakes of dry matter (DM) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) of the treatment group were higher than those of the control group. Eating time, ruminating time and resting time were not different between the control and treatment. But, the intake time per kg DM was higher for the control than treatment. The number of bolus, total chewing frequency, number of ruminating per bolus and number of bolus per minute were not different between the control and treatment. But the chewing frequency per bolus was higher in the treatment than control (p<0.05), and feed value index was lower in treatment than control (p<0.05). Frequencies of drinking and defecating were not different between the two groups, but the frequency of urinating was higher for the treatment (p<0.05) than control. Eating rate, ruminating efficiency and chewing efficiency were much higher in the treatment group than control (p<0.05). These results indicate that the replacement of conventional rice straws with the BF silage (physically effective NDF, about 25%) did not affect the ruminating behaviors of Hanwoo steers significantly.
Effect of Feeding Levels of Concentrate on the Growth, Feed Availability and Economic Evaluation in Feeds Based on Rice-straw of Growing Black Goats
Kim, Sang Woo ; Kim, Myeong Jik ; Kim, Kwan Woo ; Kim, Dong Hoon ; Kim, Young-Sin ; Kim, Hyun ; Suh, Sang Won ; Park, Seong Bok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 298~303
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.298
This study investigates the effect of a feed concentrate on the growth performance, feed requirement, and rearing expenses of growing black goats. Forty female growing black goats were divided into four groups and fed rice straw (ad libitum) mixed with different levels of the feed concentrate: T1 (1.5%), T2 (1.8%), T3 (2.1%), and T4 (0%, control). The average daily weight gain (body weight per day) was as follows: T1 < T2 < T3 < T4 (50.23, 60.37, 71.46 and 98.90 g/day, respectively) (p<0.05). The intake of rice straw decreased significantly with increase in the concentrate level (p<0.05). Rearing expenses amounted to 46,704, 49,998, 54,701, and 74,613 won for feed concentrate levels of 1.5%, 1.8%, 2.1%, and ad libitum, respectively. Increase in feed concentrate levels led to an increase in rearing expenses. In conclusion, a concentrate level of 2.1% was determined to be idea for a rice-straw-based feed for growing black goats.
Effect of Levels of Total Neutral Detergent Fiber and Forage-derived Neutral Detergent Fiber on Feed Intake and Milk production in Holstein Dairy Cows
Lee, Do Hyung ; Kwon, Chan Ho ; Kim, Eun Joong ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Kim, Gyeom-Heon ; Kim, Soo-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 304~312
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.304
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of total neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and forage-derived NDF (fNDF) on nutrient intake and milk production in Holstein dairy cows. Thirty-six Holstein dairy cows at weeks 4 to 20 of lactation were included in this study. The cows were arranged in a randomized complete block design and assigned to one of six diets: 1) 38% NDF with 18% fNDF (HN-HF); 2) 38% NDF with 15% fNDF (HN-MF); 3) 38% with 12% fNDF (HN-LF); 4) 34% NDF with 18% fNDF (LN-HF); 5) 34% NDF with 15% fNDF (LN-MF); and 6) 34% with 12% fNDF (LN-LF). The cows were fed a total mixed ration twice daily (07:00 and 18:00 h) and given ad libitum access to feed and water throughout the experiment. Data on the intake of nutrients (DM, NEl, CP, NDF, fNDF, NFC), milk yield, composition, fat-corrected milk (FCM), fat and protein corrected milk (FPCM), and energy corrected milk (ECM) were analyzed. Lower dietary concentrations of total NDF or fNDF resulted in an increase in DM, NEl, and NFC intake (p<0.01), milk yield (p<0.05) and a lower milk fat concentration (p<0.01). The LN treatment showed no significant differences in milk fat concentration compared to the HN however, further reduction in fNDF decreased milk fat content (p<0.01). The lowest level of milk fat was observed in the LN-LF diet group. Changes in the dietary concentrations of NDF or fNDF did not affect the concentrations of milk protein or SNF (solid not fat), although the yield of milk protein and SNF increased with higher milk yield (p<0.01). The level of fNDF influenced the level of FCM (p=0.07), as well as FPCM and ECM yield (p<0.05). A highly positive correlation between fNDF intake and milk fat concentration was observed in animals with low NDF compared to those offered high NDF. A strong correlation was also observed between milk yield and low NDF intake compared to high NDF intake.
Effect of Subacute Ruminal Acidosis on Plasma Concentrations of Lipopolysaccharide in Dairy Cattle
Son, Hey In ; Baek, Seong Gwang ; Moon, Ju Yeon ; Ahn, Eui-Young ; Lee, Hyun-Jun ; Son, Yong Suk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 313~318
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.313
A study was conducted to determine if subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) induced by feeding high level of non-structural carbohydrates results in increases in lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of peripheral blood in dairy cattle. In this experiment four Holstein steers, two of which having ruminal canulae with indwelling probes placed for measuring long term pH changes, were alloted into two dietary treatments in a cross-over design, where an acidogenic diet (AD) was formulated by including high amount of non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) based on corn silage and corn flake as TMR ingredients. Data for ruminal pH change and plasma LPS concentration were compared against normal diet (ND) which contained grass hay as forage and low NSC ingredients. Feeding AD for more than 14 days to animals brought about a pH change as low as less than 5.8 for more than 4 hours, which made good contrast to ND fed animals. Decreased ruminal pH also had an effect on LPS concentrations which showed significantly higher level for AD compared with ND. Therefore, plasma LPS concentration may be used as an effective indicator to verify acidosis whether it is acute or chronic. Na-bentonite and Propylene glycol, which are frequently included in dairy TMR as additives, helped decrease ruminal pH by buffering and then ultimately alleviates SARA. Therefore, it could also be helpful to lower the occurrence of laminitis which is often caused by increased blood endotoxin (LPS) concentration.
Effects of Forage Feeding Levels on the Udder Volume, Serum Hormone Level and Lactation Characteristics in Dairy Cows: From Growing to Lactating Phase
Lee, Byung-Woo ; Sugathan, Subi ; Singh, Naresh Kumar ; Yoon, Sei-Hyung ; Yoon, Byung-Il ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 33, issue 4, 2013, Pages 319~326
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.319
In the present study, we investigated the effects of high forage diets on the volume of udder, hormone level in blood, and lactation characteristics in the Holstein dairy cow. We divided into two groups; high forage diet [HF, concentrate: forage=4:6 n=41] and low forage diet [LF, 6:4 n=21]. Five cows were selected from each group based on their age for measuring the udder volume and the serum levels of estradiol and progesterone. Lactation characteristics were compared between HF and LF. The udder volume was 2.5 fold larger in HF at early gestation (p<0.01), but no difference was noted afterward. For the hormone levels, no significant difference was found between the groups. In HF, milk yield was significantly increased and maintained high longer, while somatic cell count was approximately 50% lower. Meanwhile, the milk fat content was significantly lower in HF during early lactating phase (p<0.001), but there was no difference thereafter. For milk protein and solid content, and MUN, no differences were found between the groups during lactation. Our results indicated that feeding high forage diets to dairy cows can increase milk yield and quality without notable changes in the udder volume and hormone level.