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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1983
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Sep 1983
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 1983
Selecting the target year
Constraints on and Effective Measures For Hill Pasture Development in Korea
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 1, 1983, Pages 1~12
Studies on Productivity in Meadow Fescue ( Festuca Pratensis Huds. ) I. Relationship between morpholobical characters and dry metter yield at Vegetative Growth stage
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 1, 1983, Pages 13~17
This experiment was carried out in order to know the relationship between morphological characters and dry matter yield at vegetative growth stage in Meadow fescue grown under plant basis. 1. The dry weight of a plant (PW) indicated positive significant correlation with plant height (pH), leaf area (LA) and stem area (SA). It means that increase in dry of a plant was resulted from interactions among above morphological characters. 2. Stem area (SA) is an important morphological character for increasing the dry weight of a plant. 3. The varieties could be classified into 3 types based on plant type index (PTI, dry weight of a plant/ (no. of tiller)
), it were M in tiller weight type, Leto, First and Trader in medium type and, Bundy and Tammisto in tiller number type, respectively. 4. The variety with tiller weight type had more havier tiller and larger stem thickness than those of variety with tiller number type. But, tiller number type showed higher plant height. 5. In order to obtain the highest yield in tiller weight type, there were necessary to increasing the number of tillers and higher plant height.
Study on the Effect of Early Grazing Management in the Oversown Mountainous Pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 1, 1983, Pages 18~22
This experiment was performed in order to investigate the effect of the early grazing management on the forage yield and sward composition of oversown pasture. Two levels of the grazing intensity were treated when the grasses were 15cm, 25cm, and 35cm high. It was observed that the treatment C (light grazing intensity at the 25cm grass height) increased the dry matter yield and the botanical composition of the introduced grasses and legumes. From these facts it is suggested that the early grazing management contribute to the high forage yield and good sward composition of the oversown mountainous pasture and can take the place of cutting or other methods economically.
Studies on Silage Preparation of Vegetable By-products
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 1, 1983, Pages 23~27
This experiment was carried out to show how to make the silage of raddish and Chinese cabbage leaves remained after pickling vegetable in autumn. The moisture of raw materials was controlled by the rice straw and barley bran. The results obtaind were as follows; 1. the silage composed of vegetable leaves 70%, rice straw 20% and barley bran 10% showed the best quality and desirable acid content. 2. Adding barley bran increased the crude protein, crude fat, and crude fiber in the silage. 3. 10% of barley bran made the silage more palatable and also have a good colour.
Determining the Cutting Time for Maximum Yield and Quality of Alfalfa Swards
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Yun, Ik-Suk ; Yook, Wan-Bang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 1, 1983, Pages 28~34
The cutting schedule for the maximum yield of DM and quality was applied to alfalfa swards. Harvesting at the cutting time for the maximum total yield to (Chang 1971) was selected as the criterion which provided the highest DM yield in accordance with high consistent levels of CP and IVD as well as persistance of the species in the pure stands. On the same theoretical basis, ceiling LAI and 25% bloom stages proved most satisfactory for harvesting pure stands of alfalfa.
Studies on the Improvement of Mountainous Pasture I. Effect of the various litters on germination , establishment , and herbage production of oversown grasses
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 1, 1983, Pages 35~40
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of some kinds of tree litters covered the soil surface on the germination, establishment, sward composition, and herbage production of the grasses sown by the oversowing method. The litters were leaves of Pinus rigida Miller, Quercus variabilis Blume, Larix leptolepis Gord, and Alnus hirsuta Rupr. The results obtained were as follows; 1. In the Petri dish, germination was affected by grass species and kinds of litters, especially the percolate from Pinus litter seriously suppressed the early germination of small size seeds such as ladino clover and timothy. 2. In the pot, establishment was slightly suppressed in ladino and timothy by the percolate from Pinus litter, while in others it was decreased relatively. 3. Among the 6 species investigated, the small size seeds of ladino clover and timothy and the large size seeds of red clover, they could be early put into the litter spaces and established well. 4. In Larix litter, the establishment percentage of all species were decreased seriously owing to low moisture retention capacity. 5. Grass height and root length were different in kinds of litters and species. 6. The percentages of establishment on each surface treatments of burning, treading, raking, and the control under Quercus tree were 36, 46, 37, and 31%, respectively. 7. The sward percentage of oversown grasses and legumes was 57.8% in burning, 70.9% in treading, 59.6% in raking, and 54.0% in the control. 8. Treading treatment was most effective to destroy existing vegetation and improve soil-seed contact when oversowing and showed the best result. 9. Yield of dry matter per unit area in treading treatment was higher (p<0.05) than those of the other treatments. The above experimental results suggest the importance of direct oversowing on the litters in the mountainous land and forest land.
The Effect of Stage of Maturity on the Composition and Feeding Value of Silage
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 1, 1983, Pages 41~60
Experiments were conducted to study the effect of stage of maturity at harvest on the quality of silage. Herbage samples taken from the barley plant, rye plant, wheat plant, oat plant, Orchardgrass, Italian ryegrass, a mixed grass sward of Orchardgrass and Italian ryegrass and corn plant at different stages of maturity and ensiled in order to evaluate the effect of maturity on the chemical composition and feeding value as well as digestibility using sheep. Forage material were ensiled in small concrete silo. 1. The dry matter yield per 10a increased with advancing the maturity. Yield of brarley plant was 404, 635 and 900 kg at heading, milk and milk dough stage, respectively. Rye plant yield was 279, 589, 708, 10,000, 1,265, 1,376 and 1,492 kg at booting, before heading, early heading, late heading, early flowering, late flowering and after flowering stage, respectively. Italian ryegrass yield was 355, 613, 844 and 1,109 kg at vegetative, booting, heading and flowering, respectively. Orchardgrass/Italian ryegrass production was 477, 696, 891 and 1,027 kg at before was 458, 1,252, 1,534, 1,986 and 2,053 kg at tassel, early milk, yellow ripe and ripe stage, respectively. 2. Dry matter content increased with advancing maturity, but crude protein declined markedly. The NFE content decreased with advancing maturity of all the herbages except corn plant where NFE content increased, but corn plant increased. The content of crude fiber increased with advancing maturity except corn plant. The content of crude ash decreased with advancing maturity. In the rye plant, the content of neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF) and cellulose increased with advancing maturity. 3. In vitro dry matter digestibilities of the rye plant was 53.6, 54.1, 50.7, 47.1, 44.9, 40.1 and 38.9% booting, before hcading, early heading, late heading, early flowering, late flowering and after flowering stage, respectively. The regression equation was
(X=cutting date from the first cut, Y=dry matter digestibilities). 4. In vitro digestible dry matter yield (kg/10a) of rye plant increased with advancing maturity, but declined from the flowering stage. The regression equation was
(X=cutting date from the first cut). 5. In vitro digestibility of dry matter in the corn plant was 69.2, 71.5, 69.8 and 69.9% at tassel, early milk, milk and yellow ripe stage, respectively. 6. The digestibility of crude protein and crude fiber of all plants decreased with advancing matuity, but NFE of the barley and corn generally increased. 7. The TDN contents on the dry matter basis decreased, but those of barley and corn silage were not different. TDN content of barley was 57.8, 57.1 and 57.9% at heading, milk and milk dough stage, respectively. That of rye silage was 50.0, 27.2 and 43.7% at early flowering, after flowering and milk stage, respectively. Italian ryegrass silage was 67.9, 63.7, and 54.9% at before heading, early heading and after heading, respectively. In case of Orchardgrass silage the TDN was 54.8, 52.9 and 46.1% at after heading, after flowering and milk, respectively. Corn shows TDN value of 59.5, 62.8 and 61.6% at milk, yellow ripe and ripe, respectively. 8. The pH value increased slightly by advancing maturity. 9. the content of organic acid decreased by advancing maturity and also increasing the DM content.
Italian rygrass의 파종비율과 다른 예취빈도가 초년도에 있어서 혼파초지의 수량 및 식생비율에 미치는 영향 ( The Effect of Different Seeding Rates of Italian ryegrass and Cutting Frequency on the Yield and Botanical Composition of Pasture Mixtures in the Firs
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 1, 1983, Pages 51~61
This experiment was carried out to determine the effects of different seeding rates of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and cutting frequency on the dry matter yield botanical composition of pasture mixtures in first harvest year. The experimental design was a split-plot design with three replication. The main plots were two seeding rates of Italian ryegrass at 0.3 and 1.0kg per 10a and the sub-plots were 3, 4, and 5 cutting frequency. The experiment was undertaken over a period 12 months from September 1981 to August 1982. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The different seeding rates of Italian ryegrass had no effect on total day matter yield. 2. Over the experimental period, the total dry matter yield of pasture mixtures was increased with increasing the cutting frequency, but there was no significant. 3. It was found that dry matter yield of weeds clearly decreased with the high seeding rate of Italian ryegrass over the experimental period. 4. The high seeding rate of Italian ryegrass showed the trend toward the high yield of Italian ryegrass, and the low yield of orchardgrass and ladino clover. 5. At the early stage of the experiment, the botanical compositions of orchardgrass and ladino clover were decreased with the high seeding rate of Italian ryegrass. But at the final stage they were not influenced by the seeding rates of Italian ryegrass. From the above results it is suggested that the high seeding rate of Italian ryegrass give a good effect on the early forage yield and weed control, and the high cutting frequency maintain desirable botancial composition of orchardgrass and ladino clover in the pasture mixtures with Italian ryegrass.
파종량과 제초제 처리가 수단그라스계 잡종의 수량과 잡초억제에 미치는 영향 ( Effect of Seeding Rate and Herbicides on the Yield and Weed Control of Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrid ( Sorghum bicolr ( L. ) Moench ) )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 1, 1983, Pages 62~69
This experiment was carried out to find the effect of seeding rates and herbicides on the weed control, yield and crude protein of sorghum-sudangrass hybrid (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). The variety used in the present study was Pioneer 988. Two different seeding rates were 25 kg/ha and 50 kg/ha and five weed control treatments were weedy check, hand weeded check, alachlor, alachlor+simazine, and simazine of preemergence application. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1. Forage yield was not influenced by seeding rates. There was no significant difference between forage yield from 25 kg/ha and from 50 kg/ha of seeding rates. But weedy plots showed higher yield from the high seeding rate. Alachlor+simazine treatment showed the greatest yield among the weed control treatments. But there was no difference among the hand weeded treatment, simazine treatment, and alachlor+simazine treatment. 2. Seeding rates did not affect weed yield, but weedy plots showed the tendancy toward higher weed yield from the low seeding rate. Alachlor+simazing preemergence application showed the most effective weed control. But there was no significant difference in weed yield among the treatments of the hand weeded, alachlor+simazine and simazine. The weed yield in alachlor treatment was significantly higher than other three treatments. 3. The height of plant was shortest on the weedy plots and the longest height was obtained from the alachlor+simazine application. But in the first harvest the height was reduced by herbicides. Seeding rates did not affect the plant height. But the height was slightly taller under the low seeding rate than under the high seeding rate. 4. The percent crude protein of the forage did not affected by two seeding rates. Simazine treatments increased the percent crude protein and total crude protein yield. Simazine and alachlor+simazine application showed the significantly higher percent crude protein than hand weeded and alachlor treatments. Simazine increased the percent crude protein without reduction of forage yield. 5. Whereas the number of original stand was greater in the high seeding rate, the number of tillers per stand was higher in the low seeding rate. Weed reduced the number of stands and tillers. There was no significant indifference among the weed control treatments. It is concluded from above results that when sorghum-sudangrass hybrids are broadcasted for forage, 25 kg/ha rate of seeding is appropriate and alachlor+simazine treatment is most effective on weed control, maximum forage yield, and high percent crude protein.