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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1983
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Sep 1983
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 1983
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Importation of Medicago denticulate Wild and Cultural Practices in Yi Dynasity
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 81~88
Studies on the productivity of the Native Reed ( Phragmites communis Trinius ) during the period of Vegetation
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 89~97
This experiment was carried out in order to study the effect of seasonal changes and location differences on the productivity of the native reed (Phragmites Communis Trinius). The samples of reed were taken at about 30-days interval from May to October, 1982, on the open field of the reclaimed land, the river bank and the tideland in Chonnam area, and measured the yield, the feed compositions and in vitro dry-matter digestibility(IVD). The results are summarized as follow: 1. Plant height was rapidly heightened in May and June, and the number of leaves rapidly increased from May to August. However, dry matter yield increased until September and gradually decreased thereafter. 2. In general, the content of crude protein and the in vitro dry matter digestibility decreased with ageing, and the content of fiber increased. 3. Considerable difference by location in the chemical composition including
, Ca and P was observed. 4. There was a significant negative correlation (p<0.05) between the content of crude protein and that of crude fiber. There was a significant positive correlation(p<0.05) between the in vitro dry-matter digestibility(IVD) by two-stage method and the content of crude protein, and also was a significant negative correlation(p<0.05) between the content of fiber and that of crude protein.
Studies on N-P-K Fertilizer Levels for Maximum Production of Grasses and Legumes on Hilly Land
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 98~107
This experiment was carried out to determine the optimum fertilizer level of N-P-K for maximum yield of grasses at hill-land pasture. The pasture species tested were orchardgrass, tall fescue, alfalfa and ladino clover. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The difference in yield of treatment 1, 2, and 4, 5 was significant at the 5% level. In other word, alfalfa yields from 6-30-30 kg/10a and 6-40-30 kg/10a (N-P-K) application were significantly increased over the yields from 4-20-20 kg/10a and 4-30-20 kg/10a (N-P-K). In observing the yield from the treatment 5 where 10 kilograms of phosphate was additionally applied over the treatment 4, it was increased in yield but failed to show statistical significance. With these results, the most optimum rates of N-P-K for alfalfa production are 6-30-30 kg/10a. 2. Ladino clover showed the highest yield at treatment 6 with statistic significance at the 1 percent level over the other treatments. Therefore, NPK rates of 6-30-40 kg/10a would be the most optimal rates for maximum production of ladino clover. 3. Orchard grass yield showed significance at the 1 percent level among other treatments except treatment 3 and 4. The highest yield was also shown at treatment 6 where NPK rates applied 40-30-40 kg/10a. 4. Tall fescue yield showed high significance at the 1 percent except treatments between 2 and 3, 5 and 6. The highest yield was observed at treatment 6 where NPK was applied 40-30-40 kilograms per 10a. 5. Nitrogen content of dry matter was 0.91-1.05% in 20 kg of N and 1.05-1.26% in 30-40 kg of N per 10a. The absorption rate of nitrogen applied was 23-31% regardless of the nitrogen level. Potash content of dry matter was increased in accordance with increasing K rates. 6. The gross income was the highest on the N-P-K application of 4-20-30 kg/10a in alfalfa and ladion clover, 40-30-40 kg/10a in orchardgrass and 30-20-20 kg/10a in tall fescus.
Studies on the Improvement of Moutainous Pasture II. Effect of existing vegetation on establishment and herbage production of oversown grasses in forest
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 108~114
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of existing vegetation on seedling establishment and herbage production of oversown grasses in the Pinus rigida forest. The dominant existing vegetations were Miscanthus sinensis, Festuca ovina, and Lycopodium serratum. In establishment year, seedling stands and herbage production were not affected in Miscanthus sinensis and Festuca ovina, while in Lycopodium serratum it was affected relatively seriously. The pattern of sown species response to the existing vegetations was trend to toward simplified two or three species as Dactylis glomerata, Lolium perenne, and Trifolium repens to advancing the time. Among sown species, Dactylis glomerata was a major dominant species in all existing vegetation area. The content of sown pasture grasses in the sward increased markedly, while the existing vegetations before seeding seriously decreased to advancing the cutting time. The above results shown that the improvement of forest pasture with a surface seeding was better in Miscanthus sinensis and Festuca ovina, but in Lycopodium serratum was found very difficult to improvement of pasture without surface treatment, also establishment method must favor the low herbage production potential.
The Effect of Clipping Interval and Height on Yield and Chemical Composotion of Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L. )
Shim, Jae-Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 115~121
A Study on the Dry Matter Production and Allcation by the Water Gradient in Miscanthus sineusis Grasslands
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 122~126
The allocation of the dry-matter yield in Miscanthus sineusis grasslands on soils of different water contents was investigated. The results obtained in this study can be summarized as follows; 1. The standing crops of Miscanthus sineusis grassland A (soil water content; 22.54%) and B (soil water content; 9.22%) were 2,267.12 and 943.44 g/m
, respectively. 2. The productivity curves of the Miscanthus sineusis grassland A and B were the bell-shape and the productivity peak values were showed in September. 3. In Miscanthus sineusis grassland A and B, the reproductive allocation was represented by characteristics of production structure and dry-matter yields. 4. Allocation rates of dry-matter yields to panicle and rhizomes in Miscanthus sineusis grassland A and B were 0.6 and 1.4% and 35.4 and 46.6% respectively. 5. In these results, allocation of dry-matter yield to reproductive organs was increased in the condition of water-stress.
The Production and Decomposition of Litters in Miscanthus sinensis and Arundinella hitra Grasslands
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 127~132
An investigation was performed to reveal the relation between production and decomposition of the Miscanthus sinensis and Arundinella hirta grasslands in Mt. Kwanak. 1. The total annual litter productions of M. sinensis grassland A, B and A, hirta grassland were 2,267.12, 943.44 and 1,228.45 g/m
, respectively. 2. The decay constants of litters of M. sinensis grassland A, B and A. hirta grassland were 0.732, 0.411 and 0.877. 3. The time required for the decomposition of half of the accumulated organic matter of M. sinensis A,B and 4. hirta were 0.9, 1.7 and 0.8 years, for 95% of elimination 4.1, 7.3 and 3.4 years, and for 99% of elimination 6.8, 12.2 and 5.7 years respectively. 4. The decomposition rate of grass litters was affected by the soil water content and grass species.
Study on the Grazing Behavior and animal Production of Korean Native Cow in Different Grazing System at Grasses Dominant Pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 133~139
To compare animal production and grazing behavior, Wye college rotational, set stocking, modified set stocking and zero grazing system were set in Alpine area. Each system has one hectar and 4 head of Korean native cow. In order to investigate grazing behavior, eye observation was made every 2.5 minute for 15 hours of daylight from 5 a.m. to 20p.m. Results obtained were as follows. 1. The system of Wye college and rotational grazing have greater output of live weight per hectar than that of other gazing system applied. But practically rotational and modified set stocking were thought to be convenient grazing system for hill pasture and also modified set stocking was simple to operate, so that it seemed to be recommended as an alternative to rotational grazing system. 2. The daily live weight gain was the highest in May, the lowest in July and after then steadily increased. 3. Grazing hour during daylight varied from 331.1 min to 576.0 min by grazing system, but by season, herbage availability, weather condition. 4. Korea native cow tended to have three primary grazing time begining at one hour after sunrise, noon, and around 15p.m.
A Study on the Nutrient Production of Sudangrass , Pioneer 931 and Pioneer 988 during the First Growth and the Regrowth
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 140~146
The production of dry matter, general composition, hemicelluose and cell contents and in vitro digestible dry matter, cellulose and crude protein production were investigated in the Sudangrass and the hybrid of Sudangrass x sorghum, Pioneer 931 and Pioneer 958 during the first growth and the regrowth. 1. Dry matter yield of Sudangrass showed the highest value among the cultivars tested, being 1,638kgper 10a, those of the Pioneer 988 and Pioneer 931 showed 1,404kg and 1,282kg respectively. The effect of the first growth and the regrowth on the dry matter production of Sudangrass and Pioneer 988 was relatively small. 2. The in vitro digestibility of cellulose and the estimated digestible energy value per kg had a trend to be lower in order of Pioneer 931, Pioneer 988 and Sudangrass. But the production of digestible energy per 10a was decreased in order of Sudangrass, Pioneer 958 and Pioneer 931, which produced 4,623, 4,170 and 3,970 Mcal, respectively. 3. The cultivars did not affect on the in vitro digestibility of dry matter, while the yields of digestible dry matter were decreased in the order of Sudangrass, Pioneer 988 and Pioneer 931, which showed 1,068, 939 and 893kg per 10a, respectively. The yields of digestible protein lowered in order of Pioneer 931, Sudangrass and Pioneer 988, which were 134, 130 and 102kg per 10a, respectively.
Effect of Planting Data and Cutting Management on Jerusalem Artichoke ( Herianthus tuberosus L. )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 147~151
In order to know the effect of planting date and cutting management on Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus truberosus L.) as a new forage or energy crop, JA tubes were planted from April 7 to June 27 with 20 day interval. Growth and yield could stay high as normal planting if tuber planting had been done until late May. The delayed planting after June caused deterioration of seed tuber, produced poor emergence and retarded growth. Previous harvested field did not need additional planting every spring because there were enough leftover tubers usually small size, less than 3gr., to provide a dense seedling establishment. This plot had too dense in population to adjust its spacing by thinning some of seedlings. One or two times cutting for forage or silage production reduced tuber yield very significantly. Therefore, it was not a good management to harvest for both forage and tuber production. Topping at 20cm from growing point in early July prevented from lodging and assured tuber yield.
Changes in Dry Matter Yield , Chemical Composition , Botanical Composition of Native Pasture during the Grazing Period at Six Co-operative Village Farms Situated
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 152~157
This study was carried out to investigate changes in the quality and botanical composition of native pasture during the grazing period. The results obtained were as follows: 1. On all the farms, the total dry matter yield of native pasture was much higher in the October-cut than in the July-cut. 2. The crude protein content was higher in the July-cut than in the Oct.-cut, while the crude fiber content gave opposite results. There was the same tendency on all the farms. 3. When the six farms were compared, the highest crude protein content was found at Hawon and Haian farm, and cows on these farms showed the highest daily weight gain. Ohra farm had the lowest crude protein and the cows on this farm the lowest daily weight gain. 4. The botanical composition of the main species distributed was 58.1% Zoysia japonica, 16.4 Pteridum aquilinum, and 3.8% Miscanthus sinensis. In the case of family, 72.1% were Gramineae, 1.8% Leguminosae, and 16.4% Pteridacea. 5. According to botanical composition of a family, Hawon farm had the highest daily weight gain and the highest rate of Gramineae and Leguminosae. Ohra and Youngkang farms had the lowest weight gains, but the native grassland on these farms contained a high proportion of Pteridum which is toxic to cattle.
Effect of N-levels on Growth and Dry Matter Accumlation of Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrid ( Sorghum bicolor
S. sudanense ) , Pioneer 988
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1983, Pages 158~163
The purpose of this experiment was to find out fundamental data for the cultivation of sorghum-sudangrass hybrid. Leaf area index and dry matter accumulation were investigated with 3-levels of nitrogen application,15, 25, 35kg per 10a during the period of initial growth from the 8th leaf emergence to the late blooming stage. The results obtained were as follows: Leaf emergence increased as growth progressed and in the same pattern at all N-levels. After the heading stage, the value was 15 at all N-levels. Leaf area index (LAI) increased as growth progressed and rapidly till the booting stage. At 15kg N-level the values were larger till the ear formation stage, and at 35tg N-level the values were larger than other N-levels after the booting stage. At the late blooming stage LAI reached 8.13 at 35kg N-level. The value of dry matter accumulation was the highest at 35kg N-level at the late blooming stage, and as was the same in the value of crop growth rate (CGR). There was a tendency that before the booting stage the enlargement of leaf area contributed to dry matter accumulation and after the booting stage did the increase of net assimilation rate (NAR) .