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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Mar 1984
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A Review on the Multual Complement between Forest Management and Grassland Faming
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1984, Pages 167~174
Improvement of Grassland development Policy and System
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1984, Pages 175~179
Studies on Grazing Behaviour and Herbage Production by Different Grazing Systems in Timothy-Ochard Grassdominied Pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1984, Pages 180~186
From June, 1980 to October, 1982, this study was carried out to find an optimal grazing system on the timothy and orchardgrass-dominated pasture. Five different systems consisted of set stocking, modified set stocking, rotational grazing, 'wye college' system and zero grazing have been applied. The results obtained were as follow: 1. Herbage DM yield per ha with 'wye college' system, set stocking, modified set stocking, rotational grazing and zero grazing were 6936.7 kg,6794.3 kg, 6686.9 kg 6675.7 kg and 5083.4 kg respectively. Among treatments were not different in DM yield. 2. In herbage utilization, zero grazing was the highest than other. Zero Grazing, Rotational grazing, 'Wye college' system, Modified set stocking and set stocking was 89.3%, 70.8%, 64.4% and 46.1% respectively. 3. Daily intake per head with 'wye college' system was the highest than others and zero grazing was the lowest than others. 4. Daily gain with 'wye college' system, rotational grazing, modified set stocking, set stocking and zero grazing were 0.60kg, 0.55kg, 0.50kg, 0.43kg and 0.42 respectively. Among treatment, there was no significance. 5. Total weight gain per ha with 'wye college' system, rotational grazing, modified set stocking, zero grazing and set stocking were 339.5kg, 299.1kg, 253.3kg, 226.6kg and 222.2kg respectively. 6. Grazing time among treatments was not significant. 'Wye college' system spent the shortest time, 367.3 minutes and set stocking consumed the longest time, 422.1 minutes. 7. Daily grazing time by seasonal change with June, July, August, September and October was 304.9 min., 359.4 min., 437.9 min., 483.3 min. and 395.8 min., respectively. According to passing the season, grazing time was lengthened. 8. Grazing time for Korean native cow, native cow charolais and native cow holstein were not significant. Native sow charolais consumed the longest time, 457.0 min., whereas Korean native cow consumed the shortest time, 422.4 min..
Studies on Productivity in Meadow Fescue ( Festuce pratensis Huds. ) V. Vertical distribution of leaf area and dry matter production
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1984, Pages 187~193
Using the stratifying clip method, we examine the differences in vertical distribution of leaf area and its relationships with dry matter production were investigated in the primary swards of six varieties. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The varieties could be classified into 4 different types according to their of vertical distribution of leaf area within the canopy. Thus, M had a greater leaf area distribution in the base layers and became smaller towards the upper layers, Leto, First and Bundy had the leaf area distribution which was most abundant in the middle layers and became smaller towards the base and the upper layers, Tammisto had a greater leaf area distribution in the middle layers and intensively distributed to the upper layers, and Trader had the relatively uniform leaf area distribution over all layers. 2. Effective leaf area index(ELAI) correlated with leaf area index(LAI), dry weight of plant(DW), stem weight of plant(SW) and stem area index(SAI). 3. The variety with the heading tiller type had the effective leaf area intensively distributed to the upper layers of canopy, but the vegetative type showed a high ratio of effective leaf area index. 4. Varietal differenced was found between the effective leaf area and specific leaf weight(SLW) in each stratum above the layer indicating the highest leaf area density within the canopy. M and Trader had a highly negative significant correlation, but the other varieties was not significant correlation.
Studies on the Improvement of Mountainous Pasture III. Effect of seed coating on oversown pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1984, Pages 194~200
Effects of seed coating on establishment, early growth and herbage production were investigated in Pot, Soil box and Field experiments. Seed was coated with 60% Lime, 20% Phosphate and 20% Peatmoss(W/W), also finely sprayed 13% Arabic gum and 2% Methyl cellulose(W/V). Coating were generally 1:20, seed: coat(W/W). 1. In the general growth of the growing stages and different oversown species at 80 days, seed coated was promoted than none in early growth. (Table 2 and 3) 2. Stand counts at 60 days after oversown, seed coated was higher 15% than none, especially, there was advantage due to coating on the medium and large size seeds such as Orchardgrass, Perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass, but did not assist establishment of the large (Tall fescue) and small (Ladino clover) size seed. 3. Variation of sward composition was not quite different between two treatments, but seed coated was slightly increased the Percentage of sown grasses with advance of cutting time. 4. Total dry metter yield per unit area with seed coated was higher 17% than none in establishment year. 5. Variations in the chemical composition of the herbage and soil were influenced by coating materials in the coating regime (Table 8). 6. From these facts, seed coated also appeared that adequate seedling stands, early growth and herbage production could be obtained with higher than conventional overseeding method under a poor conditions.
Study on the Agronomic Characteristicks in Native Varieties , Maie Sterile and Indred lines of Sorghum
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1984, Pages 201~205
For the forage sorghum breeding, 22 American M.S. lines and 58 inbred lines were sown in pots, and 80 local varieties in field in 1978. Their agronomic characteristics were as follow; 1. All of the tested lines/varieties were headed from 22nd to 26th of July. Varieties of 69-86% were headed from 17th to 31st of July. All of lines/varieties began their flowering within 3-5 days after heading and native varieties had wide variance in heading and flowering. 2. The plant height of M.S. lines, inbred lines and local varieties were 86-114 cm, 81-190 cm and 142-289 cm, respectively. Leaf blade length of M.S. lines and inbred lines were ranged from 52.2 to 53.4 cm and local varieties 70.7 cm. Average stem diameter of M.S. lines and inbred lines were ranged from 8.81 to 7.74 mm and local varieties 11.3 mm. 3. Stem diameter were significantly correlated with leaf length and leaf blade width. The internode length were also significantly correlated with plant height. Especially, all characteristics in local varieties were correlated with each other.
Summer-Autumn Growth Characteristics of Korean Lawn Grass in Response to Fertilizer Supply
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1984, Pages 206~211
The influence of fertilizer on the growth characteristics in Korean lawn grass was studied from June through October in a experiment. The results were as follows: 1. Maximum dry matter weight of Korean lawn grass was achieved in early in early August when it was
without fertilizer and
with fertilizer. On the other hand, the dry matter weight of whole plant including Korean lawn grass reached the maximum in late September, which was late, to some extent, compared with that if pure Korean lawn grass, presumably associated with seed maturing period of
type plants. 2. Notable positive effect on leaf blade and non-leaf part weight in Korean lawn grass was also detected. However, the rate of dry matter occupied by non-leaf part was markedly increased by fertilizer application. 3. The dry matter portion occupied by Korean lawn grass the in total dry matter weight of whole plant was significantly decreased as time went by, particularly in case of fertilizer application. 4. Fertilizer, which might imply an increased potential of tiller numbers according to fertilizer. 5. In general, the seasonal change pattern of the rhizome of Korean lawn grass coincided with that of the aboveground organs: Its maximum dry matter weight achieved from late August to early September was
with nil fertilizer, and, with fertilizer,
, of which figures were equivalent to be increased to 33.7%, compared to that with nil fertilizer. Applying fertilizer increased the weight of root: The highest values were
with nil fertilizer and
Effect of Formic Acid Addition on the Quality of Barley Silage in Accordance with Growth Stage
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1984, Pages 214~219
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of formic acid addition(0.2%, 0.4% and 0.6% levels) and wilt on the quality of barley silage in accordance with growth stage, and pH and organic acid content were also analyzed. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. In the chemical composition of raw barley, moisture, crude protein and crude fat were decreased with advancing the maturity, but crude fiber and NFE were reversely increased. The water soluble carbohydrate content was 12.7% in the milky stage and was the highest among growth stages. It was also decreased with advancing the maturity. 2. The crude protein content of barley silage was increased by addition of formic acid and wilt treatment. ADF and NDF content were increased with advancing the maturity. ADF content was decreased in proportion to addition of formic acid. 3. pH tended to a little increase with advancing the maturity and was a little low by increasing the level of formic acid. The lactic acid content was the highest in the milky stage and in the 0.6% formic acid addition. Based on the above results, it would be suggested that the superior quality of barley can be produced from the heading stage to the milky stage from 0.4% to 0.6% in the level of formic acid for the making of barley silage.
Productive Structure and energy Storage of the Delta of Nak Dong River
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1984, Pages 220~225
In the grassland ecosystem dominated by Phragmites longivalvis in the delta of Nak Dong River, the production, decomposition, and accumulation of organic were estimated by the theoretical analysis. The amounts of organic carbon and organic matter of litter are
, respectively. The amounts of organic matter and organic carbon on the grassland floor is
, the ratio of annual litter production 'L' to the amount of accumulation on the top mineral soil (F, H and
horizons) provided estimates of decay constant k. Constant k is 0.884 in the Phragmites longivalvis community. The vertical levels of organic matter and organic carbon is the highest in 120-140 cm of photosythetic system and in 0-20 cm of non-photosyntic system.
Seed Production Studies in Italian Ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum Lam. Itailcum ) I. Effect of seeding time and seed rates of Italian ryegrass, cv. Tetrone on seed production
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1984, Pages 226~234
In order ti find out the optimum seeding time(OST) and optimum seed rate(OSR) of Italian ryegrass on seed production, this studies with tetraploid cv. Tetrone were carried out on the experimental field of Livestock Experiment Station. Treatments included seed rates of 1, 2, 3 and 4 kg per 10a and combined with seeding time on 20, 30 Aug, 9, 19 and 29, September 1983. Seeds were sown in rows 50 cm apart and were spaced in a continuous line with width of 15 cm within the rows. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Autumn tillers could be classified into three groups from winter-killing point of view, namely winter-killing completely, damaged growing point only and living tillers. 2. The young inflorescence-bearing stem in Italian ryegrass which were sown earlier than 9. September were more susceptible to winter killing. Tiller buds in those stems which originated from an axillary buds at the stem base within senescent leaf-sheaths emerged lately in spring, and consequently heading was delayed, culm length shortened and seed yield reduced. 3. Tiller buds which originated from damaged growing point only and living tillers in moderate shoots emerged early in spring and those tillers became mainly spike-bearing culm. 4. The emergence-time of tillers influenced on culm-, spike- length and ripenness more than seeding time and seed rate. 5. Seed yield was mostly affected by the number of spikes per unit area. 6. For the safety of over-wintering and enough spikes on seed production, OST and OSR at Suweon were the last part of September and 2-3 kg per 10a, respectively. Especially OSR was 2 kg per 10a for early and 3 kg per 10a for late OST.