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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 1985
Volume 5, Issue 2 - May 1985
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jan 1985
Selecting the target year
Environmental Survey and Properties of Establishable Grassland
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 2, 1985, Pages 93~99
All soil characteristics for 10,077ha of establishable grassland in 1984 were statistically summarized. Soils could be classified into 5 of Order, 7 Suborder, 11 Great group, 28 Subgroup, and 105 Series by the new comprehensive classification system. Distribution rate of farm houses managed the extent magnitude of 3.0ha was 70.8% and its total extent was 35.9%. Extent rate of uncultivated method was 71.3%. These soils were distributed with regard to hilly land and mountain foot slope at, 82.0, and to 0-30% slope at 66.9%. Soil texture was light such as sandy loam to loam at 85.0%, available soil depth more than 20cm at 97.8%, and gravel content less than 35% at 98.4%. Soil would be distributed in 67.3 of first class, 29.7 second class, and 3.0% third class for suitability. Mean values of pH, available
, OM, Ca, Mg and K for topsoil were 5.6, 31ppm, 3.2%, 2.23me/100gr, 1.05me/100gr, and 0.37me/100gr, respectively.
Studies on the Seed Production of Festuca arundinacea Schreb I. Effect of nitrogen Fertilization level and method of its application on the seed production of level and method of its application on the seed production of Festuca arundinacea
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 2, 1985, Pages 100~105
To find out the optimum level of nitrogen fertilization and better distribution of application time for seed production of Festuca arundianacea S. (var. Alta), this filed experiment was performed at Livestock Experiment Station in Suweon, during 1979 to 1981. The treatments used in this study were three nitrogen fertilizing levels (120, 180 and 240kg/ha) and four different methods of nitrogen distribution (i. single application of whole amount in early Spring, ii. 50 percent each in Autumn and early Spring, iii. 50 percent each in early Spring and at begin of heading stage and iv. 50 percent in Autumn and 25 percent in early Spring and at begin of heading stage respectively). The experiment was arranged as a split-plot design with 4 replications and performed at the experimental field of the Livestock Experiment Station in Suweon, during 1979 to 1981. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Date of heading stage of Festuca arundinacea was about May 21 and that of flowering stage was June 1 to 3. The optimum stage for the seed harvesting of Festuca arundinacea (var. Alta) was June 25 about 22 to 23 days after full flowering stage. Average plant height was about 127cm and the panicle length, 24cm. 2. 1000 grain weight was 2.72g and the number of panicles were 85 to 107 per square meter. 3. The mean seed wield for two years was 678.8kg/ha with the average of whole treatments and 781.9kg/ha with the best treatment (50 percent in Autumn and 25 percent in early Spring and at begin of heading stage with 240kg/ha respectively). 4. The average germination rate of harvesting seeds was 87.0 percent and it was increasing trend according to frequent application of fertilizer. 5. The average DM yield of aftermath seed harvesting was 6155kg/ha with two cut, and it was the largest DM yield from the higher nitrogen level and also from the single application in early Spring.
Studies on the Seed Production of Festuca arundinacea Schreb II. Effect of ridge and seedin rate on the seed production of Festuca arundinacea S.
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 2, 1985, Pages 106~110
This trial was carried out to find out the optimum ridge and seeding rate for the seed production of Festuca arundinacea S. (variety Alta). It was composed of three ridge level (12, 18 and 24cm) and four seeding rates (10, 15, 20 and 25kg/ha) in a split-plot design with 4 replications. The experiment lasted from September 1979 to October 1981. 1. The beginning of heading state was May 12 and the date of full flowering stage was June 2. The optimum stage for the seed harvesting of Festuca arundinacea was about 43 days after beginning of heading stage. 2. The number of panicles were 157 per square meter from the best treatment 18cm ridge with 15kg seed/ha. And the 1000 grain weight was 2.79g for the treatment 12cm ridge with 10kg seed/ha. 3. The average seed yield for two years was 681kg/ha and the largest 831kg/ha for the treatment 18cm ridge with 25kg seed/ha. 4. the average germination rate of the harvested seed was 90.7 percent, and it showed a little higher germination rate from the lower level of seeding rate. 5. The average total DM production with two cuttings of aftermath was about 6715kg/ha. According to the increasing seeding rate and narrowing the ridge, DM yield was higher.
Effects of Intake on Digestibilty of Grass Hay Harvested at Different Cutting Dates
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 2, 1985, Pages 111~115
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of maturity and intake on digestibility of grass hay harvested at different dates. Hay was prepared from first-growth forage which cutting dates were: 4 June (vegetative, called early-cut) 30 June (heading, called late-cut). The grass hay fed to wethers at restricted and ad libitum levels of intake. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. As delay in cutting date, contents of crude protein and crude fat decreased, while fibre and lignin increased. 2. On ad libitum feeding of early-cut and late-cut hay, the DM intake were
respectively. 3. There was no significant difference in dry matter digestibility of early-cut hay between restricted and ad libitum feeding, but dry matter digestibility was decreased markedly in ad libitum feeding when leaves fecal condition out of account. Digestibility of crude protein, organic matter and fibre contained in early-cut hay were tended to decrease slightly in ad libitum when compared with restricted feeding, but were not significantly. 4. Digestibilities decreased significantly with increase of intake in late-cut except for crude protein (P<0.05 or P<0.01). 5. In the comparison of digestibility for all composition, early-cut hay was higher (P<0.01) than late-cut hay.
Studies on Making and Utilization of Grass Silage -Fermentation and Feeding Vaiue of Roll Bale Silage in Accordance with Delay with Delay Seal
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 2, 1985, Pages 116~120
This experiment was planned to investigate the effects of delayed sealing on fermentation and digestibility of grass silage. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Internal temperature of roll bale silage during storage was
in control, but in delayed sealing it was up to
by heating with delaying seal. 2. The lactic acid contents was markedly decreased in delayed sealing.
was tended to increase. In the chemical composition of silage, ADIN/T-N, fiber and lignin contents were increased in delayed sealing. 3. Crude protein digestibility was lowered in delayed sealing as compared with control. Fiber digestibility was higher in delayed sealing than in control. 4. The ruminal pH was lowered in delayed sealing. Difference of
concentration between control and delayed sealing was not observed. Concentration of total volatile fatty acids (total VFAs) was lower and proportion of acetic acid of total VFAs was higher in delayed sealing than in control.
Studies on Synthesis and Accumulation Pattern of Cyannogenic Glycosides in Sorghum Piants
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 2, 1985, Pages 121~126
Phytotron and field experiments were conducted to determine the influence of morphological growth stage and environmental temperature on synthesis and accumulation pattern of cyanogenic glycosides in sorghum cv. Pioneer 931 and Sioux at Munich technical university from 1979 to 1980. Various growth stages of sorghum plants were grown in phytotron at 4 different temperature regimes of 30/25, 25/20, 28/18 and 18/8 degree C with 35,000 Lux over 13-h days. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Cyanogenic glycosides in sorghum plants were shown to have a great synthetic rate at early growth stages. The highest concentrations of hydrocyanic acid (HCN) were found at 2-leaf stage with 2384 and 1800ppm (DM basis) for Pioneer 931 and Sioux respectively. The contents of HCN were, however, however decreased markedly as morphological development, which shows a value of 173ppm (Pioneer 931) and 70ppm (Sioux) at heading stages. 2. Changes of hydrocyanic acid in sorghum plants were positive correlated with leaf weight ratio and leaf area ratio (
), while plant height shows a negative correlation with HCN contents (
). 3. Cyanogenic glycosides were accumulated in young plants mainly in leaves. During the late maturities, the contents of HCN in leaves and stalks were shown, however, a similar distribution. 4. Synthesis rates of cyanogenic glycosides were increased under high temperature. Accumulated hydrocyanic acid in the plants was, however declined when temperature exceeded 30 degree C. 5. Synthesis rates of cyanogenic glycosides were affected by nitrogen reductase activity (NRA). The concentration of hydrocyanic acid in sorghum plants was associated with increasing of nitrate-N accumulation.
Studies on Reserved Carbohydrates and Net energy Lactation ( NEL ) in Corn and Sorghum II. Synthesis and accumulation pattern of cell-wall constituents
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 2, 1985, Pages 127~135
The effects of morphological development and environmental temperature on synthesis and accumulation behavior of cell-wall constituents were studied in maize cv. Blizzard and sorghum cv. Sioux and Pioneer 931 at Muenchen Technical University from 1979 to 1981. Various growth stages of maize and sorghum plants were grown on field and phytotron at 4 temperature regimes of 30/25, 25/20, 28/18 and 18/8 degree C and mid-summer sunlight over 13-hour days. The results are summarized as follow: 1. Cell-wall constituents in sorghum and maize plants were shown to have a great synthesis rates at early growth stage from growing point differentiation to final leaf visible. The highest concentration of cell wall contents were found at heading stage with 52-54% and 64-68% of neutral detergence fiber, and 30% and 45% of acid detergence fiber foe maize and sorghum, respectively. 2. The structural carbohydrates, cellulose and hemicellulose, were found as a main components of cell-wall constituents. Cellulose were mainly accumulated in stalks, while hemicellulose were an important cell wall components in leaves and panicle. 3. Synthesis rates of cell-wall constituents and non-strnctural carbohydrates were associated with increasing of temperature. Reserved carbohydrates such as fructosan, mono - and dissaccharose in plant were, however, declined when the temperature exceeded 30 deg C, during the accumulation of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin were increased continuously. 4. Cell-wall constituents lowered digestibility and net energy accumulation in sorghum and maize plants. In a in vitro and in vivo trial, it was found a negative correlation between digestion dry matter and cell wall constituents, especially cellulose and lignin.
( Studies on the Grassland Development in the Forest II. Effect of fertilizer ievel on qrowth and dry matter yield of grass-clover mixtures grown under pine trees
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 2, 1985, Pages 136~142
For better grassland development in the forest, this field experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of thirteen different fertilizer levels of nitrogen(N), phosphorus (
) and potassium (
) on the botanical composition, growth and dry matter yield of grass-clover mixtures grown under trees with 40-50% of shading level. This experiment was arranged as a randomized block design with replications, and performed on the experimental field in the suburban forest of Suweon in 1984. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Plant height and cover degree of grasses found to be high with 28 and 42kg N fertilizer per 10a, while those were the lowest with zero and N-zero fertilizer levels. The degree of bare land after the fourth cut was also high in the low N level. 2. A significant higher degree of leaf green and chlorophyll content of leaf blade was observed in the plot of 28 and 42 kg N per 10a when compared with low N fertilizer plot. However, leaf decay and plant type of grasses tended to be a little poor as the high N was applied. 3. the regrowth plant length and dry weight of grasses after the first cut increased significantly with 28 and 42 kg N fertilizer. However, those showed slightly increased regrowth in the plot of zero and N-zero fertilizer levels. 4. The dry matter yield of grasses was higher with 28 and 42 kg N than that of low N fertilizer level. Higher yields were obtained in the plot of standard (
=28-20-24 kg/10a), 50% increase of
and N-50% increase, although there were no significant differences among three fertilizer levels. 5. Growth, botanical composition, regrowth and yield of grasses grown under pine trees were significantly influenced by N fertilizer level, regardless of
. The fertilizer level of
was 28-20-24 kg per 10a for more forage production in the forest. Considering economic yield in this study, however, the optimum fertilizer level of N,
was suppose to be 21-28, 10-15, and 12-18kg per 10a, respectively.
Effects of soil Moisture Levels on Growth and Dry Matter Accumulation of Sorghum and Corn I. Growth and development of stem and leaf
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 2, 1985, Pages 143~151
Effects of soil Moisture Levels on Growth and Dry Matter Accumulation of Sorghum and Corn II. Changes of dry matter accumulation and chemical composition
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 2, 1985, Pages 152~161
To examine the effects of different levels of soil moisture on dry matter production and chemical compositions of sorghum cv. Pioneer 931, sorghum-sudangrass hybrid cv. Pioneer 988, sudangrass cv. Piper, and corn cv. Suweon 19. Soil moisture contents were maintained with approximately 100, 80 and 40% of field moisture capacity. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The highest dry matter yields per plant were found at 60% soil moisture level with 176.2g, 180.8g and 164.0g for pioneer 931, Pioneer 988 and corn, respectively. 2. Dry matter accumulation in accordance with soil moisture levels and growth stages of all crops except sudangrass were in the order of 60>40>80>100% soil moisture level. 3. The highest absolute growth rate (AGR) of sorghum, sorghum-sudangrass hybrid and corn was shown at 60% soil moisture level, that of sudangrass was shown at 80% soil moisture level. The relative growth rate (RGR) of all crops was high in the early growing stage and was low at maturity. The highest net assimilation rate (NAR) of all crops was found at 60% soil moisture level with
from June 29 to July 5. 4. The higher crude fiber content in leaf of Pioneer 931 was shown at 100% and 80% soil moisture levels with 28.6-28.8%, that of corn had no significant difference among soil moisture levels. The crude protein content in leaf of all crops was 14.2-21.6% at 60% soil moisture level, 13.8-16.0% at 40% soil moisture level, and 7.3-13.9% at above 80% soil moisture levels, respectively. 5. The crude fiber content in stern of all crops and all soil moisture levels was 24.6-36.7%, and the crude protein content in stem was 2.5-5.3% in dry matter basis.
Studies on the Improvement and Utilization of Pasture in the Forest I. The effect of shade degree and fertilization levels on the early seeding growth and dry matter yeild of forest pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 2, 1985, Pages 162~166