Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 1985
Volume 5, Issue 2 - May 1985
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jan 1985
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Pasture Improvement with Herbicides II. Effects of rate and timing of glyphosate and paraquat application on esatblishment, production and quality of surface-sown pasture species
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 3, 1985, Pages 169~175
This experiment was carried out during 1983-1984 to determine an effective method for the introduction of pasture species on nonarable hill country without cultivation. In this experiment, 1.8 and 2.8kg a.i.
rates of glyphosate and a 0.7kg a.i.
rate of paraquat were applied, and also 30, 45 and 60 days intervals between spraying and sowing were used. Establishment of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) was not affected by the application of herbicides, but that of ladino clover (Trifolium repens) was significantly affected by glyphosate and paraquat. It was found that glyphosate and paraquat have no apparent soil residual activity or pre-emergence effect when sprayed 30 to 60 days before sowing. Dry matter yield of pasture species on the herbicide treatments was significantly higher than that on the unsprayed treatments. The highest yield was obtained from the 1.8kg a.i.
rate of glyphosate 45 days before sowing. Botanical analysis at the final cut showed that the shrubs and native grass of original site were reduced to 5% by glyphosate application, but those on the unsprayed control were still 51%. Crude protein content and in vitro dry matter digestibility of herbage on the herbicide treatments were higher than those on the unsprayed treatments. Results indicated that glyphosate was more effective to control resident shrubs and grass than paraquat, and good establishment and higher yield of surface-sown pasture species can be obtained by spraying 1.8 to 2.8kg a.i.
of glyphosate, 30 to 45 days before sowing.
Effects of Intake on Digestibility of Grass Silage Harvested at Different Cutting Dates
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 3, 1985, Pages 176~179
Digestion trials were conducted to evaluate intake and digestibility of grass harvested at different dates. Silage was prepared from first-growth forage (predominantly timothy) which cutting dates; 4 June (vegetative, called early-cut) and 30 June (heading, called late-cut). The silage was fed to wethers at restricted and ad libitum levels of intake. The crude protein and crude fat of silage decreased with advancing maturity, while contents of fibre increased. DM intake of early-cut and late-cut silage were
, respectively. In digestibility and TDN, significant differences (p<0.01) between early-cut and late-cut silage were found. There was no significant difference in DM digestibility of early-cut silage between restricted and ad libitum feeding, but DM digestibility was decreased markedly in ad libitum feeding that out of account in fecal condition. Digestibility of all composition in early-cut silage, except for hemicellulose, was not observed with increasing levels of intake. Digestibility of crude protein, NDF and hemicellulose in late-cut silage were decreased (p<0.05) in ad libitum when compared with restricted feeding. Results of this study suggest that digestibility of early and late forages harvested as silage varies with levels of intake. Thus, relationship levels of intake and digestibility must be considered cautiously.
Studies on Reserved Carbohydrates and Net Energy Latation ( NEL ) in Corn and Sorghum III. Weender components and net enery lactation
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 3, 1985, Pages 180~186
Field and phytotron experiments were conducted to determine the effect of morphological growth stage and environmental temperature on Weender components and net energy lactation (NEL) in corn cv. Blizzard and sorghum cv. Pioneer 931 and Sioux at Munich Technical University from 1978 to 1981. Various growth stages of maize and sorghum were grown for 42 days at 4 temperature regimes (30/25, 25/20, 28/18 and 18/8 degree C) and mid-summer sunlight over 13 hour days. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Accumulation of crude protein in maize and sorghum plants was associated with leaf weight ratio and leaf area ratio (
). Crude protein in the plants were shown to have a greate synthesis rates at early growth stages. The highest concentration of crude protein were found at 3-leaf stage with 31.4% and 33.9% for maize and sorghum, respectively. 2. Synthesis of crude fiber was increased after growing point differentiation markedly and were shown the highest concentration at heading stage with 28.4% and 31.5% for maize and sorghum, respectively. During the maturities, the crude fiber contents in maize were, however decreased and shown a value of 19.5% at physiological maturity, while that of sorghum were increased continuously. 3. NEL value in maize and sorghum plants were declined as morphological development and shown the lowest at growing point differentiation with 5.82 MJ (maize) and 5.46 MJ/kg (sorghum). During the late maturity, the NEL value of maize were increased markedly and shown a value of 6.70 MJ and 6.94 MJ/kg for milkstage and maturity stage, respectively, while NEL value in sorghum were not increased markedly. 4. Net energy lactation in maize and sorghum plants were associated with synthesis rate of non-structural carbohydrates, especially mono- and disaccharose while cell-wall constituents and crude fiber lowerd NEL contents (
). 5. NEL accumulation and starch value were decreased under temperature. The NEL concentration of 4-leaf sorghum under different environmental temperatures of 30/25, 25/20, and 18/8 degree C were 4.87 MJ, 5.46 MJ and 5.81 MJ/kg, respectively.
Studies on the Grassland Development in the Foerst III. Effect of fertilizer level on quality , mineral constituents and tree growth of grass-clover mixtures grown under pine trees
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 3, 1985, Pages 187~194
This field experiment was carried out to determine the effects of thirteen different fertilizer levels of nitrogen(N), phosphorus(
) and potassium(
) on the content of crude protein, crude fiber, mineral constituents of product and tree growth forest pasture with 40-50% shading. The experiment was arranged as a randomized block design and performed in the suburban forest of Suweon in 1984. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Crude protein content and total protein yield were higher in the plot of 28 and 42kg
, regardless of
level, while those were the lowest in zero fertilizer and N-zero fertilizer plots. 2. The contents of lignin and silica were significantly low in the high N fertilizer level, and the contents of NDF, ADF, cellulose and hemicellulose were not affected by different fertilizer levels. However, the content of crude fiber tended to be low with high N, regardless of
. 3. The contents of N,K and
of grasses were influenced by different fertilizer levels. However, those of P,Ca,Ma and Na showed little differences. 4. The recovery percentage of NPK was higher in the plot of standard fertilizer level with 28-20-24 kg/10a, and higher recovery percentage was observed in
, followed by N and
in that order. 5. The growth of tree was increased as the level of N fertilizer was increased, but no such trend was noted by
levels. 6. Crude protein, crude fiber, some mineral contituents of grasses, and growth of tree were influenced by N level, regardless of
. And the optimum fertilizer level of
seemed to be 28-20-24 kg/10a for the production of grasses with higher quality and more yield in the forest.
경사도별 3요소 시용수준이 겉뿌림 산지초지에 미치는 영향 I. 총건물수량 , 수량구성요소 및 식생구성비율의 변화 ( Effects of Nitrogen , Phosphorus and Potassium Application Rates on Oversown Hilly Pasture under Different Levels of Inclination I. Changes in th
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 3, 1985, Pages 191~195
This field experiment was undertaken to assess the effects of three levels of inclination (
) and four rates of
(O-O-O, 14-10-20, 28-25-25, and 42-40-40kg/10a) on establishment, forage yield and quality and botanical composition of new established mixed grass-clover sward. This first part is concerned with the forage yield, yield component and botanical composition. The results obtained after a two-year experiment are summarized as follows: 1. Dry matter yields of mixed grass-clover sward were greatly decreased by increasing the inclination grade of hilly pasture, whereas it of weeds was not significantly influenced. Comparing with weeds, the establishment of introduced pastures was relatively low with increasing the grade of inclination. 2. By increasing the NPK rate, the yields of grasses and mixed forages and the rate of introduced pastures were greatly increased at all grades of inclination, whereas the change in the weed yield was not significant. 3. There were the differenced in the forage yield and yield component, and efficiency of fertilizers by the grade of inclination, which indicated the necessity of different management on the selection of suitable grass species, seeding rate, amount of fertilizer application, and the methods of grassland establishment, management and utilization.
Effects of Nitrogen , Phosphorus and Potassium Application Rates on Oversown Hilly Pasture under Different Levels of Inclination II. Changes on the properties, chemical composition, uptake and recovery of mineral nutrients in mixed grass/clover sward
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 3, 1985, Pages 200~206
This field experiment was undertaken to assess the effects of three levels of inclination (
) and four rates of
(0-0-0-, 14-10-10, 28-25-25, and 42-40-40kg/10a) on establishment, yield and quality, and botanical compositions of mixed grass-clover sward. This second part is concerned with the soil chemical properties, concentrations and uptake of mineral nutrients, and percent recovery and efficiency of NPK. The results obtained after a two-year experiment are summarized as follows: 1. The pH, exchangeable Mg and Na, and base saturation in the surface soils were decreased by increasing the grade of inclination, whereas organic matter and available
tended to be increased. However, the changes in the Ca content and equivalent ratio of
were not significant. The pH, exchangeable Ca and Mg, and base saturation were reduced by increasing the NPK rate, whereas available
, exchangeable K, and equivalent ratio of
tended to be increased. 2. The concentrations of mineral nutrients in grasses and weeds were not significantly affected by increasing the grade of slope in hilly pasture, whereas the concentrations of N, K, and Mg in legume were the lowest with the steep slope, which seemed to be related to the low legume yield. The Mg concentrations of all forage species were below the critical level for good forage growth and likelihood of grass tetany. 3. The increase of NPK rate resulted in the increment of N, K and Na concentrations, and the decrease of Mg and Ca in grasses. The P concentration was increased with P application, but there were no differences in that among the P rates applied. It resulted also in a slight increase of K, and a decrease of Mg in legume, but the contents of N, Ca, and Na were not affected by that. On the other hand, it has not affected the mineral contents in weeds except a somewhat increase of N. The mixed forages showed a increase of N and K contents, a decrease of Ca and Mg, and a slight change in P and Na. 4. The percent recovery of N, P and K by mixed forages were greatly decreased by increasing the grade of inclination and NPK rate. They were high in the order; K>N>P. The efficiency of mixed NPK applications was decreased by that. The efficiency of mixed NPK fertilizers absorbed was slightly decreased by the increased rate of NPK, but it was not affected by the grade of inclination.
Studies on the Improvement and Utilization of Pasture in the Foerst II. The effect of shde on the intake palptability and grazing behavior
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 3, 1985, Pages 207~211
This study was conducted to determine the effects of shade (full day light; 100, 80, 60, 40 and 20%) and fertilization levels (high;
, and low;
) of forest pasture on intake palatability of Korean native goat, and the effects of shade under the conditions of 50% shaded forest pasture and full day light pastures on grazing behavior. This experiment was done at the experimental field of Chungnam National University, in Taejon, from 1983 to 1984. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The dry matter intake, R.I.I. and Touch number of Korean native goat were affected by the shade degrees and fertilization levels, generally the increase of the fertilization level and high shading degree increased the
contents in the plants, but decreased the soluble carbohydrate contents. It means that the decrease of the utilization of the shade culture grasses is due to the decreased intake palatability of forest pastures, particularly the conditions high fertilization level and above 60% of shading level seemed to have a nitrate stress. 2. Grazing time of forest pastures by Korean native goat tended to be spend more time than full day light pastures, also tendency of the major grazing activity tended to be graze continuously without difference of variation of grazing time within a day. Considering of the characteristies os shade, the intensive utilization of forest pastures seemed to be most effective during the high temperature season in August.
Growth Analysis of Silage Corn in Response to Seeding Time
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 5, issue 3, 1985, Pages 212~219
The field experiment was conducted to study on the growth analysis of early variety, MTC-1, and late variety, Suweon 19, in response to seeding time at Suweon. The results summarized as follows: 1. Days required for Leaf-Formation(L-phase) of MTC-1 and Suweon 19 was same but that of Node-Thickening(N-phase) was quite different, e.g. late variety has two times longer. The period of Ear-Development (E-phase) in MTC-1 was 41 days and 53 days in Suweon 19. L-and N-phase were shortened by late seeding but E-phase was not influenced by seeding time. 2. Leaf Area Index(LAI) was decreased and Leaf Area Ratio(LAR) was increased by late seeding. Days required to maximum LAR was less by late seeding. Net Assimilation Rate(NAR) of L-, N-, and E-phase was decreased but its tendency in E-phase was remarkable at late seeding. 3. Crop Growth Rate(CGR) was increased gradually in the process of plant growth and it was the highest at Husk-stage. Relative Growth Rate(RGR) was increased in L-phase and was decreased in N- and E-phase, but its tendency in N-phase was great. 4. The period required to the maximum dry matter yield was shortened by late seeding and dry matter yield was increased by early seeding.