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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1986
Volume 6, Issue 2 - May 1986
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jan 1986
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Studies on the Pasture Improvement with Herbicides III. Effect of different cutting intervals of shrubs after glyphosate application on establishment and teild of surface-sown pasture species
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 1~5
In series of pasture improvement studies with herbicides on nonarable hilly area, the effects of different cutting intervals (10, 20, 30 and 40 days) after glyphosate (2.9 kg/ha active ingredient) application on establishment and development of surface-sown orchardgrass(Dactylis glomerata L.) and ladino clover (Trifolium repens L.) was measured during 1983-1984. The cutting intervals of the existing shrubs after glyphosate application had no differential effect on establishment, seedling vigor, dry matter yield of surface-sown pasture species and botanical composition of improved pasture. Results showed that good control of the existing shrubs for surface-sown pasture species can be achieved by cutting the shrubs from 10 to 40 days after glyphosate application.
Effects of Formic Acid on the Quality of Rye Silage at Different Dry Matter Levels
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 6~13
Experiments were conducted to study the effects of formic acid on the quality of the rye silages at the different dry matter content (19.2, 28.6 and 32.2%) and different formic acid addition levels (0.00, 0.24, 0.48 and 0.71%). Rye were taken at vegetative stage (plant height 40cm) on November 29, 1984. Herbage were adjusted dry matter contents by wilting. Materials were ensiled in small polyethelene film bag after addition planned formic acid, and stored under room temperature. The results obtained are as follows: 1. In the visual observation of silage quality by addition of formic acid in unwilted silage show more clear brownish-yellow color and sweet flavor and less acidity compared with untreated formic acid. 2. The pH values of the silage increased by increasing DM content. At lower dry matter contents in materials the pH values decreased with increased formic acid levels. At higher dry matter content silage, however, non significant difference were observed. 3. The formation of total organic acid decreased by increasing DM content in the materials, and there appeared a significant difference (P<01) among formic acid levels. The organic acid contents in silage decreased with higher formic acid levels. 4. The water soluble carbohydrate in silage increased by increasing DM content. And it was also increased (P<01) with increased formic acid addition level. 5. The production of NH_3 - N decreased (P<01) with increasing the addition of formic acid, and decreased by increasing DM content in materials. 6. The in vitro dry matter digestibility of silages showed not difference among dry matter contents of the materials but at 0.71% addition of formic acid in unwilted silages appeared higher (P<05) digestibility compared the others (0.00% and 0.24%).
Studys on the Agronomic Characterristics and of Korean Local and Imported Corn Corn breeding varceties
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 14~18
This experiment was conducted to study yield and nutritive value of Korean local corn and imported corn varieties. The results were as follows: Plant and stem height of Suweon 19 were 290.0 and 258.5cm respectively, and were higher than those of the other varieties, and those of Royal dent 100 were hither than the other imported corn variety. Grain yields of Suweon 19 and Royal dent 100 were 1,898 and 1,828kg per 10a respectively. Fresh matter yield of Snow dent 1 was similar with Suweon 19 and those were 6.536 and 6,513kg per 10a, respectively. Dry matter yields of Suweon 19, Snow dent 1 and Royal dent 100 were over 2,000kg per 10a. TDN content was the highest with 70.3% in Snow dent 1, and showed similar level with over 65% in all the varieties. TDN yield was the highest in Suweon 19(1,651.5 kg/10a) and showed in order of Royal dent 100 (1,538.5kg/10a) and Snow dent 1(1,522.9 kg/10a).
Study on the Quality of Whole Silage and Yield by Stage of Maturity of Rye Plant I. Change of composition and yield by stage of maturity of whole crop rye plant
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 19~23
This experiment was conducted to find out the change of composition and yield of whole crop rye plant by the maturity stage such as boot, heading, milky, dough and yellow ripe. The results of this experiment were as follows: The yield of whole plant was significantly (P<0.01) higher in the dough stage than in the other stages, and stalk yield of whole plant was significantly (P<0.01) higher in the dough stage than in the other stages, and stalk yield of whole plant was the highest in the part of whole plant, ear yield in the yellow ripe stage. Leaf and stalk yield in the ratio of part yield to whole plant yield remarkably decreased according to the passage from boot to yellow ripe stage, but ear yield increased. Dry matter yield increased with advancing maturity stage, and was the highest in the yellow ripe stage (P<0.01). Crude protein contents of whole plant and each parts gradually decreased, and crude fiber content increased with advancing maturity stage.
Studies on the productivoty of the Native Reed ( Phragmites communis Trinius ) II. Effect of fertilizer application on the productivity of the native reed during the period of vegetation
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 24~30
This experiment was carried out in order to study the effect of fertilizer application and seasonal changes on the productivity of the native reed (Phragmites communis Trinius) on the reclaimed tidal flate in Chonnam province. The samples of reed were taken at about 30-days interval from May to October, 1982 and evaluated plant height, blade & sheath-stem ratio, grass yield, the feed compositions and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVD). The results are summarized as follows: 1. Plant height, grass yield, crude protein content and in vitro dry matter digestibility of the reed were significantly increased by fertilizer application, and ADF content was significantly decreased. 2. According to the significance test of coefficience, there was a significant negative correlation (P<0.05) between in vitro dry matter digestibility and plant height, grass yield, and the content of crude fiber and ADF, but a positive correlation (P<0.05) between in vitro dry matter digestibility and blade & sheath-stem ratio, and the content of crude protein and crude fat.
Studies on the grassland Development in the Forest IV. Possibility of the grassland improvement by spring sowing and microenvironmental conditions in the forest
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 31~37
In order to study the possibility of grassland improvement by spring sowing in the forest, microenvironmental conditions, emergence, percentage of grasses and weeds, root weight and dry matter yield of grasses were investigated. Two field sites (forest grassland and full-sunlight grassland) and two sowing times (March 20 and April 10) were assigned. The condition of the forest grassland was area of pine trees with 50% shading, and the experiment was performed at the Livestock Experiment Station in Suweon, 1984. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. For germination and early growth of grasses, full-sunlight grassland was more advantageous than forest grassland. Growth after that stage, on the other hand, forest grassland was more suitable. Especially, during dry and high temperature season, temperature of soil surface and underground in the forest grassland were decreased by
each other, compared with those of the full-sunlight grassland. Also soil moisture content was continuously higher in the forest grassland. 2. At March 20 sowing the emergence time in the full-sunlight grassland was shortened by 8 days, compared with that of the forest grassland. In case of sowing on April 10, however, there was no difference between two grassland sites. 3. Grasses grown in the forest was more prostrate and leaves from them decayed more, compared with those of the full-sunlight grassland. 4. The percentage of grasses in the forest grassland was 80 to 85 %, on the other hand, that of the full-sunlight grassland was only 15 to 20 %. And the percentage of grasses tended to be high in the plot of early sowing time. 5. Dry root weight and root length of grasses grown in the forest were inferior to those of the full-sunlight grassland (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between two sowing times. 6. Dry matter yield of grasses was significantly higher (P<0.05) in the forest grassland than in the full-sunlight grassland, and yield was influenced by sowing time. Higher yield (4,011 kg/ha) was produced in the plot of the forest grassland with early spring sowing. 7. From above results, it is suggested that grassland improvement by spring sowing in the forest is possible, and it is desirable to sow in early spring.
Studies on the grassland Development in the Forest V. Effect of sharing degrees on the early growth characteristics and winter survival of main grasses
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 38~43
This field experiment was conducted to determine the effects of shading degrees (0 : full sunlight, 25, 50 and 75%) on the early growth characteristics and winter survival of grasses. For the test different artificial shading houses were established and pasture species used were orchardgrass, timothy and perennial ryegrass. The experiment was performed at Livestock Experiment Station in Suweon, and sowing date was Aug. 25, 1984. The results are summarized as follows : 1. Generally, root length, new root length, number of new root and tillers of grasses were increased at 0% (full sunlight) of shading, followed by 25, 50 and 75% of shading degrees, in that order. Plant length and leaf elongation, however were increased at 50% of shading, followed by 75, 25 and 0%. 2. The percentage of winter killing of grasses was significantly (P<0.05) increased as the shading degrees increased. Also the percentages of winter killing were 10.1% in orchardgrass, 9.5% in timothy and 14.2% in perennial ryegrass, respectively. 3. A significant negative correlations were observed in the relationship between winter killing and tillers, new root length and number of new root of grasses. However, there were positive correlations between winter killing and plant length or leaf elongation under shading conditions. 4. As the shading degrees are increased by 0, 25, 50 and 75%, the NAR of grasses was tended to be decrease to 10.98, 11.52, 9.81 and 6.12 g/
/day, in that order. Also there was a negative correlation (r=-0.5943*) between winter killing and NAR of grasses, and NAR of orchardgrass, timothy and perennial ryegrass were 8.58, 8.53 and 11.71 g/
Effects of NitrogenLeVel and Plant Populationon agronomic Chracterisitics and yield I silage Corn
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 44~48
This field experiment was conducted to determine the optimum nitrogen level and plant population for silage and grain corn cv. Suweon No. 19 at Suweon from 1981 to 1982. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Leaf Area Index (LAI), Loding Index (LI) and stalk diameter were increased by raising nitrogen level but ear height was decreased. And tasseling date and stalk height were not influenced by nitrogen level. 2. LAI, LI and ear height were increased by raising plant population but tasseling date, stalk height and stalk diameter were decreased. 3. Numbers of missing hill and barren plants were increased by raising nitrogen and dense plant population respectively. Grain yield and total digestible dry matter yield in 5,550 plants with 10kg of nitrogen fertilization per 10a were recommendable for grain and silage corn respectively.
Hybrid Maize and of
Material Derived from by Multiplication
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 49~52
The objective of this study was to find out the productivity of F_2 material derived from F_1 hybrid Maize (Zea mays L.) by multiplication and their response to plant population. Suweon 19 and Junju-Ok were grown at three population densities. Populations were ca. 8.3, 10.4 and 13.9 thousand plants per 10a. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The number of barren plants differed significantly for the two generations but other yield components comparisons were not significant at P(0.05). 2. Ear and TDN yield were higher from the
hybird of Suweon 19 than from the F_2 material, while yields of Jinju-Ok and stover yield of both hybrids were not affected by generation. 3. Plant and ear height were not affected by population density but barren plants were increased at high population. Length and weight of a ear, and ear (including cobs)-to-stover ratio decreased with increased population. 4. Increasing population density resulted in significant decrease in ear and TDN yield, while stover yield not decreased.
Effedts soil moisture on Photosythess , Transpiration and Stomatal resistance in Sorghums I. On seasonal changes
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 53~59
The effects of soil moisture on seasonal changes of photosynthesis, transpiration and stomatal resistance were studied in sorghum (Pioneer 931) and sorghum - sudangrass hybird (Pioneer 988) at Suweon in 1985. Soil moisture was maintained with approximately 100, 80, 60 and 40% of field moisture capacity in large concrete pot (12m length
1m depth). 1. Photosynthesis and transpiration showed a sharp seasonal changes and reacted similarly to water stress and environmental factors, and were the highest in the middle of August, and were the lowest in the beginning of October. Sorghum - sudan hybird had better photosynthesis, transpiration and stomatal control than those of sorghum in hot summer season. 2. The rate of photosynthesis of 60 and 80% field moisture capacity was higher than that of 100 and 40% throughout growing season, but the effect of soil moisture on photosynthesis varied seasonally by climate factors. Optimum soil moisture was 60% in early summer and fall, and was 60 - 80% in hot summer season. 3. Drought and over-moisture affected physiological metabolism of plant, and so the dry matter yield of 40 and 100% field moisture capacity decreased by 70% compared with that of 60% field moisture capacity.
Effects of Soil Moisture on Photosynthesis , Transpiration and Stomatal Resistance in sotghums II.Ondiurnal changes
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 60~64
To determine the effects of soil moisture on diurnal changes of photosynthesis, transpiration and stomatal resistance, sorghum and soghum-sudangrass hybrid were grown at large concrete pots maintained at 100, 80, 60 and 40% of field moisture capacity. Photosynthesis were measured from a.m. 6 to p.m. 6 on a fine day. 1. Photosynthesis and transpiration reacted similarly to water stress and environmental factors, and they reached at their maximum points from noon to 2 p.m. and decreased sharply after 4 p.m. 2. Photosynthesis and transpiration of sorghum were higher at 60% field moisture capacity than those of the other field moisture capacities. In sorghum-sudangrass hybrid, photosynthesis was in the order of 60>80>40>100% and transpiration was in the order of 60>80>100>40%. 3. Stomatal resistance did not show clear diurnal change and was the lowest at 60% among four field moisture capacities.
Studies on the Qualitative and Quantitative Damage of Sudangrass In fected with Leaf Blight ( Helminthosporium turcium PASS )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 6, issue 1, 1986, Pages 65~70
This experiment was carried out to identify the main pathogens infected with Piper sudangrass and to evaluate the qualitative and quantitative damage of the plants infected with leaf blight (Helminthosporium turcicum PASS) under different levels of nitrogen fertilizer (20, 30 and 40 kg/10a). The experiment was design as a randomized block design with 4 replications at experimental field of Livestock Experiment Station in Suweon, 1984. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The main fungi isolated from sudangrass were identified as Helminthoporium turcicum and Collectotricum graminicolum, but 1 species fungus was not identified. 2. Leaf blight was first found on June 20 and appeared extremely in the regrowth plants from July to September. The rate of attack was associated with increasing of nitrogen fertilization (P<0.01). 3. Fresh and dry matter yields were as much as 47 and 38 percentage lower in leaf blight infected plants (disease severity: V) than those of no visible infection. 4. Concentrations of crude fat and crude protein were decreased in the plants infected with Helminthosporium leaf blight, but lignin content was increased. Dry matter and organic matter digestibility of the plants were negative correlated with the infection of leaf blight(P<0.01).