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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 1987
Volume 7, Issue 2 - May 1987
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jan 1987
Selecting the target year
Effect of Different Soil pH on the Root Growth of Temperate Grass Species
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 1~7
A pot experiment conducted to investigate the root elongation and weight of grasses, i.e. Orchardgrass, tall fescue and perennial ryegrass under the conditions adjusted pH of half vertical part of pot soil to seven levels from 2 to 8. 1. Root growth was drastically decreased as soil pH was lowed. 2. Higer the soil pH, longer the root length. Increase of soil pH to 6 increased the root length of orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass and tall fescue. 3. Regardless of grass species, most of roots distributed to the soil which adjusted pH from 6 to 7. 4. Dry weight of root was increased to pH 7 of soil in orchardgrass and perennial ryegrass and was 55 to 78% of production of pH 6 compared with soil pH 7. In case of tall fescue, dry root weight in the soil pH 7 was 69.8% of root weight growed in soil pH 6.
Influence of Shading on the Productivity of Grasses and Legumes
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 8~17
Four foreign pasture cultivars such as Lotus corniculatus cv. Maitland, Trifolium pratense cv. Deben, Lolium perenne cv.
and .Dactylis glomerata cv.
were tested with "Kwisan" series, a common upland soil in Southern part of Korea. The cultivars in single or mixture were grown in pot with two levels of light intensity, i.e. a full sun light condition and 50% interception. Dry matter yield of top and root and their seasonal changes, the number of tillers or branches per plant and finally competative effects of mixtures were evaluated by estimating the expected yield, relative yield totals and compensation index. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Maitland showed a significant decrease in dry matter yield in shade condition, but the number of branches of Maitland was higher than those of Deben. 2. Maitland showed higher dry matter yield than Deben during the mid-summer period, while
, showed higher dry matter yield than
during early season. 3. Mixtures of
and Maitland, and
and Deben gave better response to grasses by increasing the number of tillers in shade condition. 4. Combinations of Lotus corniculatus cv. Maitland and Dactylis glomerata cv.
and Trifolium pratense cv. Deben and Dactylis glomerata cv.
gave higher relative yield totals and higher compensation index, which envisages that the pasture establishment rates can be enhanced when those mixtures were sown by the oversowing method in the upland soil where phosphate level is very low and infertile in general.n general.
Efect of final cutting time and cutting height on the winter survival, regrowth and early spring yield of orchardgrass ( Dactylis Glomerate L. ) dominated pasture.
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 18~24
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of the final cutting time and cutting height on the winter survival, regrowth, and carbohydrate reserves in stubble, and early spring yield of orchardgrass-dominated pasture before and after the winter season. The experiment was conducted at the experimental field of the Livestock Experiment Station, in Suwon, from October 1985 to early 1986. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Regrowth of plant after the final cut increased significantly (P<0.05) with plot of the early cutting time (Oct. 10) and high cutting height at the final. For winter survival, cut plant should regrow over 15cm in plant height. Therefore limit cutting time and cutting height were forced to be on Oct. 25 and at 6-9cm, respectively. 2. Total water soluble carbohydrate (TSC) content in stubble after the final cut was not significantly changed by different cutting time and cutting height. 3. The percentage of dead plant after wintering was found to be high with plot of the late cutting time and low cutting height at the final cut (P<0.05). And the correlation between the percentage of dead plant after wintering and final plant height before wintering was significantly negathe (r = -0.728**). 4. Fresh and DM yield at the early spring after wintering were increased in the plot of the early cutting time and high cutting height (P<0.05) at the final cut. And significantly positive correlation was observed between the early spring yield and final plant height before wintering (r = 0.720**).
EFFECT OF NITROGEN AND AGE OF ALFALFA (Medicago sativa L. ) SEEDING ON GROWTH AND NODULATION WHEN GROWN UNDER A HOT ENVIRONMENT
;E. H. Jensen;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 25~30
There are differences in opinion as to whether nitrogen fertilizer should be used when establishing alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Various reports show that under a hot environment, rhizobia (Rhizobium meliloti) are not as effective in fixing atmospheric nitrogen as they are under moderate temperatures. It is also believed that the addition of nitrogen fertilizer inhibits nodulation of alfalfa seedlings. A replicated experiment was conducted under controlled environmental conditions at the University of Nevada-Reno, Reno, Nevada, USA, to determine the effects of nitrogen application on seedling growth and nodulation of alfalfa grown in a hot environment. Sterile sand was used as the growing media to which a complete nutrient solution minus nitrogen was applied volumetrically to each pot daily. In addition, half of the pots received NH4-
, at the rate of 11.2 kg per ha at seeding and at two and four weeks after planting giving a total nitrogen application rate of 33.6 kg per ha during the seven-week experimental period. Rhizobia inoculant (R-12) consisted of a mixture of strains 171-15a, 1682c and 80 PI 265 of (Rhizobium meliloti). Inoculant was applied to the seeds prior to planting and to the sand media at two and four weeks after seeding. Twenty seeds were planted in pots 14.0 cm in diameter and 11.5 cm deep. Plants were thinned to ten plants per pot after emergence and were grown in a controlled environment chamber with a 16-hour light period. Soil temperature at 6 cm depth ranged from
and had a daily mean of
. Plants were harvested at weekly intervals for seven weeks. Root, shoot and total length, dry weight, volume and number of nodules per plant were determined. Root, shoot, and total length were greater in seedlings grown in soil where nigrogen was applied than that grown in soil to which no nitrogen was applied. The average size of the seedlings as determined by volume and weight was more than two times greater where plants were fertilized with nitrogen. Nodule number per seedling was also greater when nitrogen was applied compared to those which received no nitrogen. The differences were greater as the plants became older. The rhizobia did not fix enough nitrogen for adequate growth of seedlings. This is probably due to high temperature growing conditions that caused the rhizobia to become relatively ineffective as compared to cooler growing conditions. Data suggests it would be desirable to apply nitrogen at seeding when alfalfa is established under hot conditions that occur in mid- or late summer.
Study on the Use of Orchargrass-Red Clover Mixture I. Effect of Plant Composition on Intake , Digestibility and Preference by Korean Native Goats.
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 31~36
1. Dry matter intake was significantly increased above the 30% red clover plant composition (p<0.05) as compared with 100% orchardgrass plant composition. However, there was a significant positive correlation (p<0.05) between the content of CP and dry matter intake, and was a significant negative correlation (p<0.05) between the content of NDF and dry matter intake. 2. Dry matter digestibility was significantly increased with the increase of red clover plant composition as compared with 100% orchardgrass plant composition (p<0.05). Digestible dry matter intake was significantly increased above the 20% red clover plant composition (p<0.05) as compared with 100% orchardgrass plant composition. However, there was a significant positive correlation (p<0.05) between the content of CP and digestible dry matter intake, and was a significant negative correlation (p<0.01) between the content of NDF and digestible dry matter intake. 3. Preference of herbage samples tended to markedly increased with the increase of red clover plant composition.
Effect of top dressing on the tharch losses in Bentgrass ( Agrostis Palustris Huds. )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 37~41
The purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of top dressing on the thatch losses in bentgrass (Agrostis palustris). Top dressing materials used were clay loam, sand, zeolite, and sawdust. Data were taken on July 10 (
), Aug. 7 ((
) and Sept. 4 ((
) respectively. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The dry weight of accumulated thatch was significantly different between treatments and dates of survery, and for the interaction of treatment x date of survey. 2. The dry weight of accumulated thatch showed a tendency to decrease as growth progressed in all treatments. (Table 1) The dry weight of accumulated thatch was the smallest at sand but the largest at clay loam in each date of survey. 3. The losses rate of accumulated thatch showed a tendency to slightly increase as affected by top dressing materials. (Table 2) Sand showed a significantly higher losses rate of accumulated thatch than that of other treatments. 4. The dry weight of accumulated thatch showed a significant negative correlation (p<0.01) with the losses rate of accumulated thatch. (Fig. 1) 5. Turf coverage was significant difference between treatments and dates of survey. 6. Turf coverage showed a tendency to increase as growth progressed in all treatments. (Table 3) 7. Turf coverage indicated significant negative correlation (p<0.001) with the dry weight of accumulated thatch. (Fig. 2)
A Value of Grassland based on the Botanical Composotion and Fodder Value of Herbage Plants
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 42~48
For the purpose of using the guideline to evaluate the grassland based on the botanical composition, a valuation figures which were expressed of nine division scale from 0, very poor to 8, excellent were given to the each , grassland species. At first, a figure was given to the 14 1 herbage plants at the grassland in Korea. Fodder value of the grassland was calculated from these valuation figures of the different species and the DM percentages of each plants which was got by analysis or estimation, were only to be multiplied by the different valuation figures and then the sum of these products divided by hundred. It is suggested that the fodder value of the grassland is not only possible to express the botanical conditions of various experiments in some simple figures, but also compare with different types of grassland at the same time.
Seed Production Studies in Italian Ryegrass ( Lolium multifiorum Lam. Italicum ) III. Effects of Autumn and Spring Defoliation on Seed Yield of Italian Ryegrass
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 49~54
Information is needed on the plant characteristics affects by forage removal and their relationships to grain yield of italian ryegrass in order to combine herbage seed crop management and livestock farming. This study with tetraploid cv. Tetrone was carried out on the experimental field of Haenam Branch Station. treatments included two different seeding time, cutting time and frequency. Seeds were sown in row 50 cm width within the rows. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Fresh and dry matter were increased significantly in plots defoliated lately and many times but seed yield components were decreased significantly in plots defoliated in spring. 2. Autumn defoliation had no significant effect on the seed yield but seed yield were decreased significantly in plots defoliated later than 8 April. 3. Excess vegetative growth can be removed in autumn and early spring without harm to the seed crop and the most important aspect of its removal is the timing of the operation. 4. Seed yield reductions were accompanied by the decrease of inflorescences,seeds/spike, and thousand seeds weight, due to an increase in apex removal of vigorous tillers by late cutting.
Comparative Studies of Introduced Rey ( Secale Cereale L. ) for Spring Forage Production IV. Winter-hardiliness and forage production of selected winter rye varieties under upland condiions
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 55~62
These experiments were conducted at the upland of Livestock Farm, Seoul National University, Suweon to determine the growth characteristics, winter-hardiness and forage yield of selected southern and northern-types of winter rye (Secale cereale L.) in comparison with the Korean native rye over two seasons, 1977-78 and 1980-8 1. During the 1977-78 season, most southern-type rye varieties except Explorer and Abruzzi headed 2 to 6 days earlier than the Korean native rye and 6 to 10 days earlier than northerntype rye varieties Rymin and Puma, while in 1980-81 southern-type rye varieties headed 5 to 7 days earlier than the Korean native rye, therefore, the Korean native rye seemed to be medium in maturity. There were no significant differences in winter-hardiness among different rye varieties with the exception of the lowest winter survivals of Wintergrazer 70, Explorer and triticale, and Gator, Explorer and Florida Black during the 1977-78 and 1980-8 1 seasons, respectively. Southern-type rye varieties tended to yield more forage than northern-type and the Korean native rye varieties when harvest was made in the later part of April. During 1977-78 season, Vita-Graze, Elbon and Athens Abruzzi rye varieties produced significantly more forage than the Korean native rye, but in 1980-81 Wrens Abruzzi rye produced significantly more forage than the Korean native rye. Based on the results of the two seasons, southern-type rye varieties,Vita-Graze, Athens Abruzzi, Elbon and Wrens Abruzzi could be recommended as a source of green forage for livestock in April in middle-northern parts of Korea.
Effectiveness of Magnesium-and Boron-Enriched Complex Fertilizer ( 8-25-7-3-0.2 ) on the Pasture Establishment II. Change in the forage yields, yield components, botanical and chemical compositions in a mixed grass/clover sward
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 7, issue 1, 1987, Pages 63~69
This field experiment was undertaken to assess the effectiveness of magnesium- and boronenriched complex fertilizer (
: 8-25-7-3-0.2) compared with some straight fertilizers on the hilly pasture establishment. This second part was concerned with the changes in the forage yields, yield components, botanical and chemical compositions in a mixed grassclover sward (orchardgrass, tall fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, and ladino clover). The results from a two-year experiment are summarized as follows: 1. Dry matter yields of whole mixed forages were significantly reduced in control by 54.5% and the NK-plot (
by 35.0%, compared with the normal NPK-plots. 2. The yields of oversown grasses were significantly reduced in control by 79.7% and the NKplot (
) by 52.196, compared with the normal NPK applications. At the normal NPK applications, the oversown grasses were lowest in the yields when provided with double superphosphate with no significant differences. The yields of weeds were not significantly influenced by the treatments. 3. The significant differences in the legume yields (relative yield, %) were laid in the follow. ing increasing order; complex fertilizer (178.5%) > NPK-fused superphosphate (139.5%) > NPK-double superphosphate (100.0%) = control > NK (51.1%). The legume yield was much more depressed in the NK-plot (
) than in control (
). 4. The rate of oversown grasses and whole forages were increased by the normal NPK applications, showing little difference among the kinds of fertilizers. It was recognized that the application of complex fertilizer contributed to the increasing of legume rate in the mixed sward. This contribution turned out to be due to the rather enhanced performance and yield-increase of legume, compared with the straight fertilizers. 5. With the NK-treatment (
) the P concentration in mixed forages dropped below the critical level (0.2%). The Mg concentrations in mixed forages were lower in all the plots than the critical level (0.2%). Therefore, a sufficient amount of Mg was desirably to be applied It is recommended that, in relation to its effectiveness and simplification of fertilizer application, the application of this complex fertilizer for pasture establishment be carried out. The change of the constituent ratio of complex fertilizer to the standard of "8 - 15-20 - 7 - 5-10 - 0.2" considering the need of sufficient Mg supply and the continuous accumulation of P in the top-surface soil is possibly recommended.commended.