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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 1989
Volume 9, Issue 2 - May 1989
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jan 1989
Selecting the target year
Some Fators Affecting the Isolation of Mesophyll Protoplasts from Red Clover(Trifolium pratense L.)
Son, Dae-Young ; Yun, Byung-Wook ; Jo, Jin-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 119~123
Research on the Selection of Al Tolerant AlFalfa (Medicago sativa L.) on the Sometic Cell Level I. Effect of some factors affecting callus induction of alfalfa
Byung Wook Yun ; Dae Young Son ; Young Goo ; Jin Ki Jo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 124~128
This experiment was conducted to determine factors affecting callus induction of Vernal alfalfa. Growth regulators, basal medium, medium pH, explant age, and agar concentration for callus induction were investigated. The results obtained were as follows: For the callus induction, 2-5 mg/l 2,4-D alone was found to be most effective on callus induction. Cytokinins did not have positive effect on the callus induction, and even the more cytokinin added induced the less callus. Callus yield was much higher in B5 or SH medium than in any other media. The calli induced in PC and MS media were more friable than those induced in other media. The medium pH of 5.8 gave the best response of callus induction. At higher than pH 7.0, callus induction was inhibited severely. The effective seedling age for callus induction was around 9 days. In agar concentration, 0.5 % (W/V) was suitable for callus induction and it was severely depressed at above 1 %. Callus induction was not influenced by day length or illumination. Calli cultured under 1618 hour lightldark cycle became more compact and green than those cultured under the dark.
Studies on the Mixture Combination in Permanent Pasture II. Effects of cutting management and nitrogen fertilization on the dry matter production
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 129~134
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of cutting frequency and nitrogen fertilization on th change of vegetation and the yield of dry matter on the different mixture combination of permanent pasture. 1. DM yield was increased as the increasing Arrhenatherum elntius but was decreased as the increasing Tkisetum fkavescens. 2. DM yield was unaffectdd by the different mixture combination of permanent pasture eventually. 3. In case of cutting frequency, 2-cutting showed higher DM yield than that of 3-cutting, and N-fertilization level showed significant increase in DM yield as the increasing N-level, especially 2-cutting block of N-3 showed the highest yield and 3-cutting block of N-l showed the lowest yield. 4. Mixture combination, N-level and cutting frequency did not show significant changes in DM yield of permanent pasture eventually.
Relationship brtween Shoot and Root System in Perennial Ryegrass I. Differences of varieties and stage of growth
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 135~140
This experiment was to study the relationship between shoot and root system in perennial ryegrass at different stages of growth. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The dry weight of shoot was significantly correlated with the dry weight of root at both stages of growth. 2. The yield components of shoot and root systems were changed by the stages of growth. Thus, the dry weights of shoot and root were positive correlated with the number of tillers and roots at 60 days after sowing. But, the dry weights of shoot and root were positive correlated with the dry weight of root, the dry weight of tiller, length of plant and length of root at 90 days after sowing. 3. Maprirna variety was obtained a higher dry weights of shoot and root at 60 days after sowing, but, Alta variety was obtained at 90 days after sowing, respectively. 4. The dry weight of shoot was positive correlated with leaf area at both stages of growth. 5. The dry weight of shoot was significantly negative correlated with specific leaf weight at 60 days after sowing, but positive correlated with specific leaf weight at 90 days afikr sowing. 6. The dry weight of root was smcantly positive correlated with leaf area at 60 days after sowing, but not recognized at 90 days after sowing.
Studies on the Grassland Management in Late-Autumn and Early-Spring V. Effect of application levels NPK fertilizer at pasture establishment on witer survival, early spring growth and yield of grasses
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 141~147
This experiment was carried out to determine the effects of 13 different application levels of nitrogen(N), phosphorous(
) and potassium(
) fertilizer at pasture establishment on the winter survival, early spring growth and dry matter(DM) yield, and contents of crude protein(CP) and carbohydrate resewes(CH0-R) of grasses in Suwon from September, 1987 to June, 1988. Winter survival of grasses was high (ca. 90 %) in the plots of N 80 kg, N 120 kg and
application, regardless of
, while those in zero-N and zero-NPK plots were low as 76 % and 64 %, respectively. Close relationships were observed between winter survival and N &
fertilizer. Early spring growth was vigorous in N-fertilized plots. Heading rate at the first harvest was 50-70 % in all N-plots, regardless of
, while those in zero-N and zero-NPK plots were very low as 20-26 % and 15-18 %,respectively. The DM yield of first harvest was higher in the plots of N 80 kg
, regardless of
levels, and those in zero-N and zero-NPK plots were very low (P < 0.05). The regrowth yleld was not significantly affected by fertilizer levels. The CP content was increased with increasing N level, but CHO-K contents (35-39 %)was not affected by fertilizer levels.Winter survival, early spring growth, DM yield and CP content were significantly influenced by N fertilizer at pasture establishment, regardless of
application. In this experiment, the compensation effect for spring yield was observed with more N application than usual in next early spring when deficient amount of fertilizer (especially N) was applicated at pasture establishment. Also the optimum application levels of N,
fertilizer could be recommended as 80, 200 and 70 kg
in new establishing pasture, respectively.
Studies on the Grassland Management in Late-Autumn and Early-Spring V. Effect of fertilizer application time in early spring on growth, yield and nutritive value of grasses for hay
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 148~152
This field experiment was carried out to determine the effects of fertilizer application time in early spring on growth, dry matter (DM) yield, crude protein (CP) content, crude protein yield (CPY), N recovery, acid detergent fibej (ADF) content and DM digestibility (DMD) of grasses for hay. Application times of fertilizer were March 10, 20, 30, April 9. 19, and control (non-fertilized) plot was involved. The fust harvesting data for hay was May 9 (early heading stage) and the regrowth yields were investigated for soiling, 1989. In all fertilized plots, the growth, DM yield, CP, CPY and N recovery of grasses were significantly increased compared with control, and the best grass growth, DM yield, CP, CPY, N recovery and DMD were observed on March 20 and 30 among all fertilized plots. On March 20 and 30 in this experiment, the accumulated temperature was 200 and
, and the subsoil temperature at 10 cm depth was 8 and
. Considering the average meteorological condition in Suwon area, the optimum application time of early spring for hay may be recommended from April 10 to 15. i\ulcornerfW3U% (L. westock Experiment Station, RDA. Suwon 440 - 350. Korea)
Studies on the Grass Productivity and Nutritive Value as Affected by Cutting Management in Spring III. Effects of the first harvesting times and the regrowth periods on grass regrowth, dry matter yield and botanical composition in pawture mixtures
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 153~157
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of the first harvesting times and regrowth periods after the fist harvest on grass regrowth, dry matter (DM) yield and botanical composition in pasture mixtures during 1987 and 1988. For the test, a split plot design with 3 replications was treated with 3 different first harvesting times (vegetative, stem elongation and heading stage) and 3 different regrowth periods (20, 30 and 40 days) after first harvest. Although the total DM yield of grasses was decreased slightly with earlier cutting, the regrowth DM yield and the regrowth plant height was increased significantly with earlier cutting (p < 0.05). Also, the 30 days of regrowth periods was contributed greatly to the regrowth and the DM yield. The percentage of legumes Tmainly red clover) in botanical composition was increased with later initial harvest anrl longer regrowth period after first harvest. Based on the results, it is suggested that good grass regrowth and seasonal distribution could be achieved by the earlier harvest at fist and the regrowth period of 30 days after first harvest in spring.
Individual Differences of the Chewing Speed and Chews per Bolus in Rumination Behaviour of Cattle
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 158~162
This experiment was conducted to evaluate individual difference of chewing speed and chews per bolus duing the rumination using twenty three heads of grazing cattle and thirty six heads of barn feeding cattle. Rumination behaviour was measured and recorded by the masster EMC telemeter and visual observation. The chewing speed (chews/lOOsec) was significantly different individually (C.V. 13.0-14.5 %) among the variable aged group (1-60 months), but that of same aged group showed lower difference (C.V. 4.5 %). The chews per bolus showed even larger individually difference than the chewing speed, so the variable aged group (1-60 months) resulted the 15.5-16.2 %of C.V.and the same aged group showed the 9.5 % of C.V. Under 12 month aged cattle showed more rapid chewing speed than older aged cattle. The chewing speed changed with the growth of cattle, but the chews per bolus did not show any relationship with age, so it is regarded as the individually characteristic pattern.
Quality Prediction of Alfalfa Hay by Near Infraced Recfletance Spectroscopy (NIRS)
;N. P. Martin;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 163~167
Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) analysis of commercial farm alfalfa hay for crude prowin (CP), neutral detergent fiber(NDF), and acid detergent fiber(ADF) was compared with wet chemistry results. There were no differences between NIRS and wet chemistry results in CP and ADF content, but there were differences (P <.05) between NIRS and wet chemistry results for sample No.2, 4, 5 in NDF content.
Potassium Leaching from Grassland Soil
Sangdeog A. Kim ; Shigekata Yoshida ; Ryosei Kayama ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 168~173
In this report two experiments were carried out. Vertical distribution of exchangeable potassium(K) of soil in the orchardgrass meadow was investigated‘ a and K leaching from soil was monitored under lysimeter condition throughout one year. The results obtained a are as follows; The difference in the exchangeable soil K content b between the soil layers was very small in K-zero plot of the orchard grass meadow, but it was significant in K¬h high plot (Experiment 1). T The volume of leached water from the Iysime ter was a about 471 liters/m2 during a year and the amount of leached water was influenced by the precipitation. D During the investigation the quantity of leached K was 2 22.3 g/
. About 40 % of the total K in a year leached out during the first two months, May and June, after the start of the experiment. On the other hand, leached K amounted to 13.2 g/
(60 % of the total K leached) during the period of ten months from July, 1985 to A April, 1986, when forages were harvested from the soil o of the lysimeter (Experiment 2). From the above results, it was known that K leach¬i ing from grassland soil can be also occurred in consider¬a able amount when the growth stage of forage is not d developed or soil does not become solid on such a p period as immediately after grassland improvement or e establishment. However, unless the K leaching from soil s seems to be little under the condition of permanent g grassland ecosystem with higher grade of soil hardness a and possibly with compact density of forage plants.
Studies on the Occurrence of Corn Sheath Blight Caused by Rhizoctonia solsni I. Influence of growth season and cultural environment on the occurrence of sheath blight disease.
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 174~178
The investigation was carried out to identify the main pathogen infected with sheath blight in corn plant during 1986-1987. The main fungi of sheath blight isolated from corn plant was identified as Rhizoctonia sobni. Sheath blight in corn plant was first found in early July and infected extremely from late July to end August. Severe sheath blight disease was observed in Gyeongido (Yeoju and Suweon) and Jeonnam (Kwangju) area. The rate of attack was associatied with management and cultural environments of corn plant. Dense planting increased sheath blight, but application of cattle compost reduced the rate of infection. A positive correlation was found between infection rate of shealth blight and concentration of soluble carbohydrate in corn plant (r=0.96). The varieties of Jinjuok, Suweon 83, Suweon 87, Suweon 89, P.3055, P.3160, DK689 and XCG 51 showed remarkable tolerance to sheath blight disease.
Studies on Productivity and Nutrient Quality of Forage Rape (Brassica napus Subsp. oleifera) VII. Productivity of forage rape cv. Velox and its variation of nutrient quality during the growth period
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1989, Pages 179~186
According to the results from the experiments of selecting a suitable variety of forage rape and comparing productivity and nutrient quality between forage rape and oil seed rape, Velox appeared to be the most suitable variety in terms of productivity and nutrient quality at the southern area of Korea among the varieties used in the experiments. Consequently, Velox was grown under two different cultural methods, individual culture and population culture, and productivity and variation of nutrient quality during the growth period were observed and compared between the cultural methods. The results from the experiment are summarized as follows: 1. Although variations were great in plant fresh weight and plant dry matter weight among plants, individual culture showed significantly higher value in these characters at the 1 % level than population culture. Plant fresh weight and plant dry matter weight were largely dependent upon the amount of branches in case of individual culture. However, in population culture, they were equally dependent upon the amount of branches and main stem. There was no significant difference in dry matter percentage between cultural methods, and main stem showed highest dry matter percentage. 2. Content of crude protein was decreasing gradually as plants continued to grow. Individual culture showed higher content of crude protein than population culture from 90 to 120 days after sowing but vice versa from 180 days after sowing to flowering stage. Contents of fiber such as NDF, ADF, cellulose and lignin was low at the early stage of growth. It was increasing gradually as plants grew older and at the latter stage of growth plants under individual culture showed higher values in contents of fiber. 3. In vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) of both stems and leaves was decreasing gradually as plants grew older. Plants under individual culture showed higher IVDMD of stems than plants under population culture, but no significant difference in IVDMD of leaves was observed between cultural methods.