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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 2008
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jun 2008
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Effect of Dietary Soybean Protein on Cerebral Infarction Size and Antioxidant Enzyme Activities in Rat Focal Brain Ischemia Model
Lee, Hee-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~10
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the cerebral infarction size, antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation changes after 6 weeks of dietary soybean protein intake in a rat focal brain ischemia model. Method: Weaning Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with either modified AIN-93G diet containing casein 20% (control), 20% soybean protein isolate-based diet (S20), or 40% of soybean protein isolate-based diet (S40) for 6 weeks. The animals were subject to right middle cerebral artery occlusion for 2 hr. After 24 hr of recirculation, the rats were sacrificed. Antioxidant enzymes activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) level in the right brain were also measured. Result: There were no significant differences in the right cortical infarction volume, TBARS level, SOD and CAT activities among the three groups whereas the GPx activities of the S20 group were significantly higher than those of the control group (p=.02). Conclusion: Our results suggest that 20% of soybean protein may have a modulating effect on GPx and possibly have some protective effect against oxidative stress although it may enough to decrease cerebral infarction volume in rat focal brain ischemia model.
Effect of the Physical Activity Promotion Program on Physical Function and Quality of Life in Elderly
Kim, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 11~18
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of the physical activity promotion program on physical function and quality of life in the elderly. Method: The research was designed with one single pre-post group. The study group of 295 elderlies were selected through the convenience sampling form in a senior citizen's center in Ulsan city. The subjects received the physical activity promotion program for 60 min three times a week for 3 months. To evaluation the effects of the physical activity promotion program, body mass index (BMI), physiological index, physical function (muscle endurance, agility, balance) and quality of life were measured at before and after the program. The data was analyzed through SPSS 10.0 program for descriptive statistics and paired t-test. Result: After performing the physical action promotion program for 3 months, the results were follows. 1) There were significantly increased in BMI (t=4.36, p=.000). 2) There were significantly decreased in diastolic pressure (t=.68, p=.009). 3) There were significantly improved in muscle endurance (t=6.50, p=.000), agility (t=4.74, p=.000) and Rt. leg balance (t=4.15, p=.000). 4) There were significantly improved in quality of life (t=7.28, p=.000). Conclusion: These findings showed that the physical activity promotion program was effective in improving physical function and quality of life in the elderly. Therefore, the physical activity promotion program could be applied as an effective nursing intervention program for the elderly to promote their health.
A Study on the Factors that Influenced on Weight Control Diet Experience of the Female Nursing Students
Kim, Joo-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 19~24
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that influence on the weight control diet experience of the female nursing students in an university. Method: The data were collected by measuring weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist and hip circumferences, and body satisfaction. The subjects of this research were 119 nursing students of K University in Kangwondo. And the mean age of the subjects was 20.38. Result: 67.7% of subjects had an weight control diet experience. The mean BMI of the subjects was
. There were lower BMI and higher waist/hip ratio in the weight control diet experience group. There were significant correlations between body satisfaction and BMI, waist/ hip ratio. The factor that influenced significantly on weight control diet experience was BMI. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop an educational program for reducing the risk factors due to an inadequate weight control diet for female nursing students in university.
Effects of Tourmaline Gemstone Therapy on Dysmenorrhea and Menstrual Pain of the Female University Students
Kim, Eun-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 25~32
Purpose: This study was carried out to investigate the effect of tourmaline gemstone therapy on relief of dysmenorrhea and menstrual pain of the female university students. Method: A quasi-experimental study was designed. Data were collected from 39 of the Korean female university students (Exp: 26, Cont: 13) from May, 2006 to December, 2006. The collected data were analysed through
, t-test and Mann-Whitney test. Result: Dysmenorrhea was significantly decreased in the experimental group over that of the control group (p=.001). In addition, menstrual pain was also significantly decreased in the experimental group over that of the control group (p=.000). Conclusion: It was proven that tourmaline gemstone therapy was effective for dysmenorrhea and menstrual pain.
The Analysis of Research about Foot Reflexology in Nursing
Kim, Gyung-Duck ; Suh, Soon-Rim ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 33~40
Purpose: This study was performed to analyze the trend of foot reflexology research in nursing in Korea. Method: Of studies published in nursing literature between January 1990 and August 2007. The 74 articles were analyzed according to the published year and journal, type of research and study design, subject, and the outcome variables of interventions. Result: Prevailing research designs were experimental research (nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design). Prevailing characteristics of subjects were patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hemodialysis, cancer and others disease (osteoarthritis, cerebral vascular accident, pneumoconiosis). The most frequently performed intervention was Foot-Reflexo-Massage (FRM). The most frequently used outcome variables were fatigue and sleep. The effect of foot reflexology was inconclusive. Conclusion: The finding suggests that a robust research design in foot reflexology research is needed to accumulate a strong scientific evidence and to adopt nursing intervention from the foot reflexology modalities. Meta analysis of foot reflexology research should be done to analyze and integrate the results of various studies.
The Effects of a Progressive Functional Training Program on ADL Performance in Stroke Patients at Home: Focusing on Application of RAI
Lee, Sang-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 41~52
Purpose: This study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of a progressive functional training program on ADL performance in stroke patients at home after selecting subjects through Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC). Method: Ninety stroke patients had a structured training which was 50 min in duration, six times per week for a period of 6 weeks. The subjects were divided into three groups as measured using the RAI-HC progressive functional training program group; the resident rehabilitation exercise group and the control group. Result: The study observed that the functional training program for stroke patients increased the level of activities of daily living (ADL), performance of functional fitness and balance. It also reduced blood lipid and the score of client assessment protocols (CAPs). The functional training program is expected to improve the quality of life in the stroke patients at home. Conclusion: The authors, with the results of this study concluded that, the functional training program is necessary for the stroke patients to improve their quality of life. Hence, the program should be employed immediately.
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Asthma in Community Childhood
Lee, Yun-Mi ; Kim, Byung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 53~61
Purpose: This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of asthma and its risk factors in childhood asthma. Method: Random samples of 10,236 were selected from 43 kindergarten (1,418) and 57 elementary (8,718) in K city between september and November (2007). 1,079 (kindergarten children) and 7,271 (elementary children) were in the final analysis. The Korean-translated modified version of the questionnaire for the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood was used in this cross-sectional survey. Parents were surveyed to answer for the questionnaire. Result: The lifetime and 12-month prevalence of wheezing were 11.50%; 11.06% in kindergarten children and 19.24%; 4.80% in elementary children. The lifetime prevalence of asthma diagnosis and the 12-month prevalence of asthma treatment were 11.59%; 4.43% in kindergarten children and 4.43%; 10.78% in elementary children. The 12-month prevalence of night cough and exercise-induced wheezing were 12.90%; 3.33% in kindergarten children and 20.72%; 4.74% in elementary children. Risk factors analysis showed that age, paternal and maternal asthma, allergic disease, carpet use, monthly income, indoor environment were associated with a higher risk of asthma. Conclusion: The study suggests that prevalence of asthma has increased among the community children. These data have been used to manage a possible role of risk factors as predictors of childhood asthma.
The Effect of Brisk Walking Exercise Program on Body Composition, Blood Pressure, Blood Glucose and Blood Lipid for Middle-aged Woman with Obesity
Hyoung, Hee-Kyoung ; Kim, Hee-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 62~68
Purpose: This study was conducted to test the effect of the 12 weeks brisk walking exercise program on body composition, blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipid for middle-aged woman with obesity. Method: The subject were 25 obese women in 40-64 yr old who were composed of over 30% body fat. For the analysis, descriptive statistics, paired t-test were used for statical analysis with SPSS 15.0. Result: The results were summarized as follows: first, the body weight, body mass index (BMI), % body fat of the obese woman were significantly decreased after implementing the 12 weeks brisk walking exercise program (p<.5). Second, the systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and blood glucose were significantly decreased after the 12 weeks brisk walking exercise program (p<.5). Third, the serum cholesterol was significantly decreased (p<.05) but serum triglyceride was not significantly decreased the after 12 weeks brisk walking exercise program. Conclusion: These results suggest that the brisk walking exercise program has an effect on decreasing body weight, BMI, percent body fat, blood pressure and serum cholesterol in middle-aged woman with obesity to reduce obesity and prevent chronic disease.
Effect of Cardiac Rehabilitation Education for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Patients during Their Hospitalization
Choe, Myoung-Ae ; Kim, Keum-Soon ; Yi, Myung-Sun ; ChoiKwon, S-Mi ; Lee, Jung-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 69~79
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of cardiac rehabilitation education for CABG patients on anxiety & depression, self-esteem, general health status, health related quality of life, body mass index, serum lipid concentration (high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, total cholesterol), heart rate and blood pressure. The subjects of the study consisted of 36 patients who underwent CABG at A hospital in Seoul, from January 1, 2006 to June 30, 2007. The experimental group (20 patients) received the individual education during the hospitalization. The control group (16 patients) received routine discharge education by ward nurses. Psychological variables, general health status and health related quality of life (QOL) after cardiac rehabilitation education were determined by self-reported questionnaire at 1st week, 3rd week and 6th week after the discharge. Physiological variables were measured in out patient visiting at 4th week after discharge. Score of anxiety & depression and health related QOL in the experimental group showed a significant decrease at 1st week, 3rd week and 6th week after the discharge compared with the control group. Score of self-esteem, general health status and physiological variables in the experimental group showed no significant difference from the control group.
Effect of Estrogen on Ovariectomy-Induced Obesity in Rats
Chu, Sang-Hui ; Lee, Mi-Kyung ; Kowalski, Jill ; Beck, Jenny ; Schwertz, Dorie ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 80~87
Purpose: Hypoestrogenism caused by ovariectomy, disease, or menopause is associated with increased obesity in women. Altered fat distribution and weight gain are consequences of menopausal hypoestrogenism, but the mechanisms responsible are not completely known. This study examined the effect of estrogen on obesity in ovariectomized rats. Method: The groups of female rats were 4 weeks post ovariectomy (OVX) or, 4 weeks post-sham operation (SHAM), and 2 weeks post ovariectomy followed by 2 weeks replacement with estradiol benzoate (ER-
/kg, subq, qd). Serum ghrelin level was measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA). The expression of adrenergic receptors in adipose tissue was measured by Western blotting assay. Result: OVX significantly increased body weight, serum cholesterol. Two weeks estrogen replacement reduced body weight accompanied by the increment of serum ghrelin and the reduction of the receptor ratio of adrenergic
. Conclusion: We provide evidence that estrogen reduces obesity through the altered receptor ratio of adrenergic
in adipose tissue in ovariectomized rats.
Hindlimb Muscle Atrophy of Rat Induced by Neuropathic Pain
Choe, Myoung-Ae ; Kim, Kyung-Hwa ; An, Gyeong-Ju ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Choi, Jung-An ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 88~95
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of neuropathic pain by peripheral nerve injury on mass and Type I and II fiber cross-sectional areas on hindlimb muscles of the neuropathic pain model rat. Method: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (body weight 200-220 g) were assigned to one of two groups: a neuropathic pain group (n=7) that had a ligation of the left L5 spinal nerve, a control group (n=5), a naive rat without any procedures. Withdrawal threshold, activity, body weight and food intake were measured daily. At 8 days after neuropathic pain, all rats were anesthetized and the soleus and plantaris muscles were dissected from the both hindlimbs. Body weight, food intake, muscle weight and Type I and II fiber cross-sectional area of the dissected muscles were determined. Result: The neuropathic pain group showed a significant decreases (p<.05) as compared with the control rats, in diet intake, body weight, muscle weight and Type II fiber cross-sectional area of the left (affected side) soleus and plantaris muscles, and the right (unaffected side) muscle weight of plantaris and Type II fiber cross-sectional area of the soleus muscle. Conclusion: The hindlimb muscle atrophy occurs in both affected and unaffected side due to neuropathic pain by the peripheral nerve injury. The hindlimb muscle atrophy of the affected side is more pronounced than that of the unaffected side.
The Effect of the 22.214.171.124 Walking Club Program to Health Promotion of the Elderly
Min, Soon ; Im, Wook-Bin ; Kim, Young-Jae ; Jung, Young-Ju ; Kim, Kyung-Sook ; Na, Song-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 96~104
Purpose: We had executed the 3 3 5 5 walking club program for 12 weeks for one hour three times per week to evaluate the effect of the program on health of the elderly. Methods: A pre and post measurement tool of the program was applied to measure obesity, rate of body fat, blood pressure, vital capacity, standard vital capacity, intake capacity of maximum oxygen, grasping power, reaction of whole body, pulse, body mass index (BMI), total bodily score, age of bodily strength, age of health. Data collected from this tool was analyzed by SPSS in paired t-test. Results: The 3 3 5 5 walking club program has affected the weight control of the participants. The participants of 3 3 5 5 walking club program reduced their weight from 61.7 kg to 61.25 kg, rate of body fat from 21.89 kg to 21.22 kg, standard vital capacity from 2,393.56 ml to 2,380.44 ml, reaction of whole body from 475.38 msec to 439.33 msec, and increased grasping power from 22.06 to 23.16 ml (p<.05), total bodily score 68.91 points to 71.38 points significantly (p<.05). Conclusion: The result indicated that the 126.96.36.199 Walking club program has an positive effect on improving health care of the elderly without special exercise tools.