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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Dec 2009
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 2009
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An Experimental Study of Pressure Ulcer Formation for Dressing in Rats
Na, Yeon-Kyung ; Hong, Hae-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 99~104
Purpose: An animal model of pressure ulcers was experimentally-induced with the use of greater trochanter of rats. Methods: Twelve male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study and they were randomly divided into 4 groups: Group I (n=3, 120 mmHg, 2 hr), Group II (n=3, 120 mmHg, 3 hr), Group III (n=3, 140 mmHg, 3 hr) and Group IV (n=3, 140 mmHg, 4 hr). The rats were anesthetized with 100 mg/kg of ketamine. The pressure ulcers were induced by using a personally-designed pressing apparatus. After 5 days, the wounds were photographed and excised. Results: After 5 days of induced pressure ulcers, it was observed that Group I and Group II responded with Grade I and Grade II, respectively, while Group III and Group IV responded with Grade III. Conclusion: According to the result of this study, it can be concluded that the pressure ulcers were induced the characteristic grades of pressure ulcer classification by adjusting the degree and the duration of compression.
The Effect of Listening to Music on Anxiety, Sedation, and Vital Signs of Patients Undergoing Spinal Anesthesia
Moon, Yang-Hee ; Kang, In-Soon ; Hwang, Sun-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 105~113
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of listening to music on the level of anxiety, sedation, and vital signs of patients undergoing surgery with spinal anesthesia. Methods: A convenience sample of 70 adult patients, ASA physical status I-II, scheduled for elective urologic or orthopedic surgery with spinal anesthesia, was included in this study. They were assigned to either an experimental group (n=35), listening to music during surgery, or a control group (n=35), not listening to music. Their anxiety was measured with the Spielberg's Trait and State Anxiety Inventory (STAI-KYZ). Sedation level was monitored with the Bispectral Index, and the vital signs at beginning, 10, 20, 30, and 45 min after operation. Results: The music group reported significantly lower state anxiety level during surgery as compared with the control group (t=3.91, p<.001). Repeated measures of ANOVA indicated a significant by group interaction on BIS index scores of sedation (F=4.23, p=.006). Among the vital signs, only heart rate was a significant by group interaction (F=5.529, p=.004). Conclusion: These findings indicate that listening to music during surgery with spinal anesthesia is a useful and effective nursing intervention to reduce anxiety and to maintain proper sedation.
Effect of the Management of Infection for Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus at an Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit
Kim, Yun-Kyung ; Lee, Ji-Min ; Hong, Hae-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 114~119
Purpose: The effectiveness of an infection control program is important to hospital quality improvement and decreases of mortality rate and prevalence. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the most common pathogen causing nosocomial infection. The aim of the study was to identify the most important risk factors for acquiring an MRSA, to evaluate the MRSA incidence rates after the nursing intervention in Neurosurgery intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: Clinical data were collected prospectively from December 2008 until July 2009 in Neurosurgery ICU. The patients were divided into preintervention and postintervention groups. An infection was defined as an MRSA if it occurred 48 hr after admission to the Unit. Infection control program including hand washing, education of health care workers about MRSA, standard precaution and contact isolation of patients were applied for three month. Results: A total of 85 patients were included in the study. Forty-five patients of S. aurerus were detected. Among 45 of S. aurerus, MRSA were isolated from 38 patients. The incidence MRSA rate of postintervention group was 26.9% while incidence MRSA rate of preintervention group was 66.7%. In total, The incidence MRSA rate was 44.7%. The incidence of MRSA have decreased in the postintervention as compared with the preintervention group. Conclusion: The infection control program for MRSA was effective to decrease the MRSA isolation rate. The health care workers regular hand washing, education of nosocomial infection control is important enough to be emphasized.
Exposure and Immune Status of Health Care Workers Accidentally Exposed to Hepatitis B Virus in a Healthcare Setting
Kim, Og-Son ; Yoon, Sung-Won ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 120~127
Purpose: The study aimed at monitoring the immune status of health care workers (HCWs) of a tertiary hospital after accidental exposure to Hepatitis B virus (HBV). Methods: Between January 2004 and December 2006, 353 cases of exposure to Hepatitis B virus were reported. The HBV-exposed HCWs were required to undergo follow-up serum tests to analyze their immune status one year after the exposure. The obtained data were then analyzed to determine the incidence of exposure and of sero-conversion. Results: In this hospital, an average of 9.8 cases of Hepatitis B exposure among HCWs was reported in a month. Follow-up tests conducted after exposure revealed that 90.4% of the HBV-exposed HCWs were positive for Hepatitis B antibody and 66.9% of the HBV-exposed HCWs were reported to have antibody levels exceeding 10 mIU/mL. Results of serum tests for the HBV antigen conducted one year after exposure were negative for all the exposed HCWs. Conclusion: Among the 79.6% of the HCWs who underwent serum tests one year after exposure the HBV sero-conversion rate was 0.0%. However, a further investigation in the form of long-term and multi-center studies is required to confirm this result. Furthermore, an active system should be established to ensure that all exposed HCWs undergo follow-up serum tests.
Analyzing the Features and Control Factors of Headache among High School Students
Song, Mi-Ryeong ; Seo, Ae-Kyoung ; Hwang, Bo-Ram ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 128~135
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the features and the control factors of headache among high school students. Methods: Data were collected from 120 high school students who suffered headache over one time per a year. The gathered data were analysed with frequency, t-test, ANOVA and
-test using SPSS 14.0 Program. Results: There were no significant differences in the frequency and the intensity of headache according to general characteristics except status of family economy and the perceived satisfaction of schoolwork achievement and no significant difference were observed in the features and the control factors according to the gender. The main cause of headache of the high school students were stress and the lack of sleep. Conclusion: These results suggest the need to develop a program that would help students relieve schoolwork stress which would help preventing the major cause of headaches for high school students.
Influencing Factors on Health Related to Quality of Life in Hypertension Patients
Eom, Ae-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 136~142
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing health related to quality of life with hypertension patients. Methods: The subjects of this study were 409 hypertensive patients. Data were collected from March 1st to April 30th, 2008. A questionnaire consisting of exercise barrier, Psychosocial Wellbeing Index (PWI), EuroQol 5D (EQ-5D) was given. The collected data were analyzed with the SPSS program which was used for descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: There was a significant relationship between exercise barrier (t=3.57, p=.000), psychosocial wellbeing (F=29.96, p=.000) and health related to quality of life. According to the result of multiple regression, the identified significant factors were an exercise barrier (F=7.09, p=.000) and psychosocial wellbeing (F=21.5, p=.000) with health related to quality of life. Conclusion: Hypertension patients experienced exercise barrier and psychosocial distress which led to a negative effect on health related to quality of life. Therefore it is needed to encourage motivation of lasting of exercise compliance and relieving of psychosocial distress for better health promotion and high quality of life.
A Study of the Affecting Factors on the Health Promoting Behaviors of the Clinical Nurses
Kim, Joo-hyun ; Lee, Eun-hee ; Hyun, Hae-Jin ; Gil, Jung-Hee ; Kim, Jin-Soon ; Park, Yang-Sook ; Park, Jin-Sook ; Lee, Ho-Youn ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 143~148
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the affecting factors on the health promoting behaviors of the clinical nurses. Methods: This study was a trans-sectional survey research. The subjects of this study were 206 clinical nurses. The data were collected by questionnaires and medical records. Results: There were significant positive relationships between health promoting behavior and perceived health status, job satisfaction, familial support. There were significant negative relationships between health promoting behavior and depression. The significant affecting factors on the health promoting behaviors of the clinical nurses were depression, familial support and job satisfaction. These 3 factors explain 18.6% of the health promoting behaviors of the clinical nurses. Conclusion: This study provides the empirical evidence that health promoting behaviors of the clinical nurses are closely related to depression, familial support, and job satisfaction. This results can be used to develop health promoting program for clinical staff nurses.
A Study on the Perceived Health Status, Depression and Activities of Daily Living for the Low-income Elderly in Urban Areas
Kim, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 149~156
Purpose: This study was designed to identify the correlation among perceived health, depression and activities of daily living in low-income community dwelling elderly. Methods: The subjects consisted of 254 basic livelihood security person aged over 65, who live in house located in Buk-gu, Daegu city. The data was collected through interview with questionnaire from July 1 to August 20, 2009. Results: The average number of the perceived status in study subjects was 2.37. The average scores of activities of daily living (ADL) were 5.55. There was a significant relationship between perceived health status & ADL (r=.270, p=.01) and between depression & ADL (r=-.163, p=.01). The general characteristics which significantly affected depression was sex (t=-1.986, p=.49), education (F=8.968, p=.000), marital status (F=2.588, p=.037), occupation (t=33.258, p=.000). The general characteristics which significantly affected ADL was occupation (t=-7.677, p=.000). Conclusion: The finding of this study give useful information for constructing an intervention program and care for low-income elderly.
Effects of Self-care Program Using SMS, E-mail, or Telephone Call on Self-care Compliance and Nutritional Status in Hemodialysis Patients
An, Gyeong-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 157~166
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of self-care program using Short message service (SMS), e-mail, or telephone call on self-care compliance and nutritional status in maintenance of hemodialysis patient. Methods: Nonequivalent pretest-posttest control experimental design was used. Ninety-six patients were allocated to control (n=24), SMS (n=24), e-mail (n=24), or telephone (n=24) group from four hospitals. Experimental groups received self-care program about hemodialysis diet, drug administration, exercise, and fistula care by SMS, e-mail, or telephone call respectively at 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Results: Subjective self-care compliance, and objective self-care compliance including interdialytic weight of SMS and telephone groups were significantly increased than those of control groups. However, nutritional status of SMS and e-mail groups were significantly improved than those of control groups in albumin and protein level. Conclusion: Self-care program using SMS and telephone call were effective on promoting self-care compliance, while SMS and e-mail were effective on improving nutritional status. The pop-up remaining effect and easy accessible effect of SMS message in busy daily life was considered as an alarm to control fluid and diet.
The Prevalence and Factors of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in University Students
Lee, Kyung-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 167~175
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and factors on Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) symptoms in university students. Methods: This study was descriptive survey research. The subjects were 187 university students from one university. The exclusion criteria were 1) had GI surgery 2) had severe physiologic or psychologic problems 3) had liver, bile duct, pancreatic, and intestinal disease that required treatment. The ROME III was used to diagnose IBS. Sociodemographic characteristics, general health state by SF-36, psychological health by SCL-90-R, stress by perceived stress scale, sleep disturbance by Korean sleep scale, and diet habits were measured. Data were analyzed by using SPSS 17.0. Results: Seventeen students (9.1%) had IBS by ROME III criteria, but 46% had some GI problems at that time. Abdominal pain or discomfort continued for last six months or more in 14.3%. Fiber intake, obsessive-compulsiveness, hostility, psychoticism, global severity index, positive symptom distress, role physical, bodily pain, social functioning, and mental health were significantly different between IBS group and Non IBS group. Conclusion: Over nine percent of the students were diagnosed by Rome III criteria, and almost half of them had some GI problems. Diet, personality, general health state, and psychological health were factors of IBS.
Factors Affecting on Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in Middle-aged Women
Jang, In-Sun ; Lee, Ji-Yeon ; Oh, Doo-Nam ; Kim, Ji-Yun ; Jung, Hyun-Jung ; Park, Seung-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 176~182
Purpose: This study was performed to investigate demographic and disease-related characteristics that influence lower urinary tract symptoms in middle-aged women. Methods: The participants in this study were 301 middle-aged women and they completed structured questionnaire between May to June, 2008. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were measured with Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms-short form (BFLUTS-SF) and categorized as voiding, filling and incontinence symptoms. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson Correlation Coefficient, and multiple regression with SPSS PC 15.0 version. Results: The participants who have higher economic status and drink alcohol were more likely to have LUTS score than other woman who have lower economic status and don't drink alcohol at all. Also, frequent childbirth experiences and chronic diseases conditions such as diabetes and heart disease are positively associated with LUTS score. The symptoms of filling and incontinence were affected by number of childbirth, alcohol drinking habit and chronic disease conditions while voiding symptom was influenced only by alcohol drinking habit. In multiple regression analysis, LUTS were significantly predicted by parity, drinking carbonated beverage and alcohol. Conclusion: For proper nursing care related to lower urinary tract symptoms, nursing intervention should focus on improving alcohol drinking habit and carbonated beverage comsumption.
The Application and Effects of Creative Training Techniques to an Anatomy Subject for Biological Nursing Science Education
Jeong, Seok-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2009, Pages 183~194
Purpose: It is aimed to empirically apply and examine the effects of Creative Training Techniques (CTT) that focus on student-centered educational environment to an anatomy subject for biological nursing science education. Methods: A triangulation that combines cross-sectional survey and content analysis was used and the data were collected in 2008. Participants were 301 freshmen students attending one junior nursing college in Seoul, Korea. A questionnaire was distributed to 301 students, 289 of whom responded (response rate 96.0%), and used for data analysis. Factor analysis, reliability analysis, and descriptive statistics were conducted by using data analysis SPSS 14.0 KO for Windows programs. In addition contents analysis was conducted. Results: 1) CTT Increased the relationship between professor and students (
), 2) Students preferred the various team leader choosing method (
), 3) Model and image materials helped the learning (
). Conclusion: CTT can be used to enhance students' learning effectiveness. Intervention programs intensified by CTT may be useful to improve students' learning abilities in nursing science education.