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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Dec 2011
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Aug 2011
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Apr 2011
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Comparison of Hypertrophic Effects of Low-Intensity Exercise on Rat Hindlimb Muscles between Every Other Day Exercise and Everyday Exercise
Choe, Myoung-Ae ; Go, Jong-Jin ; Kwak, Hyun-Kyung ; Baek, Ji-Hyun ; Jung, Jin-Yung ; Song, Yeon-Jeong ; An, Gyeong-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~7
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the hypertrophic effects of low-intensity exercise on weight, myofibrillar protein content and Type I, II fiber cross-sectional area of hindlimb muscles of rats between every other day exercise and every day exercise. Methods: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to 1 of 3 groups: control group (C, n=6), experimental group 1 (E1, n=7) and experimental group 2 (E2, n=7). Rats in E1 group had 7 sessions (every other day) and those in E2 group had 14 sessions (every day) of exercise in which they ran on a treadmill for 30 min/day at 10 m/min. Results: Muscle weight, cross-sectional area of type I fiber and myofibrillar protein content of soleus and myofibrillar protein content of plantaris in E1 group, and myofibrillar protein content of soleus and cross-sectional area of type I fiber of plantaris in E2 group were greater than those in C group. Cross-sectional area of type I fiber of soleus of E1 group was higher than E2 group while cross-sectional area of type I fiber of plantaris of E2 group was higher than E1 group. Conclusion: Hypertrophy of hindlimb muscles occurs from every other day exercise similar to every day exercise.
Comparison of Desiccation Methods after Hand Washing for Removing Bacteria
Park, Jeong-Sook ; Kim, Dan-Bi ; Min, Hong-Gi ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2011, Pages 8~15
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze effects of hand drying methods after hand-washing. Hand drying methods consisted of spontaneous evaporation, paper towel, hand dryer with rubbing, and hand dryer without rubbing. Methods: The research design was a crossover design. The subjects were eighteen university students and randomly assigned in four group. Each group had the schedule of treatment. The schedule tested one drying method per a day and proceeded for 4 days. The data collection was performed from July 27 to July 30, 2010. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon test. Results: There was significant difference between the after CFU between natural dry, paper towel, air dryer with hand rubbing, and air dryer without hand rubbing(p=.006). The after CFUs of paper towel, natural dry and air dryer without hand rubbing groups were statistically less than air dryer with hand rubbing group. Conclusion: It was shown that the paper towel, spontaneous evaporation and without rubbing hand dryer are effective hand drying interventions on reducing CFU on hand. However additional researches with large sample and strict methodology are needed.
Handwashing and Preventive Measures for New Types of Influenza
Kim, Joo-Hyun ; Byeon, Do-Hwa ; Kim, Mi-Ja ; Sim, Sun-Sook ; Choo, Hyun-Sim ; Chai, Gong-Ju ; Gawk, Chan-Young ; Lim, Kyung-Choon ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2011, Pages 16~22
Purpose: Hand washing has received renewed emphasis in recent years as Swine flu epidemic threaten health of public. This study aimed to describe measures used to prevent new types of influenza (NTI); describe hand washing frequency; and analyze the relationship of hand washing to locus of control, uncertainty, and state anxiety. Methods: One hundred thirty three adults participate in the questionnaire survey in which participants indicated measures they used to prevent NTI, frequency of handwashing for the prevention of NTI. They also responded to questions related to locus of control, uncertainty and state anxiety. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and multiple regression. Results: A majority (66.9%) of the participants indicated that handwashing was an important measure to prevent NTI. Importance of hand-washing was related the highest among the measures they used and it was significantly related to participants who had high score in internal locus of control. Other significant factor to the hand-washing behavior was state anxiety, which explained 6.9% of the frequency. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, majority of participants indicated that handwashing was one of the most important measures to prevent NTI. Nurses need to continue educating public the importance of handwashing and pay attention to personal characteristics such as internal locus of control and anxiety to promote hand-washing.
The Effects of Abdominal Breathing on the Preoperative Anxiety and Blood Pressure of Upper and Lower Limbs Surgical Patients
Kwak, Mi-Gyeong ; Kim, Yun-Kyung ; Hong, Hae-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2011, Pages 23~28
Purpose: The aim of this study were to examine the effects of abdominal breathing on preoperative anxiety and blood pressure. Methods: The research was a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The subjects were 60 patients that operated on under local anesthetic. Thirty subjects in the experimental group and 30 subjects in the control group. Data on anxiety and blood pressure for this study were collected from them. The collected data were analyzed by t-test,
-test, paird t-test. Results: After abdominal breathing, there was a statistically significant decline in the psychological anxiety level of the experimental group. With regard to the physical anxiety level, no statistically significant drop was detected in blood pressure. Conclusion: The findings of the study confirmed that abdominal breathing reduced preoperative anxiety of upper and lower limbs surgical patients.
Effects of Aromatherapy Hand Massage on Anxiety, Depression, Sleep Disturbance and Fatigue of the Institutionalized Elderly
Lee, Sun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2011, Pages 29~36
Purpose: This study was develop an aromatherapy hand massage program and to evaluate the effects of aromatherapy on anxiety, depression, sleep disturbance and fatigue of the institutionalized elderly. Methods: The reserach design was a non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental study. The 42 subjects were divided into 2 groups. Aromatherapy hand massage was administrated to experimental group (N=20), and no treatment was administrated to the control group (N=22). Data was analyzed using the
-test, paried t-test, unparied t-test in the SPSS/Win 12.0 program package. Results: Experimental group showed significant differences in anxiety (p<.05), depression (p<.001 ), sleep disturbance (p<.05), fatigue (p<.05), with relation to the control group. Conclusion: The results showed that aromatherapy hand massage program was effective on anxiety, depression, sleep disturbance and fatigue of the institutionalized elderly. Thus this reserch suggests that this aromatherapy hand massage could be recommened as nursing intervention for quality of life of the institutionalized elderly.
A Study on the Correlation between Elderly Women's Depression and Physical Fitness
Song, Min-Sun ; Kim, Soo-Keun ; Kim, Nam-Cho ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2011, Pages 37~43
Purpose: This study has been performed to identify the correlation between depression and physical fitness of the elderly women living in a rural area. Methods: The target people were chosen and visited on February, 2011. We could meet them at a community health center in Jeonnam. The questionnaire answered by 321 was conducted to figure out the degree of depression. Also, physical fitness using senior fitness test was measured. This study was analyzed using
test, Fisher exact test, t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficient by SAS program. Results: It was analyzed that distribution of depression was 31.9%, and depression was correlated with upper flexibility (p<.001). There was no significant relation to physical fitness by depression except weight (p=.039) and back scratch (p=.007) as well. Conclusion: These results can not only contribute to understanding of the depression of the elderly women, but also suggest that depression prevention program is necessary for them.
The Effect of a Preference Music Therapy on Anxiety and Pain of Cystoscopy
Lee, Ji-Min ; Hong, Hae-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2011, Pages 44~52
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a preference music therapy on anxiety and pain of cystoscopy. Methods: This study was performed using the quasi-experimental study design with non-equivalent control group pre-test and post-test. Total of 76 adult clients admitted to a tertiary hospital located in Daegu, South Korea were selected by convenience sampling 19 in the control and 57 in the experimental group. The data were analyzed by
, t-test, paired t-test, and repeated measures ANOVA using SPSS 17.0. Results: Implementing a preference music therapy was found to be effective in reducing anxiety level before cystoscopy in the present study. However, there were no significant effects of this preference music therapy in reducing pain and anxiety during cystoscopy. In addition, there were no significant effects of a preference music therapy on the patients' satisfaction of the anxiety, discomfort, and pain relieving. Conclusion: The findings support that implementing a preference music therapy may reduce anxiety before the cyctoscopy procedure. Therefore, it can be suggested that a preference music therapy needs to be consider-ed as a regular nursing intervention to reduce patient anxiety level before cystoscopy.
The Metabolic Syndrome and Associated Lifestyle Factors among Older Adults
Choi, Seung-Hye ; ChoiKwon, Smi ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2011, Pages 53~60
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and lifestyle factors related to the metabolic syndrome in Korean elderly. Methods: A total number of 122 elderly over 60 yr were recruited from a community elderly center. Elderly were classified into young old (60-74 yr) and old (75-84 yr). Metabolic syndrome was defined by third report of the national cholesterol education program (NCEP) expert panel on Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III). Abdominal obesity was determined by Korean society for the study of Obesity criteria. The nutritional status was measured by mini nutritional assessment (MNA). Results: The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was significantly higher in the old than young old elderly (p<0.05, respectively). Abdominal obesity and hypertension were the most common risk factors. The related factors to metabolic syndrome were high Body mass Index (BMI) and currently not participating in exercise. Abdominal obesity, low HDL cholesterol and hypertension were associated with specific nutrient intakes. Conclusion: A strategy to decrease the metabolic syndrome in the elderly is urgently needed particularly so for the old elderly. A nutritional and exercise program for young old elders may be helpful reducing the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in later stage.
The Prevalence, Subtypes and Risk Factors of Irritable Bowel Syndrome by ROME III among Korean University Students
Park, Mi-Jung ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Jeong, Jae-Sim ; Kim, Joo-Hyun ; Choi, Jung-An ; Shin, Gi-Soo ; Choe, Myoung-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2011, Pages 61~71
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence, subtypes and risk factors of irritable bowel syndrome by ROME-III among Korean university students. Methods: This study was descriptive survey research. The sampls were 796 and variables were measured by structured questionaire. Rome-III criteria was used for diagnosis of IBS. The gathered data were analyzed with %,
-test, t-test, logistic regression by SPSS win 17.0. Results: The students with IBS were 61 (7.7%) and the most of the subtype was IBS-M (42.6%). Meal (times/day), breakfast, stress, quality of sleep, neuroticism, bodily pain, general health, social function, role emotional restriction, mental health, somatization, obcessive-compulsive state, depression, anxiety, hostility, global severity index, positive symptom distress index, positive symptom were significantly different between IBS group and non-IBS group. The prevalence of IBS was low in the higher score of role emotional in general health state. There were more 2 times students who had score of the obsessive-compulsive in psychological health over the 50 than below the 50 in IBS group. Conclusion: 7.7% of students were diagnosed by Rome-III criteria and the most of the sybtype was IBS-M. The risk factors of IBS were role emotional restriction, obsessive-compulsive state.
A Study on the Nutritional Status, Symptoms, and Information Needs in Stroke Patients with Dysphagia
Kim, Na-Hyun ; Kwon, Young-Sook ; Kim, Myung-Ae ; Lee, Keung-Hee ; Kwak, Hye-Weon ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2011, Pages 72~80
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to reveal the nutritional status and symptoms related to dysphagia and to identify the information needs of the patient with post-stroke dysphagia for self care. Methods: Fifty one subjects were selected among patients being admitted from 3 tertiary hospitals. Data were collected using questionnaires, interview, and medical record. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics with SPSS. Results: 1) The mean hemoglobin, serum albumin, and hematocrit level of the subjects were
, respectively. 2) The most common symptom due to dysphagia was 'slurred speech (86.3%)', followed by 'less flexible in tongue and mouth movement (80.4%)', 'difficulty chewing and swallowing (74.5%)'. 3) The highest score of information needs for patients/caregivers was to know which foods are suitable for dysphagic patients or not (
of 3.0 score). They also want to know how to swallow safely (
), to administer medication safely (
), and to learn rehabilitative techniques (
). Conclusion: These findings would be useful information for staffs to do multidisciplinary approach and they would be necessary for stroke patients to manage their symptoms.