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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Dec 2011
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Aug 2011
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Apr 2011
Selecting the target year
Survey on the Students' Evaluation and the Administrational Status of Biological Nursing Science Subjects in Advanced Practice Nursing Programs
Yi, Yeo-Jin ; Cho, Kyung-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 193~203
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the level of importance, difficulty, satisfaction, and needs of biological nursing science courses-pathophysiology and pharmacology- among students of Advanced Practice Nursing Programs. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study using a self-report questionnaire has been adopted. Participants in this survey were 436 graduate students enrolled in an Advanced Practice Nursing Program. Using SPSS WIN 18.0 program, descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and t-test were conducted. Results: In a pathophysiology course, the students taught by nurse lecturers presented a higher level of importance and satisfaction than those were taught by non-nurse lecturers, but the difference was not significant statistically. In a pharmacology course, the students were taught by nurse lecturers expressed a higher level of satisfaction than those were taught by non-nurse lecturers, but the difference was not significant statistically. The students wanted to improve the quality of courses. Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, we should try to improve the quality of classes and to increase the number of courses taught by nurse-lecturers.
Comparison of Bacterial Contamination according to the Using Period of Feeding Bag and Disinfection Methods in Neurosurgery Intensive Care Unit Patients
Kim, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 204~210
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for the guidelines for cleaning the feeding bags by comparing the level of contamination according to cleaning and disinfection methods when feeding tube of Neurosurgery Intensive Care Unit patients. Methods: This study was a true-experimental study, with 48 cases in total. The feeding bag of 48 patients were randomly assigned to detergent cleaning method or disinfectant decontamination method. The period of the experiment was January to July 2008, and enteral nutrition was given within 30 minutes for 2 hours, 4 times a day at 7AM, noon, 5PM, and 9PM for seven days. Feeding bags were cleaned after each feeding according to the assigned cleaning and disinfection method followed by microbial cultures on 4th and 8th day before the 7AM feeding. Results: After three and seven days of feeding and cleaning, the level of contamination was significantly lower when bags were cleaned with disinfectant than cleaning with detergent and tepid water. Conclusion: In cases where feeding bags are reused, for example, intensive care unit and home care settings, study findings indicate that cleaning bags with disinfectant is an effective way to prevent contamination of bags.
Rest-Activity Rhythm and Sleep pattern in the Elderly
Kim, Myung-Ye ; Lee, Eun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 211~219
Purpose: The study compared the rest-activity rhythm and sleep pattern of elderly with young group. Methods: The subjects were 22 over than 65 years old and 23 under 65 years old. An actigraph, sleep diary, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Insomnia Severity Index scale were used as measurement tools for this study. The data were analyzed with
, Lamda test, t-test and correlation with SPSS 15.0 program. Results: The elderly had lower curve than the young group in rest-activity rhythm on each time zone. In particular, the elderly group had lower rest-activity rhythm curve of 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 and 23 time zone than those of young group. Sleep pattern had statistical difference in the total sleep time, PSQI and insomnia. Total sleep time of elderly had lower score and PSQI and Insomnia had higher score than young group. Age had correlation with rest-activity rhythm, sleep efficiency, PSQI and insomnia. Conclusion: Rest-activity rhythm of the elderly showed an increase in activity in the early morning because of earlier get up than the young group and an decrease in activity in the afternoon because of taking a nap at this time. Elderly sleep was that total sleep time increased but sleep efficiency decreased and insomnia intensified. This sleep pattern was related to age and rest-activity rhythm.
Prevalence Related Characteristics and Management Status in Children with Atopic Dermatitis in Ulsan
Kim, Myoung-Soo ; Kim, Yun-Hee ; Kim, Jeong-Soo ; Yoo, Youn-Ja ; Kim, Soo-Ok ; Won, Dae-Young ; Sung, Mal-Sun ; Park, Jung-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 220~228
Purpose: This study was performed to investigate prevalence related characteristics and management status in children with atopic dermatitis(AD) for developing health promotion strategies led by community. Methods: Data were collected from 6,562 children with AD in preschool and elementary schools in a district of Ulsan city. Results: The majority of children(44.4%) were onset in less than 2 years after the birth. Seventy six point seven percent of subjects had skin rash and the pathologic lesion of them were flexion of upper extremities and extension of lower extremities. The prevalence rate of the respondents was 30.3%. In bathing, the children in AD group had used soap more frequently than children in normal group. The most preference type of complementary therapy in frequency order were aloe, aroma oil and Pasture. Conclusion: More effective management strategy for alleviating symptom and preventing advanced disease such as asthma and allergic rhinitis should be developed. And also scientific evidence for using complementary therapy is necessary to be provided.
Relationships between Sleep Quality, Fatigue and Depression on Health Promoting Behavior by Shift-Work Patterns in University Hospital Nurses
Son, Youn-Jung ; Park, Young-Rye ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 229~237
Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between sleep quality, fatigue, depression and health promoting behavior by shift-work patterns in university hospital nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive survey was conducted using a convenient sample. The self-administered questionnaires were given to 165 nurses (shift workers 91, non-shift workers 74) employed in two university hospital located in Seoul and Gyeunggi-do. Data were collected from February to March, 2010. Results: The shift workers showed significantly lower sleep quality and health promoting behavior, and higher fatigue than non-shift workers. There were significant correlations between fatigue, depression and health promoting behavior in shift workers. There were significant correlations between sleep quality, fatigue, depression and health promoting behavior in non-shift workers. In multiple linear regression analysis, after controlling for total work experiences, predictor of health promoting behavior in shift workers was only fatigue (
=-.29, p<.001). Predictors of health promotion behavior in non-shift workers were depression (
=-.37, p=.002) and fatigue (
=-.27, p=.023). Conclusion: This study failed to provide a clear explanation why sleep quality does not have a comparable effect on health promotion behaviors of shift-workers as well as non-shift workers. However, future research is needed to determine the various risk factors influencing on health promotion behaviors by which shift-work pattern exacerbates fatigue.
Differences in Blood Pressure according to Body Position by Age Groups
Song, Mi-Ryeong ; Lee, Young-Shin ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 238~244
The Relationship between Physical Activity and Insulin Resistance in the Middle-Aged Adults
Park, Jee-Yeon ; Kim, Na-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 245~252
Purpose: This study was designed to find the correlations between physical activity and insulin resistance of the middle-aged adults. Methods: One hundred thirty one subjects participated in this study were age 40-60 from Y university's center for physical exercise in W city. The data were collected from August 5 to October 5, 2009. To measure physical activity, the contracted Korean version of the Self-Report of Physical Activity Questionnaires of IPAQ was used. Insulin resistance was measured using fasting glucose levels, serum insulin levels, and HOMA method (serum insulin
fasting glucose/22.5). Results: The continuous physical activity overall in this study was on average
MET (min/week), and as a result of categorical classification: no activity was 66 subjects (50.4%); minimum activity, 41 (31.3%); and health-improving activity, 24 (18.3%), respectively. The overall degree of insulin resistance in these subjects was
(0.28-12.74). There was negative correlation between moderate intensity activity and insulin resistance (r= -.189, p<.05). Conclusion: These results revealed that promoting moderate-intensity physical activity is important in preventing and improving insulin resistance and possibly other metabolic risk factors in the middle-aged adults.
Gender Differences in Factors Affecting Dietary Self-Efficacy in Fifth and Sixth Grade Elementary School Children
Lee, Kyu-Eun ; Kim, Nam-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 253~261
Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify gender differences in predictors on dietary self-efficacy in fifth and sixth grade elementary school children. Methods: The data were collected by a questionnaire given to the 408 children between June 7 to June 17, 2011. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: There were gender differences in dietary self-efficacy, exercise self-efficacy, dietary practice and depression. Dietary self-efficacy had a significant positive correlation with exercise self-efficacy and dietary practice and negative correlation with depression for both girls and boys. The predictors of dietary self-efficacy for boy were exercise self-efficacy and dietary practice, these factors explained 37.1% of the total variance. In girls, exercise self-efficacy and dietary practice were significant predictors and explained 38.7% of dietary self-efficacy. Conclusion: Based on the finding of this study, it is needed to develop a nursing intervention for dietary self-efficacy in elementary school children including to promote exercise self-efficacy and dietary practice.
Factors Associated with Health Behaviors and Musculoskeletal Disease among Adults
Byun, Gi-Jin ; Hong, Hae-Sook ; Kim, Yun-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 262~268
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between health behaviors and musculoskeletal disease in adults. Methods: The data of 7,421 adults applied in this study were collected from health behaviors (smoking, drinking, exercise, weight, sleeping, stress) and related with musculoskeletal disease form 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Date were collected through self-report questionnaires from January to December, 2009. Data were analyzed using chi-square test, Multivariate logistic regression with SPSS/WIN 17.0. Results: The prevalence rate of musculoskeletal disease was 30.6%. In multivariate analyses, the sex, age, BMI, stress and education were statistically strongly associated with most of musculoskeletal disease among adults. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that musculoskeletal disease prevention and nursing intervention programs should be necessarily established and continuously managed in order to treat with the musculoskeletal disease.
Effect of Heat Therapy to Superficial and Deep Body Temperatures according to Applying Dry and Moist Heats on Shoulder and Thigh
Lim, Nan-Young ; Jeong, Hyeon-Cheol ; Lee, Seung-Won ; Kim, Woo-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 269~275
Purpose: This study was designed to help preparing the evidence-based data for the manual of heat applications by finding the differences of superficial and core temperatures after applying dry and moist heats on shoulder and thigh. Methods: Moist and dry heats were alternately applied on the 33 subjects a day apart from May 15, 2010 through June 9, 2010. The experiment was conducted with
room temperature and 50% to 66% of moisture from 2 to 6 p.m. After heat was applied on the shoulder of the subjects wearing shorts and gowns for 30 minutes, their superficial and core temperatures were measured. The same method was used on the thigh after two hours. Results: Both superficial and core temperatures on the shoulder and thigh increased significantly after heat therapy. There was no significant difference between the temperatures before and after intervention according to applying methods and regions. Conclusion: This study provides a theoretical basis that a dry heat is a convenient nursing intervention for hypothermic patients.
Effects of the Aquatic Exercise Program on Body Fat, Skeletal Muscle Mass, Physical Fitness and Depression in Elderly Women
Song, Min-Sun ; Kim, Soo-Keun ; Yoo, Yong-Kwon ; Kim, Hee-Jung ; Kim, Nam-Cho ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 276~282
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a aquatic exercise program on body mass index, body fat percentage and skeletal muscle mass, physical fitness using SFT (senior fitness test) and depression in elderly women. Methods: This study included 59 elderly women. Aquatics exercise program was performed three times per week for 12 weeks using rating of perceived exertion and body mass index, body fat percentage, skeletal muscle mass, physical fitness and depression were measured before and after exercise program. Statistical analysis was performed using t-test. Results: Body mass index (p=.002) and body fat percentage (p=.021) were significantly decreased after aquatic exercise program. Chair stand (p=.009), 2 minute step test (p<.001), back scratch (p<.001), and chair sit and reach (p<.001) were significantly increased after the aquatic exercise program. But, there was no significant differences in the depression. Conclusion: It is suggested the aquatic exercise program may play a significant role in improving body fat and physical fitness in the elderly women. However, as well as aquatic exercise program, sustained encouragement are required to improve physical and psychological traits.
Relationship between Personality and Parental Rearing Attitudes perceived by Nursing College Students
Cha, Nam-Hyun ; Kim, Yun-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 283~290
Purpose: This study was to identify the relationship between parental rearing attitudes and personality in nursing college students. Methods: A total of 297 subjects aged between 18 and 28 were selected through convenient sampling. Data were collected with a self-reported questionnaire from March 2 to 25, 2011. Collected data were analyzed with SpSS/pC Win 15.0. Results: Differences in parental rearing attitudes according to general characteristics were as follows. In parental rearing attitudes, acceptance were significantly different according to school record of their children. In maternal rearing attitudes, acceptance was significantly different according to economic status and paternal rearing attitudes perceived acceptance was significantly different according to parental education level. All of parental rearing attitudes perceived denial were significantly different according to the gender, grade, parental economic status, blood type, two income family. There was a positive correlation between parental rearing attitudes perceived acceptance and personality of their children except paternal rearing attitude perceived denial. 26.3% of variance in personality was explained by maternal rearing attitude perceived acceptance only. Conclusion: The findings of this study may be useful in understanding the personality of nursing college students and developing more specific personality and parental rearing attitudes programs.
The Effect of Stepbox Exercise Program on Both Male and Female Elderly's Cardiovascular and Physiological Index
Yu, Gyoung-Won ; Min, Soon ; Ha, Yun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 291~297
Purpose: The research was to investigate the effect of stepbox exercise program on both male and female elderly' physiological index such as cardiovascular and to improve exercise efficacy. Methods: The research design was a non-equivalent control group, quasiexperimental study. From 2011-05-10 to 2011-07-26, 3 times a week for 12 weeks, the 43 elderly of health center of D district in G city who participated in the program and pre and post test at the same time were investigated. Results: Statistical significant differences had not been detected in systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure, pulse showed a statistical significant differences. After test of physiological index, weights of participants showed decreasing tendency. body fat mass, skeletal muscle mass, BMI, body fat rate and waist-hip-ratio had also showed statistically significant differences. Conclusion: In conclusion, stepbox exercise program has positive effects on physiological index, blood pressure and pulse. Therefore, dynamic stepbox exercise program is considered to be a helpful intervention to improve comprehensive health conditions by giving the elderly both easy and less-pain exercise and the opportunity to manage their own health.
One University Staff Members' Life Styles, Body Mass Indices, Lipid Profiles and Plasma Glucose Levels
Lee, Hye-Kyung ; Park, Yeon-Suk ; Kim, Hyun-Suk ; Beak, Seung-Soun ; Ji, Hyun-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 13, issue 3, 2011, Pages 298~306
Purpose: To analyze the differences of the Body Mass Index (BMI), blood biochemical indices (TC, TG, HDL, PP2) among college faculty members depending on their life styles and thereupon, provide for some basic data useful for healthcare education. Methods: 163 faculty members were sampled for a questionnaire survey and a medical checkup, both conducted from Jan. 20 to Jan. 26, 2010. Results: First, such blood biochemical indicesas BMI, TG, HDL and PP2 differed significantly depending on gender, while TC, TG and HDL differed significantly depending on age. Second, BMI differed significantly depending on drinking. Third, smokers showed significantly lower BMI and PP2 than non-smokers. Among the smokers, those smoking for 1-10 years showed a significantly lower level of TG. Fourth, those exercising as hard as sweating 3 times a week showed significantly lower BMI, TC and TG. Fifth, BMI was correlated positively with TC and TG, while being correlated negatively with HDL. On the other hand, TC was correlated positively with the TG which was correlated negatively with the HDL which was correlated positively with PP2. Conclusion: In order to prevent chronic diseases and live a healthy life, it must be necessary to control drinking, stop smoking and exercise regularly.