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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Nov 2012
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Aug 2012
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Apr 2012
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A study of Fatigue, Depression and Sleep Disorders in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease
Kim, Ji-Suk ; Hong, Hae-Sook ; Na, Yeon-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2012.14.1.1
The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of fatigue, depression and sleep disorders and to find the correlation between them in patients with chronic liver disease. Methods: The participants consisted of 130 patients with chronic liver disease who visited the C University Hospital in Daegu, Korea from July to August, 2011. Data were collected by a self-reporting questionnaire of the Revised Piper Fatigue Scale, Depression Inventory (BDI) and Sleep Scale. Collected data were analyzed by using PASW Statistics 18.0 program for descriptive statistics, T-test, one-way ANOVA and Correlation Analysis. Results: There were significant differences in fatigue scores (t=8.415,
=.004) and depression scores (t=10.08,
=.002) between subjects with symptoms of liver disease and those with no symptoms. There was no significant difference in sleep disorder scores. In addition, there is a significant correlation between fatigue and depression (r=.641), linking fatigue and sleep disorders (r=.578), and between depression and sleep disorders (r=.572). Conclusion: It is necessary to develop multidisciplinary intervention programs to relieve patientsuffering.
Knowledge and Compliance Level of the Multidrug-resistant Organisms of Nursing Students
Kim, Kyung-Mi ; Kim, Og-Son ; Jeon, Mi-Yang ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2012, Pages 8~15
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2012.14.1.8
Purpose: This study was undertaken to identify the knowledge and compliance level of nursing students. It was based on self-administered questionnaires about multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). Methods: The test group was 184 nursing students who had contact with MDROs during clinical practice. The study was conducted from May 1 to September 16, 2011. Results: The average knowledge level of MDROs was 16.20 (correct answer rate: 67.5%). The nurses' compliance level of MDROs infection control was on average 40.50 (range: 13-52). "Hand hygiene" ranked highest in the compliance level of MDROs infection control. The lowest level of MDRO infection control was the wearing of disposable aprons or gowns. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the nursing students' knowledge and the compliance level of infection control. We suggest that nursing students receive mandated systematic education of MDROs in the nursing curriculum. And clinical practice experience of MDROs infection control is required in hospitals. These steps will help prevent transmission of MDROs in nursing settings.
Nutritional Status among Elderly Korean Women and Related Factors
Kim, So-Hyun ; ChoiKwon, Smi ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2012, Pages 16~24
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2012.14.1.16
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nutritional status of elderly Korean women and to investigate related factors. Methods: A total of 100 elderly women attending a local elderly welfare center were recruited for study. Evaluation criteria included demographics, clinical status, nutritional status (using a mini-nutritional assessment), food intake, and nutritional bioparameters, including homocysteine, transferrin, prealbumin and lymphocyte levels, and their antioxidant power status. Results: Among the test group, 83% of the subjects were classified as undernourished, and they often had hyperlipidemia and a lower intake of fiber (
<.05, respectively) and vegetables than normal subjects. In a correlation analysis, their nutritional status was associated with abdominal circumference, the Korean Geriatric Depression Scale score and the Enriched Social Support Inventory score. Nutritional bioparameters and antioxidant power were associated with age among undernourished subjects. Old age, the prevalence of hyperlipidemia, and poor social support significantly increased the risk of undernutrition. Poor social support, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and depression significantly increased the risk of nutritional deficiency after controlling for age, educational and economic variables. Conclusion: More strategies to increase social support in the Korean female elderly population may improve their nutritional status.
Influence of Midazolam and Glycopyrrolate on Intra-operative Body Temperature in Abdominal Surgical Patients
Kim, Eun-Ju ; Yoon, Hae-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2012, Pages 25~32
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2012.14.1.25
Purpose: influence of benzodiazepine (midazolam)or cholinergic inhibitor (atropine or glycopyrrlate) on intra-operative body temperature remains unclear and controversial. This study compares intra-operative body temperature in 50 abdominal surgical patients under general anesthesia between the administration of midazolam and glycopyrrolate in combination, or glycopyrrolate alone. Methods: Patients who underwent abdominal surgery were recruited from September 2008 through October 2009 at Gachon University Gil hospital in incheon. Core body temperature was measured in the right ear using a tympanic membrane thermometer at induction of general anesthesia and at 1 hr, 2 hr, and 3 hr after induction. Results: There were no differences in core body temperature at any measurement point between either patient group (F=1.08,
=.377). Core body temperature decreased throughout the 3 hr after induction in both groups (F=9.22,
<.001). Specially, core temperatures at induction of general anesthesia (p<.001), 1 hr (p<.001), 2 hr (
<.001), and 3 hr (
<.001) after induction were lower than before administration of midazolam and glycopyrrolate, or glycopyrrolate alone. Conclusion: We conclude that a cholinergic inhibitor (glycopyrrolate, 0.1 mg) therefore seems not to affect intra-operative body temperature of patients given a benzodiazepine (midazolam, 0.04 mg
), and not to increase body temperature in patients not given a benzodiazepine during the 3 hr after the induction of general anesthesia. Intra-operative warming therefore is needed to prevent hypothermia in surgical patients who receive pre-operative administration of midazolam and/or glycopyrrolate.
The Relationship between Cyber Leisure Activity and Autonomic Function in High School Students
Son, Mi-Eun ; Kim, Na-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2012, Pages 33~40
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2012.14.1.33
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between cyber leisure activity and autonomic function in high school students. Methods: The subjects of this study were 242 second graders at high school located in D city. The research design was descriptive correlation study. Data were collected from August 26 to September 17, 2010, using a cyber leisure questionnaire and heart rate variability (SA-6000, Medicore, Korea) for autonomic function. Results: Total time for the cyber leisure activity was
(min/week). Time for internet usage and computer game was
(min/week), respectively. There were significant positive correlation between total cyber leisure time and sympathetic activity (r=.247,
<.001). Conclusion: Excessive cyber leisure activity could increase sympathetic activities in high school students. Thus, nursing intervention to reduce the total cyber leisure time will be helpful to improve their neurophysiological status.
Effects of Aroma inhalation on Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate, Sleep, Stress, and Anxiety in Patients with Essential Hypertension
Choi, Eun-Mi ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2012, Pages 41~48
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2012.14.1.41
Purpose: This experimental research explored the effects of aroma inhalation on blood pressure, pulse, sleep, stress, and anxiety in patients with essential hypertension who are taking antihypertensive medication. Methods: A pilot survey, pre-test and post-test were conducted. The data were collected from August to October, 2009. The participants were 44 patients randomly assigned to an experimental group (22 people) and a control group (22 people). The experimental group received individual instruction for aroma inhalation, which lasted for 3 minutes. They inhaled blended oils of Lavender, Majoram and Ylang Ylang (The mixed ratio was 4:3:3), three times a day, for two weeks. Data from 36 patients were used for the final analysis (20 from the experimental group, 16 from the control group). Data were analyzed using SPSS version 13.0. Results: Sleep disturbance decreased in the experimental group (t=-2.258,
=.030). Blood pressure, pulse, stress, and anxiety were not significantly different between the two groups (
>.05). Additional analysis of the experimental group showed that physical stress and psychological stress were significantly lowered. Conclusion: Aroma inhalation is an effective paramedical intervention for patients with essential hypertension.
A Comparison between Effects of Anorexia Induced by Consecutive Low-Dose Cisplatin and High-Dose Cisplatin on Hindlimb Muscles of Rats
Kim, Jin-Il ; Choe, Myoung-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2012, Pages 49~56
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2012.14.1.49
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of anorexia induced by consecutive low-dose and high-dose of cisplatin (CDDP) on the hindlimb muscles of rats. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to three groups: Control group (C) received a saline (the same dose and duration as the low CDDP group), the high-dose cisplatin (High CDDP) group received a single 5 mg/kg dose of cisplatin, the consecutive low-dose cisplatin (Low CDDP) group had 1 mg/kg of cisplatin administered for five consecutive days. On the 8th day the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles were dissected. Body weight, food intake, activity, muscle weight, Type I, II fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) of the dissected muscles were measured. Results: Body weight, food intake, muscle weight and Type I, II fiber CSA of the High CDDP and Low CDDP groups were significantly less than the C group. The High CDDP group showed significant decreases, compared to the Low CDDP group, in body weight, food intake, activity score, muscle weight and Type I, II fiber CSA. Conclusion: Hindlimb muscle atrophy occurs due to anorexia induced by both consecutive low-dose and high-dose cisplatin. The muscle atrophy induced by consecutive low-dose cisplatin is less apparent than high-dose cisplatin.
Effect of Music Therapy on the Physiological Index, Anxiety and Dyspnea of Patients with Mechanical Ventilator Weaning
Synn, A-Ra ; Choe, Myoung-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2012, Pages 57~65
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2012.14.1.57
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to identify the effect of music therapy on the physiologic index, anxiety and dyspnea of patients who are weaning from mechanical ventilators, and to compare the effects between western and Korean traditional music. Methods: The research format is repeated measures design. The subject group consisted of 21 patients being weaned from mechanical ventilators in a tertiary general hospital in Seoul. Each patient randomly received western music, rest, and Korean traditional music. Western and Korean traditional music were played on an MP3 head phone for 30 minutes. Patients get 30 minutes of rest between the 2 music styles and the rest period. Physiological indices, anxiety and dyspnea were measured before and after patients listened to both styles of music and the rest period. Anxiety and dyspnea were measured with a visual analogue scale. Results: Respiratory rates (RR), rapid shallow breath indexes (RSBI), anxiety and dyspnea decreased, and tidal volume (TV) increased after listening to Western and Korean tradition music in patients weaning from mechanical ventilators. Compared to western music, Korean traditional music yielded significant decreases in RR, RSBI, anxiety and dyspnea, and an increase of TV. Conclusion: Western and Korean traditional music would decrease RR, RSBI, anxiety and dyspnea and increase TV of patients who are weaning from mechanical ventilators. The effects are more pronounced in patients listening to Korean traditional music compared to western music.
Perceptions of Anticoagulation Therapy and Medication Adherence among Patients taking Warfarin
Chu, Sang-Hui ; Kang, Seok-Min ; Kim, Do-Ree ; Lee, Yoon-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2012, Pages 66~75
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2012.14.1.66
Purpose: This study was conducted to measure medication adherence and perceptions of anticoagulation therapy and its relationship to patients taking warfarin. Methods: in a cross-sectional survey, 150 patients taking warfarin who had visited an outpatient clinic of a cardiovascular center in Seoul were included as research subjects. Medication adherence was measured using a visual analogue rating scale (VAS). Barriers and attitudes toward adherence, and oral anticoagulation knowledge, were measured using a structured questionnaire. Participants' medical records also were reviewed to identify clinical characteristics. Results: About one third of the participants (30.7%) reported medication adherence as 100%. The major barriers to adherence were identified as "Forgetting the time of medication" and "Not carrying their medication". Overall attitudes toward medication adherence were high, but oral anticoagulation therapy knowledge was low. To determine the relationship of medication adherence and perceptions of anticoagulation therapy, participants were stratified into three groups, based on their medication adherence levels (high adherence, moderate adherence, low adherence). Participants in the high adherent group more likely to be older (OR: 1.04, 95% CI: 1.005-1.071) and to have positive attitudes toward medication adherence (OR: 1.12, 95% CI:1.013-1.229) compared to the other two groups. Conclusion: The results show that age and attitude exerts significant influence on medication adherence in patients taking warfarin.