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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 15, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Mediating Effect of Drug Calculation Confidence in the Relationship between Interest in Medication and Drug Calculation Competency
Park, Hyoung Sook ; Cho, Gyoo Yeong ; Kim, Dong-Hee ; Kim, Sang Hee ; Kim, Myoung Soo ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 155~163
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.155
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the mediating effect of confidence for drug calculation in the relationship between interest in medication and drug calculation competency using learning style. Methods: Participants in this study were 421 nursing students from Busan and Kyungnam province. The scales of learning style, interest in medication, importance of perception, confidence for drug calculation, and drug calculation competency for nursing students were used in this study. Descriptive statistics,
-test, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression were used for data analysis. Results: Learning styles of the participants were diverger 19.0%, accommodator 30.9%, converger 21.1%, and assimilator 29.0%. The drug dose calculation competency of participants was relatively low with a mean score 66.73. There were significant positive correlations among drug dose calculation competency, interest in medication (r=.31, p<.001), and confidence for drug calculation (r=.44, p<.001). Confidence for drug calculation was a moderator between interests in medication and drug calculation competency. Conclusion: Based on the result of this study, confidence for drug calculation promoting strategy such as medication reconciliation and various learning technology for improving drug calculation competency are needed.
Shortening of Nursing Record Time about Real Time Transmission Effect of Blood Pressure, Blood Glucose Value Based on U-Healthcare
Park, Jeong-Eun ; Kim, Hwa-Sun ; Hong, Hae-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 164~172
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.164
Purpose: The aim was to measure the real-time trans-mission effect of blood-pressure and blood-glucose value based on u-healthcare for saving the time and effort of nursing recording time. Methods: This study used a u-healthcare system based on the international standards for the exchange of health information. In order to verify the effectiveness of the u-healthcare, a clinical trial for the system regarding blood-pressure and blood-glucose targeting of patients with endocrine disorders at KNUH from February 7 to 9, 2012 was performed. Results: According to the analyzed results, of the 86 times the 11 patients were tested, measuring blood-pressure and blood-glucose using the u-healthcare system, we found the time differences between the real-time transfer recording method and existing hospital records that were used in the hospital. Based on the average time interval, there was a difference of 1,090.45 seconds (18.17 minutes). Conclusion: Therefore, it's cumbersome that nurses in the hospital have to record the numerical values of the measured blood-pressure and blood-glucose manually and input the recorded values directly into the electronic nursing record system. However, it was found in terms of the newly designed system, that it could save time and effort for nurses, since measured information is sent to the hospital information system on a real-time basis.
Comparison of Stress Level and HPA axis Activity of Internet Game Addiction vs. Non-addiction in Adolescents
Kim, Eun Hwa ; Kim, Na Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 173~183
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.173
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the stress level and HPA axis activity of an internet game addiction group and non-addiction group in adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional comparative study was performed with 140 male high school students from 9 vocational high schools at W city. Data were collected from July to September, 2012, using a questionnaire for measuring internet game addiction and stress level, blood samples for serum ACTH, and cortisol level for HPA axis activity. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis,
-test, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient with SPSS/WIN 15.0. Results: The stress level of the internet game addicted group was significantly higher than that of the non-addicted group (p<.001). The serum cortisol level was also significantly higher in the internet game addicted group than in the non-addicted group (p<.026). The serum ACTH level was higher in the internet game addicted group more than in the non-addicted group (p<.072). Conclusion: These results showed that internet game addiction could increase stress level and HPA axis activity in high school adolescents. Thus, a nursing approach to prevent and relieve internet game addiction should be initiated to stabilize the HPA axis of internet game addicted adolescents.
An Analysis of the Characteristics and Preferences Related to a Smoking Cessation Program among Smoking College Students
Kim, Eun Kyung ; Song, Mi Ryeong ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 184~192
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.184
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics and preferences related to a smoking cessation program among college students to help college students quit smoking. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional survey to analyze collected data from 324 college students who had a positive reaction to a urine nicotine test. Collected data were analyzed with descriptive statistics using SPSS 20.0. Results: The smoking amount per day of the participants was 4.1 pieces, and the average smoking period was 5.2 years. The mean of the CO level in exhaled air of the participants was 8.95 ppm. Their urge to smoke increased after a meal or while drinking alcohol. Most students wanted to quit smoking. Half of them were in a preparation phase to quit. Students wanted their willingness and determination to be reinforced (48%), and wanted to learn about specific smoking cessation methods (33%) through a smoking cessation program. Most of the students (60%) wanted an online program to help them quit smoking. Conclusion: To help students quit smoking, a online program that strengthens their determination to quit, and which contains specific methods to help them is needed.
The Effect of the Immediate Postoperative Nutritional Status in Liver Transplant Recipients in SICU on Clinical Outcome
Ha, Ji Su ; Choi-Kwon, Smi ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 193~201
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.193
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of the immediate postoperative nutritional status and calorie adequacy on clinical outcomes in liver transplant recipients. Methods: A total number of 99 patients who received liver transplants were recruited from a tertiary university hospital. Demography, subjective global assessment, clinical outcomes and calorie adequacy were evaluated through personal interviews, electronic medical records and dietary records. Anthropometric measures, body mass index and percent of ideal body weight were also obtained. Results: At admission to the Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU), the triceps skinfold thickness and mid-arm muscle circumference were significantly lower in the malnourished group than in the well-nourished group (p<.05, respectively). In the clinical outcomes, transfusion of red blood cells, mechanically ventilated hours, length of stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), length of stay in the hospital, and prothrombin time were significantly higher in the malnourished group than in the well-nourished group (p<.05, respectively). The mechanically ventilated hour was significantly higher in the group with less than 50% of their required energy intake (p<.05). Conclusion: Therefore, it is important to assess the nutritional status of immediate postoperative patients. Furthermore, studies on nutritional interventions are urgently needed to provide adequate nutritional care for patients in ICUs.
The Relationship among Sun-Screening Agent Use, Bone Health Promotion Behavior and Bone Mineral Density of Female College Students
Hyun, Hye Jin ; Kim, Joo Hyun ; Ko, Ga Yeon ; Park, Bock Soon ; Choi, Eun Young ; Ahn, Mi Hyang ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 202~209
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.202
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate relationships among sun-screening agents use, bone health promotion behavior, and bone mineral density. Methods: The participants of this study were 105 female college students. The data were collected using a questionnaire about sun-screening agent use and bone health promotion behavior. Bone mineral density was measured with Ultrasound Bone Densitometer/Osteo Pro Series. Data were analyzed with the SPSS/Win 18.0 program. Results: The mean Z-score in female college students was
, and the T-score was
, 21.39% of the participants have osteopenia. Bone mineral density showed a significant correlation with weight. Bone mineral density showed no significant correlation between sun-screening agent use, and bone health promotion behavior. There was a significant correlation between protection power of sun-screening agents and the protection by clothes. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, we need to develop an intervention program for bone health promotion of female college students.
Characteristics and Nursing Activities of Severe Trauma Patients Regarding the Main Damaged Body Parts
Kim, Myung Hee ; Kim, Myung Hee ; Park, Jung Ha ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 210~218
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.210
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics and nursing activities of severe trauma patients regarding damaged body parts in Busan Regional Emergency Medical Center. Methods: A survey using a 'trauma patient information questionnaire and a list of nurse activities' was conducted with 133 patients over 15 points ISS on EMR from June 1, 2011 to May 31, 2012. The collected data were analyzed by the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program. Results: Almost all of the subjects were men, and the mean age was 48.8. The amount of road traffic accidents was 60.4%, and the mean RTS and ISS were 6.08, and 23.14 points. Nursing activities in common were airway management, assessment of LOC & GCS, and EKG monitoring. Most of head and neck trauma patients were cared for manasing using intracranial pressure: each patience had the following assessed: pupil size and light reflex, they were checked the leak of CSF, kept
head elevation, and administered medications. Some of chest trauma patients were treated for chest tube and central venous catheter insertion. Partial abdominal trauma patients were administered analgesic and cared for using arterial pressure measurement. Part of the limbs and pelvis trauma patients were given a blood transfusion. Conclusion: Based on the results, the characteristics and nursing activities were specific according to the specific damaged body parts.
Comparison of Prevalence for Osteoarthritis and Its Risk Factors between Age 60-74 and 75 and Over
Kim, Hye-Ryoung ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 219~229
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.219
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of osteoarthritis and its risk factors among a community dwelling population age 60-74 and 75 and over (young-old vs. old-old) in Korea. Methods: A total of 1,389 of age 60-74 and 397 of age 75 and over from the 2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were selected. The data analysis was performed using the complex sampling function of SPSS version 19.0. Results: The prevalence of osteoarthritis was greater for old-old people (35.50%) compared to young-old people (18.20%). Univariate logistic regression analysis shows that the difference of risk factors for osteoarthritis between young-old and old-old elderly people. The prevalence of osteoarthritis in young-old people was associated with lower education levels; performance of moderate intensity physical activity; higher waist circumference, whereas old-old people was most affected in females; depression and experience. Conclusion: The finding of differences in the prevalence of osteoarthritis and its' risk factors between young-old and old-old people is expected to promote the screening strategy for the aged at risk of osteoarthritis in the Korean community.
Effects on the Laughter Score, Cortisol and Immunoglobulin of Laughter Therapy in Middle Aged Women
Cha, Mi Youn ; Hong, Hae-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 230~236
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.230
Purpose: In this study, the effects of laughter therapy on a laughter index, cortisol and immunoglobulin of middle aged women were examined. Methods: A quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group pre/post-test design were used. The participants (n=54) included 27 in the experimental group and 27 in the control group. The data were collected from February through March of 2013. The experimental group participated in laughter therapy for 40 minutes per session, five times a week for a period of 2 weeks. The tool was used to measure pre/post-test laughter index, cortisol and immunoglobulin of middle aged women. Results: The results showed that laughter therapy was effective in increasing the laughter index (p<.001), and immunoglobulin IgA (p<.001), IgG (p<.001), and IgM (p=.010). Also, the stress hormone, cortisol of middle aged women decreased but non-significantly (p=.158). Conclusion: The result of the study indicates that laughter therapy may have an influence on nursing intervention and treatment effects to improve the laughter index and immunoglobulin of middle aged women.
Association between Risk Factors of Metabolic Syndrome, Serum Uric Acid, and Urine pH in University Students
Lee, Jinhwa ; Park, Hyunju ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 237~246
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.237
Purpose: A few Korean studies have reported that low urine acidity and hyperuricemia are related to metabolic syndrome. Therefore, we evaluated the relationships between urine pH, serum Uric Acid (UA), and metabolic risk factors in university students. Methods: Data were obtained from student health examinations in one university. Participants were 3,412 male and 4,214 female students. Descriptive statistics, t-test, logistic regressions and multiple logistic regression using SPSS version 18.0 were performed. Results: No significant relationship was found between metabolic risk factors and urine pH. From the univariate analysis, serum UA was significantly higher in obese (
), elevated blood pressure (
), and higher triglyceride (
) groups for males and in obese, higher triglyceride and fasting blood sugar (
), and lower HDL-cholesterol (<50) groups for females. From the results of multivariate analysis, age, BMI, and triglyceride were significantly related to serum UA in males, BMI and HDL-cholesterol were significantly related to serum UA in females. Conclusion: Although there was no significant relationship between urinary pH and metabolic risk factors, significant associations between some of the metabolic risk factors and serum UA were found in the young adult population. Further studies are required to know the exact pathway between serum UA and metabolic syndrome.
The Effects of Music Intervention on Pain among Critically Ill Patients with Ventilatory Support
Ahn, Mi Na ; Ahn, Hye Young ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 247~256
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.247
Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effects of listening to music on pain and vital signs of critically ill patients with ventilatory support in intensive care units during nursing treatment (changes of posture and tracheal suction). Methods: The experimental treatment was to use an mp3 player and a speaker to let them listen to classical music by Mozart during nursing treatment. To determine the effects of music intervention, pain (Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool-K) was used. The data analysis was carried out by using PASW Statistics 20.0. Results: Hypothesis "The scores for pain would differ between the experimental group provided with music intervention during nursing treatment, and the control group" was supported. Conclusion: Application of music intervention during nursing treatment for critically ill patients with ventilatory support in intensive care units was found to be effective in reducing pain. Therefore, music intervention during nursing treatment for critically ill patients with ventilatory support can be used as non-pharmaceutical nursing intervention to reduce pain for the patients.
The Effect of Ulmus Root-bark Dressing in Fibroblast Growth Factor and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor of Induced Pressure Ulcer in Rats
Na, Yeon Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 257~263
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.257
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Ulmus root-bark dressing in fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) of induced pressure ulcers in rats. Methods: 54 male Sprague-Dawley rats were used and randomly divided into 2 groups. The rats were anesthetized and pressure ulcers were induced at 140 mmHg for three hours, using a personally-designed pressing apparatus. Ulmus dressing was applied in the experimental group (n=27) and saline gauze dressing in the control group (n=27). Each of the dressings was changed every other day, and after a month, the wounds were examined by microscopy biweekly for 20 weeks. Results: After 4 weeks, the epidermis of the wounds was recovered, but inflammatory infiltration of the dermis was remained. After 6 weeks, inflammatory cells were diminished and the number of capillaries was decreased. Examined by immunofluorescence staining, the FGF positive cells in the experimental group changed negatively after 18 weeks, but the control group still existed even after 20 weeks. VEGF positive cells in the experimental group also changed negatively after 20 weeks, but the control group still existed. Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrate that Ulmus dressing is effective in minimizing scar formation and inflammatory reaction by decreasing FGF and VEGF in the terminal phase of wound healing.
Analysis of Allergy Symptoms and Quality of Life among University Students with Allergic Rhinitis
Song, Mi Ryeong ; Park, Joon Soo ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 264~271
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.4.264
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the symptoms of allergic rhinitis among university students and assess their quality of life (QOL) in order to establish an effective program for university students with allergic rhinitis. Methods: The data were collected in May, 2012 in a university school health center. The collected data were analyzed in terms of frequency, percentage and mean for the symptom types and QOL among 131 university students with allergic rhinitis. An independent t-test was conducted to determine differences in QOL according to general and disease related characteristics. Results: Symptoms were reported in the following order: nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, sneezing, and nasal itching respectively. The mean score of QOL of the participants was 2.24 (5 point). Nasal symptoms such as rhinorrhea (M=3.16) and nasal obstruction (M=3.12) had the highest score and affected QOL badly in the item analysis. QOL differed according to the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis history, skin test reaction, some symptoms and allergens. Conclusion: To establish an effective management program for increasing QOL among university students with allergic rhinitis, symptom management methods for nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea should be included in the program.