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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Nov 2014
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Aug 2014
Volume 16, Issue 2 - May 2014
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Comparison of Bacterial Cultivation Results before and after Hand Washing from a College Student in Gangwon Province, Korea: Using Plain and Antibacterial Soap
Joung, Hye Young ; Choi, Yeonim ; Hyun, Hye Jin ; Kim, Joo Hyun ; Yoon, Sung Ja ; Lee, Gyusang ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 157~163
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.157
Purpose: This study investigated the microorganisms in the hand before and after hand washing, using plain and antibacterial soap. The purpose of this study was to provide details, for educational purposes, of hand washing methods that should be used by college students for their hand hygiene. Methods: This study was arranged using a randomized control group pretest-posttest design. Data obtained through questionnaires were collected from college students in Gangwon Province. This study involved three groups under different conditions. The first and the second group washed their hands with plain and antibacterial soap, respectively. The third group members were educated about hand washing and they then washed their hands with plain soap. In addition, we collected samples to investigate the removal rate of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, which can cause bacterial disease, by using sterile swabs from the hands in group 3. Results: The removal rates of bacteria in the first and the second group after hand washing with plain and antimicrobial soap were 62.7% and 76%, respectively. The third group, who were educated concerning proper hand washing, showed a figure of 72.8%. Conclusion: Repeated and more consistent education of college students concerning proper hand washing would be important in order to improve their knowledge, attitude, and performance with regard to hand washing.
Effects of an Extreme Heat Adaptation Program in Hypertensive Patients
Jeong, Seong Hee ; Kim, Nam Soon ; Chae, Sumi ; Lee, Eun Ju ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 164~172
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.164
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of an extreme heat Adaptation Program on the blood pressure, stress response, self-efficacy, and knowledge of management of hypertension and extreme heat of patients who suffered from hypertension. Methods: A quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The data collection period was between July 2 and August 20, 2012. Thirty-seven patients participated in the study (18 in the experimental group and 19 in the control group). Data were analyzed using
-test, t-test, and Cronbach's alpha coefficients with SPSS/WIN 19.0. Results: Patients who participated in the program showed statistically significant improvements in systolic blood pressure (SBP), self-efficacy, and knowledge of management of hypertension and extreme heat. Conclusion: The results indicate that this extreme heat adaptation program can be utilized for patients suffering from hypertension in order to reduce their SBP and to increase self-efficacy and knowledge of management of hypertension and extreme heat. Therefore, it is recommended that this program be used for elderly patients suffering from chronic disease.
The Effects of a Quit Smoking Program Using the Web and Short Message Service on Exhaled Carbon Monoxide, Self-efficacy and Depression according to Nicotine Dependency Level in Undergraduate Students
Lee, Hea Shoon ; Song, Mi Ryeong ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 173~181
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.173
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of a quit smoking program using the Web and short message service on exhaled carbon monoxide, self-efficacy, and depression according to nicotine dependency level in undergraduate students. Methods: In this study a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was applied. The participants included 90 students (52 in the low nicotine dependency group and 38 in the high nicotine dependency group) who succeeded in quitting smoking. Data were collected on 3 occasions, that is, before the program, immediately after the program, and 3 weeks after the program. Collected data were analyzed using independent t-test, repeated measure ANOVA, and paired t-test with SPSS 20.0. Results: Exhaled carbon monoxide was higher in the high nicotine dependency group than in the low nicotine dependency group. Self-efficacy significantly increased 3 weeks after the program in the low nicotine dependency group and significantly increased immediately after the program in the high nicotine dependency group. Depression significantly decreased 3 weeks after the program in the low nicotine dependency group. Conclusion: Self-efficacy may be enhanced when it is dealt with during an early phase of the quit smoking program for the high nicotine dependency group. Long-term intervention and persistent intervention are needed with regard to depression during a quit smoking program.
Emergency Treatment and Nursing Activities of Severe Trauma Patients according to Elapsed Time and Vital Signs
Kim, Myung Hee ; Park, Jung Ha ; Kim, Myung Hee ; Koo, Ji Ehun ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 182~191
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.182
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify necessary emergency treatment and nursing activities for severe trauma patients according to elapsed time and vital signs. Methods: A survey was conducted with 121 patients over 15 points ISS on EMR from June 1, 2011 to May 31, 2012. Collected data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, applying McNemar's test using SPSS 12.0. Results: Almost all of the subjects were men and the mean age was 46.9. Run-time for primary diagnosis, treatment decision, and leaving for the hospital room was 0.19, 4.36, and 4.21 hours, respectively, and stayover time was 9 hours. Regardless of vital signs, emergency treatments involving ambu-bagging, intubation, ventilator, and central vein catheterization insertion were offered within an hour. Central venous pressure, Foley catheter/Levin tube preparation and maintenance were performed in cases of unstable vital sign patients within an hour. Unrelated to vital signs, nursing activities for consciousness assessment, skin assesment and wound care, bed sore/fall down assesment and care, intravenous injection insertion and maintenance were conducted for all severe trauma patients within an hour. Foley catheter/Levin tube drainage care was performed for patients who had unstable vital signs within an hour. Conclusion: Emergency treatment and nursing activities for severe trauma patients were specific according to elapsed time and vital signs.
Development of Clinical Research Management: Enhancement of Nursing Students' Clinical Competency in Handling Clinical Trials
Chu, Sang Hui ; Jang, Yeonsoo ; Yeo, Ki-Sun ; Ahn, Ji Hyeon ; Kim, Doo Ree ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 192~200
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.192
Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop a new course entitled 'Clinical Research Management' to enhance nursing students' clinical competency in handling clinical trials. Methods: The goals and content of the existing current education program for clinical research professionals such as clinical research coordinators and clinical research associates provided by the Korea National Enterprise for Clinical Trials were analyzed to identify the core educational concepts. A focus group interview was performed to investigate essential competency levels for the professionals who were to begin their career in the area of clinical trials after graduating from the college of nursing. Through these initial processes, we identified the core competency required for clinical research professionals and the related course content. Goals and objectives based on the specified four competencies were set and confirmed by expertise review. Results: We developed a new course entitled Clinical Research Management, a 16-week elective subject consisting of various teaching and learning strategies based on four core competencies: basic knowledge on clinical trials, communication, risk management, and ethics. Conclusion: The results of this study will contribute to enhancing nursing students' clinical competency, including knowledge, skills, and attitudes relevant to clinical trials.
Physical Changes in and Coping with Marriage by Immigrant Women at an Early Stage of Immigration
Kim, Hee-Ja ; Kim, Hyun-Sook ; Jeon, Mi-Yang ; Lee, Hyo-Jeong ; Park, Eun Young ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 201~210
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.201
Purpose: To provide an in-depth analysis of the physical changes in and marital experiences of immigrant women in Korea, considering the differences in their cultural backgrounds. Methods: A qualitative research methodology with a phenomenology perspective was used. Data were collected through interviews from four focus groups and through in-depth interviews from five individuals. Data analysis was carried out using Colaizzi's phenomenological analysis method. Results: Twenty-four participants from nine different nations were interviewed. Three phenomenological theme clusters were identified and six sub-themes were derived. These comprise: "emergence of physical changes", "experienced symptom with negative result", and "coping with my body". The derived themes comprise: "struggling for my body to survive", "changed body after pregnancy and delivery", "diagnosed as normal but", "neglected my health", "using familiar care", and "unfamiliar health service system". Conclusion: Immigrant women by marriage in Korea are new subjects of nursing care. Their physical changes and experiences in coping with marriage at an early stage of immigration as described by themselves provide valuable information for nursing professionals. Cultural differences, problems specific to women, and our social conditions regarding minorities and our patriarchal tradition that discriminates against women affect their health problems. We strongly recommend that nurses should actively determine and engage in the health problems of immigrant women.
Effect of Forensic Education and Autopsy Attitude of Nursing Student
Min, Soon ; Ha, Yoon Ju ; Moon, Ji Young ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 211~218
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.211
Purpose: This research was designed to investigate the effects of forensic education and autopsy attitude of nursing students. Methods: Data on autopsy attitude were determined and collected by means of a self-reporting questionnaire including 14 questions on perception of a need for an autopsy and 11 questions on resistance to autopsy, the respondents being 846 nursing students. The collected data were analyzed by means of an independent t-test with one-way ANOVA in an SPSS WIn 18.0 program. Results: The perception of a need for an autopsy was 4.06 on average and resistance to autopsy was 2.64 on average. The nursing students taking a forensic course showed a relatively higher level of perception of the need for an autopsy (t=-5.63, p <.001) than those not attending such a course (t=2.93, p <.001). Perception of the need for an autopsy and resistance to autopsy show a negative correlation (r=-.382, p=.003). Conclusion: A forensic medicine course raises the level of perception of the need for an autopsy by nursing students and reduces the level of resistance to autopsy.
The Effect of Essential Oil on Atopic Dermatitis Model of NC/Nga Mice
Han, Sun Hee ; Seo, Young Mi ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 219~225
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.219
Purpose: This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of blending oils on atopic dermatitis (AD) model of NC/Nga mice. Methods: Adult NC/Nga mice were assigned to 1 of 3 groups: control group (C, n=8), experimental group [AD-induced group, blending oil-treated group (E=8, 8)]. Mice in the E group were given a treatment of blending oils such as Lavender, Rosemary and Lemon Balm (LRL) for 2 sessions (every day) for 6 days. Results: The AD-induced mice with LRL blending oils treatment showed a significant decrease in epidermal thickness, number of mast cells and degranulation, expression of TNF-
and scoring of sensual assessment. Conclusion: LRL blending oils may be a putative resource for the cure of or treatment of AD by the diminution of AD-pathological factors such as the epidermal thickness, the number of mast cells and degranulation as well as the expression of TNF-
Risk Factors and Level of Acute Post-Operative Pain in Surgical Patients During the First 48 Hours after Surgery
Lee, Yoonshin ; Son, Jaesoon ; Yoon, Haesang ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 226~234
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.226
Purpose: This prospective study was designed to investigate the incidence of acute postoperative pain (APP)
and the risk factors of APP
for the first 48 hours after surgery. Methods: Data from 531 surgical patients were collected from November, 2009 to May, 2010. APP was assessed from the time of arrival at the Post Anesthetic Care Unit (PACU) to the end of the post-operative 48 hours. Risk factors of APP
were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Results: The incidence of APP
was 58.8% for the first postoperative 4 hours; 33.5%, 24 hours; 11.1%, 48 hours. The score of pain was 5.55, the highest on arriving at PACU; 5.03 at postoperative 30 minutes; 4.03 at 1 hour; 3.96 at 4 hours; 2.76 at 24 hours; 1.44 at 48 hours Risk factors for APP
were females (Odds ratio [OR], 1.94; p=.013), general anesthesia (OR, 4.29; p<.001) and patient controlled analgesia (PCA) (OR, 2.83; p<.001) at 4 hours after operation; body mass index (BMI)
(OR, 1.80; p=.009), duration of surgery
hour (OR, 2.87; p=.037), general anesthesia (OR, 3.99; p<.001) and PCA (OR, 6.23; p<.001) at 24 hours; general anesthesia (OR, 3.53; p=.003) and PCA (OR, 3.01; p=.013) at 48 hours. Conclusion: Surgical patients with BMI
, PCA and general anesthesia seem to have a higher incidence of pain
through the first postoperative 48 hours.
A Study on the Effects of Ankle Pump Exercise in Reducing Lower Limbs Edema and Pain of Operating Room Nurses
Bae, Hye-Jin ; Kim, Joo Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 235~243
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.235
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of Ankle Pump Exercise on lower limb edema and pain of operating room nurses. Methods: This research was arranged on the basis of the nonequivalent control group pre-post test design. The participants were 41 nurses working in the operating room in 'S' hospital in Seoul and 'H' hospital in Guri City, Korea. Data were collected from August 20 to September 30, 2012. Edema of the lower extremities was measured in terms of the girths of ankles and calves. Pain of the lower extremities was measured in terms of VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) for pain. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage mean, and standard deviation, using the chi2(p) and t-test, repeated measures ANOVA, and a paired t-test. The SPSS Win 20.0 program was used for analysis. Results: Hypothesis 1 - "There are significant differences in lower extremity edema between the experimental group and the control group." - was partially supported. Hypothesis 2 - "There are significant differences in lower extremity pain between the experimental group and the control group." - was supported. Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrate positive practical effects of the Ankle Pump Exercise in reducing the circumference of both ankles, reducing the circumferential edema of both calves, and alleviating the pain of nurses in the operating room. Based on these findings, application of the Ankle Pump Exercise can be considered as an effective method to prevent nurses' health problems in the lower extremities that can be induced by their work during surgical operations.
A Study on the Status of Drug Use among Elderly Residents in Long-Term Care Facility
Jeon, Mi Yang ; Lee, Yong Sook ; Lim, Jeong Ok ; Seol, Ju Yeong ; Kim, Ju Yeong ; Kim, Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 244~250
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.244
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate medication and related factors including: gender, age, duration of hospitalization, MMSE, and ADL in elderly who were hospitalized in long-term care facilities. Methods: A total of 282 elderly people who were hospitalized for more than a month were asked to fill in a structured questionnaire which was used to collect data regarding their gender, age, duration of hospitalization, MMSE, ADL, and medication. Results: The average number of drugs per patient was 7.50. Subjects taking 6-7 medications were the highest ranking (23.7%). According to multiple regression analysis, the most significant factor relating to the number of drugs prescribed for each subject were the ages of the subjects (p=.007). Conclusion: We found that the number of prescribed drugs taken by those who were hospitalized were related to age. A tailored strategy is needed to decrease the number of drugs according to age and to control the medicines prescribed to the elderly who are hospitalized in long-term care facilities.
Current Status of Interval of Heparin Flushing for Maintenance of an Implanted Port in Solid Tumor Patients
Kim, Hye Kyung ; Choi, So Eun ; Lee, Jung Hoon ; We, Eun Sook ; Joh, Hye Jin ; Kim, Kwang Sung ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2014, Pages 251~257
DOI : 10.7586/jkbns.2014.16.3.251
Purpose: Little is known about appropriate interval periods between the heparin flushing of implanted ports after completion of chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to describe the current status of interval of heparin flushing for maintenance of an implanted port in solid tumor patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of all patients who had undergone implanted port removal in 2012 at the Seoul St. Mary's Hospital. The subjects were 90 patients who, after completion of chemotherapy, retained their ports for extended periods of time. Results: The mean number of flushes of heparin was 4. Compliance with visits for implanted port maintenance varied with the individual, and the mean accession times were in the range between 13 days and 243 days. The overall mean time between flushes was 66 days. One patient showed resistance during flushing. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that extending the flushing interval to a maximum of 8 weeks remains medically safe. Less frequent heparin flushing of an implanted port decreases medical expenditure and the workload of medical professionals; it also improves the patient's satisfaction.