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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Dec 2000
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Jul 2000
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A study on the degree of need of the knowledge of pathophysiology, clinical microbiology and mechanisms and effects of drugs in clinical nurses
Choe, Myoung-Ae ; Byun, Young-Soon ; Seo, Young-Sook ; Hwang, Ae-Ran ; Kim, Hee-Seung ; Hong, Hae-Sook ; Park, Mi-Jung ; Choi, S-Mi ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Seo, Wha-Sook ; Shin, Gi-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 2, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~19
The purpose of this study was to define the content of the requisite knowledge of pathophysiology, clinical microbiology, and mechanisms and effects of drugs needed for clinical knowledge for nursing practice. Contents of knowlege on pathological physiology, clinical microbiology, and mechanisms and effects of drugs were constructed from syllabus of basic nursing subjects in 4 colleges of nursing, and textbooks. The degree of need of 72 items was measured with a 4 point scale. The subjects of this study were college-graduated 136 nurses from seven university hospital in Seoul and three in Chonnam Province, Kyungbook Province, and Inchon. They have been working at internal medicine ward, surgical ward, intensive care unit, obstetrics and gynecology ward, pediatrics ward, opthalmology ward, ear, nose, and throat ward, emergency room, rehabilitation ward, cancer ward, and hospice ward. The results were as follows : 1. The highest scored items of the knowledge of pathophysiology, clinical microbiology, and mechanisms and effects of drugs necessary for nursing practice were side effects of drugs, anticoagulants, mechanisms of drugs, antihypertensive drugs, tolerance and addiction of drugs, interactions among drugs, hospital infection in the order of importance. The lowest scored item was structure of microorganisms. 2. The highest order of need according to unit was repair in tissue injury unit, definition etiology classification of inflammation in inflammation unit, transplantation and immunologic response in alterations in immunity unit, thrombus and thrombosis in disorders of cardiovascular function unit, gene disorders in genetic disorders unit, hospital infection in infection unit, virus in microorganisms unit, side reactions of drugs in introduction unit, anticonvulsants in drugs for central nervous system unit, local anesthesia in anesthesia unit, anticoagulants in drugs for cardiovascular system unit, anti-inflammatory drugs in antibiotics unit, anti-ulcer drugs in drugs for digestive system unit, and bronchodilators in drugs for respiratory system unit. 3. The common content of the knowledge of pathophysiology, clinical microbiology, and mechanisms and effects of drugs needed for all clinical areas in nursing were side effects of drugs, anticoagulants, interactions among drugs, and hospital infection. However, the degree of need of each pathological physiology, clinical microbiology, clinical microbiology, and mechanisms and effects of drugs was different depending on clinical areas. 4. Significant differences in the knowledge of pathophysiology, clinical microbiology, and mechanisms and effects of drugs necessary for nursing practice such as tissue changes due to injurious stimuli, degenerative changes of tissue, alterations in metabolism of carbohydrates, ischemia, hyperemia and congestion, hospital infection, structure of microorganism, classification of microorganism, bacteria, virus, antidepressants, antipsychotic drugs, antiemetic drugs, antiparkinsonism drugs, antianxiety drugs, antibiotics, tuberculostatics, antiviral drugs, antifungal drugs, parasiticides, antiulcer drugs, antidiarrheais, and anti constipation drugs were shown according to the work area. 5. Significant differences in the knowledge of pathophysiology, clinical microbiology, and mechanisms and effects of drugs necessary for nursing practice such as transplantation and immunologic response, alterations in the metabolism of uric acid, structure of microorganism, classification of microorganism, immunosuppressants, drugs for congestive heart failure were demonstrated according to the duration of work. Based on these findings, all the 72 items constructed by Korean Academic Society of Basic Nursing science should be included as contents of the knowledge of pathophysiology, clinical microbiology, and mechanisms and effects of drugs.
Histological changes on the renal glomeruli by the Streptozotocin and Alloxan-induced diabetic mouse
Na, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 2, issue 1, 2000, Pages 20~33
The author was used for the ICR mouse and induced diabetes with the streptozotocin(50mg/kg)and alloxan(40mg/kg). After the testing and the identifying the diabetes, the histological changes of the glomerulus, blood test for the values of blood sugar, and urine test for the values of urine protein were investigated. The results are as follows : 1. The values of high blood sugar appeared from the 2 group were about
, in the treated groups with the streptozotocin and alloxan. The glycosuria were obviously continued from the 2 weeks to the 12 weeks of the streptozotocin and the alloxan treated groups and the proteinuria was
in the 4 weeks and 8 weeks of streptozotocin treated group and were + in all the 12 weeks. The ketonuria were generally negative. 2. In the view of the light microscope, there was no significant histological changes until the 8 weeks. However, in the 12 weeks group treated with the streptozotocin, the mesangial matrix of glomerulus increased Bowman's capsules adhered to each other and changed them to the crescence shapes because of increasing the exothelial cells.
Factors associated with regular exercise in office workers
Lee, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 2, issue 1, 2000, Pages 34~48
The purpose of this study was to analyse the factors associated with regular exercise in office workers based on the health belief model such as health belief, self efficacy and barrier among office workers. For the study, we surveyed 253 office workers and analysed using SAS package program. That results obtained were as follows; 1. There were significant differences in sex, age, marriage status. 2. Exercise showed a significant association according to 5-6 days/week exercise, used to fitness center in company, exercise before the attendances. 3. The health belief showed a significant association according to 20-29 years old, unmarried and non exerciser. 4. The self efficacy showed a significant association according to female, nondrinker, nonsmoker, regular exerciser, motivation of exercise is maintain health and weak exerciser. 5. The barrier of exercise was high in non exerciser. 6. A negative correlation was observed between the health belief, the self efficacy and the barrier of exercise. In conclusion, this study suggests that the effective exercise program to reinforce the factors based on health belief and self efficacy, have to be developed.
The Effect of Antioxidant Vitamins on Liver Function Enzymes and Hepatic Damage of Aflatoxin
Park, Seon-Ja ; Park, Jung-Hyun ; Park, Jong-Sun ; Seo, Sook-Jae ; Chung, Duck-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 2, issue 1, 2000, Pages 49~63
is a potent hepatotoxic and hepatocarcinogenic mycotoxin in human beings. It is accumulated in animal tissues and injured cell through variable metabolic pathway. This study was conducted to determine the effect of antioxidant vitamins on liver function enzymes and hepatic damage of
treated mice. The 6 weeks old male ICR mice were randomly separated 6 groups, vehicle solvent or vitamin C(10 mg/kg/day) and vitamin E(63.8 mg/kg/day) were administered by intraperitoneal(i.p.) injection and 1 hr later, vehicle solution(DMSO) or
(0.4 mg/kg) were injected. The results obtained as follow ; The levels of liver function enzymes such as GOT, GPT, LDH, and alkaline phosphatase, in sera of mice were remarkably elevated by treatment with
only. However, those enzymes were significantly alleviated by co-treatment with antioxidant vitamins(p<0.01). Especially the levels of LDH and ALK phosphatase were similar to those of control groups(p<0.01). The transmission electron microscopy(TEM) image of intracellular microrganelles on the liver cell of mice was also degenerated extremely by treatment with
, but vitamin C and vitamin E gave good effects on cellular deformation. The intracellular microrganelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus and nucleic membrane were nearly disappeared the cellular deformation by antioxidant vitamins co-administration. With above results, we could estimated that antioxidant vitamins blocked AFB1 induced hepatic cell damage.
The effects of exercise therapy applied in an efficacy expectation promoting program on self-efficacy, cardiopulmonary function and metabolism in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients
Hwang, Ae-Ran ; Yoo, Ji-Soo ; Lee, Hyun-Chol ; Hwang, Su-Gun ; Kim, Chun-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 2, issue 1, 2000, Pages 64~75
This study was conducted to identify the effects of exercise therapy applied in an efficacy expectation promoting program that was based on Bandura's self efficacy model on self-efficacy, cardiopulmonary function and metabolism in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. The study design was nonequivalent pre-test post-test control design. 34 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients who received follow-up care regularly through the diabetic out-patient clinic were randomly sampled for this study. Twenty patients were assigned to the experimental group and fourteen patients were assigned to the control group. To the experimental group, exercise therapy applied in an efficacy expectation promoting program that is composed of individualized exercise prescription for 12 weeks was provided. In case of the control group, they were instructed to continue their usual lives. Data collection period was from March 1998 to June 2000 Data were analyzed using SPSS/WINDOW 10.0 program. The results were as follows. In experimental group, The score of self efficacy has increased from 64.20 to 66.65 after exercise therapy applied in an efficacy expectation promoting program and it was statistically significant(t=2.07, p=.04). The anaerobic threshold has increased from
/kg/min and it was statistically significant(t=2.05, p=.04). Level of fasting blood sugar has decreased from
after exercise therapy applied in an efficacy expectation promoting program and it was statistically significant.(t=-2.69, p=.01). For the lipid metabolism, percent body fat has decreased from 27.16% to 26.57% after exercise therapy applied in an efficacy expectation promoting program. In conclusion, the exercise therapy applied in an efficacy expectation promoting program showed positive effect of self-efficacy, cardiopulmonary function and glucose and lipid metabolism.
Effects of Singing of Physiologic Changes in the Elderly Women
Min, Soon ; Jung, Young-Ju ; Lee, Han-Na ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 2, issue 1, 2000, Pages 76~84
Recently, music therapy is widely used for various kinds of diseases. Music therapy has beneficial effects on emotional disorder and neuropsychiatric diseases in particular. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of singing on physiologic changes. We checked peripheral oxygen saturation and heart rate as indices of physiologic changes. The subjects were 19 control and 30 test group who were registered on the D welfare center for the elderly and agreed to join this study. They had been singing regularly for 6 months. The data were collected just before and after the singing. Data were analyzed with mean, t-test, and paired t-test using SPSS
program. The results were as follows: 1. Heart rate of the singing group decreased significantly after singing.(p<0.05) 2. Peripheral oxygen saturation of the singing group increased significantly after singing.(p<0.05) In conclusion, singing, a kind of aerobic exercise, has beneficial effects on cardiopulmonary system.
The Effect of Clinical Experience for Psychiatric Nursing on Urinary 17-Ketosteroid(KS) and 17-Hydroxycorticosteroid(OHCS) of the Student
Na, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, volume 2, issue 1, 2000, Pages 85~93
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of the first experience of the clinical experience for psychiatric nursing on the urinary 17-ketosteroid (KS) and 17-hydroxycorticosteroid (OHCS) of the nursing students. We analyzed the urine of fifteen students on curriculum who were students of D college in K city, compared with the control. In terms of 17-KS, at the end (4 PM) of the first day (p=0.001) and the last day (p=0.003), there was statistically significant difference between the control and the experimental group. In terms of 17-OHCS, at the end of the first day, there was statistically significant difference between the control and the experimental group (p=0.005), and between at the beginning (8 AM) and at the end during the clinical experience (p=0.035). At the last day, also, there was significant difference on the statistics between at the beginning and at the end in both the control (p=0.018) and the experimental group (p=0.004). In conclusion, 17-KS and 17-OHCS may be used as a indicator of the amount of stress to improve the educational environment for the students.