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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Research Institute of Chosun Natural Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 2, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Recent Development of Search Algorithm on Small Molecule Docking
Chung, Hwan Won ; Cho, Seung Joo ;
Journal of the Chosun Natural Science, volume 2, issue 2, 2009, Pages 55~58
A ligand-receptor docking program is an indispensible tool in modern pharmaceutical design. An accurate prediction of small molecular docking pose to a receptor is essential in drug design as well as molecular recognition. An effective docking program requires the ability to locate a correct binding pose in a surprisingly complex conformational space. However, there is an inherent difficulty to predict correct binding pose. The odds are more demanding than finding a needle in a haystack. This mainly comes from the flexibility of both ligand and receptor. Because the searching space to consider is so vast, receptor rigidity has been often applied in docking programs. Even nowadays the receptor may not be considered to be fully flexible although there have been some progress in search algorithm. Improving the efficiency of searching algorithm is still in great demand to explore other applications areas with inherently flexible ligand and/or receptor. In addition to classical search algorithms such as molecular dynamics, Monte Carlo, genetic algorithm and simulated annealing, rather recent algorithms such as tabu search, stochastic tunneling, particle swarm optimizations were also found to be effective. A good search algorithm would require a good balance between exploration and exploitation. It would be a good strategy to combine algorithms already developed. This composite algorithms can be more effective than an individual search algorithms.
Model Dielectric Functions for Understanding Optical Properties of Metal Nanoparticles
Ryu, Seol ;
Journal of the Chosun Natural Science, volume 2, issue 2, 2009, Pages 59~64
Synthesis and Optical Chracterization of 1,1-Difunctioanl-2,3,4,5-Tetraphenylsilole
Song, Jinwoo ;
Journal of the Chosun Natural Science, volume 2, issue 2, 2009, Pages 65~68
Siloles of considerable current interest, both because of their unusual electronic properties and because of their possible application as electron-transporting materials in devices such as light-emitting diodes (LED's) and chemical sensor. Siloles have been characterized by NMR, FT-IR, and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy. Their optical characteristics have been also investigated using photoluminescence spectroscopy. Thus siloles exhibit a low reduction potential and a low-lying LUMO energy level, attributed to
conjugation arising from the interaction between the
orbital of the sigma-bonded silicon atom and the
orbital of the butadiene moiety of the ring.
Synthesis of Pentiptycenediacetylene
Han, Joungmin ; Kwon, Hyungjun ;
Journal of the Chosun Natural Science, volume 2, issue 2, 2009, Pages 69~72
Pentiptycenediacetylene is very useful precursor materials for the synthesis of conducting polymer materials. The incorporation of rigid three-dimensional pentiptycene moieties into conjugated polymer backbones would offer several design advantages. They prevent
-stacking of the polymer backbones and thereby maintain high fluorescence quantum yields and spectroscopic stability in thin films. The pentiptycenediactylene was synthesized and characterized by 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy.
Synthesis and Optical Characterization of 1,1-bis(trisilyl)tetraphenylsilole
Lee, Sung Gi ; Kim, Bumseok ;
Journal of the Chosun Natural Science, volume 2, issue 2, 2009, Pages 73~77
Silyl-containing tetraphenylsilole, 1,1-bis(trisilyl)tetraphenylsilole, has been synthesized from the reaction of dichlorotetraphenylsilole and dichlorotrisilane and characterized by using NMR spectroscopy. Bis(trisilyl)tetraphenylsilole exhibits an unusual optical property and its optical property was characterized by UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopy. Absorption wavelength maxima of bis(trisilyl)tetraphenylsilole was 380 nm. Bis(trisilyl)tetraphenylsilole displayed an emission band at 530 nm with an excitation wavelength of 380 nm.
Synthesis and Characterization of Poly(ferrocenylsilane) via Ring-Opening Polymerization(ROP)
Jung, Kyoungsun ; Kim, Sung Gi ;
Journal of the Chosun Natural Science, volume 2, issue 2, 2009, Pages 78~81
In recent years, organometallic polymer containing silane and silole unit has been a topic of interest because of the wide range of optical, electrical and luminescent properties. In previous work, we synthesized functionalsilanebridgedferrocenophane from the reaction of dimethyldichlorosilane[Me2SiCl2] and diphenyldichlorosilane[Ph2SiCl2] and dichloromethylvinylsilane[C3H6SiCl2] with ferrocene
and n-BuLi. In this work, we have synthesized Poly(ferrocenylsilane) via the Thermal Ring-Opening Polymerization(ROP). characteristics of the poly(ferrocenylsilane) were investigated by gel permeation chromatography(GPC), 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy.
Optical Characterization of DBR Porous Silicon by Changing of Applied Current Density
Choi, Tae-Eun ; Park, Jaehyun ;
Journal of the Chosun Natural Science, volume 2, issue 2, 2009, Pages 82~85
Distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) porous silicon (PSi) was generated by an electrochemical etching a bragg structure into a silicon wafer through electrode current in aqueous ethanolic HF solution. DBR PSi exhibiting unique reflectivity was successfully obtained by an electrochemical etching of silicon wafer using square current waveform. The multilayered photonic crystals of DBR PSi exhibited the reflection of a specific wavelength with high reflectivity in the optical reflectivity spectrum. In this work, we have developed a method to create refractive index in Si substrate through intensity of an electric current. The electrochemical process allows for precise control of the structural properties of DBR PSi such as thickness of the porous layer, porosity, and average pore diameter. The number of reflection peak of DBR PSi and its pore size increased as the intensity of electric current increased. This might be a demonstration for the fabrication of specific reflectors or filters.
Analysis of Some Korean Terminologies on the Flower Structures of Angiosperms in Plant Morphology
Lee, Kyu Bae ;
Journal of the Chosun Natural Science, volume 2, issue 2, 2009, Pages 86~100
Korean terminologies on flower structures of angiosperms in plant morphology, written incorrectly in many books, were analysed to suggest accurately expressed terminologies. 24 books in areas such as general biology, plant biology, plant morphology, and biological dictionaries and glossaries were selected to analyse the accuracy of the terminologies for seed structures, e.g., crassinucellate (ovule), tenuinucellate (ovule), placentation, free cental placentation, herkogamy or hercogamy, heterostyly or heterostylous, distyly or distylous, tristyly or tristylous, and hypanthium. The definition and etymology of the terminologies were traced in 4 textbooks of plant anatomy and 2 dictionaries of biology and botany written in English. On the basis of the definition, etymology, and principles for terminology formation according to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO 704:2000), accurately and reasonably expressed Korean terminologies were proposed. The 9 terminologies examined in this study were found in the glossary of biological terminologies, published by the Korean Association of Biological Sciences in 2005, and designated as an editorial source for science and biology textbooks for middle and high schools by Ministry of Education in 2007. However, none of the 9 terminologies described in the glossary were consistent with those proposed in the present study. The inconsistencies indicated the need for a reassessment of this glossary of biological terminologies. The new, proposed terminologies would facilitate mutual understanding between teachers and students of plant biology.
A Study on the Gust with Thunderstorm in Honam Area
Cho, Eun-Hee ;
Journal of the Chosun Natural Science, volume 2, issue 2, 2009, Pages 101~130
In recent years, South Korea has often witnessed damages by gusts caused by thunderstorms in summer. The Korea Meteorological Administration defines that a gust happens when the maximum instantaneous wind velocity is 10m/s or more and draws up hourly observation reports. When a cumulonimbus develops due to an ascending current and reaches the height of 12~16 km, the temperature of the cloud top drops and a lightening happens, which causes a gust accompanied by a thunderstorm and further regional meteorological damage. It's difficult to predict a regional gust with the mesoscale prediction model at the administration. Thus this study set out to analyze the damage cases by a gust accompanied by a thunderstorm and to make a contribution to the prediction and understanding of a gust by a thunderstorm. A gust by a thunderstorm happens where potential equivalent temperature converges or is higher than the surrounding areas. The convergence area of potential equivalent temperature matches the track of thunderstorm cells. The Kimje gust took place where high potential equivalent temperature converged, and the Jangsu gust did as the area of high potential equivalent temperature approached. There should be a good amount of vapor supply with the moisture flux converging at the bottom layer in order to bring instability. In addition, it should collide into a dry and cold atmosphere at 700 hPa. The moving track at the center of the low dew point spread corresponds to that of a gust.
A Study on the Air Temperature Changes and Regional Characteristics in South Korea
Kim, Tae Ryong ;
Journal of the Chosun Natural Science, volume 2, issue 2, 2009, Pages 131~167
Global warming is regarded as one of the most critical issues that should be taken care of by the entire global community as it threatens the survival of mankind. South Korea, in particular, undergoes faster warming than the average rate of global warming. South Korea has revealed various warming rates and trends being surrounded by sea on three sides and having complex terrains dominated by mountains. The rates vary according to regions and their urbanization and industrialization. Differences also derive from seasons and weather elements. Changes to the highest, mean, and lowest temperature are also different according to the characteristics of regions and observatories, which is more apparent where the force of artificial weather applies. In an urban area, temperature gaps tend to decrease as the lowest temperature rises more than the highest temperature. Meanwhile, temperature gaps grow further in a coastal or country region where the force of artificial weather is small and the force of natural weather prevails. In this study, the investigator analyzed the changes to the weather elements of 11 observation spots that had gone through no changes in terms of observation environment since 1961, were consecutively observed, and had the quality of their observation data monitored on an ongoing basis. Using the results, I tried to identify natural and artificial causes affecting certain spots. Located on the east coast of the Asian Continent, South Korea sees weather changing very dynamically. Having huge influences on our weather, China has achieved very rapid industrialization for the last 30 years and produced more and more greenhouse gases and air pollution due to large-size development projects. All those phenomena affect our weather system in significant ways. Global warming continues due to various reasons with regional change differences. Thus the analysis results of the study will hopefully serve as basic data of weather statistics with which to set up countermeasures against climate changes.