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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Dec 1990
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jun 1990
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A Study on the Levels of Trace Elements in Livestock Products
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 1~20
In order to determine the levels of trace elements in livestock products surveys have been conducted in Inchon area. The samples were obtained from cattle organs, swine organs, chicken organs, eggs and milk. The levels of nine harmful trace elements(As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Pb, Zn) and three trace elements(Ca, Co, Na) were determined by ICP spectrometry, 1. In the survey on 9 harmful metals with 20 cattle, the highest level was 56.90ppm(Fe, liver) and the lowest level was 0.10ppm (Cd, muscle). 2. In the survey on 9 harmful metals with 31 swine, the highest level was 169.71ppm(Fe, lung) and the lowest level was 0.02ppm(Cd, heart). 3. In the survey on 9 harmful metals with 20 chickens, the highest level was 42.64ppm(Fe, liver) and the lowest level was 0.00ppm (Hg, entire organs). 4. In the survey on 9 harmful metals with 23 eggs, the highest level was 26.08ppm(Fe, yolk) and the lowest level was 0.00ppm (Hg, yolk and white). 5. In the survey on 9 harmful metals with 20 cases of milk, the highest level was 6.02ppm(Zn) and the lowest level was 0.04ppm(Cd). 6. In cattle the mean concentrations were highest in seven elements and in milk the mean concentrations were lowest in five elements.
Determination of Sulfamethazine Residues in Urine, Kidney and Muscle of Slaughtered Pigs by SOS(sulfa on site) Test Kit and High - Performans Liquid Chromatography
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 21~26
This survey was carried out to determine sulfamethazine residues in urine, kidney and muscle of slaughtered pigs. For this investigation, 20 samples for export and 30 samples for domestic market were collected at slaughterplant in Anyang city from the early of November to the end of December and comparatively were analyzed by SOS test kit and HPLC the results obtained were summarized as follows : 1. Five of 50 samples of swine urine which were inspected by SOS test kit were appeared to sulfamethazine positive 2. The sulfamethazine residue In one of 50 samples of swine muscle was exceeded 0.1ppm 3. The positive samples by SOS test kit were agreed with the results of HPLC quantitative analysis
A Study on the Microbiological Quality of Raw Milk in the North of Kyeongnam Area
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 27~31
This study was carried out to obtain basic data for the Improvement of microbiological quality of raw milk. Total bacterial, psychrotrophic, thermoduric and spore counts of raw milk samples taken from milk tankers in the nothern part of kyeongnam were investigated for one year from March, 1989. The result obtained were summarized as follow 1. The number of total bacteria in raw milk averaged
CFU / ml and was not affected by seasons 2. The psychrotrophic counts of raw milk averaged
CFU / ml and it was higher in winter than in summer 3. The thermoduric counts of raw milk averaged
CFU / ml and was the lowest in winter 4. The spore counts of raw milk ranging from 3-1, 880/ ml averaged 306/ ml and was the lowest in summer
Immunohistochemical and Pathological Observations of the Rats Experimentally Infected with Aujeszky’s Disease Virus
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 32~43
In order to investigate the clinico-pathological and immunohistochemical changes in the rats infected with Aujeszky’s disease virus(ADV), 100 heads of 4 weeks-old rats were inoculated intraperitoneally and intranasally, with the domestically isolated ADV, NYJ-1-87 strain, at
/0.2ml. Results obtained through the experiments were summarized as follows : 1. Clinical signs such as dulness, anorexia, pruritus, fascial edema, dyspnea and ataxia were observed from the 2nd day and died at the 3rd to 5th day after ADV inoculation. By necropsy, congestion and hemorrhage were observed in the abdominal organs, while no specific changes were detected in the other organs. 2. In histopathological observation, degeneration and necrosis of the nervous cells, non-suppurative meningoencephalitis, microgliosis and perivascular cuffing were manifested in central nerve system but no specific changes were observed in the other organs. 3. By immunohistochemical staining using peroxidase antiperoxidase, the positive cells were detected in the tissues of kideny, spleen, urinary bladder and lung.
Pathological Observations on Balantidiasis in Pigs
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 44~48
This study was based on 3 necropsies of patients affected with Balantidium coli dysentery from two pig farms. Grossly, the lesions involved the large intestine from cecum to rectum. Many variable-sized ulcers were diffusely scattered on the mucosa of the cecum and the colon which were covered with a necrotic, grayish white, slate black, or black membrane. The mucosa affected reddened and swollen. Microscopically, numerous balantidia penetrated In the mucosa of the colon and there they induced necrosis and desquamation of the epithelial cells, where inflammatory cells such as macrophages, neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells were infiltrated.
Studies on the Blood Chemistry of Korean Native Cattle and Pigs
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 49~53
In order to know the range in blood chemical values and enzyme activities of korean native cattle and pigs being raised in kyongbuk province, the mean values of serum protein compositions, enzyme activities(GOT, GPT, ALP), cholesterol, glucose, bilirubin, creatinine, urea nitrogen and uric acid were determined and the results obtained were as follows ; 1. Mean contents of total protein, albumin, globulin and A / G ratio for the korean native male cattle were
g / dl,
g / dl,
g / dl &
；for the male pigs were
g / dl,
g / dl,
g / dl,
；for the female pigs were
g / dl,
g / dl,
Mean activities of GOT, GPT and ALP for the korean native male cattle were
U； for the male pigs were
U； for the female pigs were
U. 3. Mean contents of cholesterol, glucose and bilirubin for the korean native male cattle were
mg / dl,
mg / dl,
mg / dl; for the male pigs were
mg / dl,
mg / dl,
mg / dl: for the female pigs were
mg / dl ,
mg / dl,
mg / dl. 4. Mean contents of creatinine, urea nitrogen and uric acid for the korean native male cattle were
mg / dl,
mg / dl,
mg /dl; for the male pigs were
mg / dl,
mg / dl,
mg /dl: for the female pigs were
mg / dl,
mg / dl,
mg / dl.
Immune Responses in Swine and Experimental Animals Given Inactivated Aujeszky’s Disease Virus Antigens
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 54~63
We have studied about the safety, immunity and protective potency in swine and experimental am mais of two inactivated vaccine produced with NYJ-1-87 strain of ADV that was isolated in Korea. Result obtained through the experiments were summarized as follows. 1. The safe potency of ADV antigens inactivated with BEI and formaline to mouse & guinea pig was on the whole good, but protective potency rates of those to challenge with ADV were 60-75％ without the differences to two antigens. 2. Safety, immunity & protective potency of ADV antigens inactivated with BEI and formaline to swine were on the whole excellent, except for a mild increase of rectal temperature in some pigs after challenge with ADV. 3. When virus excretion of the experimental groups after challenge with ADV was examed by swabbing of nasal, all pigs of control gorup excreted virus from 2 days p.c., partially to 10 days p.c.. But in vaccinated groups, only 25-50% of all pigs of each group excreted virus during experimental periods. 4. Titers of antibodies in swine & quinea pig vaccinated with inactivated ADV antigens become increased after the 1 weeth p.i. showing the highest liters on the 4-5 weeths p.i.
Serological Study on Leptospirosis in Pigs
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 64~68
This experiment was to investigate the Leptospiral antibody in the pigs with the serological test in two areas of Kangwondo from March to April. 1989. Twelve different living antigen (L. icterohaemorrhagiae, L. pomona, L. hardjo, L. australis, L. canicola, L. autumnalis, L. grippotyphosa, L. tarassovi, L. pyrogenes, L. bataviae, L. lai and L. ballum) of Leptospira interrogans was used for the serological test in the pigs. The blood sample of 280 pigs collected from the slaughter houses were detected by microscopic-agg-lutination test. The results were as follows, 1. Among the serum sample of 280 heads of the pigs, 6 heads of the swine (2.14%) were positive. 2. Among the positive sample of 6 heads, 3 heads of the swine (1.1%) showed the antibody of L. ict-erohaemorrhagiae, 2 heads of the swine (0.7%) showed the antibody of L. canicola, and 1 head of the swine (0.4%) showed the antibody of L. pomona. 3. The positive rate of Leptospira interrogans in the swine of Kangwondo appeared to be very low.
Serogroup and Drug Susceptibility of Pasteurella Mutocida Pneumonia in Pig
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 69~74
The present study was conducted to investigate the incidence of pasteurella multocida infection in kyungbuk swine herds during the period from July 1989 to November 1989 and some properties of the isolated organisms. P. multocida was isolated from lungs of 155 slaughtered pigs, 43(27.7%) pigs were culture positive. The majority of biochemical and cultural properties of the P. multocida isolates were identical to those of the standard strains. The capsular serogroups and drug susceptibility of 43 isolates of P. multocida from pigs with pneumonic lesions were investigated. P. multocida isolates were typed for capsular serogroupes A by hyaluronidase inhibition of capsule and D by acriflavin auto agglutination. Most isolates(60.4%) were type A, 18.6% were type D, and the remaining 21.0% were untypable. In antimicrobial susceptibility test these isolates of P. multocida were susceptible in order of ampicillin (86.0%), trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole(83.7%), colistin(81.4%), chloramphenicol(79.1%), but the majority of them were resistant in order of streptomycin(30.2%), triple sulfa (4.6%).
Studies on the Pure-bred Korean Native Cattle of Chonnam Area - Hematology and Biochemistry Values -
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 75~79
Samples of blood were taken from 293 cows and heifers in Koheung, Chonnam, which was dsignated as a place for breeding pure-bred Korean native cattle. Each animal was examined clinically and parasitologically and with the history available considered to be normal at the time of blood collection. The hematology and biochemistry values were determinded, and comparisons were made between three age groups, using the results obtained. All the values obtained were within physiological range : except the alanine aminotransferase values which were higher(P<0.05) in young than in mature or old group of cattle, no significant differences were notred between age groups.
Studies on Relation of Heartworm and Eosinophils in Blood of Jindo Dogs
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 80~89
The present study was conducted in order to get the relationship of heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis and eosinophils in blood of Jindo dogs. Blood samples were taken from 141( man 31, womam 110) of yellow, 44 ( man 17, woman27) of white Jindo dogs in Jindo area. The results obtained in this study were summarized as follows : 1. There were no significant differences of the hematological values in comparison with others reported values, but the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and the number of eosinophils were high in comparison with other reported values. 2. The mean values of total white blood cell count(P<0.05), neutrophil(P<0.05) and monocyte(P< 0.05) were that the yellow dogs and a tendency toward fisher values than the white dogs, but no significant differences were observed. 3. Age-related differences were detected for the total erythrocyte count(P<0.05), hemoglobin content (P<0.001), PCV(P<0.001) and the number of eosinophils(P<0.001). 4. The direct and indirect eosinophil counts were increased with age, there were no significant differences of the values between two groups. 5. Dirofilaria immitis was found in 34(18.4%), increased with age and were relatively significant differences in areas of the 185 Jindo dogs. 6. Survey for hematological values of Dirofilaria immitis infected dogs with direct and indirect method, mean values of eosinophil were 2,788/
l, respectively. They showed that eosinophil had a tendency toward higher values than others, but others were no significant differences.
Occurrence of Akabane Disease and It's Antibody Test in Cattle Raised in Cheju-do
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 90~95
1) During 5 month(Oct. 1988-Feb. 1989), abortion(11 heads), stillbirth(3 heads), and congenital abnormalities(28 heads) of newborn were occurred in 42 milk cows raised in Cheju island. These cows were diagnosed with Akabane disease by clinical, pathological and serological test. 2) In May and Oct. 1989, 213 tattles at 10 farms were investigated on the actual condition of possessing Akabane antibody. The results was that 210 heads(98.6%) in 213 cattles reacted as positive condition in Akabane antibody. The antibody titer was from 4 to over 256. 3) During some years, the author suppose that the vaccination for Akabane disease will be unnecessary because of higher positive antibody reaction except the newly introduced cattle.
Comparison of Efficacy of Newcastle Disease Virus
Vaccine by Different Administration Method in Commerical Layer Chickens
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 96~102
The immune responses of commercial layer chickens against Newcastle disease(ND) were compared among different administration methods and times of vaccination during 4 weeks of age. A total of 372 day-old chickens were divided into 4 groups of 93 birds each. Each of 3 groups was received a commercially available B
live vaccine via drinking water, eye instillation or spray method at one, 14 and 28 days of age. One group was used as an unvaccinated control. At two and 4 weeks after each time of vaccination, 15 birds from each group were collected randomly out and challenged with virulent ND virus at the dose of
per bird. Ten to 15 birds from each group were bled at two weeks intervals from day old to 8 weeks of age for hemagglutination inhibition antibody titer, The protection rate was generally low regardless of the times of vaccination although two or more times vaccination gave higher protection than once vaccination. The low protection was considered due to low titer of the vaccine used since the vaccine titer was less than
per bird. Spray method gave better protection compared to eye instillation or drinking water method which resulted in lowest response. Majority of birds showed clinical signs of ND between 3 and 6 days after challenge. Death occured one or two days after onset of symptoms. Major clinical signs observed were depression(94%), anorexia(84%), diarrhoea(29%), difficult breath(15%) and torticollis(10%). Hemorrhagic lesions on post mortem were seen in duodenum(51%), trachea(35%), illeum(13%), ceacal tonsil(11%), proventriculus(10%) and some other odrgans.
Survey of Swine Parasitic Infection Rate in Iri Area
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 13, issue 1, 1990, Pages 103~109
To investigate the swine parasitic infection rate, we performed centrifugal floatation method and sedimentation method between Jan. 1989. and Dec. 1989. This results are shown as follows. 1. The numbers of infection were 593 pigs in 1080, shown 54.9% of infection rate. 2. In this survey, eight species of swine parasite were detected. The percentage of Balantidium coli was 44.5, revealed hightest level. There were 14.5% in Ascaris suum and 11.8% in Oesophagostomum SP respectively. 3. In this survey, there was high rate(86.0%) of parasitic infection in the pig raised at sawdust fermantation house. This results suggest that pig maybe liable to infect parasite.