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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Dec 1991
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 1991
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Survey on Canine Leptospiral Antibody Titer in Seoul
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 1~5
A serological survey for antibody of Leptospira spp. in canine was carried out from March to September, 1989 in Seoul. 182 serums collected from animal hospitals and keeping were collected and these were performed by using 12 different living antigens. In the microscopic agglutination test(MAT), being partial agglutination reaction at a serum dilution of 1：200 or over, we recorded it as positive. These results were compared with the species, sex and general conditions of canines, the areas and types of animal keeping. The results were summarized as followed ; 1. We detected the antibodies L. grippotyphosa 1 and L. icteroheamorrhagiae 1 in A area(total 48 heads ), L. canicola 1 and L. icterohaemorrhagiae 4 in B area(total 52 heads), L. hardjo 1 and L. icterohaemorrhagiae 2 in C area (total 32 heads), L. icterohaemorrhagiae 1 in D area(total 23 heads) L. grippotyposa 1 and L. icterohaemorrhagiae 2 in E area(total 27 heads) by MAT. There were positives for L. canicola 1, L. grippotyposa 2, L. hardjo 1 and L. icterohaemorrhagiae 10 in 5 areas by MAT. 2. The deteclive rate of leptospiral antibody in Jindo canine was 17.6% (3) among 17, Mixed 4.4% (4) among 90 and Exotic 9.3% (7) among 75 heads. 3. The Male(91 heads) was positive for 8.7%(8) and the female(91 heads) was positive for 6.5%(6). 4. In the vaccination, positive rate was 10.3% (7) among 55 heads, and in the unvaccination, positive rate was 5.5%(7) among 127 heads.
Clinicopathological Studies on the Subclinical Fascioliasis in the Korean Native Cows in Chonnam Area
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 7~12
Fecal samples were taken from 402 cows in Posung, Chonnam where was designated as a place for Korean native cattle breeding. Prevalence of intestinal parasitism were determined by the fecal examinations using the floatation and sedimintation procedures. 62.9% of the cows were found as positive cases with excretion of the eggs of Fasciola hepatica in the fecal specimens. Of those infected with F.hepatica 97 cows free of the pathogenic intestinal parasites were chosen for albendazole treatment. Albendazole tablets(10mg / kg) were administered to the cows twice at the interval of 4 weeks. Blood samples were collected via jugular vein prior to the first treatment. four weeks after the first treatment and four weeks after the second treatment respectively. At the same time fecal samples were collected for parasitological examination by sedimintation methods. The mean treatment count was 44 fluke egg per gram of feces, which compared with 27 EPG and 17 EPG four weeks after the first and second treatment, respectively. Most of the hematological values fluctuated within the normal range during the experiment. Eosinophil counts were high initially, decreased after the first treatment and there after remained steady.
Studies on the Blood Pictures within 24hrs after Birth in Korean Native Calves
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 13~17
This studies were carried out to investigate the changes of blood pictures within 24hrs after birth in Korean native calves. The hematologic values were examined from 300 heads healthy Korean native calves in the area of western farm of Chungnam province. The results obtained are summarized as follows : 1.
values of serum total protein contents within 24 hrs after birth in Korean native calves were
/ dl and
/ dl, respectively. 2.
values of RBC count, WBC count, PCV and Hb contents within 24 hrs after birth in Koren native natives were
/ dl and 13.
/ dl, respectively. 3.
values of MCV, MCH and MCHC within 24 hrs after birth in Koren native calves were
/ dl and
/ dl, respectively.
Epizootiologic Studies on Akabane virus infections of Cattles in Kyungbuk
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 19~26
A considerably high rate of abnormal deliveries of unknown etiology was observed among dairy cattles from November 1988 to February 1989 and Korean native tattles from January to April 1990. The abnormal deliveries consisted of abortions, stillbirths and calf deformities refers to as congenital arthrogryposis hydranencephaly (AH )syndrome. In order to know the level of Akabane antibody of dairy cattle raised in Kyungbuk province, serum neutralization test was conducted with Akabane virus(OBE-1 strain) and HmLu(Hamster lung) cell line. The results were summarized as follows. 1. During 4 months(Nov. 1988-Feb. 1989), abortion (3 heads), stillbirth(1 head) and congenital abnormalities(13 heads) of newborn were occurred in 17 dairy cattles raised in Kyungbuk province. 2. During 4 months(Jan.-Apr.1990), stillbirth(2 heads) and congenital deformities (13 heads) of newborn were occurred in 15 Korean native tattles raised in Kyungbuk province. 3. In Fev, and Apr. 1990, 1,005 dairy cattles at 99 farms were investigated on the actual condition of possessing Akabane antibody. The result was that 1,000 heads (99.9%) in 1,005 dairy cattles reacted as positive condition in Akahane antibody. The antibody titer was from 4 to over 256. 4. 189 heads (18.8%) of 1,005 dairy cattles werw below antibody titer 8 and 816 heads (81.2%) were over 16. 5. Akabane antibody titer of east coast legions(Pohang Yeongil etc) was all over 16, that of internal legions (Yeongiu, Andong. etc) was relatively low, The result suggest that the vaccination for Akabane disease will be unnecessary for the time being because of possessing higher antibody titer reaction except the newly introduced cattle and Akabane virus was widely disseminated in kyungbuk province during the summer months in 1987 or 1988.
Studies on the Characters of Avian Infectious Bronchitis Virus Isolated in Korea.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 27~40
In order to investigate the biological properties, pathogenicity and immune responses in artficially infected SPF chickens with Avian infectious bronchitis virus that was isolated from chickens showing IB like signs in southern region of Chung buk. Results obtained throuth the experiments are summarized as follows. 1. From 15 IB suspected cases, two strains of IB virus were isolated, one each from the tracheas and lungs. 2. Infectious bronchitis specific embryo lesions were observed after four serial passages of the isolates in chicken embryos. 3. The field isolates and M-41 strain of IB virus interfered with the replication of Newcastle disease virus in chicken embryos. 4. When specific pathogen free chickens, two week old, were inoculated with the IB virus isolates, clinical respiratory signs as dyspnea, coughing were observed. Airsacculitis was observed by necropsy. 5. AGP antibody positive rates of inoculated SPF chickens were highest on day 14 and lowest on day 36, while HI antibody responses were detected on day 14 in all Groups, the reinoculated Group was shown highest titers. 6. By Indirect immunofluorescence antibody assay of artificially infected SPF chickens, the viral antigens were detected in tissues of larynx, trachea and lung on the 4 th to 7 th days post inoculation.
Survey on Prevalence of Bordetella bronchiseptica and Isolation rate by Difference of Agglutination Titer in Raised Pigs
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 41~48
Bordetella bronchiseptica were isolated from nasal swabs of the pigs being raised in Eastern Gyeong Nam area from September to December, 1990. Servey on isolation frequency, antimicrobial susceptibility and serum agglutination antibody titer were carried out. The results obtained were summarized as follows : 1. Isolation of B. bronchiseptica were 47 pigs in 113, shown 41.6% of isolation rate and isolation rate were higher in non-vaccination group(60.0%) than vaccination group(28.8%), 2. Isolation rate by ages were the lowest below 1 week ages(22.2%), the highest in 78 weeks ages(55.6 %) and sows was shown 39.3%. 3. It was also found that 47 strains of B. bronchiseptica isolated were highly susceptibility to minocyclin, gentamicin, neomycin, colistin and kanamycin, and highly resistant to penicillin, linsmycin, bacitracin, sulphonamides and chloramphenicol. 4. Isolation rate by the difference of seum agglutination antibody titer were more high at low agglutination titer than high agglutination titer.
Bacteriological Study of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Isolated from the Pigs in Youngnam Area
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 49~61
The present study was conducted to investigate biochemical, serologic, and pathogenic characteristic of E. rhusiopathiae isolated from the cases of acute septicemic swine erysipelas in Youngnam provinces during the period from June 1988 to September 1990. The majority of biochemical and cultural properties of E. rhusiopathiae isolated from pigs affected with acute erysipelas were identical to those of the standard strain employed. All of the 45 isolates were serotype la. All isolates were highly susceptible to penicillin G, lincomycin, cephalothin, ampicillin, erythromycin (MIC : 0.025-0.78IU or
/ ml ), and moderately susceptible to oleandomycin, oxytetracycline, chloramphenicol (MIC : 0.78-25
/ ml ). Kanamycin and sulfadimethoxine showed no activity against the isolates(MIC : ＞400
/ ml ). The MICs of dihydrostreptomycin presented two distribution peaks ; of 45 strains, 5(11.1%) were resistant to dihydrostreptomycin(MIC : 400
/ ml ). All of 5 selected isolates were pathogenic for mite and
viable cells. Mice immunized subcutaneously with live vaccine did not die after challenge to virulent isolates of E. rhusiopathiae.
Detection of Sulfa-Drugs and Antibiotics Residues in Raw Milk
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 63~69
Antibiotic residues of raw milks collected in Anyang area were tested by TTC-reduction test, EEC-4plate method and TLC(SOS-kit ) method to improve and monitor the quality of milk. Antibiotic substances were not detected from 100 raw milk samples, but sulfamethazine was detected from only one sample(1.3PPM) by SOS test. Unclassified anti-microbic substances were detected from 22 samples by EEC-4 plate method. EEC-4 plate test was useful to categorize the species of antibacterial substances and SOS test was useful to detect the sulfamethazine field screening test.
Changes in the Activities of Cholinesterase in Serum, Brain and Spinal cord Injection of Parathion in Rats
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 71~77
Parathion is widely used in agriculture, but it is highly toxic and now clear that parathion behaves like a cholinergic drug by inhibiting the enzyme cholinesterase. In order to know acute toxicity and the changes of cholinesterase activity according to time lapsed in Sprague-Dawley rats injected single with half dose to LD
of parathion, cholinesterase activities in serum, spinal cord, whole brain and median lethal dose between sex difference were investigated. The results obtained were summerized as follows ; 1.
values of parathion given intraperitoneally to male and female rats were 10.5mg / kg(95% confidence limits, 6.6-16.8mg/ kg) and 3.3mg/ kg(95% confidence limits, 1.9-5.6mg/ kg). 2. The inhibition rate of cholinesterase activities in serum of parathion-injected rats according to time lapsed were peakly decreased to 35.4%(male) and 32.4%(female) after 1 hour in comparison to control group, but cholinesterase activities were completely recovered after 48 hours. 3. The inhibition rate of cholinesterase activities in spinal cord of parathion-injected rats according to time lapsed were peakly decreased to 31.1% (male) and 36.3% (female) after 30 minutes in comparison to control group, but cholinesterase activities were completely recovered after 48 hours. 4. The inhibition rate of cholinesterase activities in whole brain of parathion -injected rats according to time lapsed were peakly decreased to 32.2%(male) and 42.6%(female) after 1 hour in comparison to control group, but cholinesterase activities were completely recovered after 48 hours.s.
Correlation of Milk Production with Internal Parasite Infection in Cattle
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 79~86
This report was undertaken to examine the correlationship between internal parasite infection and amount of milk production before and after vermicidal administration on F. hepatica and gastrointestinal nematoda infected cattle. The obtained results were as follows ; 1. Out of total number(358), the ratios of parasitic infected catle were 43.5%(156). Among them milking cattl. and Korean native cattle were 52.7% and 31.6%, respectively. 2. In this examination, 10 kinds of parasites were detected. Among them F. hepatica was encountered most frquently and also Buxtonella, Paramphistoma, Coccidim, Cestoda, and Trichur were encountered in order. 3. The average increased amount of milk production after vermicidal administration on F. hepatica and gastrointestinal nematoda infected cattle was 1.1Kg per day.