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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Dec 1991
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 1991
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Analysis if Somatic Cell Counts of Raw Milk in Korea -Recommendation to Payment for Milk on the Basis of Quality-
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 2, 1991, Pages 87~103
The somatic cell counts SCC and bacteria counts were done by D milk plant, P milk plant, S milk plant and Inch'
Vet. Serv. Lab from 1987 to 1990 with Coulter counter, Fossomatic 90, Bactoscan, Rolling ball viscometer and Resazurin reduction test. The results were summarized as follows 1. In the distribution of SCC of the bulk herd milk, D milk plant from Nov. 1989 to Oct. 1990 remarks 80.2% on the range below 500, 000, 14.5% ranging from 1, 000, 000 to 1, 500, 000, 1.2% ranging from 1, 500, 000 to 2, 000, 000, 0.69% ranging from 2, 000, 000 to 3, 000, 000, 0.71% on the range over 3, 000, 000. P milk plant remarks 237, 000 in the first half year and 251, 000 in the second half year in 1990 year. S milk plant remarks annual average of 335, 000 in 1987, 273, 000 in 1988 and 262, 000 in 1989. The individual record of Inch'
Vet. Serv Lab. remarks 79.35% and 80.2% below 500, 000 8.30% and 7.40% from 500, 000 to 1, 000, 000, 2.37% and 3.2% from 1, 000, 000 to 1, 500, 000, 2.77% and 2.30% from 1, 500, 000 to 2, 000, 000, 1.67% and 2.00% from 2, 000, 000 to 3, 000, 000, 5.53% and 4.40% over 3, 000, 000 in 1989 and 1990, respectively. The grade distirbution of SCC is as follows: D milk plant shows 1st grade-80.20%, 2nd grade-l6.5% and 3rd grade-3.30%. And P milk plant shows all 1st grade. S milk plant shows 87.30%, 8.6% and 4.1% in 1987 and 91.90%, 6.1% and 2.0% in 1988, and 92.40%, 6.1% and l.5% in 1989 on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade respectively. 2. The distribution of bacteria P milk plant reached 15.123 in 1st half year and 21.515 in 2nd half year. Also, S milk plant reached 81.5%, 12.5%, 6.0% in 1987, and 86.20%, 9.70%, 4.1% in 1988, and 86.2%, 10.8%, 3.0% in 1989 respectively for 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade. 3. The regional SCC distribution in D milk plant shows 1, 540, 000 in three regions and 714, 000 in one region. And monthly SCC distribution shows 671, 000 in December and 1, 165, 000 in June. 4. As a result of the individual SCC test, 9 times for 16 cows in “I”farm(1986-1988), and 6 times for 13 cows in“D”farm(1987-1988) No.3, 5, 9, 14 cows in“I”farm showed the high SCC beyond 1, 000, 000 over 4-5times. 5. If the SCC over 300, 000 reach 40%, the national producing quality of milk can be reduced by 87, 600M /I annually and in the sum of money, it should be about 35.5 billion Won. 6. The difference between high group and low group for SCC in D milk plant reached over 1, 000, 000. In case that the difference reaches 1, 000, 000 in the farm bulk milk at a farm breeding 20 cows which produce 20kg milk per day, it was estimate that the annual difference of producing quantity and sum of money respectively should be reached 26, 280kg in milk and 10, 643, 400 Won in income.
Studies on incidence of Bovine Brucellosis in Cheju-Do
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 2, 1991, Pages 104~109
Tile present study was carried out to investigate the incidence of bovine brucellsis in Cheju-do during the period from 1985 to 1990. The results were summarized as follows. 1. In the total 239,238 cattles tested. 1180(0.49%) were positive by standard tube agglutination test during the period from 1985 to 1990. 2. The major causes of incidence on brucellosis was grazing with carriers and repeated incidence in a herd. 3. The 13 Brucella abortus biotype 1 isolated from 10(50％) of 20 cattles slaughtered on brucellosis in 1990.
Studies on Physico-chemical Properties an d Pathogenicity of Porcine Enterovirus Isolated from Feces of Pigherds
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 2, 1991, Pages 110~120
28 porcine enteroviruses were isolated from 86 pig-feces of 9 swine farms located in south region, Chung-buk, from March to September 1990. Physico-chemical properties and pathogenicity of isolates were investigated. Results obtained throughout experiments are summarized as follows. According to the age, weanlings(40-90 days), sucklings(10-30 days) and adult pigs(6 months over) showed the isolation rate of 67%. 8% and 4%, respectively. By physico-chemical tests, YD-90/22, YD-90/43 and YD-90/64 strains were found to be ether, chloroform and PH stable. Nucleic acid test suggests the virus to have a DNA genome. Most of the Isolates were not evident of hemagglutinin using erythrocytes from various mammalian & avian. 22 strains among the isolates were shown CPE type I and the remainders were CPE type II. 3 strains among isolates of CPE type I strains were neutralized with high titers to serotype 2 antiserum. In the study on virus growth curve in PK-l5 cells, YD-90/22, YD-90/43 and YD-90/64 strains showed the maximum infectivity titers(
) at 4days post inoculation(PI). When 30 day-old commercial piglets were inoculated only intraoral route with the YD-90/22 strain at
piglets not showed the symptoms. But piglets inoculated by intramuscle route, intraoral and intramuscle route after pretreat with dexamethasone(2.5mg /kg) for 5 days were shown the symptoms of anorexia, diarrhea, pyrexia and ataxia at 4th-6th days PI. The viral reisolation in the virus-inoculated piglets was examined from feces. The viruses were recovered intermittently from 2nd to 16th day PI and at 4th-6th day PI, all piglets excreted viruses.
Biochemical Properties and Antimicrobial Drug Susceptibility of Pasteurella haemolytica Isolated from Pneumonic Calves
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 2, 1991, Pages 121~126
The present study was conducted to investigate biochemical properties and antimicrobial drug susceptibilities of 36 strains of Pasteurella haemolytica(P haemolytica) isolated from pneumonic calves in Kyongbuk province during the period from January 1990 to December 1990. P haemolytica was isolated from 36 of 111(32.4%) pneumonic calves of 1 to 6 months of age. The majority of biochemical and cultural properties of P haemolytica isolated from calves were identical to those of the reference strains employed. All isolated were susceptible to baytril, gentamicin, and kanamycin, some of them were resistant to tetracycline, amikacin, streptomycin, and ampicillin.
Studies on E-coli Isolated from Bile Juice of Slaughtered Cattle
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 2, 1991, Pages 127~133
The present study was conducted to investigate the biochemical properties, pathogenicity, antimicrobial test, and serotype of E-coli isolated from slaughtered cattle during the period from March 1991 to May 1991. 1. A total of 12 E-coli isolates were isolated from 132 bile juice of slaughtered cattle. 2. All isolates were resistant to Erythromycin, Cephalothin, Neomycin and Lincomycin while the majority of them were susceptible to Trimethoprimsulfamethoxazol (67%), Chloramphenicol(58％), Gentamicin(58%), Ampicillin(17%), Kanamycin(9%) and Tetracycline (9%). 3. In the test of colicinogenecity and congo-red binding capability, 4(33%) isolates produced colicin, all isolates were congo-red negative. 4. The serotypes of isolated E-coli were identified as 008： K- (2 strain), 015： K- (1 strain), 08： K87： K88ab(1 strain), 0139： Kl2(1 strain), 0147: K89(1 strain), others(6 strains ) were autoagglutination.
Histopathoiogical Findings and Antibody Titers of the Experimental Animals Infected with Aujeszky′s Disease Virus(Korea Isolates)
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 2, 1991, Pages 134~142
We surveyed the antibody titers in the slaughtered pigs by enzyme immunodiffusion method for the epidemiological distribution of Aujeszky's disease in Korea. And also we observed the clinical symptoms, histopathological findings and antibody titers by serologic neutralization test in experimental animals infected with Aujeszky's disease virus(ADV) isolated from Korea. The results of the experiments were summarized as follows. 1. We detected 2 pigs infected with ADV of 1000 in 1990 and 1 of 600 in 1991 by enzyme immunodiffusion method. 2. In histopathological findings of experimental animals inoculated ADV, the typical characteristics of Aujeszky's disease were not observed in pig, but edema and degeneration in the epidermis were observed in rats, vasculoendotheriosis, perivascular cuffing and cellular infiltration in the cerebrum were appeared in rabbits and perivascular cuffing and forcal infiltration of glial cells in the cerebrum were appeared in mice. 3. The increasing antibody titers(1 : 64) in the serological neutralization test were ascertained in 2 carrier pigs inoculated ADV. 4. Rabbits, mice and rats died all about 5 days after inoculation, but pigs and chickens didn't die. 5. In 1 cat and 2 rabbits inoculated with the Aujeszky's disease virus(ADV), the typical clinical findings of Aujeszky's disease were observed in rabbit, but not in cat and so we slaughtered without any signs of Aujeszky's disease.
Isolation of Staphylococcus Aureus from the Tonsils of Healthy Pigs
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 2, 1991, Pages 143~147
Between June and August 1990, the tonsils of 86 healthy pigs were examined for the presence of staphylococci. All of the pigs examined harboured Staphylococci in the tonsils, the most predominant Staphylococcus species was Staphylococcus aureus(45.3%) followed by Staph hyicus subsp chromogenes (20.9%), Staph hyicus subsp hyicus (16.3%), Staph hominis(4.7%), Staph simulans(2.3%) and Staph xylosus(1.2%), Unidentifiable species were isolated from 3(3.5%) of the 86 tonsils examined. Thirty-nine strains of Staph aureus were subjected to the biotyping scheme of Hajek & Marsalek all the strains were classified as biotype B.
Serological Survey of Cattle on Bovine Viral Diarrhea in Young Dong Province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 2, 1991, Pages 148~153
To investigate epidemological sitution of bovine viral diarrhea infection, serological survey in cattle being raised in Young Dong province were conducted. Bovine sera collected ramdomly from August 1990 to December 1990 were tested for bovine viral diarrhea virus serum neutralizing antibody titers. The results were as follows 1. BVDV SN antibody levels were considerably varies and positive rate was 58(108 heads out of 186) 2. BVDV SN antibodies to breeds of cattle was various and positive rates showed that diary cattle, beef, native cattle(Korean) were 67.52%, 59.38%, 27.00％ respectively followed in that order. 3. In the regional prevalence of BVD SN antibodies in cattle, Alpine(92％) was the highest, Young Dong south(59%) middle(44%), and North 30% followed in that order 4. In the age relatated prevalence of BVD SN antibodies, the younger than 6 month old group was the highest 65.7%, and older than 25 month old group was also at 62.2％. Then, 7 to 12 moth old group and 13 to 24 month old group showed to 58.5%, 52.1％ respectively. 5. The geometric mean titer (log2) of 108 cattle serum samples showing positive BVD SN antibodies was 4.3. 6. In the geometric mean titer(log2) according to age, younger than 6 month old group (5.2) was the highest, then 7 to 12 month old group 2.8(SD=1.94 standard deviation) was lowliest.
A Study on the Akabane disease antibody in Chung Buk-Do
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 2, 1991, Pages 154~158
To investigate the Akabane antibody in the cattle with the serological test in Chung Chung Buk Do from May to Nov 1191. The result are summarized as follows. 1. Breed in cattle reacted as positive condition in Akabane antibody 76 heads(42%) in 180 cattles reacted as positive condition in Akabane antibody, 23 heads(51%) in 45 Korea native cattle reacted as positive condition in Akabane antibody. 2. During 5, 9, 10, 11 month, Akabane antibody in cattle is over 45%. 3. Less of 2 years old and over 4 years old cattle are Akabane antibody in cattle is over 40%. 4. The relation of titer of 2 folds of dilution HA and 10 folds of dilution TCID
was same relation.n.
A Field Trial of Norfloxacin on Bovine, Swine and Poultry with Respiratory Diseases and Diarrhea
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 14, issue 2, 1991, Pages 159~174
A field trial of norfloxacin on bovine 206, swine 222 and poultry 205 with respiratory diseases and diarrhea was conducted from Sept 1, 1990 to Jan 30, 1991 in Inchon and Kyonggi-do. The results are as follows. 1. Guinea pigs and rabbits were dosages 10 and 20 times normal. Ten days of observation saw no side effect. 2. Oral treatment on bovine, swine and poultry showed a curing rate of 82.00∼89.06%(Mean 86.00%), compared with 87.27∼96.36%(Mean 92.24%) by Injection. 3. The curing rate was 81.92% by the fourth treatment. 4. The curing rate with and without the use of adjuvant was 80.00∼100% and 83.60∼93. 10%, respectively, for swine, and 81.82∼100% and 82.00∼97.14% for bovine. 5. The curing rate was more dependent on seriousness of illness, environment and time than age. 6. The main disease causing bacteria of bovine respiratory diseases： Haemolytic Sta 27.62%, Haemolytic Str 33.33%, sum of this bacteria is 60.95%, diarrhea: Haemolytic coliform 80.20%, swine respiratory diseases； Haemophilus Spp 20.95%, Haemolytic Sta 72%, Haemolytic Str 21.90%, Sum of these bacteria is 68.57％, diarrhea; Haemolytic coliform 57.26%, poultry respiratory diseases； mycoplasma Spp 29.52%, Haemolytic Sta 13.33％, Sum of this bacteria is 42.85%, diarrhea； Haemolytic coliform 53.00%. 7. The curing rate of norfloxacin by species of strain, the unidentified bacteria on bovine respiratory diseases was the lowest with 77.78％, the others ranged from 84.21％ to 100％ with most of them over 90%. 8. The loss of clinical sign on bovine and swine was the highest when after 2∼4 application. 9. In terms of antibiotic sensitivity test, norfloxacin was the highest with 84.62∼100％ (mean 90.09％) among eight bacterias, only 5 of 15 antibiotics had a sensitivity of over 56.25%, showing a high degree of tolerance.