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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Nov 1994
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 1994
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
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A Sero-epizootiological Study on Bovine Ephemeral Fever, Akabane Disease and Ibaraki Disease in Holstein of Southern Area of ChungNam Province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 17, issue 1, 1994, Pages 1~8
To investigate serum neutralizing antibodies against Bovine ephemeral fever (BEF) virus, Akabane virus and Ibaraki virus in southern area of Chungnam province, Holstein sera were collected from April-May(269 heads /37 farms) and October-November (226 heads /35 farms), 1993. The results were summarized as follows ; 1. Bovine ephemeral fever.-antibody positive rates to BEF virus were 46.1% (124 heads /269 Holstein) in April-May and 53.9%(122 heads /226 Holstein) in October-November. 2. Akabane disease.-antibody positive rates to Akabne virus were 34.2％(92 heads /269 holstein) in April-May and 51.3%(116 heads /226 Holstein) in October-Novermber. 3. Ibaraki disease.-antibody positive rates to Ibaraki virus were 57.6%(155 heads /269 Holstein) in April -May and 38.5%(87 heads /226 Holstein) in October-November.
A Studies on the Akabane Disease Antibody in Incheon Area
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 17, issue 1, 1994, Pages 9~18
Neutralized antibody titer of Akabane disease virus were performed from 810 dairy cows in 45 farming households from May 1992 to December 1993 in Incheon area. The 503 dairy cows at the 21 farming household were conducted from May to December 1992, 307 cows were from January to December 1993 The results obtained are summarized as follows 1. Evaluation of neutralized antibody titer of 810 dairy cows tested during two yews revealed that 68.1% (552 hearts) , during the four year revealed that 69.6% (350 heads), the later year was 65.8%(202 heads ) was more than antibody titer 16. 2. Antibody investigation according to area and years, showed no significant difference in the whole area and both years as 65-73% from 1992, and as 65-70% from 1993 had an antibody titer of above 16 or more. 3. Antibody investigation according to age, showed that 34.4% of cows aged below 2 had a titer of above 16, compared with 80.8% for cows aged above 5. It demonstrated that the younger cows had the lower titer level, and the older the higher. 4. Monthly variation of antibody titer showed that the highest level of antibody titer was observed in September, the lowest was in June. It meant that the best periods of vaccination were April, May, June. 5. The result of epidemidogical study to 40 farming households showed that 35 farms (87.5%) had abortions of which were 14 stillbirths, 5 abnormal births, and 13 farms (32.5%) had vaccination.
Survey on Actually Infected Condition of Aujeszky′s Disease to the Consigned Pigs in Seoul from 1990 to 1993
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 17, issue 1, 1994, Pages 19~24
The porcine Aujeszky's disease was surveyed by Enzyme Immunodiffusion method and serologic neutralization test to the slaughtered pigs at slaughtehouse only in Seoul from March, 1990 to October, 1993. After detecting the positive by enzyme immunodiffusion method primary, we decided finally the positive by serologic neutralization test secondary. Results obtained through the experiments were summarized as followed； 1. The positive of Aujeszky's disease in March, 1990 was 2 of 1,000 sera. 2 positive were decided as the consigned pigs in Kalsan, Hongsung, Chungnaa 2. The positive of Aujezsky's disease in May, 1991 was decided 1 serum at Pogok, Yongin, Kyeonggi. 3. All of the positive detected by Enzyme immunodiffusion Method in 1993 were decided finally in the negative sera. 4. The positive sera detected in 1992 were decided 32 sera at Gyeonggi, 6 at Chungnam, and 1 at Gangwon. Especially, the positive sera percentage detected by Kit Latex Aujeszky Test appeared 78.04% at Gyonggi and by enzyme immunodiffusion Method appeared 11.11% at Chungnam and Gangwon.
Prevalence of Parasite Infection of Swine at the Sawdust Fermentative Pigsty in Chonbuk District
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 17, issue 1, 1994, Pages 25~31
In order to investigate the internal parasitic infection, fecal samples were collected from weaning pig(n=123), porker(n=418) and sow(n=121) in 49 sawdust fermentative pigsty of Chonbuk district. The prevalence and identification of internal parasites were determined by the fecal examination using the floatation and /or sedimentation methods and microscopical examination, respectively. The results were obtained as follows ; 1. The detection rate of parasite - eggs from 662 fecal samples was 86.6%. 2. The infection rate of parasite-egg 96.4% in porker, 76.9% in sow, 62.6% in weaning pig, in order. 3. In the concern of mired infection such as single, double triple and quadraple, the rate was 42.3%, 28.7%, 12.2% and 3.3%, respectively. 4. Ten kinds of the detected eggs were isolated from 662 fecal samples. They were classified as Balantidium coli (63.6%), Trichuris suis(24.8%), isospora spp.(23.5%), Oesoohangostomum spp.(17.8%), Ascaris suum(11.8%), Hyostronylus rubiddus (2.8%), strongyloides spp. (1.7%), Gnathostoma spp. (1.5%), Stephanurus dentatus(1.3%) and Metastrongylus spp. (0.7%), in order.
A Studies on Toxoplasmosis Antibody from Slaughtered Pigs and Cattle
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 17, issue 1, 1994, Pages 32~36
This study was carried out to investigate antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii by Latex agglutination test from 101 slaugutered pigs and 109 cattle. In the species, 5(4.6%) out of 109 cattle and 4(4.0%) out of 101 pigs were seropositive for Toxoplasma gondii.
Study on Infection of Theileria Sergenti in Neonatal Calves
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 17, issue 1, 1994, Pages 37~43
The rate of 58 neonatal calves in infection of Theileria sergenti was investigated in random samples on the farms located in Kyunggi, Chonbuk districts of Korea. 1. The criteria used in veryfying infection with T. sergenti included the detection of parasites by giemsa stain and acridine orange stain in the blood smear slides. 2. Further evidence of current or previous exposure to T. sergenti was based on demonstration of T. sergenti specific antibody and antigen by the western immunoblot and the directed immunofluorescent antibody test in the peripherial blood of the calves. 3. The prevalence rates were 35%, 50% in Kyunggi, Chonbuk provinces respectively and the overall prevalence in all the farms was 43.2％ by means of acridine orange stain. 4. The parasites that were observed in the peripherial blood of calves was showen surely by the western immunoblot to the characteristic 34KD antigen among the proteins of T. sergenti (Korean isolate). 5. And the antigen of the neonatal calves reacted at the very highest titer(1 : 2, 560) 6. These data highlight the significances of T. sergenti in the neonatal calf disease in Korea.
Studies on Anticoccidial Drug Sensitivity and Infection of the Coccidia against Broiler Chicks of Farms in the North Area of Kyongbuk Province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 17, issue 1, 1994, Pages 44~53
The result that investigated aberage weekly oocyst nymbers in faeces from 16 broiler farms, Oocyst can be found in the highest during the 5 weeks age. The 3 of the 16 farms have clinical sign of the coccidiosis at the faeces collection. Anticoccidial drug sensitivity against Oocyst isolated in 2 farms to have clinical coccidiosis was tested for the drug susceptibility and resistance in order to prevention coccidiosis effectively. Maduramicin, Salynomicif Narasin Lasalocid, Monensin, Robenidine and Dicrazulir were used an anticoccidial drugs. The results ; Anticoccidial index(ACI) of the A farm were 201.50 in a chicken group treated with Dicrazulir, 194.84 with Robenidine. 172.79 with Maduramicin 6ppm 170.49 with Salynomicin, 168.02 with maduramicin 5ppm 165.77 with Lasalocid, 143.34 with Monensin and 140.63 with Narasin. ACI of the B farm were 193.40 in a chicken group treated Robenidine, 190.64 with Dicrazuril, 158.75 with Maduramic in 6ppm, 151.62 with Maduramicin 5ppm, 149.44 with Salynomicin, 143.10 with lasalocid, 138.11 with Monensin and 137.50 with Narasin. According to interpretation of ACI from Kawasae et al, the drug resistance(less than 120 of ACI) not appeared in two farms, vut the drug tolerance(120-160 of ACI) appeared in two group treated with Monesin and Nalacin in csae of A farm and in all group with treated anticoccidial drug in case of B farm.
A Studies on the Epidemiology of Caprine Anaplasmosis in Korea II. Therapy with Long Acting Terramycin
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 17, issue 1, 1994, Pages 54~60
Anaplasmosis is a tick-borne disease mainly of cattle, sheep, and goats. Anaplasmosis in goat had been reported at last year by authors. The disease brought the economic losses in the goat farm in Chonbuk province. In order to treat the disease, a long-acting formulation terramycin injectable solution was used experimental animals which indigenous goats were sick with moderate anemia. We were devided into two groups was treated with single dosage (20mg /kg of body weight). one group was treated with single injection, the other group was treated with twice of the same dosage intramusculary injection. The results indicate that the use of long-acting terramycin would minimize clinical signs of anaplasmosis infection in goat. After treament the differrences of hematological appearences and parasitaemia were observed in the effect of terramycin treatment. obviously, increased value of RBC. HB and HCT, and parasitaemia by means of Giemsa staining and acrydine orange staining was observed decreased due to treatment.
Survey on Microbiral Incidence of Meats in Slaughtered Cattles and Pigs
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 17, issue 1, 1994, Pages 61~66
Microbiological culture was conducted in the meat surface of cattles and pigs that was slaughtered in the Chung -Ju area and the result are as follows : 1. The number of bacteria in antemortem meat surface was higher ten times in March and ten to one thousand times in June to August compared with postmortem meat surface. 2. Microbes isolated in the meat surface, at the time of slaughter, was Stahylococcus spp., E. coli, Fungus and Streptococcus spp. 3. Bacteria was isolated in every parts of meat surface regardless to their location and many Fungus was isolated during summer.
Immunohistochemical and Pathological Findings im Mice Inoculated with Encephalomyocarditis Virus
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 17, issue 1, 1994, Pages 67~80
8-10 week old ICR mice were infected intracerebrally and intraperitoneally with different encephalomyocarditis virus(K
, ATT-VR 129) to observe histopathological and immunohistochemical change. Results obtained throuh the experiments were summarized as follows : 1. No differences in clinical signs by the virus strains and the inoculation routes were found. Mice infected with EMCV showed clinical signs after 3 days of inoculation. Main clinical signs were tremors, convulsions, circling movement, and uni or bilateral hindleg paralysis followed by death on the 3-8 days. In general, most of the infected animals died or recovered closely on the 8th day of postinoculation. 2. At necropsy, petechial and ecchymotic hemorrhages in lung were observed and no specific findings in other were observed. 3. In histopathological observation, neuroal cell degeneration perivascular mononucear cell in-filtration gliosis were appeared in central nervous system. Myocarditis with myocardial degeneration and necrosis, calcification were observed along with acinar cell necrosis of exocrine glands in pancreas, severe glomerulonephritis in kidney. Also, focal necrosis of hepatocytes and interstitial pneymonia hyperemia, hemorrhages in lungs were observed. 4. By immunohistochemical staining using ABCIT method, the positive cells were recognized in intracytoplasm of acinar cell in pancreas and intracytoplasm of neuronal cells in cerebrum.