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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Dec 1995
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 1995
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Apr 1995
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The incidence of Enzootic pneumonia(Mycoplasma hyopneumonia) of pigs slaughtered in Southern Kangwon area
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 18, issue 2, 1995, Pages 103~112
Seasonal incident rates were examined from the 981 pigs slaushtered in southern Kang-won and distribution of lesions and histopathological examination were conducted from 231 Enzootic pneumonia affected lungs. The results obtained were summarized as follows： 1. 39.7∼50.2% of 981 slaughtered pigs showed pneumonia lesions without seasonal variation and the incidence rate of Enzootic pneumonia was 23.5% 2. The distribution of Lesions of Enzootic pneumonia lobes was observed. The right lobes were affected more frequently than the left, and the highest frequency of 79.7% being recorded in the right cardiac lobe followed by the left cardiac, right apical, intermediate, left apical, right diaphrogmatic and diaphrogmatic. 3. In histopatological observation lung lobes were forming Iymphonodulus from perivascular, peribronchiolar Iymphoid hyerplasia and it was remarkable to bronchostenosis.
Prevalent Characteristics of Fowl Typhoid and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Salmonella gallinarum
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 18, issue 2, 1995, Pages 113~123
The present study was conducted to investigate the prevalent characteristics of Fowl Typhoid and antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella gallinarum isolated from 56 infective or dead chickens of 20 egg laying farms in Kyung Buk province during the period from August to December 1994. 1. Among 416, 000 chickens of 92 flocks in 20 egg laying farms, 17, 360 chickens of 31 flocks were died of Fowl Typhoid. 2. Salmonella gallinarum was isolated from 56 chickens in liver and spleen, and then blood of infective chickens was positive to Pullorum antigen. 3, In the survey of gross lesion of 56 chickens, 43 chickens(76.8%) were swelled at liver, 39(69.6%) were swelled at spleen, 12(21.4%) were changed with bronze, 3(5.4% ) were hemorrhagic in peritoneal cavity. 4. In transmission pattern, 4 farms were outbreaked the entrance of chicken house at first, but the others were outbreaked at various place. They were transmitted at right and left directions in flock. 5. 2 farms confirmed at the early stage of infection were eradicated by removing infective chickens and administrating antibiotics, but 18 farms at chronic stage were not. 6. The biochemical properties of 112 Salmonella gallinarum from chickens were generally identical to those of the referance, but H
S was not productive, cellobiose was fermentive. 7 Minimum inhibitory concentration(MIC) of 20 isolates was performed by using 21 antibiotics, MICs of Amikacin(Ak), Gentamicin(Gm), Kanamycin(Km), and Tetracycline (Tc) were below 1.6 ug/ml, Ampicillin(Am), Furazolidone(Fu) and Neomycin(Nm) were below 3.1 ug/ml, Cephalothin(Ce), Cefazoline(Cf) and Chloramphenicol(Cm) were below 6.3 ug/ml, Nalidixic acid(Na), Polymyxin(Po) and Rifampicin(Rf) were below 12.5 ug/ml, Penicillin (Pm) was below 25 ug/ml, Colistin(Co) and Streptomycin(Sm) were below 50 ug/ml, Sulfamerazine(Sr) and Sulfamethazine (St) were below 200 ug/ml, Lincomycin(Lm) and Spiramycin(Sp) were below 400 ug/ml, Bacitracin(Ba) was below 800 ug/ml. 8. Among the 20 isolates, all(100%) of those were sensitive to Ak, Am, Ce, Cf, Cm, Fu, Gm, Km, Na, Nm, Po, Rf, Sr, St and Tc, but 6 isolates(30%) were resistent to Co, 20(100% ) to Ba, Lm, Pm, Sm, and Sp. The drug resistance patterns were simple which 6 strains were BaCoLmPmSmSp type, and 14 were BaLmPmSmSp type.
Isolation and Biochemical Properties of Pasteurella multocida from the pneumonic lungs of swine in Cheju
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 18, issue 2, 1995, Pages 124~132
The present study was conducted to investigate the incidence of Pasteurella multocida infection in cheju swine from March 1994 to December 1994 isolated organisms were identified by the biochemical properties, cellulose serological type and antibiotic susceptibilities. Pasteurella multocida was isolated from the Lungs of 96 pigs with pneumonia(51 %) among 188 slaughtered pigs. The majority of p multocida isolates were identical to those of the standard strains. On the classification of the capsular type of the isolated p multocida it consist of the 88 isolates of type A(91.6%) 2 isolates of type D (2%) and un classified 6 types(6.2%). The majority of the 96 isolates of p multocida highly susceptible to the antibiotics including ampicillin(Am), cephalotin(Ce), erythromycin(Em), gentamycin(Gm), kanamycin(Km), lincomycin(Lm), neomycin(Nm), penicillin(Pc), streptomycin(Sm), solfametoxazol/trimethoprim(Sxt) and tetracycline(Te)
Studies on the properties of Bordetella bronchiseptica isolated from the pig herds in Western Chungnam
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 18, issue 2, 1995, Pages 133~151
During 2 years from Octorber 1992 to April 1994, prevalence of general respiratory diseases and atrophic rhinitis in the pig herds located in the Western Chungnam was investigated, and isolation of B. bronchiseptica was attempted for the pigs manifested with the clinical signs of atrophic rhinitis(AR). The isolates were characterized and identified in aspects of biochemical properties, antigenicity, drug sensitivity and pathogenicity. The results obtained through the experiments are summarized as follows; 1. During 2 years of investigation, the overall prevalence of the general respiratory diseases in the pi8 herds in Western Chungnam was 35.3%, consisting of 35.1% in the pig farms and 38.8% in a slaughter house. The prevalence by age groups accounts for 9.2% in adults, 44.7% in rearings and 25.3% in sucklings. By farm size, The highest prevalence of 56.5% was observed in the smallest farm with 1 to 200 heads. 2. The prevalence of clinical cases of artrophic rhinitis was recorded by 12.7% in the group that is the sows and piglets vaccinated, 28.9% in the group that is the sows only vaccinated and 39.8% in the group of the non-vaccinated groups. In the slaughter house, 53(24.8%) of 214 pigs examined exhibit the AR lesions. 3. A total of 189 strains of B. bronchiseptica were isolated from the pig herds. Isolation rates were 12.6% in the group that is the sows and piglets vaccinated, 34.1% in the group that is the sows only vaccinated and 45.7% in the group of the non-vaccinated groups. Isolation rate in the specimen from the slaughter house was 93( 43.5% ) of 214 pigs examined. Of the AR-non-vaccinated group, the piglets aged bet- ween 61 to 90 days revealed the highest isolation rate of 58.5%. 4. The titers of antibody against B. bronchiseptica were measured by tube agglutination test. The group that is the sow and piglet-vaccinated showed the highest titer of 640-2, 560 in sow and 640longrightarrow5, 120 in piglet. The group that is the sows only-vaccinated revealed 640-2, 560 in sows and 640-1, 280 in piglets. Both of the vaccinated groups showed 100% positive reaction. The group of the non-vaccinated sho-wed relatively lower titer of 0-1, 280 in both of sows and piglets. The positive rate of the sera obtained from the slaughter house was 53.3% with the antibody titer of 0-1, 280. 5. Biochemical and serological properities of 189 isolates were very similar to those of the reference B. bronchiseptical phase I type, indicating that most of isolates are B. bronchiseptica phase I type. 6. In antimicrobial drug susceptibility, 87.3% of 189 isolates was susceptible to chloramphenicol, 79.9%, to amikacin, 64.6%, to cephalothin and less than 35.4% to others. 7. In agar-gel immunodiffusion and SDS-PAGE analysis, the isolates presented the identical antigenicity and protein profiles to the reference standard strains. 8. The whole cells and bacterial filtrates of the isolates were inoculated to guinea pigs and mice. The isolates showed the hish pathogenicity and dermonecrotoxiciy.
Prevalence of Cryptosporidium baileyi Infection of Chickens In South Kyeonggi Area
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 18, issue 2, 1995, Pages 152~157
A total of 1050 layer and broiler chickens from 63 flocks of 21 poultry farms in South-Kyeonggi area, aged from 1 to 18 weeks, were investigated for the prevalence of Cryptosporidium baileyi infection from May 1992 to March 1993. The results have shown that 44 chickens(4.19%) were infected with C.(baileyi during the period of investigation) Fecal samples were treated by using Sheather's flotating technique and were examined under the light and phase contrast microscopy and then stained by Kinyoun method. Cryptosporidium oocysts were found in 35 out of 650 broilers(5.4%) and 9 out of 400 layer chickens(2.3%) aged mainly from 2 to 12 weeks. The regional infection rate were 4.7% in Pyeong-taek, 5.1% in An-sung and 2.3% in Yong-in, respectively. The average size of isolated oocyst was about
and the oocysts were orally inoculated into 2-day-old SPF chickens for the histological examination of oocyst in bursa of Fabricius. The study has concluded that C. baileyi infects chickens and oocysts were isolated in South-Kyeonggi area.
Prevalence of Fascioliasis and changes in blood components in slaughtered Korean native cattle of North Kyeongnam area
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 18, issue 2, 1995, Pages 158~162
An abattoir survey was carried out on 300 Korean native cattles reared and slaughtered in North Kyeongnam area to determine the prevalence of Fasciola hepatica infections. The average prevalence of fascioliasis was 46.4% ; the infection rate had a tendency to increase with age. Some hematological and biochemical indices were assayed in Korean native cattle naturally harbouring Fasciola hepatica infection and compared with uninfection control. Affected animal revealed reduction total erythrocyte count and hemoglobin, which was consistent in total leucocyte count and packed cell volume. Infected cattle had lower level of serum total protein and albumin, was consistent serum calcium and glucose indices, had higher levels of SGOT, SGPT and cholesterol indices.
A study on improvement of 2. 3. 5-Triphenyl Tetrazolium Chloride(TTC) reduction test : disc plate method
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 18, issue 2, 1995, Pages 163~176
Triphenyl Tetrazolium Chloride(TCC) reduction test is simple and sensitive to some residual antibiotics (especially to penicillin) in milk, but comparatively insensible to sulfo-namides. The volumn of sample is also large. Thus this study was undertaken to increase the detectable level of sulfonamides in raw milk. In this study, we used small transparent plastic hole and pulp disc instead of 10m1 test tube and made test medium in which was added 0.08%TTC, 0.3% agar, 10% skim milk, approximately
CFU/ml streptococcus thermophilus and 5ppm Trimethoprim to enhance the sensitivity for sulfonamides The results of TCC reduction test by disc plate method were summarized as follows : 1. sensitivity to residual sulfonamides were much higher than official TCC reduction test. Detectable limites of sulfamethazine, sulfamerazine, sulfathiazole, sulfachloropy-ridazine, sulfadimethoxine, sulfamononethoxine, sulfadiazine and sulfaquinoxaline were 0.1-0.5ppm levels. 2. Detectable limites to some antibiotics were simillar or good than that of official method as 0.005-0.1ppm to three
-lactams, 0.25-0.5ppm to one macrolide, 2-10ppm to three aminoglycosides, 0.2-0.5ppm to three tetracycline, 0.1-0.5ppm to chloramphenicol. 3. Only 0.1ml of milk was needed to test and the test medium could be stored appnoximatly 7days in the refrigerator. So test procedure was convenient than offcial method. 4. These results suggest that disc plate method is more useful to detect bacterial growth inhibition substances including sulfonamides in raw milk.
Control of Parturition Time on Pig III. Effect of Histamine on Uterine smooth muscle motility
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 18, issue 2, 1995, Pages 177~181
The effects of histamine were investigated on the uterine smooth muscle motility in the pig. The results were summarized as fellows : 1. Histamine caused the contraction of the porcine uterine smooth muscle and the contractile responses increased between the concetration of histamine
M with a dose-dependent manner. 2. The contractile response Induced by histamine (
M) was completely blocked by pretrevatment with
-histaminergic receptor blocker, pyrilamine(
M) 3. The contractile response induced by histamine(
M) was increased by pretreatment with
-histaminergic receptor blocker, cimetidine(
M) From these results, it was concluded that the effects of uterine smooth muscle by histamine were the contraction mediated by
-histaminergic receptor and the relaxation mediated by
-histaminergic receptor in pig.
Study on the hemodynamics in cows with naturally mastitis
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 18, issue 2, 1995, Pages 182~188
Hemodynamic values were assessed in cows with naturally mastatis. hemodynamic tests included WBC, RBC, PCV, Hemoglobin, Monocyte, Eosinophil, Neutrophil, Lymphocyte, and prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time, fibrinogen, platelet, antithrombin-III, and plasminogen activities. Significant changes were observed in the mean values of most analytses : WBC, monocytes, eosinophil, neutrophil were increased and Iymphocyte were decreased. prothrombin time was increased： activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time. increased : activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time, fibrinogen concentration, plasminogen activity and platelet concentration were decreased : and RBC, PCV, hemoglobin and antithrombin-III activity were unchanged, compared with normal mean values. Thesse data indicated activation of hemodynamic mechanisms, initiated either directly by bacteria produced endotoxin of secondaly inflammatory mediators produced in response to caused bacteria and naturally acquired mastitis was very similar to the experimental endotoxin-induced mastitis.