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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Min-Hee Cho / Hee-Joung Song
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Oct 1998
Volume 21, Issue 2 - May 1998
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Apr 1998
Selecting the target year
Seroepizootiological survey on bovine leukosis of dairy cattle in Kyunggi province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 255~260
Since bovine leukosis caused considerable economic loss to the dairy industry, seroepidemiologi-cal survey on bovine leukosis was carried out for the dairy herds in Kyunggi province. 1. When compared the results of immunodifussion test with those of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) for 94 dairy herds sera, the relationship between the immunodifussion test and ELISA were showen high corresponding rate with sensitivity(97.5%) and specificity(92.6%). 2. In immunodiffusion test for bovine leukosis virus (BLV) antibody in 570 dairy cattle from 30 herds, mean positive rate for BLV antibody was 28.2%. The positive rate by districts were 16.5% in central, 35.4% in east, 17.3% in west, 29.1% in south, 31.6% in north, 43.7% in northeast. 3. When the results of serological studies was analyzed by age groups, the number of positive was increased gradually with the advanced in age of herds. The highest positive rate was found in the age over 6 years. 4. Of 30 dairy herds examined, 5 herds(16.7%) have no reactions against BLV antigen while 15 herds (50%) showed the range of 1∼5 positive cattle and 5 herds(16.7%), the rang of over 11 positive cattle.
A study on determination of novobiocin residues in milk by high performance liquid chromatography
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 261~266
A method for the determination of noboviocin in milk was presented by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). The novobiocin in the spiked sample was extracted with methanol and evaporated under vacuum. After evaporating, the residue was mixed with distilled water for 2
, filtrates with 0.45
acrodisc was injected into HPLC. The results obtained were as follows ; 1. The calibration curve of novobiocin was showed constantly linear(r 0.999) in the range of 100~500ng/
. 2. The mean recovery rate of novobiocin from the spiked milk sample were 88~98%. 3. The coefficients of variation were 2.6~5.8% 4. The lowest detectable limit of novobiocin was 25ppb.
Effects of Transforming Growth Factor
on In-vitro Maturation of Porcine Oocytes
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 267~275
Changes of maternal antibodies in broilers vaccinated with infectious bronchitis, infectious bursal disease and Newcastle disease viruses detected by ELISA
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 277~284
Serum samples were collected from 100 breeders and their progeny 600 broilers. The breeders and broilers were vaccinated against infectious bronchitis(IB), infectious bursal disease(IBD) and Newcastle disease(ND) viruses according to general vaccination program. The antibodies in serum samples against IB, IBD and ND viruses were detected by ELISA using commercial ELISA kit. Geometric mean titer(GMT) of ELISA was monitored from 1-day-old to 35-day-old broilers and compared to that of breeder chickens. The GMT of ELISA to IB, IBD and ND was declined half level of the day old broiler's antibody titers at about 4, 9 and 4 days of age. The GMT of ELISA to IB, IBD and ND was declined than that of protective antibody titer at about 12, 11, and 15 days of age. Thereafter, the GMT of ELISA to IB, ND were declined and disappeared according to age of broilers. The GMT of ELISA to IBD was declined according to age of broilers, but at 25 days of age increased and 31 days of age increased than that of protective antibody titer. Taken together, these studies led to conclusion that time-course of antibody titers of broilers from vaccinated breeders and that of progeny broliers which vaccinated according to vaccine program. Those are very important data to design vaccine program to breeders and broilers.
Analytical studies of bovine mastitis management by standard plate counts(SPC) and somatic cell counts(SCC)
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 285~300
1. The number of average milking cows, clinical forms of mastitis, mastitis-developing cows, and cows killed by mastitis a year were 25.7, 1.8(7%), 6.3(26%), and 2.7(10.1%)heads, respectively. The annual grade changes of standard plate counts(SPC) and somatic cell counts(SCC) showed the grade 1A of SPC diminished sharply from April to August, we think it was due to the lack of proper management in farming season and the grade 3 of SCC indirectly influenced increased in huge during August. 2. The average number of parturitions of farms was 2.3, but 50% of below 1 parturition were 22 farms(31%), 50% of above 3 parturitions were 16(23%) out of 71 farms. According to grades of the number of parturitions of milking cows per each farm, the farms' grades recording 3 parturitions and 50% were little bit excellent. 3. The actual situation research of foremilking CMT revealed 35 out of 74 farmer didn't do CMT Among them(35 out of 74 farmers), 80% did not test thanks to the troublesome process of the CMT. SCC grade 3, among farms who did foremilking CMT once or twice a month and who did not were 29% and 40% respectively and SPC grade 1A were 55% and 9%, respectively. 4. The research of actual situation on milking management let us know 29 farms(39%) did not do lastmilking, 37 farms(49%) usually did overmilking, and 34 farms(46%) did milking for 4 or 5 minutes. Grades according to average requiring times of milking showed SCC grade 1 of farms milking within 7 minutes was 11% and SPC grade 1A was 34%, on the other side, farms milking more than 7 minutes were 0% in SCC grade 1 and 13% in SPC grade 1A. Grades according to the starting time of milking after rubbing teats showed SPC grade 1A of farms starting milking at about 1 minute and over 2 minutes were 50% and 20%, respectively. 5. The research of actual situation on hygienic milking management uncovered 65 farms(88%) were using one towel which was used in washing teats and udders to wash more than 3 to 4 cows, and 53 farms(72%) were using one dried towel to dry udders not for each cow but for more than 3 to 4 cows after washing. Also, on milking turns disclosed 30 farms(40%) were milking cows in the order of incoming without isolation of a dominant group. According to grades of towels used in washing teats and udders, farms using a towel for each cow were 56% and a towel for over 3 cows were 31% in SPC grade 1A. According to using-or-not grades of dried towels after washing udders, farms using a towel for each cow were 79% and a towel for over 3 cows were 21% in SPC grade 1A. 6. Farms doing teat-dipping before milking were 7(10%), not doing teat-dipping after milking, or doing sometimes were 9(12%), and doing right after milking were 57(77%). And farms doing teat-dipping after dry cows and before delivery were 21(28a ). Farms using bethadine as an antiseptic solution were 70(95%), 40 farms(59%) diluted it with water as weak as 5 to 10 times, and on drying cows 64 farms(87%) slowly did it more than 2 days. Grade 1A of SPC of farms doing teat-dipping at every milking was 38%, farms doing occasionally or not was 33%, and farms doing it right after milking was 37% and doing after milking more than 5 cows was 20%. Grade 1A of SPC among farms diluting bethadine 5 times and diluting 5 to 10 times with water were 36% and 33%, respectively, and Grade 3 of SCC were 35% and 32%, respectively. 7. Studies on nonlactating period medical treatment, as the cows were on dry, 54 farms treated with their own hands.73 farms(98%) had bovine mastitis treated for themselves. And on applying medicines against mastitis, 55 farmers chose them on the basis of their own experience, 42 farms(57%) were treated more than 3 days. 41 farms(55%) dumped away the mastitis infected milk separately, 24 farms(32%) were feeding and milking at the same time. 8. Fifty-six farms(76%) always washed and disinfected milking machines after milking. Farms using the milking machines at low, or variable vacuum pressures, or at the vacuum pressure, set at the moment of its installation were 31(42%), and farms that did not know pulsation ratio were 27(37%). Farms changing liners when they were torn 8(11%), 58 farms(78%) said they checked milking system when there were wrong with them, 31 farms(42%) changed milking hoses when they found out problems, and 42 farms(57%) cleaned vacuum and milking systems when they felt dirty. The SPC grade 1A of farms washing and sterilizing milking machines was 38% and farms only washing was 28%.
Species identification and antibiotics susceptibility of Staphylococci isolated from bovine mastitic milk and several animals in Kyungbuk province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 301~311
This study was carried out species identification and antibiotics susceptibility of Staphylococci Isolated from bovine mastitic milk, chicks, Korean indigenous goats, pigs and mice in northern area of Kyungbuk. The result were summarized as follows ; A total of 71 Staphylococci were Isolated from bovine mastitic milk, chicken, pig, Korean indigenous goat and mouse. The results of identification of 71 Staphylococci revealed that S. aureus was most important pathogen in animals tested. Of 39 Staphylococci from bovine mastitic milk, 16 of 39 isolates (41%) were S. aureus and 9 of 39 isolates (23% ) were S. hyicus subsp chromogens. The results of susceptibility test to 16 antibiotics revealed that 91.5% of all isolates were resistant to more than 1 antibiotic and resistance to penicillin was most high (76.1%), All Isolates were susceptible to vancomycin.
Studies on serological tests for pullorum disease
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 21, issue 3, 1998, Pages 313~323
In order to establish a sensitive and specific diagnostic method for detection of antibody to Salmonella pullorum, a enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was designed and standardized. The diagnostic efficacy of the established ELISA was compared with that of the serum plate agglutination test and immunodiffusion test for pullorum disease. 1. The chicken hyperimmune sera to Salmonella pullorum, S gallinarum, S typhimurium and S typhi were shown the cross reaction to S pullorum antigen by serum plate agglutination test. 2. When compared the cross reaction titer of microplate agglutination test for chickens hyperimmune sera, it was found that the titer were 64 in S pullorum, 32 in S gallinarum, 4 in S typhimurium and 8 in S typhi, respectively. 3. When compared the specificity of various antigen(HA, EA, PA and SA) by the immunodiffusion test, the most suitable antigen was phenol-treated bactrium. 4. The optimal concentration of S pullorum antigen for ELISA was 1 : 160 dilution of bacterium. 5. The efficacy of the ELISA for detection of S pullorum antibody was compared with serum Plate agglutination test and immunodiffusion test in chickens infected with S pullorum. The antibody was first detected at 6 days after infection using three tests examined. The antibody was alldetected at 9 days by ELISA, at 12 days by serumplate agglutination test, at 15 days by immunodiffusion test.