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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Oct 1999
Volume 22, Issue 2 - May 1999
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Apr 1999
Selecting the target year
Comparison of residual antibiotics in slaughtered cattle in Seoul
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 22, issue 2, 1999, Pages 105~111
This survey was carried out to detect the residual antibiotics in muscles of slaughter cattle from slaughter houses in Seoul from 1991 to 1998 using by EEC-4-plate method. The results were summarized as follows ; 1. Residual materials were detected in 402 samples(3.12%) by EEC-4-plate method. The detection ratios were highest in 1995 (9.51%), autumn (39.8%), Kyeonggi province (54.2%), Holestain(60.4%) and male(50.7%). 2. Residual antibiotics for 18 samples were classified as TCs(72.2%), sulfonamides(38.8% ) and
-lactams(5.5%) by HPLC 3. The residual concentration of oxytetracycline, sulfonamide and
-lactams were 0.34~15.93ppm, 0.17~1.18ppm and 0.06ppm, respectively.
Ostrich chick fading syndrome(OCFS) caused by bacterial infection of farmed ostrich chicks
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 22, issue 2, 1999, Pages 113~119
The most common cause of death is ostrich chick fading syndrome(OCFS), which is due to bacterial infection during artificial incubation and hatching. Six farmed ostrich chicks aged 3 and 10 days in Chonbuk province, were submitted to Chonbuk Livestock Development and Research Institute for necropsy, Clinically, birds showed hair loss, ocular exudate, lethargy, diarrhea, and subsequently died 3-5 days after onset of clinical signs. Grossly, umbilicus was enlarged. White-yellowish purulent nodules were scattered on the lung and the membrane of air-sac was thickened and had inflamed exudate on the surface in two chicks that died 3 days after hatching. In 10 days-old chick, intestine was shown rodding segmentally. Yolk sac was still retarded and its surface was partially hemorrahgic. The synovial fluid of the leg was yellowish. Microscopically, multifocal purulent exudates were scattered on the lung. Capillary microthrombi in the glomerulus were prominent and tubular epithelia were necrotic. Necrotic hepatocytes were scattered and intestine were congested. Microbiologically, Pseudomonas sp and/or E coli were isolated from air-sac, lung and/or liver. This case suggests that poor hygiene during artificial incubation, hatching or in the first week after hatching may cause high mortality of the ostrich chicks.
An abattoir survey of incidence of pneumonia in slaughter pigs and an investigation of microbiology of affected lungs
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 22, issue 2, 1999, Pages 121~128
The present study was conducted to investigate the incidence of pneumonic lesions with special regard to enzootic pneumonia and the microbiology of pneumoic lungs from 544 slaughter pigs during the period from October 1995 to September 1996. The incidence of enzootic pneumonic lesion was 76.3% (41s/s44) and pleurisy was detected from 7.9% of slaughter pigs. Seasonal prevalence of pneumonic lesions in slaughter pigs were in order of prevalence of 82.9% in spring, 76.8% in winter, 74.8% in autumn and 69.0% in summer, respectively. Pasteurella multocida, Streptococcus sp, Str suis, Corynebacterium sp, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Hemophilus parasuis, and Klebsiella pneumoniae were detected in order of prevalence from 16.9%, 15.9%, 7.5%, 6.0%, 1.4%, 1.0% and 0.5% of 415 pneumonic lungs, respectively. P multocida were susceptible to oxytetracycline, polymyxin-B, streptomycin, and vancomycin, while the majority of them were resistant to amoxicillin, ampicillin, cephalothin, kanamycin, and penicillin-G. Str suis were susceptible to amoxicillin, ampicillin, cephalothin, penicillin-G, although the majority of them were resistant to erythromycin, oxytetracycline, streptomycin, vancomycin. A pleuropneumoniae were susceptible to ampicillin, and cephalothin, but the majority of them were resistant to oxytetracycline.
Effects of several suspending media on behavior of Toxoplasma gondii
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 22, issue 2, 1999, Pages 129~134
A preservation test of Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites for considerable time was tried to obtain simple and economical methods using various suspending media at
rather than serial passage of the parasite in mice. The preservation period was a term that the tachyzoites were detected from the peritoneal fluid of mice after inoculation of 2
organisms preserved according to the lapse of time. The numbers of tachyzoite per 1
of the peritoneal fluid with 2
of the saline solution taken in 4days after inoculation were presented as percentage in proportion to the control. The numbers. of tachyzoite per 1
of the peritoneal fluid of the control were consisted of the average number of the tachyzoites of 10 mice inoculated with 2
organisms by serial mouse passage. The tachyzoites could be preserved for 26 days in the suspending medium of saline solution at
Ringer's solution for 18 days, Hank's solution for 28 days, and egg-glycerine solution for 50 days.
Changes on function and morphology of liver in carcinogen-induced hepatoma rats (II. Changes on morphology of liver)
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 22, issue 2, 1999, Pages 135~149
This study was concerned with assessment of dietynitrosamine (DEN) induced liver cell carcinogenesis by measurement of changes preceding the development of neoplasms. The changes of hepatic morphology in rats(Sprague-Dawley) were detected by hematoxylin-eosin stain and immunohistochemistry(PCNA). The results were as follows ; 1. Minor behavioral change, brittleness of hair and decreased amount of water and diet intake. were observed in rats 7 weeks after DEN administration. 2. Variable size of liver tumor and hepatomegaly were observed in rats treated with DEN after 10 weeks. 3. Numerous vacuoles were showed on the midzonal and or peripheral areas of hepatic lobules. The large and polymorphological hepatocytes with eosinophilic cytoplasm or densely basophilic mitotic nucleoli were showed. 4. Several proliferative small round cells were shown on vacuolated and necrotic areas in peripheral hepatic lobules or portal areas. 5. PCNA-positive cells were showed on the vacuolated portal areas and peripheral areas of hepatic lobules. Maximal positivity was 23.6% in the areas of small round cells. In conclusion, this result confirmed that the DEN was one of the potent hepatocarcinogens. In histopathological analysis, the altered foci, hyperplastic nodules, neoplastic nodules, adenomas and carcinomas were observed in liver tumors induced by administration of DEN in rats.
The change of the population of Clostridium perfringens isolated from intestinal contents in slaughter cattle
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 22, issue 2, 1999, Pages 151~158
This study was conducted to investigate the biochemical characteristics, the population and antibiotic susceptibility test of Clostridium perfringens isolated from intestinal contents of slaughter cattle in Kyung-ju and Po-hang. 1. In slaughter cattle Cl perfringens were isolated from intestinal contents of 51 of 101 cases(50.4%) and the population were
cfu/ml of 44 cases(86.3%). 2. In antibiotic susceptibility test, ampicillin, bacitracin, cephalothin, penicillin polymyxin B were highly susceptible, ohloramphenicol, erythromycin, tetracycline were lowly susceptible, gentamicin, kanamycin, amikacin, streptomycin, sulfamethoxine, sulfamethazine were resistant. 3. In leaving test intestinal contents leaved for 0, 4, 8, 16, 32 hours in room temperature and population of Cl perfringens were gradually increased.
A serological survey on large outbreak of bovine brucellosis in dairy farm
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 22, issue 2, 1999, Pages 159~167
This survey was conducted for the serological confirmation on large outbreak of bovine brucellosis in two dairy farms. Serological tests were performed by the plate agglutination test, tube agglutination test, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), complement fixation, ,test(CFT) and rose bengal plate test(RBPT). Total 200 heads(134 heads in farm A and 66 heads in farm B) were tested. The primigravida and positive group have been raised separately in the farm A and both group have been raised together in the farm B.. The result were summarized as follows ; 1. Positive ratios in positive herds of farms by the tube agglutination test were 68.3% in farm A and 53.2% in farm B. 2. Seroconversion to brucella was observed in the primigravidas group in farm B, but was not observed in the primigravidas group in farm A. 3. All calves born in positive herd were serologically negative at time of test. 4. Positive ratio of ELISA in farm A was higher than that of tube agglutination test. 5. Number of positive reactors by the CFT, RBPT in farm A were equal to those of tube agglutination test.