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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Nov 2000
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
A study on simultaneous determination of residual penicillin G and chloramphenicol in livestock products by high performance liquid chromatography
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~8
This study was carried out to simultaneous determination of penicillin G and chloramphenicol in livestock products by HPLC. The results obstained were as follows; 1. Penicillin G and chloramphenicol were analyzed by HPLC on symmetry
column with acetonitrile-0.1 M phosphate buffer containing 0.0157 M thiosulfate (25 : 75) as mobile phase at UV 325nm and 280nm, respectively. 2. Samples were applied to a SeP-Pak
cartridge, from which eluted penicillin derivatized with 2 M 1,2,4-triazole containing 0.001 M mercuric chloride. 3. The average recovery rates of penicillin G and chloramphenicol were 81.8% and 80.3%, respectively, and the detection limits were 5 ppb (5
/kg: 7.9IU/kg) for penicillin G and chloramphenicol in porcine and bovine muscle.
An epidemiological study on the malaria for residents in Kangwha-Gun(1999)
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 1, 2000, Pages 9~17
Epidemic malaria is prevalent in the demilitarized zone and the northern area of Kyonggi province in Korea. Malaria has broken out in Gangwha-Gun since 1997 due to geographical condition. The results obtained from an epidemiological surveillance for the malaria that happened in 1999 were as follows ; Anopheles sinensis collected in UV-light traps in the barn in Wolgogri and Dangsanri of Songhaemyon showed the distribution of 27,156 of 49,280 figures, corresponding to 55.1%, between July and August. The numbers of patients with malaria were 48(32.4%) in July, 36(24.3%) in August, and 38(25.7%) in September with a prevalence with the ages of the twenties to the seventies. Of a total 154 patients, the male were 86(58.1%) and the female were 68(41.8%). The annual parasite index(API) were 6.44, 5.89 and 4.45 in Songhaemyon, Yangsamyon and Kyodongmyon, respectively. A high infection rate was found Particularly in the areas within 2km from the Han river. By the immunofluorescence assays(IFA), 26 cases were positive with an antibody titers of
1 : 32, of 220 residents in Songhaemyon and 336 ones with a potential case and contacted with the patients. By the blood test, there was no significance in alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, total cholesterol, glucose, hemoglobin, hematocrit, white blood cell, red blood cell, and platelet between residents with an antibody titers of
1 : 32 and < 1 : 32 in Songhaemyon.
Antimicrobial susceptibility features of porcine respiratory bacterial pathogens by modified broth dilution method
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 1, 2000, Pages 19~28
There are several main antibacterial susceptibility tests, such as agar dilution method, broth dilution method and disk diffusion technique. Especially, for minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) test, agar dilution method has been widely used. But that method is so complicated and bothering that it's difficult to treat a large amount of strains. On the other hand, modified broth dilution method(add 1% glucose and 0.018% phenol red as a pH indicator to broth) is fast and easy to perform. Most of all, it can visualize the result by color. The MICs of 22 antibiotics Including penicillins, aminoglycosides, cephalothin, chloramphenicol, lincomycin, ceftiofur, vancomycin and quinolones, erythromycin, colistin. sul-fadimethoxine, trimethoprim for arcanobacterium pyogenes 14 strains, actinobacillus pleuropneu-moniae 41 strains and pasteurella multocida 37 strains, which were collected from porcine during 1996 ∼ 1999, were determined by modified broth dilution method. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae was highly susceptible to all kinds of quinolones such as ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin and norfloxacin and to all aminoglycosides, like gentamicin, apramycin, kanamycin and ampicillin, cephalothin and ceftiofur. But It was quite resistant to solfadimethoxin, colistin and vancomycin. Pasteurella multocida was found to have high susceptibility to ampicillin, cephalothin, chlorampenicol and gentamicin but had mid-degree susceptibility to other aminoglycosides. In addition, it was susceptible to norfloxacin and nalidixic acid, but not to newer fluoroquinolone like ciprofloxacin and enrofloxacin and it was resistant to colistin and kanamycin. Arcanobacterium pyogenes was highly susceptible to most of quinolones such as cipoofloxacin, enrofloxacin and norfloxacin and gentamicin and penicillin G. But it also obtained high resistance against the early quinolone, nalidixic acid and aminoglycosides such as amikacin, apramycin and kanamycin and erythromycin, chlorampenicol, tetracyclin and vancomycin.
Contamination of parasites in soil of playground in a housing development testate of Taejon city
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 1, 2000, Pages 29~37
In order to survey the prevalence of parasites in soil from playground in a housing development testate, 368 samples were taken from playground 184 unit. The survey was carried out during 2 months from september in 1999 to October in 1999. The results were obtained as follows; 1. Eggs of toxocara canis were detected in 25 samples(6.8%) from 368 cases of playground. 2. The 3 kinds of eggs were isolated from the soil of playground. Those were strongyloides spp 13.9%, toxocara canis 6.8% and toxascaris leonina 2.4%. 3. It was mixed infestation such as single (80.0%) and double (20.0%).
A survey on the prevalence of internal parasites in deer of Chonbuk area
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 1, 2000, Pages 39~44
In order to monitor the parasites 426 fecal samples were taken from deer in Chonbuk area. The identification of the parasites was determined by the fecal examination using the floatation and microscopical examination, respectively. The results were summarized as follows; The detection rate of the parasites was 23.2%. Mixed infection rate was single 20.3% (87 heads), double 2.6% (11 heads), triple 0.2% (1 heads), respectively. The parasites isolates were identified as heamonchus spp from 40 heads, eimeria spp from 24 heads, trichoetrongyius spp from 13 heads, capiliaria spp from 9 heads, parapsitomum spp from 8 heads, strongyloides papillosus from 1 head, diotyocaiius fiiaria from 1 head.
Epidemiological properties of salmonellosis of poultry farms in Kyongbuk province at recent year
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 1, 2000, Pages 45~59
The present study was conducted to investigate the epidemiological properties of salmonellosis of poultry farms in Kyongbuk province during the relied from November 1998 to November 1999 And antibiotic susceptibility and biochemical characteristics of 120 Salmonella cultures isolated from chicken samples were also investigated. The results obtained through this study were summarized as follows, 1. Among 667,200 chickens of 31 flocks in 17 layer farms and 9 broiler farms, 61,350 chickens of 31 flocks were died with salmonellosis. The death rate of 25 farms varied from 0.1% to 75.0%, and the average death rate was 9.2%. 2. According to etiological agents, fowl typhoid was shown the most predominant outbreak among the salmonellosis during a year, which accounted for 8R.0%(22/25) of the total case 3. The serotypes of 120 Salmonella isolates were identified as 7 strains(5.8%) of S pullorum, 10 strains(8.4%) of S typhimurium and 103 strains(85.8%) of S gallinarum. 4. Most outbreak of fowl typhoid were prevalent on the layer chicken farms(77.1%), and the summer season(45.5%) also appeared the most hazardous season during the year. 5. It seemed that the Hyline breed(70.6%) was the most susceptible among the layer chicken breeds, and followed by Isabrown(23.5%), Tetra(5.9%) in order. 6. In layers, 76.4% of fowl typhoid occurred commonly from 14 to 40 weeks including the early laying peroid, but in broiler farms, all cases was outbreak within first second weeks. 7 All the strains of S pullorum were resistant to lincomycin(Lm), penicillin(Pm), and steptomycin(Sm), but sensitive to amikacin(Ak), ampicillin(Am), cephalothin(Ce), ciprofloxacin (CiP), chloramphenicol(Cm), colistin(Co), enrofloxacin(Enr), furazolidone(Fu), gentamicin(Gm), kanamycin(Km), neomycin(Nm), polymyxin(Po), and teracycline(Tc). All the strains of S typhimurium were resistant to Lm(100%), Pm(100%), Po(90%), and Sm(90%), but were sensitive to Ak, Am, Ce, CiP, Cm, Co, Enr, Fu, Gm, Km, Nm, and Tc. 8. Minimum inhibitory concentration(MIC) of 103 strains of S gallinarum were also evaluated and their patterns were much more variable than others. All the strains of S gallinarum were sensitive to Ak, Am, Ce, Cip, Cm, Enr, Fu, Km, and Nm, but resistant to Lm(100%), and Sm(100%), 99(96.1%) to Co, 83(80.6%) to Pm, and 83(80.6%) to Po, 55(53.4%) to Gm, and 33(32.0%) to Tc. 9. The multiple drug resistance patterns of 120 Salmonella strains were CoLmPmPo Sm pattern(34.2%), CoGmLmPmPoSmTc(20.8%), CoGmLmPmPoSm(13.3%), CoGmLmSm(7.5%), LmPmSm(7.5%), LmPm(6.7%), CoLmSmTc(3.3%),, CoGmLmSmTc(1.7%), GmLmSmTc(1.7%), CoGmLmPoSm(0.1%), LmPmPo(0.1%), CoLm Sm(0.1%), and LmSm(0.1%), in order.
Studies on variation of somatic cell in milk after administration of staphylococcus aureus vaccine and immunostimulant and antibiotics resistance of isolated staphylococcus spp in milk from dairy cow
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 1, 2000, Pages 61~69
Thirty-one dairy cow from two farm(more than 500,000 cells/ml of bulk milk) in Kyongbuk northern province were selected because of their high somatic cell(more than 500,000 cells/ml of milk In individual cow). Each cow received. staphylococcus aureus vaccine(Labac Staph) and immunostimulant(Ultracon) by intramuscular injection to be repeated every fifteen days for S times. The present study was investigated variation of somatic cell after administration of Labac Staph and Ultracon, and antibiotics resistance of isolated staphylococcus spp from milk in selected cow. The results obtained through the survey were summarized as follows ; 1. Ten dairy cow was injected in A farm. Chronic mastitic two cow after 2rd injection was weeded out the herd. Decrease rate of somatic cell after 1st, 2nd, ,3rd, 4th and 5th administration were 41.4%, 35.6%, 56.4%, 65.4% and 36.7%, respectively. Twenty-one cow was injected in B farm. Chronic mastitic five cow after ,3rd injection was weeded out the herd. Decrease rate of somatic cell after 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th administration were 36.9%, 59.9%, 24.5%, 62.6% and 78.4%, respectively. 2. In A farm, isolated staphylococcus spp were identified as S hyicus 2 strains(11.8%), coagulase negative staphylococcus 15 stains(89.2%) and S epidermidis 6strain(35.3%). In B farm, isolated staphylococcus spp were identified as S aureus 19 strains(55.98%) and coagulase negative staphylococcus 15 strains (44.2%). 3. In A fm, antibiotics resistant rate of isolated staphylococcus spp was high at ampicillin, penicillin and kanamycin, and middle at neomycin, streptomycin and erythromycin. in B farm, antibiotics resistant rate was moderate at ampicillin, penicillin, gentamicin, ka-namycin, neomycin, streptomycin, erythromycin and tetracycline, and coagulase negative staphylococcus spp was moderate at streptomycin.
Survey of the canine dermatophytes in eastern area of Kyongbuk
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 1, 2000, Pages 71~76
The dermatophytes was isolated from skin of the 175 healthy dogs and 22 dogs with pathological skin lesions at Pohang and Kyongju. The isolates were identified by the morphological appearance after cultivation and lactophenol cotton blue staining. 1, The isolation rates of dermatophytes were 8.5%(15/175) in dog with healthy skin and 27% (6/22) in dogs with pathological skin lesions. 2. From asymptomatic dogs, the isolation rates of dermatophytes in female dogs were higher than those in male dogs and those in young dogs were higher than those in old dogs. 3. Isolation rates of microsporum canis and trichophyton spp from asymtomatic dogs were 14 (93%) and 1(6.7%), respectively. 4. The causative agents of 6 dogs with fermatophytosis were identified as all M canis.
Antibiotic resistance and plasmid profile of salmonella spp isolated from swine in Kyoungbuk province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 1, 2000, Pages 77~91
This study was conducted to investigate the antibiotic resistance and plasmid profiles of 58 salmonella spp isolated from mesenteric lymphnodes of slaughter pigs in Kyoungbuk province during the period from September 1997 to June 1998. The results obtained are as follow that all isolates were susceptible to amikacin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin and enrofloxacin, and the majority of isolates were highly susceptible to norfloxacin, colistin, nalidixic acid and apramycin while they were moderately susceptible to kanamycin, cephalothin, chloramphenicol, ampicillin, trimethoprim and penicillin. The majority of isolates were over 90% resistant rates to lincomycin, sulfadimethoxine, vancomycin, methicillin and erythromycin. The plasmid profiles of 58 salmonella spp are developed 1 to 4 fractions, 0.9 to 29.5 Kb molecular range sizes and U strains (45.5%) were showed plasmid profiles by agarose gel electrophoresis. 5 derby harbored 29.5 Kb and 7 Kb, and S schwarzengrund had 14 Kb and 0.9 Kb harboring sizes. Four of 10 S agona and 2 of 4 S typhimurium were harbored 3.1 Kb and n.5 Kb, respectively. Thirty-five untypable strains are developed variable size fractions its showed small size plasmid profile less than 6 Kb and 22 (62.8%) of them had no detectable plasmids.
Isolation, identification and epidemiological study of akabane virus on Jeiu-do
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 1, 2000, Pages 93~102
In this experiment, we studied the sero-positive rate of akabane virus in cattle from Jeju-do and analyzed the seroepidemiological features. In an analysis of 1,051 samples, the positive rate for neutralizing antibody in sera collected in nine regions on Jeju-do was 56.7%. The rate varied with the region. The positive rate was 69.6% in Aewol, 63.1% in Jeju city, 54.4% in Anduck, 51.0% in Hallim, 69.8% in Jocheun, 47.6% in Pyosun, 40% in Daejeong, 30.0% in Harkyung, 71.6% in Namwon, 24.5% in Sungsan, 133.,3% in Seokypo and 44.5% in Gujwa, respectively The rate also depended on the age of the cattle. The positive rate was 67.2% in calves 0- to 12-month old, 48.3% in cattle 13- to 24-month old, 65.4% in cattle 25- to 36-month old, and 65.4% in cattle more than ,B7 months old. To isolate the virus from calves with malformations including arthrogryposis and hydranencephaly, cerebral homogenates were inoculated into Vero cells, which were determined for cytopathic effect (CPE). Vero cells with CPE were examined for Akabane virus using an electron microscope (EM) and indirect immunofluorescent antibody test (EM). Typical virus particles with a width of 90-130nm and specific immunofluorescence in the cytoplasm of infected cells were sought for identification.