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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Min-Hee Cho / Hee-Joung Song
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Nov 2000
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Pathological observations of rabbit hemorrhagic disease
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 4, 2000, Pages 309~312
Pathological findings of natural cases of rabbit hemorrhagic disease was investigated. Clinically inappentence, increase in body temperature, depression, bloody foam from nostrils, and sudden death were recognized. Characteristic anatomical findings were hemorrhages in the lungs, liver, kidneys, and heart. Intestinal catarrh and retention of turbid urine in urinary bladder were also often observed. Severe .necrosis of hepatic cells, massive hemorrhages in many organs and membranous glomerulonephritis with hyaline droplet formation were characteristic changes under the microscopy. Perivascular cuffing of brain and catarrhal enteritis were also seen in many cases.
Studies on the enterotoxin-production and coagulase serotyping of staphylococcus aureus isolated from cows in Chonnam province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 4, 2000, Pages 313~320
Staphylococcus aureus is a causative pathogen of bovine mastitis. It is recognized as a common pathogen in human and animal and specially enterotoxin-producing strain of S aureus is a common cause of staphylococcal food poisoning in human. Various food originated raw milk, cheese, butter produced from mastitic cow causes staphylococcal food poisoning. It is difficult to treat the staphylococcal mastitis because of increasing resistance by using overdose of antibiotics. This study was conducted to investigate the enterotoxin-production and coagulase serotypes of S aureus in Chonnam province for 6 month, 1999. Also we studied the antibiotic resistant pattern with 14 types against isolates. 18(10.1%) S aureus were isolated from 178 raw milk samples in seven farms. and 8 strains(38%) were isolated in 21 raw milk samples which was below 500,000 somatic cells. We identify that 7(87.5%) of 8 isolates and 15(83.3%) 18 isolates produce enterotoxin. Their enterotoxin serotype was type B(66.7%), type A(33.3%) and type C(13.3%). Also 2 strains of isolates was positive to the type A and B. Coagulase serotype of isolates was 2, 3, 4, 7, and 8. Most stains(70.6%) were serotype 2. And most strains(17 isolates, 94.4%) except one isolate was multiple resistant to the tested antibiotics.
Study on the changes of sulfamethnzine residues in serum and practical organs of rats orally administrated with sulfamethnzine sodium
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 4, 2000, Pages 321~333
In order to know the depletive changes of sulfamethazine residues in senlm and practical organs of rats orally administered with sulfamethazine sodium(SMS), the concentration of sulfamethazine was measured in serum and tissue(kidney, liver, spleen, testis, and skeletal muscle) of rats with using high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). SMS was orally administrated to sprague-dawley male rats(body weight, 200~300g) with using sonde at the rate of 20mg/100g body weight(recommended therapeutic dose) on once a day for 3 days. There were investigated the depletive changes of the sulfamethazine in serum, kidney, liver, spleen, testis and skeletal muscle of rat at the time 8 hours, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th day after administration SMS, respectively. The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. After oral administration of the SMS, the mean concentrations of sulfamethazine in serum according to the time lapsed were showed 215.53
42.99ppm at the 8 hours after withdrawal of medicated sulfamethazine. And gradually according to the time lapsed, the concentrations of sulfamethazine residues in serum were significantly (p<.05) decreased 25.87
5.18ppm at 1st day, 2.30
0.61ppm at 3rd day and 0.11
0.02ppm at 6th day respectively. 2. The mean concentrations of sulfamethazine in kidney, liver, spleen, muscle and testis according to the time lapsed after administration SMS were showed 83.82
TEX>$\pm$1.39 and 27.89
1.92 ppm at the 8 hours, respectively. And gradually according to the time lapsed, the concentrations of sulfamethazine residues in the each of samples were significantly(p<.05) decreased such as 7.15
0.14 and 3.11
0.48 ppm at 1st day, 0.52
0.06 and 0.26
0.11ppm at 3rd day, and 0.03
0.001 and 0.02
0.01 ppm at 6th day, respectively. 3. After oral administration of the SMS to rats, the residual concentrations of sulfamethazine in skeletal muscle were significantly (p<.05) decreased 35.96
1.39 to 0.009
0.001 ppm between 8 hours and 6th day, respectively From the 4th day, the residual concentrations of sulfamethazine were showed 0.10
0.04 ppm below 0.1 ppm at the permitted limit concentration of muscle in Korea. In conclusion, this study could be suggested the relationship between administrated period, doses of sulfonamides and residual aspects of serum and practical organs, and the importance of observing ceasing period of antibiotic drugs before forwarding livestocks to slaughter.
The detection limits to antibiotic drugs in treatment of mastitis by TTC II redution test
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 4, 2000, Pages 335~340
The study was Investigated detectable limits of antibiotic drugs in treatment of mastitis by TTC II reduction test. The detectable limits of antibiotic drugs by TTC II reduction test were summarized as follows, 1. Detectable limits to compounds drugs were higher than those of monodrugs. 2. Detectable limits to ointments were lower than injections.
Survey on the contamination of listeria sp In meats which was collected in Kyongbuk province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 4, 2000, Pages 341~348
Nowadays we continue to face challenges to the safety of our foods. It seems clear that contaminated meats provide the major route of listeria monocytogenes transmission from the environment to humans. L monocytogenes is the most important species associated with disease in humans among the listeria sp. The current incidence of symptomatic listeriosis caused by L monocytogenes is uncertain. Although the number of reports in the literature on listeriosis are increasing, it is likely that they are actually unrecognized or underreported because of a lack of awareness on the part of some laboratory workers who fail to isolate or identify these organisms. To get the information of sanitary development, we survey various meats (beef, pork, etc) in Kyongbuk area. Samples were collected from local meat shop at Kyongbuk area. Total sixty six case were isolated and identified from one hundreds and seven samples. L innocua was the most abundant in listeria sp. Among U isolates, the number of isolated L innocua was 43 (65.2%). The numbers of isolated L murrayi, L welshimeri, L monocytogenes and L seeligeri were 12(18.2%), 7(10.6%), 3(4.5%) and 1(1.5%), respectively, but L grayi, L iuanouii were not Isolated.
Epidemiological characteristics on fowl typhoid outbreak in Kyongnam province and comparison of diagnostic methods for identification of salmonella gallinarum
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 4, 2000, Pages 349~360
An epidemiological survey was conducted to investigate fowl typhoid outbreaks in Kyungnam province of Korea. The causative agent, salmonella gallinarum was isolated from 68 chicken samples of tentatively diagnosed fowl typhoid cases occurred during the period from January 1996 to September 1999. Comparative studies were also carried out to evaluate the diagnostic methods for detection of S gallinam The results obtained were as follows; 1. Of the 68 cases of tentatively diagnosed fowl typhoid, 56 (82%) cases were determined as fowl typhoid by biochemical test and pathological findings. The other 12 (18%) cases were determined as paratyphoid. 2. Fowl typhoid outbreaks occur continuously all seasons in the year, however the incidence was remarkably increased from May to September. 3. The frequency of incidence of fowl typhoid in terms of regional distribution was relatively high in egg-laying hens facilities, and the mode of transmission is likely to be either egg-to-egg or lateral transfer by wild birds or rats. 4. All of 18 isolates from 56 cases were identified as S gallinarum by biochemical and serological test. 5. Antimicrobial drug susceptibility test against 18 isolates showed that the isolates were highly susceptible to ASH, CZ, CF and GM (above 90%), whereas those strains were 100% resistant to EM, NA and PC. 6. S gallinarum rfbS gene was targeted to be amplified by PCR for comparative detection of S gallinarum in the experimentally infected chickens. The amplified 720bp DNA fragment, which is specific in D serogroup strains of S enterica subspecies was confirmed by agarose gel electrophoresis. 7. A comparison made between fecal culture and PCR-method revealed that later-method was relatively higher in detection rate than that of former method for S gallinarum. 8. Comparison of currently applied methods, rapid serum agglutination test (RST) and microplate agglutination test (MAT), with experimentally infected chickens were made to evaluate sensitivity of detection by neutralizing antibody titration. Both methods detected neutralizing antibodies from the challenged chickens of 5 day post infection. However, positive reactions were determined after 7 and 9 days post infection by MAT and RST, respectively.
Microbiological quality of pork meat in the stage of slaughter process
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 23, issue 4, 2000, Pages 361~366
The growth of bacteria on the surface of the meat was monitored to investigate the relationships between microbiological quality and some environmental factors such as the chilling temperature, alcohol spraying, and transport in slaughter process of pigs. The temperature changes of the surface and inner part of pork carcass were monitored with GreenTrack
system during the process of chilling and transport Of the 100pigs tested, the prevalence of level on number of standard plate count (SPC) less than
and Escherichia coli less than
in pig were 82% and 80%, respectively. Suface bacterial numbers are decreased in the course of chilling process of the carcass. Alcohol spray process before packing meat also could decrease the surface bacterial count. In conclusion, this study could be overemphasized the importance of relationship between microbiological quality and refrigerating temperature in the process of refrigeration and cutting.