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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Oct 2001
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
Selecting the target year
Epidemiological study on prevalence of Iung lesions of slaughtered pigs in winter
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~8
This study was carried out to investigate and analyze the gross lesions of lungs in slaughtered pigs. Pigs were collected from the areas of Kyounggj, Chungbuk, Chungnam and Kangwon provinces from November to December 1999. One hundred-eleven pigs(17.4%) had lung lesions with various degrees among 639 pigs tested. By the standard scoring system, mean score of the lung lesion was 25.6+13.2. Regional prevalence of lung lesions were 23.5%(8/34)) in Kangwon, 17.3%(61/352) in Kyunggi, 15.7%(32/204) in Chungnam and 20.4%(10/49) in Chungbuk. Mean number of pulmonary lesions per pig were 2.87. Most frequent region with pulmonary lesions was right cranial lobe(30.1%) and the decreasing prevalence rates were followed by 23.8% in right middle lobe, 21.05 in right accessory lobe, 15.0% in left cranial lobe, and 5.0% in left middle and accessory lobe(5.0%) and also there was the same prevalent tendency on pulmonary lesions in each lobes of 111 pigs with gross lesion. Isolation rate of bacteria from the affected lungs was 72.1% and main pathogen was Pasteurella multocida. Gross and histological examination of pulmonary lesions in some pigs suggested that there were no marked changes regarded as the correlation with specific diseases except fibropurulent bronchopneumonia which was suspective of some respiratory bacteria including Pasteurella multocida and peribronchiolar lymphoid hyperplasia in varying degrees which was strongly associated with mycoplasmal infection. Consequently, the results in the study were suggested that there was consistently exposed against many causative factors including bacteria in the considerable number of pig herds rearing in the middle area in Korea.
Serological survey of antibody to Neospora caninum in cattle
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 9~14
This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of Neospora caninum infection in dairy cow and Korean native cattle(KNC), raised in several Chungnam province. To determine the prevalence of antibodies to N caninum, a total of five hundred fifty six sera were analyzed by indirected fluorescent antibody(IFA) test. Five hundred thirty three sera were collected from fifteen dairy herds and twenty three sera were taken from fourteen KNC herds from December 1999 to November 2000. Seropositive ratio of the dairy cattle sera were individually or herdly tested and showed 64.2% and 93.3%, respectively. It was recorded with 78.6% and 47.8% in KNC. The seropositive ratio of dairy cattle was depended on the size of ranch. It was 92.2, 60.7 and 57.9% at the size of less than thirty, thirty to seventy and more than seventy one cattle, respectively However, it was different from the province of Chungnam. The seropositive ratio to N caninum of dairy cattle were 79.5, 53.1, 61.4 and 31.1% at Gongju, Yeongi, Geumsan and Cheongwon, respectively. It showed difference at the growth stage and sex of cattle. The seropositive ratios of N caninum of calf, heifer, premiparous, multiparous(2nd-5th), multiparous (6>th) and bulls confirmed to 25.0, 50.3, 70.3, 71.2, 50.0 and 50.0%, respectively. It was related with brucellosis in cattle. The infected ones with brucellosis were 75.7% of seropositive ratios to N caninum. The results of this study indicated that N caninum infection was widespread in Chungnam province and confirmed existing with brucellosis in cattle.
Hepatic coccidiosis(Eimria stiedae) in rabbits
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 15~19
Hepatic coccidiosis was occurred in a rabbit farm in Chonbuk province. Clinically, rabbits showed anorexia, diarrhea, dehydration, and depression, subsequently died 3 - 5 days after onset of clinical signs. Grossly, multifocal white spots or lines on the liver suface were observed. Histopathologic lesions included hyperplasia of bile duct epithelium with infiltration of inflammatory cells such as plasma cells and granulocytes, which represents chronic pericholangitis. Different developmental stages of Eimeria stiedae were observed inside the epithelium of biliary system. This is the case of hepatic coccidiosis in rabbits.
Comparison of ELISA and HI titers in broiler chicks vaccinated with infectious bronchitis virus and Newcastle disease virus
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 21~29
To compare of serum antibody titers using ELISA and HI, serum samples were collected from 100 breeders and their progeny 550 broilers. The breeders and broilers were vaccinated with infectious bronchitis(IB)- and Newcastle disease(ND)-viruses according to general vaccination program. The antibodies in serum samples against IB and ND viruses were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) using commercial ELISA kit and hemagglutination inhibition(HI) test. Geometric mean titer(GMT) of ELISA and In titers were monitored from 1-day-old to 35-day-old broilers and compared to those of breeder chickens. The antibody titers of breeders vaccinated with ]B virus showed 47,800, ELISA and 7.2, HI, respectively. Progeny chicks, 1-day-old, vaccinated with IBV showed high antibody titers than those of breed chickens. Those chicks were maintained protective antibody levels until 11-day-old. From 14-day-old, the antibody level decreased below protective levels. In ND, breeders serum antibody titers ELISA and Eiu were 30,200 GMT and 8.7 HI titer, respectively. On 1-day-old chicks, antibody levels was decreased to half in ELISA(16,270) compared with those of breeders, but In titers was 7.4. Progeny broilers, protective antibody level was maintained until 14- day-old by ELISA, but at 11-day-old by HI titers. After then, ND antibody titer was continuously decreased underdefense level. These result indicated that the ELISA method be more sensitive than HI titration to detect serum antibody level for IBV and NDV.
Identification of bacterial agents causing mastitis in dairy cattle and observation of residual changes of sulfadimethoxine in serum and milk of the cattle after administration of sulfadimethoxine sodium
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 31~41
This study was carried out to identify causative agents from california mastitis test(CMT) positive mastitic milk, and to examine the antimicrobial susceptibility of 50 heads in Seongju and Chilgok area of Gyeongbuk province. Sulfadimethoxine sodium(SMS) was intramuscularly administered once to four mastitis Infected dairy cattle at the rate of 10mg/kg body weight. After injection of SMS, the depletion rate of serum and milk from the cattle were periodically measured for five days. The CMT positive number from 50 heads showed 46% and that of 200 quarters was 47(23.5%). From 39 quarters of 47 heads 39 different microorganisms were identified. These organisms were classified into 12 species : Staphylococcus aureus 8(20.5%), Sta hemolyticus 6(15.4%), Streptococcus bovis 4(10.3%), Sta hyicus 3(7.7%), Sta epidemidis. Sta xylosus, Sta sciuri 2(5.1%), Str agalactiae 2(5.1%), Escherichia coli(10.3%), three Enterobacter cloacae(7.7%), two Ent aerogenes(5.1%) and one Salmonella spp(2.6%). As the results of antibiotic susceptibility test, gentamicin(Gm, 11 species 27 strains, 69.5%), cephalotin(Cf, 9 species 24 strains, 61.5%), sulfamethoxazole(Stx, 8 species 14 strains, 43.6%), tetracycline(Tc, 8 species 14 strains, 35.9%), and streptomycin(Sm), lincomycin(Lm), cefoperazon(Cp) and penicillin(Pc) have a highly resistance(7.7% ～5.1%). However, carbenicillin (Cb), amikacin(Ah) have no susceptible for all drugs. The mean residual concentration of SMS in serum according to the time lapsed were showed 33.964
4.435ppm at the 4 hours after intramuscularly injection(AII). It was significantly(p<.05) decreased to 6.596
0.119 and 0.005
0.004ppm at the 1st, 3rd and 5th day AII. The mean concentration of SMS in milk was significantly(p<.05) decreased from 0.920
0.42ppm to 0.084
0.016ppm between 8 hours and 1 day AII. As the results of this experiments, sulfadimethoxine was residued at the level of no less than 0.01ppm in milk on the 2nd day AII. Thus, this results would be able to be used the basic index for prevention of sulfonamides residue in milk after treatment of dairy mastitis.
Detection of Lawsonia intracellularis in swine feces by polymerase chain reaction
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 43~50
Swine proliferative enteritis(SPE) caused by inかsoma intracellularis is a common enteric disaese of grower and finisher pig. Swine affected with SPE show variable clinical signs including diarrhea, weight loss, aberrant growth and death. The characteristic lesion of ileitis at necropsy is marked thickening of the last section of the small intestine. The inner lining of the thickened intestine proliferates almost like a cancer and curved rod bacteria(L intracellularis) are always seen inside the intestinal wall. Infected swine shed the organism in the feces. Isolation and growth of pure L intracellularis in vitro requires a suitable cell culture. This procedure is difficult and not a practical means of diagnosis, thus the polymerase chain reaction(PCR) test of feces can be used to determine whether a pig is shedding the infective organism. A sensitive assay based on amplification of a 319bp DffA fragment of the L intracellularis of Swine proliferative enteritis was attempted for the detection of the organism in the 62 feces of swine. L intracellularis was identified on three herds and detected in 6 fecal samples, representing a infection rate of 9.7%. The PCR was very sensitive and specific on the individual level. The PCR technique could be very useful for the diagnosis of this disease.
Epidemiological aspects of Salmonella spp infections of domestic animals in Gyeongbuk province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 51~68
The result of studying the epidemiological characteristics of Salmonella strains which have been isolated from the domestic animals in Gyeongbuk province from February 1998 to August 2000 were summarized as follows. The isolation rates of Salmonella strains were 2.0% from cattle feces, 6.3% from cattle lymph node, 9.5% from pig feces, and 25.1% from pig lymph node. In poultry, the isolation rates were 30.3%. The isolates of Salmonella showed positive reaction for MUCAP test, methyl red test, but showed negative reaction for urea test, indole test, Voges Proskauer test. On TSI agar, the isolates showed acid butt, alkaline slant. Also, the isolates were identified as Salmonella strain by API 20E kit. Non H
S Production Salmonella strains isolated from poultry were identified as S gallinarum. As a result of serotyping, B group were the most common in cattle and pig, Dl in chickens. 21 serovars were found. the common serovar from the domestic animals was S typhimurium, S derby, S agona, S schwarzenground, S enteritidis and S gallinarum. The most commonly encountered serovars in cattle were S agona and S typhirimurium in pig, S gallinarum in chicken. As a result of antimicrobial susceptibility test, all Salmonella isolates were susceptible to amikacin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin; cefotaxime and polumcin B. The resistance rates to tetracycline and streptomycin was 58% and 56%, respectively. 69.3% of all isolates were resistant to more than one antimicrobial agent. Out of the resistant isolates, the isolates resistant to streptomycin and tetracycline was 36%. There were 24 strains of multiresistant isolates resistant to more than 5 antimicrobial agents. S typhimurium were resistant to all antimicrobial agents, also had a lot of multiresistant strains. Therefore, S typhimurium was considered as a major agent of antimicrobial resistance.
Pathogenicity of Salmonella typhimurium and S enteritidis isolated from domestic animals in Gyeongbuk province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 69~82
The result of studying the pathogenicity of Salmonella typhimurium and S enteritidis isolated from domestic animals in Gyeongbuk province were summarized as follows. In Congo-red binding test, S typhimurium had much more rough types than S enteritidis. In colicin production test, 4 strains of S typhimurium were positive but all of S enteritidis were negative. In hemolysin production test, all of S typhimurium and S enteritidis were negative. In Guinea pig serum resistant test, all of S typhimurium and S enteritidis were positive. As a result of pathogenicity test to mice, 54.4% of mice were died. Therefore, S typhimurium and S enteritidis were considered as highly pathogenic. S typhimurium DT104 and S enteritidis PT4 were more pathogenic to mice than other phage types of same serovar. S typhimurium and S enteritidis were considered not so pathogenic for 6-day-old chickens. The recovery rates of Salmonella stains from mice and chickens inoculated were 96.8%, and 54%, respectively. In chickens, proportional to the time from 2 weeks after challenge inoculation, the recovery rates were noticeably decreased.
Detection of equine herpesvirus type-1 in naturally aborted equine fetuses in Jeiu by polymerase chain reaction
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 83~88
It is impotent to identify the causative agents of abortion in equine for minimizing the loss of breeding costs in equine Industry. Recently, the abortion has often occurred in equine herds and thus the purpose of the study was aimed at the identification of equine herpesvirus-1, one of the frequent pathogens to abortion, using polymerase chain reaction. Six fetuses to be aborted at nine to ten months in pregnancy reared in six herds were used in the study. Two primers in the PCR were made from glycoprotein B gene of EHV-1. The primers specific for EHV-1 amplified 1880 bp of PCR products from DNA extracts from thorax fluids, livers, lungs, and spleens of four in six aborted fetuses. Consequently, PCR could be applied to diagnose the abortion of EHV-1 and also confirmed to play a major role of the viral pathogen associated with equine abortion in Jeju island.
Microbiological quality of raw milk in Jeiu
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 89~94
In order to investigate the relationship between milk hygienic quality and some environmental factors such as the herd size and types of milking machines, we sampled and examined the level of total bacterial count, coliforms, Staphyococcus aureus, somatic cell counts(SCC) and fat rates in raw milk. of the 84 dairy farms, the prevalence of level on number of standard plate count over 100,000cfu/$m\ell$ and coliforms over 1,000cfu/$m\ell$ in bulk milk were 25.0% and 15.6%, respectively. Also, 2 farms(2.4%) were exceed the level on number of 500cfu/$m\ell$ S aureus in raw milk. The prevalence of dairy herd with first grade of total bacterial count(TBC) according to bucket, pipe line and parlour milking system was 40.0%, 74.0% and 84.0%, respectively. The prevalence of dairy herd with first grade of TBC according to grade 1, 2 and 3 by SCC was 77.8%, 83.2%. and 69.2%, respectively. Therefore, the relationships between hygienic quality in raw milk and the herd size, types of milking machines, were significant. In conclusion, this study could be overemphasized the importance of herd management condition for milk hygienic qualify.
Cadmium contents in tissues of slaughtered deer in Korea
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 95~99
In order to clarify the cadmium(Cd) contents of normal deer, tissue samples including kidney, liver, muscle, spleen, heart, lung, rumen, abomasum, intestine, skin and bone were collected from 18 deer which were slaughtered in Korea. All samples were burned to ashes and analyzed for Cd contents by atomic absorption spectrophotometric method. The mean Cd contents in
/g wet matter for 18 deer were liver 0.013, kidney 0.286, muscle 0.010, spleen 0.001, heart 0.007, lung 0.005, men 0.019, abomasum 0.016, intestine 0.018, skin 0.016 and bone 0.312, respectively. Two samples in kidney, one sample in muscle out of 18 deer showed higher Cd contents than normal limit value of 0.50
/g for liver and kidney, 0.10
/g for muscle. In addition, three deer also showed higher Cd contents in one body tissue than normal limit value which reported foreign countries.
Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin in an Australian shepherd dog
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 1, 2001, Pages 101~107
Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin was diagnosed in an 11-year-old, Australian shepherd dog with a hard mass on the right rump area. On histopathological examination of the tumor showed laminated keratin "pearls" surrounded by proliferated squamous cells, and mitotic figures. The dog was treated by surgical excision and chemotherapy with vinblastine sulfate, cyclophosphamide and prednisolone for 4 weeks. The tumor was effectively treated with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy.motherapy.