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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Min-Hee Cho / Hee-Joung Song
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Oct 2001
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
Selecting the target year
A survey of newcastle disease virus antibody titers on slaughtered broiler chicks
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 3, 2001, Pages 217~222
Hemagglutination inhibition(HI) titers of Newcastle disease(ND) were measured to investigate the vaccination times on three different species of broiler chicks in Chonbuk province. Each 330 of Cobb, Ross and White-semi broiler chicks were selected from 11 broiler farms. The primary vaccine were sprayed in hatchery at one day old chicks. Secondary and tertiary vaccine were used by drinking water at 7 to 24 days old chicks. The ND antibody titer were measured by HI from each different species of broiler chicks at the marketing date. Total average HI titers of Cobbs vaccinated with primary ones, secondary and tertiary ones were recorded 1.86, 1.52 and 2.76, respectively. The antibody titers were shown to 2.22, 2.13, 3.07 in terms of vaccination of Ross broiler chicks. They were also 2.56, 2.65 and 2.78 in terms of vaccination of White-semi broiler chicks. The value HI titer were not statistically different of all treatments. The results of this experiment suggested that HI titer of sera is scored less than defensive value of ND antibody titer at more than two times of vaccination.
Survey on Korean-native Calves Diseases and Mortality
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 3, 2001, Pages 223~241
From September 1996 to September 1999, 419 Korean-native calves with diseases under 6-month old collected from Kyonggi, Chungcheong, Chonlla and Kyongsang were examined by clinical, microbiological, parasitic, hematologic and histopathological mean. Among them, 124 cases were tested about the neutralization antibodies against infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus(IBRV), Parainfluenza-3 virus(PI-3V), bovine uiral diarrhea virus(BVDV), bovine ephemeral fever virus(BEFV). In calf diseases in the survey, enteric diseases(72.8%) were most frequently involved and the following orders were taken by respiratory(17.4%) and reproductive (5.0%) disorders. In the causative pathogens associated with calf diseases and motality, 48.4% was induced by bacteria origin and also 35.6% by viral agents. Calf mortality was up to 76.3% in the cae of bacterial diseases and 55.7% in viral diseases. In bacterial diseases, frequent disorders were composed of colibacillosis(52.7%), salmonellosis(13.8%), pasteurellosis(12.8%) and campylobacteriosis(3.9%) and their mortalities showed 73.8% in colibacillosis, 73.0% in pasteurellosis, 67.9% in salmonellosis and 50.0% in campylobacteriosis (50.0%). Among the outbreaks of viral diseases, there were BVD(22.8%), bovine rotavirus infection(20.8%), bovine coronavirus infection(16.8%), bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection(15.4%), IBR(15.4%). Akabane disease(4.7%) and Chuzan diseases(3.4%). Interesting results through this studies were obtained the first isolate to Chuzan virus and Ainovirus in Korea which could be promised the development for diagnostic method and vaccines soon. Calf mortality to Akabane and Chuzan diseases was 100%. Main parasitic diseases were occupied by coccidiosis and babesiosis and their mortality of babesiosis was 20.0%. Other diseases were abomasal impaction(6.7%) and toxicosis(4.5%). The mortality of abomasal impaction was 89.3%. In some causes with malformations(1.9%) were confirmed as anasarca, derodidymus, polymelia, humerus hypoplasia, and tracheal collapse. Calf diseases had mostly been occurred in one month old grout (52.5%) and its prevalence was 25.1% in two to three month old group and 22.4% in four to six month old group. In calf mortality by age, there were 37.9% in one month old group, 18.1% in two and three month old group, and 13.8% in four to six month old group, respectively. The older the age of calf, the less the prevalence of calf enteric diseases. Respiratory diseases in calves to be tested frequently occurred in one to two month old group (41.4%). In one month old calves, the prevalence of enteric disease was 80.0%(p<0.05) and that of reproductive and respiratory disease was 9.5% and 8.2%, respectively. In two month old and four to six month old, enteric disease was 65.7% and 63.8% and respiratory disease was 28.6% and 26.6%. Seasonal prevalence and mortality of Korean-native calf diseases were not a significant difference. Prevalence of calf diseases in summer(31.5%) frequently occurred to compare that in winter(20.3%). Abortion and malformation in calves frequently occurred in spring. Hematological values in 84 calves with clinical signs showed mild to marked leukocytosis. Also, there was slight increase in hematocrit, platelet, mean corpuscular volume and mean plasma volume, but all of those were included the higher level to normal ranges. Calves with respiratory signs showed slightly erythrocytosis. One hundred seventy three calves without clinical signs were not significant different to ill cases in hematological values, but number of platelets was in higher normal range. In 125 calves, 84.8% was taken the antibody to IBRV, but 72% with the antibody had recorded the titer level lower than log
5. The neutralizing antibody levels of higher than
to PI-3V and BVD virus were 60.8% and 67.2% cases, respectively. There were the cases of 57.6% had the neutralizing antibody level lower than log
5 to BEFV.
Phage typing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of Salmonella typhimurium and S enteritidis isolated from domestic animals in Gyeongbuk province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 3, 2001, Pages 243~253
Forty-five Salmonella typhimurium isolates were encountered 8 phage types in which DT197 and U302 were the predominant types. The DT104 type which was first found from pig in Korea, and was resistant to chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, tetracycline, gentamicin and nalidixic acid. Twenty-two S enteritidis isolates were encountered 5 phage types in which PT4 were the representative (predominant). S enteritidis isolates were susceptible to all antimicrobial agents. As a result of PFGE analysis for S typhimurium and S enteritidis, PFGE patterns was better than phage typing in discriminating of strains. PFGE patterns were not in accord with phage type even though some strain had the same phage types.
Epidemiology of the transmissible gastroenteritis of pigs in Gyeongbuk province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 3, 2001, Pages 255~262
Five pigs industry with outbreaks of transmissible gastroenteritis(TGE) in Gyeongbuk province were investigated during the period from January to December 2000. The typical signs of TGE in piglets had transient vomiting and a watery yellowish diarrhea, rapid loss of weight, dehydration and high mortality in pigs under 2 weeks of age. Clinical signs of TGE in growing and finishing pigs and sows were usually limited to inappetence and diarrhea for one or a few days, with vomiting observed in an occasional animal. The detection of TGE viral antigen in epithelial cells of the small intestine had been used in indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFA) for diagnosing TGE in young pigs. WかR had been successfully used to detect the DNA derived from TGEV in specimen of intestinal swabs. Among 5 pigs industry, four showed typical signs of epizootic TGE and one progressing enzootic TGE. It was 22～53 days that the duration of initial clinical disease in TGE outbreaks of pigs investigated in Gyeongbuk province in 2000. However the duration related directly to herd size. Mortality of piglets under 2 weeks of age for duration was 53.2～88.2%, but that of piglets 2～5 weeks of age was 2.5～6.5%. The piglets of 1 weeks of age died mostly during duration of TGE, but varied considerably with husbandry and other environmental factors.
Contamination of parasites in soil of playground in a detached dwelling area of Daejeon city
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 3, 2001, Pages 263~270
In order to survey the prevalence of parasites in soil from playground in a detached dwelling area, 162 samples were taken from playground 54 unit. The survey was carried out during 3 months from july in 2000 to september in 2000. The results were obtained as follows : 1. Eggs of Toxocara canis were detected in 30 samples (18.5％) from 162 cases of playground. 2. The 3 kinds of eggs were isolated from the soil of playground. Those were Stronglyoides spp 23.5%, Toxocara canis 18.5% and Trichuris vulpis 4.3%. 3. It was mixed infestation such as single (74.5%), double (23.7%) and triple(1.6%).
Sero-epidemiology of transmissible gastroenteritis of pigs in Gyeongbuk province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 3, 2001, Pages 271~278
Swine sera collected from January to December 2000 were tested for the survey on transmissible gastroenteritis(TGE) infection in Gyeongbuk province. Serum neutralization(SN) test was peformed in finishing pigs of 50 pigs industry without clinical signs of TGE and sows, gilts and growing pigs of four pigs industry with TGE. As the results of SN test in fifty industry, antibody titers of 90.6%(474/523 samples) showed below 4. Antibody titers of them showed highly in two pigs industry of western region and three pigs industry of southern region of Gyeongbuk province. The results indicated that TGE had been occurred before in five pigs industry. Most of antibody titers showed of highly in four pigs industry having had TGE. There were no significant differences of the antibody titers of TGE according to age when the survey was made. The above results indicated that the pigs of Gyeongbuk province were not almost exposed in porcine respiratory coronavirus(PRCV) by present.
Body weight, graph of body condition score, distribution of milk production, and use or metabolic profiles test for dairy herd health management
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 24, issue 3, 2001, Pages 279~285
The change of the body condition score(BCS) and milk production graph as days in milk by lactation number show that the productivity of cow is on the increase as increase the lactation number, but the health condition is much worse because of the inappropriate nutrition intake. Metabolic profiles test(MPT) results indicate that the early-lactation for directly after the parturition to the peak production of milk during the total lactation period is the time of the more likely to be exposed to lack of energy, protein, minerals. To solve this problem, the early-lactation cows should be sufficiently supplied the required nutrients and should maximum intake the supplied nutrients not to be suddenly decline body weight and BCS from postparturition to the peak production of milk. To maximize the dry matter intake of a cow, there is have got to improve the management of body weight for heifer's skeletal development and in the dry period which is carelessly deal by mostly farms. This study presents that the use of measurement of body weight, graph of body condition score, distribution of milk production, metabolic profiles test in the monitoring for dairy herd health management is very valuable.