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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Sep 2002
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Study on analytical method of residual macrolide antibiotics in livestock products by LC/MS
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 25, issue 3, 2002, Pages 221~227
This study was carried out to confirm analytical method of residual macrolides in livestock products by LC/MS. 1. Macrolides were analyzed by LC/MS on XTerra C
18/ column with 0.1% TFA(trifluoroacetic acid)-methanol in a gradient mode as mobile phase, and that were identified by positive chemical ionization with selective ion monitoring at 50～1000 mass range. 2. Residual macrolides were extracted from tissue with acetonitrile, and the extract is purified with a Sep-pak C
18/ cartridge, and elute macrolides with 0.1M methanolic ammonium acetate. 3. The procedure confirms the presence of each macrolide at 50
/kg in spiked sample.
Comparison of residual antibiotic materials in meet -Slaughtered cattle and swine in Seoul-
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 25, issue 3, 2002, Pages 229~236
This study was carried out to compare the residual antibiotic materials in muscles of slaughter cattle and swine from slaughterhouses in Seoul from 2000 to 2001 by EEC-4-plate method, Charm II and HPLC method. 1. Residual antibiotic materials were detected from 95 samples(0.8%) by EEC-4-plate and 57 samples(10.2%) by Charm II. The final HPLC method determined the positives are 43(45.3%) and 27(47.3%) respectively. 2. The detection ratios were 45% by EEC-4-plate and 47% by Charm II. 3. Seventy samples were classified as tetracyclines 56(75.7.4%), sulfonamides 10(14.9%),
-lactam 6(8.1%) chloramphenicol 1(1.4%). Three of them were confirmed to be positive simmultaneously for tetracyclines, sulfonamides and chloramphenicol. 4. The highest residual concentration of chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, sulfamethazine, sulfadimethoxine, sulfaquinoxaline, penicillin, ampicillin and chloramphenicol were 0.34, 11.29, 68.16, 0.13, 4.0, 0.12, 0.4 and 0.04ppm, respectively.
Survey on the antibody distributions of swine pneumonia by ELISA in Daegu province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 25, issue 3, 2002, Pages 237~243
The study was performed to investigate the antibody distributions of 4 swine respiratory disease including M hyopneumoniae, P multocida, A pleuropneumoniae serotype 2 and 5 in Daegu area by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). 1. The overall sero-positive rates were 55.6% in June, 48.0% in August, 51.3% in October and 25.4% in November. 2. The positive reaction rates to M hyopneumoniae, P multocida, A pleuropneumoniae serotype 2 and 5 were found to be 50.0%, 36.5%, 55.0%, and 42.0% respectively. 3. The antibody titers were distributed on range 20～80 in M hyopneumoniae, 20～80 in P multocida, 160～640, 20～80 in A pleuropneumoniae serotype 2 and 5.
Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding hemagglutinin-neuraminidase(HN) of Newcastle disease virus isolated from a diseased pheasant in Korea
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 25, issue 3, 2002, Pages 245~257
The gene encoding the HN protein from the CBP-1 strain, a heat stable Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolated from diseased pheasants in Korea, was characterized by reverse transcriptase- polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) and the nucleotide and amino acid sequences were analyzed following cloning of the HN gene. In all of the NDV strains studied, a 1.75 kb size cDNA fragment for the HN gene was generated by RT-PCR and smaller specific band sizes harboring the internal portions of the HN gene were also detected by using four pairs of primers. The RT-PCR was sensitive enough to detect viral transcripts when the virus titer was above 25 hemagglutination units. The amplified 1.75 kb cDNA was cloned into a BamHI site of the pVL1393 Baculo transfer vector. The nucleotide sequences of the 1,758 bp HN gene from the CBP-1 strain were determined by the dye terminator cyclic sequencing method. The gene sequences were compared among the strains of CBP-1, Texas GB, Beaudette C, LaSota, B1 and Ulster. The homology of the CBP-1 HN gene to other HN variants was 97.8% to Texas GB, 98.4% to Beaudette C, 95.4% to LaSota, 95.6% to B1 and 90.2% to Ulster. As the deduced 577 amino acid sequences were compared among the strains, the homology for CBP-1 HN appeared to be 96.7% to Texas GB, 97.9% to Beaudette C, 95.5% to LaSota, 95.5% to B1 and 92.7% to Ulster. It was evident that the amino acid sequences included 5 sites for N-asparagine linked glycosylation and 12 cysteine residues. The three conserved leucine residues within the predicted transmembrane domain of the HN protein are amino acid 30, 37 and 44. The three antigenic sites on the HN protein of NDV are amino acids 347(Glu), 481(Asn) and 495(Glu). These data indicate that the genotype of the CBP-1 strain is more closely associated with the strains of Texas GB and Beaudette C than it is for the LaSota, B1 and Ulster strains.
Biochemical characteristics and serotypes of Salmonella spp isolated from domestic animal in western Gyeongbuk province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 25, issue 3, 2002, Pages 259~273
The present study was conducted to investigate the prevalence, biochemical properties and serotypes of Salmonella organisms in the domestic animals in Western Gyeongbuk province during the period from January to December 2000. Salmonella spp were isolated from 51(1.62%) of 3,141 cases of domestic animals. Serotypes of isolates were S enteritidis 17(29.6% of isolates), S agona 11(20.3%), S rissen 8(14.8%), S gallinarum 4(7.4%), S derby 3(5.5%), S typhimurium 2(3.7%), S travis 1(1.8%), S montevideo 1(1.8%) and untypable 4(12.9%), in order. The majority of isolates were highly susceptible to amikacin, ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, cephalothin, chloramphenicol, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, norfloxacin and gentamicin, whereas all isolates were resistant to bacitracin, erythromycin, tiamulin and tylosin, and the majority of them were highly resistant to penicillin, streptomycin and tetracycline.
Molecular typing and detection of enterotoxin by multiplex PCR of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bovine mastitis
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 25, issue 3, 2002, Pages 275~283
Forty strains of Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from mastitic milk. As a result of antimicrobial susceptibility test, the strains of S aureus revealed 47.5% were resistant to ampicillin and penicillin, and 7.5% to gentamicin. But 45% of isolates were sensitive to antimicrobial agents tested. In case of enterotoxin production, 56.3% of 16 strains produced enterotoxin D. Two strain of enterotoxin D producers produced both enterotoxin B and D. According to isolation date, 15 representative strains were selected. As a results of pulsed field gel eletrophoresis analysis of the 15 representative strains, 14 strains were identical. Therefore we consider the identical strains of S aureus have caused continuously bovine mastitis in this dairy farm. If autogenous vaccine can be made by the strains, it will work well for the prevention of bovine mastitis caused by S aureus.
Survey of residual antibiotics in muscle of slaughtered cattle and pig in Gyeongnam Province
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 25, issue 3, 2002, Pages 285~294
The present studies were carried out to determine antibiotics residues in pork and beef muscles by EEC-4-plate and HPLC. A total of 2,534 samples of pork muscles and 1,070 samples of beef muscles from slaughter houses were collected in Gyeongnam area from January to December, 2001. The results were summarized as follows; 1. Recovery rates of TCs, Sulfa drug, Penicillin G from fortified pork and beef muscles ranged as 68.79～98.24%, 78.21～94.58% and penicillin G 63.35～67.24% respectively, by HPLC. 2. Antibiotics residues were detected in 36 sample(1.42%) of pork muscles, 29 sample (2.71%) of beef muscles by EEC-4-plate. 3. Detection rate of antibiotic residues 14 samples(0.55%) and 26 samples(2.43%), in pork and beef muscles, respectively by HPLC. Concentration of residues in 22 sample(2.06%) of beef muscle were higher than tolerance level in korea. 4. Antibiotics detected were sulfamethazine(47.37%), tetracycline(15.79%), oxytetracycline (15.79%), penicillin G(15.79%), sulfamerazine(5.26%) in pork muscle samples and oxyteracycline (37.21%), penicillin G(30.23%), sulfamethazine(20.93%), tetracycline(4.65%), sulfamerazine (2.33%), sulfadimethoxine(2.33%), sulfaquinoxine(2.33%) in beef muscle samples.
Immunohistochemical detection of infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus antigens in cell cultures
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 25, issue 3, 2002, Pages 295~297
This experiment was done to set up the immunohistochemical detection method for infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus(IHNV) antigens in the monolayers of CHSE-214 cell cultures inoculated with IHNV. Specific identification of IHNV antigens was detected in the cytoplasms of infected cells by the use of monoclonal antibodies to glycoproteins. The specific positive signal was observed as a distinct red color. The result showed that streptavidin alkaline phosphatase immunohistochemistry specifically identified IHNV antigens in infected cultured cells.
Disposition of sulfathiazole in plasma and tissue of broiler chicks following oral administration
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 25, issue 3, 2002, Pages 299~308
The purposes of this study were to characterize the disposition of sulfathiazole(ST) and to investigate the effects of sodium bicarbonate on the disposition of ST in broiler chicks(2.5～3.0kg). Animals were given ST acutely(10～80mg/kg, PO), and plasma, kidney, muscle, heart, liver and spleen samples were collected and analyzed for ST by high performance liquid chromatography. The plasma and tissue data was consistent with a one-compartment pharmacokinetic model. The drug is rapidly but incompletely(2.5～3.87%) absorbed with peak plasma and tissue levels being achieved within one hour after dosing. The plasma and tissue levels depended on drug dosage, and the descending order in concentration of ST was kidney > plasma > heart > muscle
liver from animals sacrificed at one hour after dosing. Moreover, significant positive correlations(r>0.9) existed between plasma and tissue levels of ST. In addition, sodium bicarbonate pretreatment decreased plasma level, indicating that an alkalinization stimulate the excretion of ST. Results of this study suggest that oral application of ST was rapidly absorbed and eliminated, and confirmed that tissue residues of ST can be estimated from plasma drug concentration in broiler chicks.
Effect of interleukin-2 on antitumor response against intraperitoneal RD-995 tumor in mice
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 25, issue 3, 2002, Pages 309~314
Recombinant interleukin-2(IL-2) has demonstrated as an antineoplastic agent in mice and human, but the relatively low response rates observed in clinical trials. Therefore, the present study was undertaken in order to evaluate therapeutic activities of IL-2 for the establishment of therapeutic applications. At the onset of the experiment, normal C3H/HeN mice were injected with 5
6/ RD-995 tumor cells, murine ultraviolet radiation-induced fibrosarcoma, intraperitoneally. Beginning on day 6, experimental groups were treated with a 5-day course of IL-2(subcutaneous injection of 30,000 IU every 12 hours for 5 days). The result of this experiment revealed that body weight gradually decreased from 20th day in control mice. Subcutaneous IL-2 therapy prevented partially decrease body weight, and prolonged survival of mice compared with control group.
Paramyxoviridae -Stages of replication-
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 25, issue 3, 2002, Pages 315~330