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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Min-Hee Cho / Hee-Joung Song
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Oct 2003
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella isolated from Korean slaughter pigs
Lee, Woo-Won ; Jung, Byeong-Yeal ; Kim, Hong-Tae ; Chung, Kyung-Tae ; Lee, Gang-Rok ; Kim, Keum-Hyang ; Lee, Dong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 26, issue 4, 2003, Pages 313~321
During the period of December 2000 to November 2001, a total of 419(10.9%) Salmonella was isolated from 3,850 slaughtered pig samples(2,732 lymph nodes and 1,118 caecal contents) in Korea. Three hundred and seventy(13.5%) and 49(4.4%) Salmonella were isolated from lymph nodes and caecal contents, respectively. In the isolation ratio of Salmonella spp originated from each class of season, summer(15.7%), autumn(11.5%), spring(10.0%) and winter(8.3%), in order. As the result of serotyping, B group(67.5%) were the most common, in order of C
(4.1%) and E
(3.3%). 32 serovars were found, the major serotypes were as follows; S typhimurium(21.7%), S schwarzengrund(16.0%), S derby(15.8%), S typhimurium variant copenhagen(9.8%), S enteritidis (6.0%) and S mbandaka(6.0%). All of the isolates were susceptible to norfloxacin and ofloxacin. The isolates were resistant in order of doxycycline(69.2%), tetracycline(68.7%), penicliin(54.9%) and streptomycin(52.5%).
Distribution of the serum Ig G titers to whole cell and leukotoxin of Mannheimia haemolytica Al in Holstein and Korean indigenous cattle slaughtered in abattoir
Byun, Jae-Won ; Kim, Kyung-Ho ; Lee, Sung-Mo ; Lee, Jung-In ; Hwang, Hyun-Soon ; Kim, Yong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 26, issue 4, 2003, Pages 323~328
A total of 419 slaughtered cattle were used to investigate the serum Ig G titers to the Mannheimia haemolytica Al whole cell and leukotoxin recognized with important virulence factor in bacterial pathogenesis. Data obtained in this study were represented with average absorbance
standard deviation. Serum Ig G titers were detected with the ranges from 0.1 to 0.5 at 490nm. Whole cell titers were higher than leukotoxin antibody on the whole. Antibody titers of slaughtered cattle between races, ages have no significant difference but gradual decrease under aging in dairy cow for whole cell (decline mean titer from 0.29 to 0.27 according to age) was undertaken. Holstein bulls shipped from Seoul province had a significantly lower Ig G titers than those from another ones (p<0.05).
Control of spermatozoa penetration and polyspermy by cumulus cells in porcine oocytes matured in culture
Shin, Myung-Kyun ; Chung, Kee-Soo ; Chung, Dong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 26, issue 4, 2003, Pages 329~337
The functional role of the cumulus cells on sperm penetration and polyspermy during in vitro fertilization was examined. The penetration rate was significantly higher(p<0.01) in oocytes with(61%) than without(25%) cumulus cells. No significant differences, however, was observed in polyspermy. When the hyaluronidase was supplemented to the fertilization medium with different concentrations, penetration rates in oocytes with cumulus cells were higher than oocytes without cumulus cells at 0(61 vs 34% ; p<0.05), 0.01(56 vs 35% ; p<0.05), 0.1(66 vs 30% ; p<0.05) and 1.0 mg/
(39 vs 27%). On the other hand, the polyspermy rates were lower oocytes without than with cumulus cells, and had a tendency to decrease with high concentrations of hyaluronidase. In another experiment, the penetration and polyspermy rates had a tendency to increase as time of sperm-oocytes culture was prolonged. At 16 and 20hrs after insemination, the penetration rates were significantly higher(p<0.05) in oocytes with(48 and 62% for 16 and 20hrs) than without(25 and 31% for 16 and 20hrs) cumulus cells in medium with hyaluronidase. However, the polyspermy rates were significantly(p<0.05) lower in oocytes without(3 and 16%) than with(37 and 48%) cumulus cells at 16 and 20hrs after insemination. In cumulus-free oocytes inseminated in medium with or without hyaluronidase at different concentrations of cumulus cells, the penetration rates were significantly(p<0.05) higher in medium with than without hyaluronidase at different concentrations of cumulus cells. The proportions of polyspermy were lower in medium without than with hyaluronidase at 0 (10 vs 0%), 10
(25 vs 0%), 10
(24 vs 14%) and 10
6/(29 vs 10% ; p<0.05) cumulus cells/ml. These results suggest the advantage of culture in medium with cumulus cells and denuded oocytes to inhibit polyspermy with no decrease in the penetration rates during the fertilization in vitro in the porcine.
Effect of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate on lipogenesis in 3T3-L1 Cell
Kang, Shin-Seok ; Park, Jae-Myung ; Choi, Hae-Yeon ; Cho, Woo-Young ; Lee, Jong-In ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 26, issue 4, 2003, Pages 339~343
We studied the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate(EGCG) on the adipose conversion of 3T3-L1 cells by insulin. In the 10 days of culture with insulin, the fat cells exhibited the increased and larger intracytoplasmic lipid droplets. In contrast, the levels of triglyceride(TG), a marker of adipose conversion, were decreased. However, the levels of glucose were decreased in the adipose conversion. In addition, levels of cholesterol were decreased in the differentiated 3T3-L1 cells.
Alcohol-induced hepatic fibrosis in pig
Lee, Chang-Woo ; Jyeong, Jong-Sik ; Lee, Cha-Soo ; Jeong, Kyu-Shik ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 26, issue 4, 2003, Pages 345~359
A number of toxicants have been incriminated as a causing hepatic disease. Among many detrimental injury, alcohol has been noted for hepatitis, fatty liver, fibrosis, and hepatic cirrhosis. The purpose of this study was to develop animal model for hepatic fibrosis in pigs fed ethanol, and to search for a new anti-fibrogenic agent via this model. Twelve male Landrace pigs were divided into 3 groups of 4 animals each. Group 1, 2 and 3 were fed with active ceramic water only, ceramic water + liquid diet containing 15% ethanol and normal tap water + liquid diet containing 15% ethanol for 12 weeks, respectively. At week 12, all pigs were immediately sacrificed for collection each tissue and blood. Serologically, serum ALT and AST levels were significantly reversed in group 2, as compared to group 3. They were normal range in pigs of group 1. Microscopically, macrovesicular lipid droplets and moderate hepatocellular necrosis were evident in the tap water + ethanol fed group 3. However, the active ceramic water treated group 1 showed normal architecture. Moreover, in group 2, mild fatty changes and necrosis were observed in hepatocytes. Collagen fibers were increased in spaces surrounding periportal and interlobular connective tissues in the group 3 of tap water + ethanol, but collagen synthesis and its thickness of fibrotic septa connecting portal tracts were markedly reduced in the group 2 of ceramic water + ethanol. Myofibroblasts were detected mainly in the interlobular connective tissues of pig liver of group 3 treated ethanol and tap water. Few to no myofibroblasts were observed in groups 1 and 2. CYP2E1 was not or rarely detected in group 1 fed ceramic water. However, group 2 showed slightly activation of CYP2E1 in the area of pericentral vein, while CYP2E1 was significantly activated in group 3 fed tap water and ethanol. Based on the above data, we believe that we have developed a unique alcohol induced fibrosis model in pig, which will be useful in developing anti-fibrotic agents and drugs. Furthermore, the active ceramic water used in our study had an inhibitory and may be protective against ethanol induced hepatic toxicity and fibrosis.
Distribution on the sorbic acid in cooked meat produced from meat processing plants of Gyeongbuk province
Do, Jae-Cheul ; Son, Seong-Bong ; Seo, Hee-Jin ; Lee, Young-Mi ; Kim, Mi-Sook ; Cho, Min-Hee ; Bae, Sung-Soo ; Lee, Sung-Hae ; Jyeong, Jong-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 26, issue 4, 2003, Pages 361~368
Sorbic acid and potassium sorbate are widely used food additives with high efficiancy and they are approved and recommended by FAO and WHO. Sorbic acid is one of preservatives that is mostly used in general food. Sorbic acid and potassium sorbate are used to prevent food, such as cheese, bread, beverage, and so on, from staling and molding. The world market for sorbic acid and potassium sorbate is growing and the market in Asian region is also expected to grow rapidly. This study was carried out to measure the amount of the sorbic acid in cooked meat produced from meat processing plants in Gyeongbuk province during 2000∼2003. One thousand one hundred and thirty-five samples of cooked meat(430 spices added meats, 486 grinding cooked meats, 3 bacons, 23 jerked meats, 68 sausages, 125 hams) were collected from meat processing plants and analyzed for the concentration of preservative sorbic acid by using of high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). Sorbic acid was not detected in spices added meats, grinding cooked meats and bacons, except on jerked meats, ham and sausage. But the concentration range of sorbic acid in jerked meat was 0.00∼1.5g/kg, average 0.37g/kg, and in sausage was 0.00∼1.31g/kg, average 0.53g/kg, and in ham was 0.00∼ 1.22g/kg, average 0.56g/kg. There was no sample that sorbate concentration exceeded the legal permitted level 2.0g/kg in cooked meat.