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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Min-Hee Cho / Hee-Joung Song
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Prevalence of porcine circovirus type 2 from slaughtered pigs in eastern area of Gangwon province
Choi Won-Zong ; Hong Gyong-Soo ; Jeong Woong-Ho ; Kim Nam-Sun ; Kim Nyeun-Su ; Kim Ki-Tae ; Kim Kwang-Jae ; Kim Moon-Shik ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 249~256
Porcine circovius type 2 (PCV 2) is a novel virus of Circoviridae familiy which is considering the cause of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of PCV 2 infection of swine in eastern areas of Gangwon province from February to June in 2005. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were conducted to identify the PCV 2 genome against 80 pigs. The number of infection and its rate of 4 areas, 8 farms and 80 pigs were 3 (75.0%), 7 (88.0%) and 44 (55.0%), respectively.
Studies on the supplementation of fermented soybean by Bacillus subtilis (natto) on performances, prevention against disease in broilers
Kwon Mee-Soon ; Lee Ji-Yoog ; Park In-Gyu ; Yoon Yeo-Baik ; Joung Dong-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 257~266
The present study was done to investigate the effect of dietary supplemental freezer dry powder fermentation soybean by Bacillus subtilis (natto) on the growth performance and intestinal microflora, prevention of fowl typhoid infection, the uptake of vegetative diet in broiler chickens. The chickens were fed control diet (supplement antibiotics) and fermentation soybean (0.75, 1.5, 3%) diets. A total of 280 one day old broiler chickens with randomly mixed sexes were fed the four diets for 6 weeks. Body weight gain of chicken fed 1.5% fermentation soybean by B subtilis tend to increase higher than the control from 6th week. Chickens fed diets containing 1.5% fermentation soybean by B subtilis had higher intake than those fed the other levels to the 3th weeks, but lower than control from the 4th week to the 6th week. Feed conversion also improved significantly in the supplemental 1.5% fermentation soybean by B subtilis from the 4th week to the 6th week. The number of B subtilis and Lactobacillus spp in the ileum and cecum tend to increase in the supplemental fermentation soybean by B subtilis at 6 week of age, but was not significantly different. In the nutrient digestibility, the feed conversion on the supplemental 1.5% fermentation soybean by B subtilis was better than the control and the weight of drying feces lower than the control. In test of S. gallinarum intramuscular inoculation, reisolation rate of S gallinarum in liver and feces 1.5% the fermentation soybean by B subtilis 75% (liver), 17% (feces) had decreased than the control.
A survey of Newcastle disease virus antibody titers on slaughtered chickens
Heo Jung-Ho ; Lee Kuk-Cheon ; Cho Myung-Heui ; Kim Kuk-Hun ; Hah Dae-Sik ; Kim Jong-Shu ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 267~276
To investigate serum antibody titers of Newcastle disease (ND) virus, serum samples were collected from 19,774 slaughtered chickens from 862 farms in Geoje, Goseong, Tongyung and other province during the period from January 2001 to December 2005. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. The negative percentage of ND antibody titer with below 1.0 levels decreased from 46.7% in 2001 to 40.5% in 2004 but those of it increased to 47.0% in 2005 and the positive percentage of ND antibody titer with higher 5 levels increased from 15.8% in 2001 to 26.2% in 2005. 2. The season levels of ND antibody titer showed various levels according to seasons but the general trend of ND antibody titer decreased in the later half of the year than those of the first half of the year. 3. The negative percentage of ND antibody titer on provinces decreased from 52.0% (2001) to 36.2% (2004) in Goseong but those of it increased to 51.4% in 2005. The negative percentage of ND antibody titer of Tongyung and other provinces increased from 51.0%, 28.5% (2001) to 55.0% and 44.3% (2005), respectively. 4. The year average levels of ND antibody titer increased from 2.2 to 2.6 during 2001- 2004 but those of it decreased to 2.4 in 2005. The provinces average levels of ND antibody titer increased from 2.0 to 2.8 during 2001 - 2005 and others provinces except Gyeongnam decreased from 3.3 to 2.6 during the 2001-2005. 5. The farm average levels of ND antibody titer with below 1.0 levels decreased from 26.3% in 2001 to 10.2% in 2004 but those of it increased to 17.6% in 2005 and those of below 1.0 or 2.0 levels increased from 17.9% (2001) to 27.7% (2005). The protective levels of ND antibody titer with higher 5.0 levels increased from 2.1% in 2001 to 8.8% in 2005.
Isolation of antibiotic resistant Lactobacillus spp from fermented milk and starters, and detection of transmissible R plasmids
Baek Kui-Jeong ; Seo Heyng-Seok ; Roh Young-Sun ; Yang Hae-Dong ; Hur Boo-Hong ; Seo Lee-Won ; Joung Dong-Suk ; Song Hee-Jong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 277~285
Plasmids are covalently closed circular molecules of DNA that are stably inherited and replicate somewhat independently of the bacterial chromosome. Genes carried on plasmids can mediate a wide variety of important functions, including antibiotics (R plasmids) and heavy metals resistance, toxins production, cell penetration, iron chelation, complement resistance, and metabolic characteristics such as sucrose and lactose fermentation. Fifty strains of lactobacilli were isolated from 26 staters and 29 fermented milk products. They were classified 27 strains as Lactobacillus paracasei subsp paracasei, 11 stains as Lactococcus lactis subsp cremoris, 6 strains as L delbrueckii subsp lactis, 4 strains as L acidophius, and 2 strains as L delbrueckii subsp bulgaricus. All of these strains were examined for drug resistance and transferability of R plasmids. All of the isolates were sensitive to Am, C, CF, E, NB, P, T, and Te. But resistant to SXT 94% (47 strains), K 66% (33 strains), S 56% (28 strains), ENR 50% (25 strains), NOR 38% (19 strains) CIP 38% (19 strains), GM 16% (8 strains), and N 14% (7 strains), in order. And 32 different resistant patterns were found. The most frequently encountered patterns were CIP-ENR-K-NOR-S-SXT (5 strains). In vitro R plasmids transfer experiment, 57 antibiotic resistant strains which were not transfer to the recipient 2 Escherichia coli strains by conjugation, These results indicate that Lactobacillus in internal trade market' stater recognize R factor but transmissible R plasmid is not existed.
Effects of honeybee (Apis Mellifera L.) venom injection on the growth performance and hematological characteristics of pigs
Han Sang-Mi ; Lee Kwang-Gill ; Yea Joo-Hong ; Kweon Hae-Yong ; Oh Baeg-Young ; Lee Yun-Geun ; Kim Bong-Soon ; Baek Ha-Ju ; Kim Soon-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 287~295
This study was conducted to evaluate effects of honeybee venom injection (VI) collected using bee venom collector compared to that of bee venom accupuncture (VA) on the body weight gain, growth rate and hematological characteristics of piglets. One hundred sixty two piglets from 15 sows were allocated in to three groups; honeybee venom subcutaneous injection groups (97 piglets from 9 sows), honeybee venom accupuncture -treated group (31 piglets from 3 sows), and non -treated control group and 30 days after birth. Honeybee venom subcutaneous injection groups divided by a syringeful; group A (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 mg ), group B (1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0 rug), and group C (1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 mg). During 60 days experiment, weight gain and survivability in VI and VA treatment of pigs were higher compared with control. Survival rate during the experiment period was 96.8% in group C, 93.2 % in VA and 86.7 % in control. Weight gain and survivability were effected by VI and VA. WBC, RBC, lymphocytes, monocytes, serum total protein, and albumin concentration were not affected by VI and VA. Serum IgG concentration of VI and VA treatments were greater than that of control. In conclusion, VI and VA were effective for improving growth performance and to increase the concentrations of blood Ig G in growing pigs. No statistical differences were found for VI and VA. These results suggested that the treatment of honeybee venom injection collected using bee venom collector could be used effectively for the increase productivity.
Antimicrobial resistance and pulsed -field gel electrophoresis patterns of Salmonella gallinarum isolated from broiler
Kim Seong-Guk ; Kim Yeong-Hwan ; Eom Hyun-Jung ; Jang Seong-Jun ; Jo Gwang-Hyeon ; Lee Yang-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 297~308
Fowl typhoid (FT) is a septicemic disease caused by Salmonella gallinarum. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial resistance and pulsed -field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns of S gallinarum isolated from broiler. During 1999 to 2004, there was isolated a total of 26 strains in liver and spleen. The biochemical characteristics of S gallinarum isolates was nonmotile, no production of
, glucose gas, non-fermented rhamnose, indole-negative, fermentation of dulcitol, mannitol, maltose, and ornithine decarboxylase. At antimicrobial susceptibility, all of isolates were susceptible to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, amikacin, neomycin, kanamycin, and cephalothin. Twenty-six isolates were divided into 19 resistant patterns and 6 strains was 8-multi-drug resistance. PFGE of Xba I restriction fragments of S gallinarum isolates was 22 patterns.
Outbreak of carprine arthritis-encephalitis in dairy goat flocks
Son So-Yeon ; Son Hyeon-Soo ; Ryu Dae-Yeol ; Kang Sin-Seok ; Park Jae-Myoung ; Byeon Hyeon-Seop ; Choi Hae-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 309~316
This is a case report on the occurrence of caprine arthritis-encephalitis (CAE) disease among dairy goats in a local farm located in Yeongdong-gun, Chungbuk. Previously, it was reported that the farm experienced intermittent deaths numbering 15 of the 97 goats raised for 5 months. Most of the goats less than 6 months of age were suffering from ataxia and posterior paresis, body tremor and abnormal head posterior. Affected animals frequently had stunted growth and had a rough coat. Goats more than 6 months of age were affected with an insidious, chronic arthritis characterized by articular swelling ('big knee') of the carpal, hock, and stifle joints. Necropsy revealed severely swollen mesenteric lymph nodes, under- flow of 2-3ml synovial fluid in the articular space and fibrous proliferation of synovial membrane. Histopathological examination showed perivascular accumulations of mononuclear inflammatory cells in the white matter of the brain, proliferative synovitis characterized by villous hypertrophy, synovial cell hyperplasia and infiltration by mononuclear inflammatory cells. Pulmonary lesions consists of patchy interstitial pneumonia with hyperplasia of lymphoid tissues and an extensive mononuclear inflammatory cell infiltration into the alveolar septa. Confirmation by nested PCR involves amplification of a 296 bp (lst PCR) and 184 bp (2nd PCR) fragments corresponding to the gag region of the CAE virus. This is the first time CAE has been reported in a local farm in Korea and emphasizes the importances of developing preventive measures against CAE.
Simultaneous detection for synthetic antimicrobials in muscle by high performance liquid chromatography-mass selective detector (HPLC-MSD)
Hong In-Suk ; Choi Yoon-Hwa ; Kwon Taek-Boo ; Lee Jung-Hark ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 317~330
This study was conducted to develop the analytical method about simultaneous determination for synthetic antimicrobials in muscle by high performance liquid chromatography - mass selective detector (HPLC- MSD). Solid phase extraction (SPE), matrix solid phase dispersion (MSPD) and liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) have been adapted as pretreatment procedures for HPLC- MSD. Among various solvent tested, methanol was chosen for extraction of synthetic antimicrobials in muscles. For the optimized response, the values of various MS parameters including fragment voltage, drying gas flow, nebulizer pressure, drying gas temperature were verified. The average recovery rates using MSPD and SPE for muscles of bovine and pork were 78.9-127.1% and 78.3-121.7%, respectively. This method was verified the satisfactory performance for fourteen synthetic antimicrobials excepting carbadox in muscle of pork as detection limit of
on API/ES SIM mode.
Survey on residual antibiotics for beef, pork and chicken at slaughter house in Gyeongbuk province
Seo Hee-Jin ; Lee Yeong-Mi ; Do Jae-Cheul ; Park No-Chan ; Lee Yang-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 331~338
This survey was carried out to detect the residual antibiotics in beef (n = 1,071), pork (n=7,837) and chicken (n=1,536) from slaughter houses in Gyeongbuk province by EEC-4 plate method, Charm II and HPLC during 2005. Residues of antibiotic were detected from 9 beef (0.8%) and 119pork (1.52%) by EEC-4 plate method, and total positive rates were 1.23% (128). 126 samples of the 128 positive samples by the EEC-4 plate method were detected by charm II test. 128 samples were classified as tetracyclines 110 (95.5%),
-lactam 2 (1.6%), sulfonamide 22 (17.2%), quinolone 1 (0.8%). The highest residual concentration of oxytetracycline, tetracycline, chlor-tetracycline, penicillin, sulfamethazine, sulfadimethoxine, sulfaquinoxaline, sulfamerazine, sulfamonomethoxine and enrofloxacin were 7.57, 0.27, 0.40, 0.24, 14.24, 4.33, 8.59, 0.12, 0.09 and 1.98 ppm, respectively and 49 samples were exceeded legal admitted levels.
Development of simultaneous determination of vitamin A and E in infant formula by micro-HPLC
Yun I-Ran ; Choi You-Jeong ; Lee Min-Kwon ; Jeong Myeong-Ho ; Kim Byeong-Hun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 339~346
Semi-micro-HPLC using a column-switching technique was developed for simultaneous determination of vitamin A and E contents in infant formula. Vitamin A and E were extracted by PDA - HPLC with reversed phase column using organic solvent and their contents in Certified Reference Material (CRM) and infant formula were determined and compared with hydrolysis method and rapid extraction. Developed method has many advantages of simple and rapid sample preparation and simultaneous determination of vitamin A and E by micro-HPLC using reversed phase column.
Functional and morphological changes of the livers by 5-fluorouracil treatment on diethylnitrosamine-treated rat
Kim Cheol-Ho ; Cheon Sung-Hwa ; Bhak Jong-Sik ; Kim Nam-Cheol ; Kang Chung-Boo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 347~364
This study is concerned with assessment of diethylnitrosamine (DEN 0.01 %) induced liver cell carcinogenesis by measurement of changes preceding the development of neoplasms. Therefore, it was undertaken to investigate changes of liver-specific enzyme activities in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats by ad libitum feeding of DEN. And also. the changes of hepatic morphology in SD rats were detected by haematoxylineosin stain and immunohistochemistry (PCNA). 5- Fluorouracil (5- FU) is one of the most widely used anticancer agents for digestive cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma, and is known to affect the cell cycle and induce apoptosis of cancer cells. In the present study, SD rats were given drinking water containing 0.01% diethylnitrosamine (DEN) for 8 weeks. Minor behavioral change, brittleness of hair and decreased amount of water and diet intake were observed in rats 4 weeks after DEN administration. The body and liver weights were significantly (p < 0.05) decreased in rats 11 weeks after DEN administration. The liver weight ratio to body weight was rather stable and not significantly decreased in the all treatment groups. The liver specific enzyme activities (AST, ALT,
-GTP) were significantly increased in all treatment groups compared to control group (p < 0.05). Variable size of liver tumor and hepatomegaly were observed in rats treated with DEN after 10 weeks. Numerous vacuoles were seen on the midzonal and or peripheral areas of hepatic lobules. The large and polymorphological hepatocytes with eosinophilic cytoplasm or densely basophilic mitotic nucleoli were seen. Several proliferative small round cells were seen on vacuolated and necrotic areas in peripheral hepatic lobules or portal areas. PCNA-positive cells were seen on the vacuolated portal areas and peripheral areas of hepatic lobules in the areas of small round cells. We examined functional and morphological changes of livers by 5 - FU treatments on DEN -treated rat. The DEN -treated rats compared to 5 - FU -treated rats after DEN treatment for 8 weeks. The serum total protein and triglyceride were significantly (p < 0.05) decreased, and the liver enzyme activities of AST and ALT were significantly(p < 0.05) increased. After 8 weeks, in the non-5-FU -treated group, the size of liver tumor were varied and hepatomegaly were observed, hepatocellular vacuolization, necrosis and steatosis were observed on the midzonal and peripheral areas of hepatic lobules. The large and polymorphological hepatocytes were seen, the interlobular connective tissues were proliferated. PCNA positive cells were seen in the portal areas and peripheral areas of hepatic lobules in the non-5-FU-treated group. In hepatocytes, condensation of nuclear chromatin and vacuolization were observed, shape of the nuclei were irregular, the degraded nuclei and organelles were observed. The livers of rats in the 5 - FU treatment group were seen grossly brilliant, red-brown color, and the vacuolated and degenerated regions, hyperplastic nodules were not nearly observed. In the electron microscope, the cytoplasm of the hepatocytes contained a large number of mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, developed organelles surrounding nuclei. The above findings suggest that 5 - FU will be effective as anti -liver tumor drug.
Leukocyte subpopulations of peripheral blood in Korean indigenous cattle vaccinated with attenuated live Akabane virus vaccine
Park Young-Nam ; Son Sung-Mi ; Shin Myung-Kyun ; Kwon Myung-Sang ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 3, 2006, Pages 365~376
To identify immune response of leukocytes in peripheral blood of cattle vaccinated with an attenuated live Akabane virus vaccine, leukocytes were reacted with monoclonal antibodies which are specific to bovine lymphocyte surface antigens and assayed by the flow cytometry. Serum neutralizing (SN) test was used to measure antibody titers after vaccination, SN antibody was appeared to 7 days post-vaccination (PV) and 2-8 antibody titers were observed in 14 days PV. Proportion of
expressing cells were rapidly increased at 3 days PV.
cells were increased at 7 days PV.
cells were highly increased at 3, 3, 7, 7, 14, 14 days PV, respectively.