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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
The monitoring of heavy metals (lead and cadmium) in honeys consumed in Incheon region
Lee, Sung-Mo ; Kim, Jung-Im ; Park, Eun-Jeong ; Hong, Jee-Young ; Lee, Jung-Goo ; Hwang, Hyun-Soon ; Kim, Yong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 4, 2006, Pages 451~457
This study was conducted to investigate the contents of lead (Pb) and cadmium(Cd) in honeys (n=60) from April to May in 2004 and to provide the scientific basis for heavy metal regulations of Korea Food Code. The samples were digested with acids, then analyzed for the contents of Pb and Cd by an inductively coupled plasma spectrometer (ICP). The contents of Pb and Cd [minimum-maximum (mean)] were 0.189-1.82 mg/kg (0.568) and not detected (ND)-0.016 mg/kg (0.0008) in domestic acacia honeys (n=20), ND-1.702 mg/kg (0.329) and ND-0.243 mg/kg (0.013) in domestic wild flower honeys (n= 18), ND-0.322 mg/kg (0.073), ND-0.027 mg/kg (0.002) in imported honeys (n=13), ND-3.754 mg/kg (0.671) and ND-0.658 mg/kg (0.073) in foreign honeys (n=9) brought by Korean travellers, respectively. According to the results, foreign honeys brought by Korean travellers were detected with the highest level of Pb and Cd. Therefore, we recommend that heavy metals of domestic and foreign honeys should be continuously monitored. It is also thought that these results could be the important references to establish the standard of Pb and Cd in honey.
Investigation of the groundwater contamination around landfill where slaughtered animals were buried
Bark, Jun-Jo ; Jung, Hae-Sun ; Woo, Jong-Tae ; Lee, Sung-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 4, 2006, Pages 459~467
This study was designed to investigate if there were groundwater contamination in 17 landfill where slaughtered animals were buried during the crisis of 2002 foot-and-mouth-disease (FMD) outbreaks in Gyeonggi province. From March to August 2005 groundwater was collected once a month from 17 sites, and examined with potential for hydrogen (pH), colour, turbidity, lead (Pb), arsenic (As), mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) , iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) , aluminium (Al), nitrate-nitrogen
, microbial pathogen and Escherichia spp. In the examination of
which of the mean concentration was from not-detected (ND) to 0.05 mg/l. The range of
. However, groundwater from four sites was to go beyond the drinking water quality standard (DWQS), i.e., the mean concentration of those were
. In the investigation of pH, colour and turbidity, all of the pH were below of DWQS (pH 5.8-6.6), but one site in color test and four sites in turbidity test were over the standard level. Among 9 metal ions examined, Mn was in excess of DWQS, and its concentration was
. Pb, Cd, Hg and As were not traced. The contents of Cu, Zn, Fe and Al were
, respectively. Escherichiae spp were not identified, but bacterial colonies were detected at 3 groundwater including 2 sites over the DWQS at the level of
Comparative study on Hsp25 expression in Mongolian gerbil and mouse cerebellum
Lee, Heang-Yeon ; Kim, Seong-Hwan ; Lee, Jae-Bong ; Shin, Chang-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 4, 2006, Pages 469~482
The term 'heat shock protein (Hsps)' was derived from the fact that these proteins were initially discovered to be induced by hyperthermic conditions. In response to a range of stressful stimuli, including hyperthermia, immobilization, UV radiation, amino acid analogues, arsenite, various chemicals, and drugs the mammalian brain demonstrates a rapid and intense induction of the heat shock protein. Moreover, Hsps were expressed on the various pathological conditions including trauma, focal or global ischemia, hypoxia, infarction, infections, starvation, and anoxia. Especially, Hsp25 has a protective activity, facilitated by the ability of the protein to decrease the intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as well as its chaperone activity, which favors the degradation of oxidized proteins. Recently, it has clearly demonstrated that Hsp25 is constitutively expressed in the adult mouse cerebellum by parasagittal bands of purkinje cells in three distinct regions, the central zone (lobule VI-VII) and nodular zone (lobule IX-X), and paraflocculus. The Mongolian gerbil has been introduced into stroke study model because of its unique brain vasculature. There are no significant connections between the basilarvertebral system and the carotid system. This anatomy feature renders the mongolian gerbil susceptible to forebrain ischemia-induced seizure. The present study is designed to examine the pattern of Hsp25 expression in the cerebellum of this animal in comparison with that in mouse.
Pulmonary diseases in slaughtered cattle 4. Pathology of pulmonary lesions
Rahman Akm Anisur ; Nooruddin Md ; Hossain M Mokbul ; Rahman M Siddiqur ; Hossain Mohammad Arif ; Song Hee-Jong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 4, 2006, Pages 483~487
A study of pulmonary diseases in the slaughtered cattle (n = 125) of Mymensingh town was conducted to study pathological findings using the standard methods from September 2001 through April 2002. The pulmonary lesions observed in this study included congestion, emphysema, anthracosis, pleuritis abscess and hemorrhage. The histopathological findings of congestion were characterized by hemorrhage, a large number of leukocytes infiltration in the lumen of the alveoli, bronchitis, bronchiolitis, proliferation of fibrous connective tissue and hyperplasia of bronchiolar epithelia. Histopathologically, emphysema was identified by the distended alveoli with thin and atrophied alveolar walls. In anthracosis, carbon particles were found in stroma and alveolar lumen. In pleuritic lesions, there was a proliferation of fibrous connective tissue along with the infiltration of mononuclear reactive cells. Abscesses were characteristic of the accumulation of neutrophils surrounded by immature fibroblasts forming a capsule like structure.
Oculocutaneous albinism in a calf in Korea
Kim Bum-Seok ; Camer Gerry Amor ; Chekarova Irina ; Zeeshan Muhammad ; Borisova Irina ; Blank Ivar ; Ejaz Sohail ; Park Hee-Jin ; Kwon Jung-Kee ; Lim Chae-Wong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 4, 2006, Pages 489~492
Albinism, characterized by absence or lack of pigmentation from the hair, skin, hooves, nasal region and the eyes is rarely seen in cattle in Korea. A 15-day old calf, approximately weighing 28 kg has been conspicuously distinct from the rest of 40 herds of cattle raised in Sunchang country because of its white coat color, white muzzle and hooves and eyes with light pinkish iris. The calf was born of Korean indigenous cattle with no previously reported history of albinism since inception of the farm for over a decade period. It was assumed as a form of recessive genetic disorder. This observation was documented to present occurrence of albinism in cattle in Korea.
Progressively gangrenous limbs in Korean indigenous calves
Kim Bum-Seok ; Camer Gerry Amor ; Berzina Dace ; Chekarova Irina ; Zeeshan Muhammad ; Borisova Irina ; Blank Ivar ; Ejaz Sohail ; Park Hee-Jin ; Kwon Jung-Kee ; Lim Chae-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 4, 2006, Pages 493~496
This study investigated cases of progressively necrotizing limbs in Korean indigenous calves. The recent case (Case 1) involved a 3-month old, male calf in Jeonbuk province that presented a visibly dry form of gangrene affecting joints of the forelimbs and the hind limbs. Radiograph revealed osteoarthritis possibly resulting from pressure of disrupted joint skin, fasciae, deeper underlying musculatures and tendon. Histopathology of affected tissue showed necrotizing; severely thrombosed dilated blood vessels with rechanneling microvasculatures. The lack of substantial infectious inflammatory exudates in the vital organs and the inability to respond to antimicrobial treatment bolstered the notion that the observed thromboembolic and vascular lesion was attributed to possible vasoconstrictive effects of ergot alkaloids. Case 2: A previously encountered similar case in a 4-month old, male calf showing gangrene of hind limbs and posterior ataxia was likewise presented. These two cases were impressed as probable ergotism. Ergotism may be uncommon or underreported in Korea. Future isolation of ergot alkaloids in feeds or in pasture is highly suggested.
Clostridium perfringens type A associated enteritis in a Shitzu dog
Byun, Jae-Won ; Yoon, Soon-Seek ; Lim, Suk-Kyung ; Lee, O-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 4, 2006, Pages 497~501
Acute hemorrhagic enteritis was diagnosed in a seven-month-old male Shitzu dog dying of blood stained diarrhea and vomiting. Clinical findings were anorexia, dullness and sudden death after massive bloody diarrhea. At necropsy, main lesion was the hemorrhage in small intestine, mainly duodenum and jejunum. Microscopically, Gram positive long bacilli were massively detected on the mucose epithelial cells and necrotic debris of small intestine. Coagulative necrosis of epithelial cells and thrombosis of small intestine were also identified. However, there was no lesion of crypt epithelium. Mineral infiltration in both gastric mucosa and renal tubules was detected and proliferation of fibrous tissue was also shown in corticomedullary regions. In bacterial examination, C perfringens was isolated in anaerobic culture and it was confirmed to type A by multiplex PCR. Therefore, the dog was diagnosed as C perfringens type A associated enteritis with uremia.
Cyclopia in a calf
Kim, Bum-Seok ; Park, Hee-Jin ; Cho, Jae-Woo ; Berzina, Dace ; Zeeshan, Muhamad ; Ejaz, Sohail ; Chekarova, Irina ; Kwon, Jung-Kee ; Lim, Chae-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 4, 2006, Pages 503~506
Cyclopia is a congenital ocular abnormality in which two orbits are fused together due to an arrest in the normal process of embryonic tissue development. Reported here is a case of cyclopia in a calf observed from the uterus of cow slaughtered in an abattoir in Korea on March 24, 2004. The calf possessed a spherical-shaped head and only one centrally placed eye. The one eyeball showed complete eyelashes on the defective eyelids. The nasal region and the anterior nares were absent along with a dorsally curved mandible extended beyond the defective maxillae.
A case of canine maxillary gingival acanthomatous epulis
Kim Bum-Seok ; Park Hee-Jin ; Cho Jae-Woo ; Camer Gerry Amor ; Berzina Dace ; Chekarova Irina ; Ejaz Sohail ; Cheon Seung-Ki ; Kwon Jung-Kee ; Lim Chae-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 29, issue 4, 2006, Pages 507~511
Acanthomatous epulis is a malignant form of gingival tumor. This is a case of epulis affecting a four-year old, intact, female Maltese dog raised as indoor pet in Iksan city. Clinical examination showed an enlarged palpable mass along the rostral maxillary gingiva. Section of the excised mass showed epithelial overgrowth and expansion from the basal portions through the tissue stroma. Post-surgical radio-graph showed displacement of the first and second maxillary incisors. Histochemical staining showed strongly positive reaction to epithelial marker cytokeratin and moderately positive reaction to connective tissue marker vimentin. This case was diagnosed as a form of maxillary gingival acanthomatous epulis. Routine clinical oral examination is suggested.