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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Service
Editor in Chief :
Min-Hee Cho / Hee-Joung Song
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Isolation and characterization of Vitreoscilla mutant defective in catalase-peroxidase hydroperoxidase I
Kim, Hee-Jung ; Moon, Ja-Young ; Lee, John-Hwa ; Park, Kie-In ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 291~304
Mutants of an obligate aerobic bacterium, Vitreoscilla, that have deficiency in heat-labile catalase-peroxidase hydroperoxidase I (HPI) were created by EMS treatment. The catalase-peroxidase HPI-deficient mutant showed substantially lower peroxidase activity in exponential and mid-stationary phase compared with the wild type strain. In late stationary phase, the mutant exhibited no peroxidase activity. Peroxidase deficiency in the mutant was revealed by polyacrylamide gels stained for peroxidase activity. Characteristically, catalase levels in the mutant increased about 14- and 8-fold during growth in the exponential and stationary phases, respectively, compared to those in the wild type, suggesting a compensatory effect for protection from
toxicity. The mutant showed differences in physiology from the wild type: retardation in growth rate and decrease in oxygen consumption. Both the wild type and the catalase-peroxidase HPI-deficient mutant of Vitreoscilla had lower growth rates in media containing increasing
concentrations. However, the mutant exhibited an additionally decreased growth rate after 6 to 8 h of growth compared to the wild type. The wild type was resistent up to 20 mM
, whereas the mutant was very sensitive to high concentrations of exogenous
. Although elevated catalase levels would provide protection of the bacteria from the deleterious effect of
, it did not appear to be complete. Cell-free extracts of the mutant showed decreased NADH oxidation rates and higher accumulation of
during this oxidation. These results may account for the impaired growth and earlier onset of death phase by the catalase-peroxidase HPI-deficient mutant of Vitreoscilla.
Seroprevalence of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2), and mycoplasmal pneumonia of swine farms in Jeonbuk-Iksan
Chu, Keun-Suk ; Hyong, Sang-Gi ; Lee, Ji-Young ; Kim, Ji-Young ; Seo, Lee-Weon ; Jung, Bung-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 305~312
The present studies was to seroepidemiological investigation with the related pneumonia due to a combination of both viral and bacterial agents. In selected herd in Jeonbuk-Iksan area of swine farms in 2006. The seroprevalence of antibody titers of PRRS, PCV-2 and mycoplasmal pneumonia were 87.2%, 69.8% and 47.4%, respectively. High seroprevalence of antibody in sow indicate that the infected sow major source of the diseases, and play an important role in circulation between production stage.
Diagnosis of avian adenovirus-associated hydropericardium hepatitis syndrome
Chu, Keum-Suk ; Lee, Jeoung-Won ; Song, Hee-Jong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 313~319
Avian adenoviruses are diverse group of pathogens and recently hydropericardium hepatitis syndrome (HHS) Is an important, emerged disease of poultry. Particularly 2-3 weeks old age broilers increased mortality ranging from 20-30% and brown native chicken 3-7 weeks sudden onset with mortality 20-50%, typically development secondary infection. The infection chicken shows liver enlarged, pale and straw- colored fluid is present in the sac surrounding the heart. Histopathological positive samples have necrotic foci and basophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies in the hepatocytes and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was useful for detect the fowl adenovirus (FAV) associated with HHS.
Outbreak of inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) and infectious bursal disease (IBD) in broilers, case
Lee, Ji-Young ; Kwon, Mee-Soon ; Chu, Keum-Suk ; Cho, Hyun-Ung ; Lee, Jeoung-Won ; Seo, Jae-Sik ; Song, Hee-Jong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 321~327
This is a case report on the occurrence of inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) and infectious bursal disease (IBD) among the broilers in a local farm located in Wanju, Jeollabukdo. Mostly IBH could be caused by adenovirus if the bird's immune system was first weakened by exposure to immunosupressive agents such as infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) and chicken anemia virus (CIAV). However IBH primary occurred before IBD in this case. And recent work has demonstrated that virulent adenovirus alone can produce the disease.
A survey on diseases to improve productivity in 1-day-old chicks of broiler farms
Koh, Won-Seuk ; Um, Sung-Shim ; Cho, Bum-Jun ; Kim, A-Rum ; Lee, Byong-Jong ; Lee, Seong-Hyo ; Bae, Joung-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 329~338
Samples collected from 15 broiler farms(47 flocks, 920 1-day-old chicks) during March to December, 2006, To survey serum antibody titers of NDV, IBDV and MG/MS, the antibodies of ND viruses were detected by HI test and ELISA, against antibodies of IBD viruses and MG/MS by ELISA. The antibody titers of NDV showed 6.4, HI and 6,968, ELISA, respectively. The rate to below protective antibody levels(
, HI and
, ELISA) were 8%, HI, 5%, ELISA, specially, Baeksemi were 22%, HI, 14%, ELISA. The rate of positive by ELISA showed 99%(914/920). The ELISA titer of IBDV showed mean titer 3,890. The rate of positive were 93% (857/920), specially, Baeksemi were 84%. The ELISA titers of MG/MS showed mean titer 5,666. The rate of positive were 78% (715/920) and 100%, Abor-Acre, 97%, Baeksemi, respectively. The antibodies not detected from 18%, ELISA titers was varied from 500 to 20,000. At antimicrobial susceptibility of E coli, Staphylococcus spp and Salmonella spp isolated from 1-day-old chicks, E coli were susceptible to AmC, AM, NOR, SXT, ENR, CIP, Staphylococcus spp were susceptible to AmC, SXT, AM, ENR and Salmonella spp were susceptible to AM, AmC, SXT and P.
Characteristics of Salmonella spp isolated from poultry carcasses
Lee, Ho-Won ; Hong, Chong-Hae ; Jung, Byeong-Yeal ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 339~351
Salmonella infections cause the diseases in poultry and some zoonotic Salmonella can be transmitted to human through poultry products, resulting in food-borne disease. This study was conducted to obtain some useful information for the control of salmonellosis in human. Twenty four Salmonella spp were isolated from poultry carcasses, and they were examined with several methods such as serotyping, antimicrobial resistance test and random amplified polymorphic DNA(RAPD) to identify their characteristics. In serotyping test of 24 strains S enteritidis was 17 (70.8%), followed by S schwarzengrund 3 (12.5%), untyped strain 4 (16.7%). In the results of antimicrobial resistance test, 23 (95.8%) isolates were resistant to at least one antimicrobial agent, generating eight different resistance patterns. In RAPD analysis using URP-6 primer to differentiate Salmonella isolates within a serotype, 4 serogroups were divided into 10 RAPD types: 5 types in S enteritidis, 2 types in S schwarzengrund and 3 types in the remainder.
Molecular typing of Listeria monocytogenes using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)
Chae, Hee-Sun ; Kim, Ju-Young ; Kim, Yoen-Ha ; Yang, Yun-Mo ; Jin, Kyong-Sun ; Shin, Bang-Woo ; Lee, Jung-Hark ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 353~362
A total of 1,354 samples was collected from bovine and porcine carcass from January 2005 to December 2006 in a slaughter house. Twenty five strains(1.8%) of Listeria monocytogenes were isolated from 1,354 samples using selective media. Ten(1.4%) L monocytogenes were isolated from the 677 of bovine carcasses, and 15(2.2%) were isolated from the 677 of porcine carcasses. Among 15 L mono-cytogenes from porcine, 11 siolates were serovars 1/2c, followed by 1/2b (3 strains, 20.0%) and 1/2a(1 strain) Out of 10 bovine samples, positive cases in 1/2a were 9 strains (90.0%), 1/2b were 1 strains(10.0%). PCR primers were selected to amplify a 520-base pair(bp) DNA fragment from the listeolysin O gene (hlyA) of L mono-cytogenes. A 520-bp product was detected in PCR with DNA from L monocytogenes, but not from the other Listeria species tested. A total of 25 L monocytogenes strains were analysed by PFGE after digestion with Apa I. PFGE analysis of genomic DNA showed the
fragments ranging in size from 30 to 550 kb, resulting in 14 patterns.
Biochemical characterization and PFGE pattern of Brucella canis isolated from kennels in Gyoengbuk province
Kim, Seong-Guk ; Kim, Young-Hoan ; Hong, Hyon-Pyo ; Eom, Hyun-Jung ; Jang, Seong-Jun ; Jo, Min-Hee ; Lee, Yang-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 363~374
A biochemical characterization and antimicrobial drugs susceptibility study was conducted in four breeding kennel which was canine abortion caused by Brucella canis in Gyeongbuk province in 2003-2006. Total of 267 dogs domesticated in the four kennel were examination. Among them, 143 (53.6%) dogs were sero-positive and 25 of blood samples were isolated to Brucella canis. At amplification of 35KDa-BCSP gene using PCR, 711 bp DNA fragment was same visible in 25 isolates and B canis RM6/66. Biochemical characterization of B canis isolated was non-hemolytic, no production of
, no fermentation of carbohydrates, catalase-positive, oxidase-positive, indol-negative, hydrolyzation of urea, reduction of nitrate and development of thionin dye medium. Using disk-diffusion method, all of 25 strains tested were found to be highly susceptible to tetracycline, aminoglycoside, quinolone, macrolide antibiotics, rifampin and ampicillin in vitro. Using PFGE with restriction enzyme Smi I, 25 isolates tested were typed to 2 pattern, S1 and S2.
Isolation of Brucella spp from sere-positive native bulls and calves below twelve months old
Ryu, Jae-Yun ; Bun, Jung-Hyun ; Lee, Hee-Young ; Lee, Yong-Chang ; Lee, Jong-Jin ; Song, Young-Gak ; Nam, Hyang-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 375~384
This study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of brucellosis in Korean native cattle in a farm where bovine brucellosis was confirmed 3 times from September 2006 to March 2007. Of 74 bulls serum samples examined, 21 (28.4%) were positive by Rose-Bengal test (RBT) and Standard tube agglutination test (STAT). In the isolation test from seropositive bulls, B abortus was isolated and identified from 2 specimens (testis, intestinal lymph node) among 6 kinds of specimens including blood, urine, feces and soil. Isolation rate of intestinal lymph node and testis was 25% (3/12 cases) and 16.7% (2/12), respectively. B abortus was also isolated from calves below 12 months old, i.e., 1 isolate (25.0%) was confirmed from testis, 4 (40.0%) from supra-mammary lymph nodes and 1 (25.0%) from intestinal lymph node. All isolates had Brucella specific 16s r-RNA with 905-bp band detected by PCR assay. For the more effective control of bovine brucellosis in korea, this paper would like to suggest that all of bulls and calves should be included in the screening tests.
Comparison of a new ELISA with other serodiagnostic tests for bovine brucellosis
Hur, Jin ; Kakoma, Ibulaimu ; Jeong, Jae-Myong ; Lee, Hyeon-Jin ; Baek, Byeong-Kirl ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 385~391
A novel enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is described and compared with other established serologic tests for bovine brucellosis, namely the rose bengal test (RBT), the complement fixation test (CFT), and the tube agglutination test (TAT) approved and used in Korea. A total of 109 bovine serum samples were tested using all the 4 assays and analyzed as to specificity, sensitivity, reproducibility and predictive value. The ELISA showed 100% agreement with the CFT. The least agreement between ELISA was observed with the TAT. The agreement between the ELISA and RBT was not significantly different from that observed between the CFT and the ELISA. It is concluded that the new assay would be a good candidate for routine serologic survey for brucellosis in Korea. A protocol combining the ELISA and the CFT would increase the power for detection of serologically positive individuals and herds.
Rapid diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis in slaughter cattle using PCR
Koh, Ba-Ra-Da ; Kim, Hyun-Joong ; Park, Duk-Woong ; Park, Seong-Do ; Kim, Jae-Ik ; Park, Jong-Tae ; Kim, Yong-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 393~406
Bovine tuberculosis is an important zoonosis worldwide. Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of this disease in cattle, is also a pathogen for humans and several economically important animals. The cases of tuberculosis are reported in two cow found at slaughter house located in Gwangju city. Histopathologically, in the lymph nodes, granulomas consisted of large areas of necrosis surrounded by variable thick bands of cellular infiltrate containing macrophages, Langhans-type multinucleated giant cells and lymphocytes. Lesions in the lung followed the same developmental pattern as did lesions in the lymph nodes with some exceptions. With the acid-fast staining, numerous mycobacteria were revealed in the lung and lymph nodes. M bovis was confirmed as a causative agent in these cattle using bacterial isolation and PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism method based on a unique 12.7 kb fragment insertion sequence from the Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome and the pncA polymorphism, The insertion element IS6110 and IS1081 were present M bovis isolated from lungs and lymph nodes of cattle using PCR assay. These cases are interesting and important in public health aspect that M bovis-infected cattle were found during a routine post-mortem inspection at slaughter house.
Bovine tuberculosis found at slaughtered Korean indigenous cattles
Byun, Hyeon-Seop ; Lee, Hyun-Ju ; Lee, Sang-Myung ; Han, Seong-Tae ; Quak, Hak-Ku ; Choi, Hae-Yeon ; Cho, Yun-Sang ; Ahn, Byeong-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 407~414
There were eight Korean indigenous cattles affected with bovine tuberculosis (BTB) detected by inspectors at slaughterhouses located in Chungbuk province from May 2006 through July 2007. Postmortem finding of BTB cases was characterized by the presence of several caseous or calcified nodules encapsulated by connective tissue from the pleural/peritoneal surface, livers, lungs and regional lymph nodes On micro-scopic examinations, the characteristic lesion of BTB was the formation granulomatous nodules, which contains central calcified necrotic zone surrounded by epithelioid cells, macrophages and a few Langhans' type giant cells. In addition, mononuclear cells and fibroblasts were also infiltrated. At the periphery, encapsulation was formed that protect the neighboring healthy tissues.
Survey of Ascariasis in slaughtered pigs
Kim, Ji-Ye ; Seo, Ji-Yon ; Kim, Duk-Soon ; Yuk, Min-Jeong ; Lee, Eun-Jeong ; Park, Jae-Myoung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 415~419
This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of Ascaris suum infection of slaughtered pigs in Chungju and Eumseong area from January to June in 2007. The percentage of pigs and farms detected milk spot, adult worm, and adult worm in detected milk spot were 4.2% and 23.8%, 0.2% and 9.3%, and 4.9% and 39%, respectively. The prevalence of A suum infection from April to June 2007 was lower than that of January to March 2007. There is not enough of difference in farms' infection rate based on their breeding type.
Examination of ivermectin residues in raw milk after skin administration
Bark, Jun-Jo ; Youk, Ji-Hea ; Kim, Hu-Kyoung ; Park, Hye-Won ; Kim, In-Kyung ; Lee, Woo-Seong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 421~428
This study was conducted two kinds of aims: 1) to modify the analytical methods (conditions) by high performance liquid chromatography - fluorescence detector for the detection of residual ivermectin in raw milk, 2) to provide basic information for the evaluation of standard of the residual ivermectin in raw milk. It could be considerable that negative ion spectra can be better method in the LC/MS analysis for the detection of residues, Characteristic daughter ions were observed in negative ion spectra, however, linear line was not formed in positive ion one. Three Holstein cows (
) were applied to commercial ointment of ivermectin just one time at the first day of test, and residues in raw milk were examined for 20day after administration. The limit of detection (LOD) was 0.65ng (n=5) by HPLC/FLD, and recovery rates were
. The peak was observed at the 4th day, and residues lasted to the end. Thus ivermectin was prohibited when lactating.
Discrimination of cows from heifers by antemortem and postmortem inspection in slaughter house
Choi, Im-Yong ; Choi, Tae-Suk ; Lee, Dal-Ju ; Lee, Hae-Yeong ; Rho, Chang-Sik ; Kim, Kyu-Hiun ; Kim, Eun ; Kweon, Taek-Boo ; Lee, Jung-Hark ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 429~436
This study was performed to make helpful standard for discrimination of cows from heifers by uterine and ovarian section inspection. A total of 3,736 heifers and 249 cows were inspected from January to November 2006 in Karak Market Slaughter house. Firstly, it was obvious that non-corpus albicans were observed in almost heifers(3,597/3,736, 96.3%), but there were distinctive corpus albicans in all cows (249/249 100%). Secondly, another evident was that the length and diameter of the horn in uterus was below 30mm in 94.5% (3,267/3,736) heifers, but above 30mm in 90.4% (225/245) cows, and it was easy to distinguish between right and left horn by difference of size in 87.6% (218/249) cows. Thirdly the diameters of pelvic cavity was below 220mm in 96.8% (3,615/3,736) heifers, but was over 200mm in 85.1% (212/249) cows. Fourthly another difference was found in second sacrum union condition and 13th thoracic vertebral process's states. In case of heifers, it was distinctive five lines in each second sacrum, but it was non-distinctive or united in the same each lines of the sacrum in cows. Fifthly in the results of 13th thoracic vertebral colors, the ratio between red color and white color was 7 : 3 in heifers (3,385/3,736, 90.6%), but that was 2 : 8 in cows (199/249, 79.9%). Consequently, it was possible to use the method which discriminated cows from heifers by uterine and ovarian section inspection in large scaled field slaughter house.
A study on the sorts and dosage of preservatives used in processed meat and milk products
Choi, Hyo-Jung ; Hong, In-Suk ; Choi, Yoon-Hwa ; Lee, Youn-Hui ; Kim, Chang-Gi ; Lee, Duck-Joo ; Lee, Jung-Hark ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 437~443
This study was carried out to investigate the sorts and the quantity of preservatives in 2,575 samples of 10 kind products which had been sold in the markets from 2004 to 2006. These analyses were done using HPLC. By the result of Investigation, the most frequently detected preservative was sorbic acid in 222 cases. Detection rate of sorbic acid was 8.62%. Dehydroacetic acid (DHA) was detected in 8 cases among 36 butter samples and one of 278 sausage samples. Detection rate of DHA was 0.0035%. In detail, the detection rate was 71.5% (88/123) in dried meat, 22.2% (8/36) in processed butter, 17.3% (48/278) in sausage, 10.4% (17/163) in canned meat etc., 7.9% (49/619) in ham, 7.48% (19/254) in processed cheese and 4% (2/49) in bacon, respectively. The content range of sorbic acid and its average in each of the processed meat and milk products are as follows:
, 0.26 g/kg in dried meat,
, 0.114g/kg in sausage,
, 0.015 g/kg in canned meat etc.,
, 0.038g/kg in ham,
, 0.056 g/kg in processed cheese,
, 0.022 g/kg in bacon, respectively. Amount of detected DHA was less than 0.23 g/kg, and its average was 0.022 g/kg in processed butter.
Study of ecological investigation and disease occuring possibility natural monument wintering-birds in Gangwon-do
Kim, Jong-Taek ; Kim, Hyeon-Cheol ; Pak, In-Chul ; Cheong, Ki-Soo ; Jang, Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 445~457
This report studied the individual number, their favorite habitat, and change pattern of family and group number in Cheolwon Basin, starting in the early Oct. 2004 until late March. 2005 to investigate the ecological features of the Red-crowned Crane and the White-naped Crane. The Cranes arrived Cheolwon Basin in mid-October until next mid-March, and passed the winter in mid-November until next late-February The most visiting number amounted to 550 individuals and, that period was the most frosting mid-January to mid-February. The White-naped Crane visited Cheolwon Basin in autumn, the early winter and spring. Approximately, the wintering-number is 550 individuals, also, the mid-March was the peak-period of arrival and, the number amounted to 2,162 individuals. The cranes chose the farming area around mountains as their wintering habitat and were less likely to choose the farming area around lake as habitat. The Red-crowned Crane and the White-naped Crane showed the different periodical pattern in familial and group numbers. In case of the crane, the familial pattern was stable, but varied in grouping number, and this pattern was similar to the variation of overall individual number. And, also, the most grouping number was shown in the most freezing period of wintering period. The White-naped Crane showed the similar pattern of the Red-crowned Crane that is, stable family number and varying group number, this pattern affected the total number of entire individuals. Grouping number increased in migration period. Parasite infection rate is G japonensis 35.0%, G vipio 38.7%.
Investigation of natural habitats for Korean Musk deer (Moschus Moschiferus)
Kim, Jong-Taek ; Kim, Geon-Joong ; Kim, Hyeon-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 459~466
The Korean Musk deer (Moschus Moschiferus) is endangered due to heavy hunting and Massive destructions of natural habitat. They are included in CITES appendix II. In addition they are designated as a precious natural product in 1968 and listed as endangered species by the Government and Cultural Heritage Administration. At present, the number of musk deer in Korea is smaller than minimum viable population. Without increment of the population size, natural restoration is impossible. It is necessary to develop the artificial growth and re-enforcement methods in order to conservation Korean musk deer. Furthermore, It is necessary to ensure that we have an adequate individual group for artificial growth and re-enforcement. To ensure that we have an adequate individual group, it is necessary to know ecology of musk deer. This study is conducted to confirm and investigate of habitat of musk deer in order to capture individual musk deer. we investigated, confirmed habitats, found traces and captured using trap and decoy. Captured musk deer is male and 5.5 kg, this have canine tooth of 1.5cm, is estimated 15 months old. After capture, we measured each parts of body and tested to research of parasite infection. Strongyloides papillous was founded in the feces. It is essential to get healthy individual and establish of artificial growth technique.
Survey on the actual injured condition and wintery ecology of Black vulture(Aegypius monachus)
Kim, Jong-Taek ; Park, Cheol-Min ; Kim, Young-Jun ; Pak, In-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 467~472
Eurasian black vulture (Aegypius monachus) belongs to family Accipitridae and is a raptor preying small birds and mammals. It is a wintering bird residing from the mid of November to the late of March in Korea. Although Eurasian black vulture population wintering at Korea is gradually increased, the efficient rescue and treatment for injured Eurasian black vultures are still problematic, due to lack of basic data. Therefore, in this survey, to obtain basic resources for establishing more efficient rescue system, we surveyed the number of Eurasian black vultures wintering at Gangwon province, wintering ecology and injury state of Eurasian black vulture. Survey area was Togyo reservoir at Cheorwon, Seonan basin at Yangoo and Wolsong reservoir at Chuncheon from November 2004 to March 2005. From 12 rescued Eurasian black vultures, physical examination, total plasma protein (TPP) and packed cell volume (PCV) were measured. To survey injury state of Eurasian black vultures wintering at Gangwon province, we surveyed the cause, morbidity and mortality from 103 Eurasian black vultures, based on medical records from animal rescue teams. The number of eurasian black vultures were gradually increased from November, peaked at Feburary, then steeply decreased at March. Eurasian black vultures showed the most vigorous activity around 1 PM within a day. In physical examination, mean body weight was
, body length was
. No statistically significant difference in body weight and length between male and female eurasian black vultures was observed. Mean PCV was
, while mean TPP was
. The most common cause of injury and mortality was intoxication, while that of morbidity was fatigue.
Reclassification of an legal communicable disease
Park, Jae-Myoung ; Lee, Jong-Jin ; Kwak, Hak-Koo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Service, volume 30, issue 3, 2007, Pages 473~480
The legal communicable diseases are classified two group, 62 diseases in the existing domestic animal Infectious disease prevention Act. There is problem that standards of administrative measure are unjustly suspected when infectious disease outbreaks between two groups, Therefore, A reclassification of many diseases should be diversified, the standards of administrative measure at the infectious diseases outbreak should be desired. Also, It suggest that central government should mandate local government to be able to assign legally designated disease about specific endemic diseases.