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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 1992
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A Study on the traffic accident with Cars Collision and Speed inference
Baick, Eun-Kee ; Lee, Sung-Tae ; Kim, Kam-Lae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 1~12
This paper presents an approach for analysis of traffic accidents based on close-range Photogrammetry and Simulation of computer graphics. By using the Photographic data analysis, physical characteristics and friction factors of load, we simulated the collision form and speeds at the time of accident.
Computational Maintenance on the Official Coordinates Revision in the Korean Triangulation Stations
Choi, Jae-Hwa ; Lee, Young-Jin ; Choi, Yun-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 13~24
The Korean triangulation network was established for 7 years from 1940 to 1916, the official coordinates of the stations were based on Tokyo Datum. But, most of the triangulation points, were destroyed during the Korean War, was re-established or re-arranged. The National Geography Institute(NGI) is now executing primary and secondary precise control survey projects with Electronic Distance Measuring equipments, which have average side lengths of 10 Km/2.5 Km. In this study, the revision method of the official coordinates is proposed that the combination of the primary and secondary precise control network is appropriate to new densification adjustments based on the computational schems of the original triangulation framework. And, the redefinition systems of Korean Datum is are also proposed in future networks.
Image Resampling for Epipolar Geometry in Digital Photogrammetry
Yeu, Bock-Mo ; Youn, Kyung-Chul ; Jeong, Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 25~30
Most algorithms in computer vision and digital photogrammetry assume that digital stereo pairs are registered in epipolar geometry. But, an aerial stereo pair is not likely to be in epiplar geometry since the attitude of the camera at the instant of exposure is different at every exposure station. In this paper, stereo digital imagery is obtained from aerial stereo pair by scanner. Then procesure to resample the digital imagery to epipolar geometry using exterior orientation elements after absolute orientation is described. As a result, a stereo imagery in epipolar geometry is produced from stereo digital imagery. Epipolar imagery in this paper is applied to the image matching method by digital image correlation technique. Then, a digital elevation model is produced from the result of image matching. The digital elevation model in this paper is compared to the other digital elevation model produced by analytical plotter. As a result, an economical method to generate digital elevation model is presented.
A Study on Geo-Spatial Information System Database Establishment for Urban Information Analysis -With Emphasis on Water Supply Facilities-
Yeu, Bock-Mo ; Youn, Kyung-Chul ; Choi, Chul-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 31~36
Geo-Spatial Information Systems(GSIS) are being used in various urban municipalities as a tool in decision making. Efforts are being made to implement geo-spatial information system databases to systematically and effectively carry out planning, management and monitoring in various fields. This study is about the database establishment of geo-spatial information systems. The study was then applied to water supply facilities management, where the functions and data used in water management were identified through system analysis and the geo-spatial database was designed based on this analysis. Also four application programs were developed to support departments which used various maps and drawings.
A Error Analysis of Scanning for Topological Data Construction in Geographic Information Systems
Yoo, Hwan-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 37~44
Although scanners are much more expensive than other input devices expect for some low quality devices, raster scanner and vectorizing softwares have been used and will be used as a means for the data entry in GIS. In this study, the accuracy of raster data and vectorizing in data entry by scanning technology, the coverage generation are investigated. As a result, the deterioration of spatial resolution can be improved by using the histogram analysis and the line enhancement when we scan a map at a lower dpi. It is to be desired that a raster scanner dpi is selected 150 dpi or 200 dpi among five densities (75 dpi, 150, dpi, 200 dpi, 300 dpi, 400 dpi) in view of the storage of raster data and the RMSE of coverage generation. Also, it was very important role of the choice of trace parameters to trace raster data in the vectorizing procedure.
A Study on the Measuring Angle Error by Trilateration
Lee, Key-Hak ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 45~48
The sighting errors significantly affect to the measuring angle in the horizontal angle observation. We achieved trilateration for the observation of the measuring angle value involved sighting error. According to the each measuring distance, this study dealt with the measuring angle errors through the comparison of the measuring angle with the computed angle in trilateration.
Study on Sampling Techniques for Digital Elevation Model
Kang, In-Joon ; Jung, Jae-Hyung ; Kwak, Jae-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 49~55
Sampling techniques is very important in digital elevation model. There are scanning and digitizing method of sampling techniques. This study is limited in digitizing method. Continous sampling method use contour lines as same entity and grid method is a direct reading of sample elevation in each grid. Triangulated irregular method is needed to identity topographical lines to sample elevation data. As a results, authors know that continous sampling method has economic in input system and triangulated irregular method has a small memory size.
Foundmental Study of Prediction of Natural Disaster Using the Aerial Photo Interpretation
Kang, In-Joon ; Kwak, Jae-Ha ; Jung, Jae-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 57~62
As population is increased, land use types are changed mountainous areas from flatland in Korea. Because natural disaster as landslides occur of life, property, and environmental damage, prediction of landslides have become increasingly important. We focus on the issue for assessment of landslides, not slope stability analysis for a simple slope site. In this study, we could know the correlations of mean, standard deviation for brightness value of imagery by aerial photo scanning. The range of brightness values and standard deviation of landslide area is 35~65 and tend to increment of value, in the every years. When evaluating large regions with past occurrence of landslides, it is possible to search for correlation of site conditions such as degree of slope, soil characteristics, vegetative cover, and rainfall conditions in aerial photo interpretation data.
A Study on the Evaluation of Simplification Algorithms Based on Map Generalization
Kim, Kam-Lae ; Lee, Ho-Nam ; Park, In-Hae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 63~71
The digital map database is often produced for multiple purposes, including mapping at multiple scales; it is increasingly rare that a base map is digitized for mapping at a single scale. The most important problems in process of line simplification in map generalization and multiple representation is that tolerance value selected for simplifying base map information must be modified as feature geometry varies within the digital file to ensure both accuracy and recognizability of graphic details on a generalized map. In this study, we explored various algorithms regarding to line simplication at many scales from a single digital file, and presents a rule by which to determine those scale at which line feature geometry might be expected to change in map representation. By applying two measured of displacement between a digitized line and its simplification, five algorithms have been evaluated. The results indicate that, of the five, the Douglas-Peucker routine produced less displacement between a line and its simplification. The research has proved to automating map simplification, incorporating numeric guidelines into digital environment about what magnitude and variation in geometric detail should be preserved as the digital data is simplified for representation at reduced map scales.
Photogrammetric Analysis of Formative Ratio of Stone Pagodas According to the Period
Yeu, Bock-Mo ; Choi, Chul-Soon ; Oh, Yi-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 73~81
Terrestrial photogrammetry is widely used for the observation of cultural assets due to its effects such as increased accuracy and cost saving. As the damage of cultural assets tends to increase with time, it is essential that the standard of value evaluation and the preservation methods be established. The terrestrial photogrammetry proves to be an excellent tool for this purpose. This study aims to classify the objects measured by terrestrial photogrammetry according to the historical period. The assets to be included are not only national treasures but also obscure cultural assets. This study also aims to discover the genuine value and originality of the asset by analysis of formative ratio. As the result of this study, it is proved that the stone pagodas bave been build by characteristic formative ratio, which varies according historical period. It is anticipated that the results of this study will be applied in deriving the historical periods of discovered stone pagodas as well as in preserving existing cultural assets.