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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Dec 1993
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 1993
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A Study on the Cant Setting in Railway Curve Section
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 11, issue 1, 1993, Pages 1~6
The cant has setted up wrong in a part of railway curve sections, occasionally confusion occur in curve maintenance. In this study, it is suggest effective maintenance method in railway curve section about the radius of curvature, cant successive diminution length, according to the investigation of cant value, compare and analysis with straight decrease in order theory.
Three Dimensional Analysis of the Whole Interior-Surface of Structures by Multiple Close-Range Photogrammetry
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 11, issue 1, 1993, Pages 7~18
In analyzing whole surface of non-topographic objects, the design of multi-station photogrammetric network must involve a number of questions such as geometric configuration of exposure stations, imaging geometry, control point configuration or weight allowance of adjustments. Above all, the surveying of the interior of narrow longitudinal structures needs the design of special photogrammetric network. The main objective of this paper is to suggest the schemes for solving difficult problems attendant upon whole inside-surface analysis of structure and to improve the accuracy and reliability of final measurements. For it, the multi-station exposure network suitable to shape and size of the inside of the structure was designed. Then three dimensional data were acquired by bundle adjustments derived from multi-station photos and the effects of network design factors on accuracy of measurements were contemplated. Also, the algorithm for detection of blunders was developed here is expected to lead to improvement of the reliability of photogrammetric solutions.
A Study on Utilization Plan of Nangido Landfill Using Digital Elevation Model
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 11, issue 1, 1993, Pages 19~27
For the design of a large-scale landfill, the future utilization plan of the landfill ought to precede based on the analysis of existing facility. Analysis for the present condition of reclamation must include accurate assesment of volume and other consideration such as urban scenery. In this study an optimum data interpolation scheme area/volume determination method based on the classification of topography were combined for the correct assessment of sweeping volume. Combined model was compared with the real data of Digital Elevation Model constructed by aero photography. The new model aims at providing basic information for the design and utilization of a new landfill. A a result of this study, we made an algorithm to perform the classification of the topography in the area of interest objectively. In addition, we decided optimal data interpolation scheme and area/volume calculation method for given topography. Finally, we applied the developed methodology to Nangido Landfill to assess current landfill situation and potential capacity when landfilling is resumed.
The Technique of Landslide Hazard Prediction Using Vegetation Interpretation of Aerial Photo
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 11, issue 1, 1993, Pages 29~35
The vegetation such as grass, shrub, tree has been used to control the erosion and stabilize the slope for a long time. But the effects of vegetation on slope area is usually neglected in traditional stability analyses. There are many errors in slope analyses in thin soil mantles. Therefore the effects of vegetation is an important factor. But it is difficult and complex to represent the vegetation influence quantitatively in stability analysis. In this study, authors choose the landslide region at the Kum sung dong Kum-jung ku Pusan as a model area. Authors analyzed the degree of slope with the aerial photo interpretation and DTM data extracted from the topographic map, and the relationship of D.B.H. (diameter of breast height), height, and age of tree in field investigation data. Finally authors know the fact that landslide take place approximately 10 or 20 years later in arbitrary afforestable area where the degree of slope is 27. The prevention effect must be considered in the control of vegetation.
The Coordinate Transformation Between Korean Geodetic System and WGS 84 for the Practical Use of GPS (II)
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 11, issue 1, 1993, Pages 37~45
We research on the coordinate transformation between Korean geodetic system and WGS 1984. We made the wide area an object of our research. This area covers the range of longitude
7'and is four times wider than a first stage research published in 1992. For this research, we performed GPS observations at 10 control point (seven astrogeodetic points, three triangulation points) and eight banch marks nearby control points, and then transformed the coordinates of WGS 84 to Korean geodetic system using the 7 parameter method, Molodensky method and MRE method. From this test, we compared the precision of the coordinate transformation by each method and checked which method is more applicable to Korea. We could find that the precision by 7 parameter method is three times better than the other methods and that the coordinate transformation by 7 parameter method is possible with the precision of 0".017, 0".016, 0.329 m in latitude, longitude and height. We could check and correct the height blunder of the control points by the bench marks nearby control point. We also could find the precision of coordinate transformation is more improved by the correction of height blunder.t blunder.
A Study on the Application of C.R.P. Method for Safety Diagnosis of Structures
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 11, issue 1, 1993, Pages 47~54
Recently, collapse of structures is frequently occurred, so precautionary measures against accidents are requested. In this study, periodic deformations of structure are surveyed using C.R.P technique and these were used to estimate absolute deformation associated with geodetic network. Also, as compared with inclinometer outcome, correlation of these results was obtained. As a results of this study, a difficult problem of control survey was resolved as control points arranged on intervisible parts of structure. And the transformation parameters for absolute deformation analysis were determined incorporating reference network with control network. This eventually led to possibility for analysis of ground behavior, moreover we were able to overcome a limitation of traditional method that could measure only a part of objects.
A Study on the Classification of Forest by Landsat TM Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 11, issue 1, 1993, Pages 55~60
Forest occupied a part of natural ecosystem carries out a role of purifying air, preserving water resource, prevention of the breeding and extermination, recreation areas and etc that preserve and for me one's living environment. In this study, the classification for management of this forest is performed with Landsat TM Image. The classes are decided needle-leaf trees, broad-leaf trees, farming land and grass land, and water. When the TM digital images are classified on computer, water is represented in 7∼13 D.N. of 4th band. But the others is appeared similar mostly specific values so that must be done image processing. When the images compounded 2ed band and 3ed band are processed with ratio of enhancement. Needle-leaf treas is represented in l18∼136 D.N. of 1st band, broad-leaf trees in 72∼91 D.N. of 3ed band, farm land and glass land in 96∼120 of 3ed band. Forest Information is classified with M.L.C, an image classification method. The errors of needle-leaf trees, broad-leaf trees, farm land and grass land, and water are appeared each －7.43, ＋1.89,＋7.58 and －2.04 as compared the digital image with investigation on the scene. Finally, these results are useful for classification of forest vegetation with Landsat TM Image.
Experimental Study on Automatic Car-Navigation by Satellite Positioning System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 11, issue 1, 1993, Pages 61~66
Position fixing is determined by triangulation, traverse surveying and astronomy surveying, However, when the station like a car move, it is impossible to determine the location of car. Satellite position fixing system can be used anywhere on earth arranged in 20, 000 km high with 24 satellites. The theoretical method of the fixing composition is possible to use satellite position fixing system. This paper is the part of the experiment which is dose for the development of the system used in Car-position fixing system. Also, this study is the comparison of one point positioning system and relative positioning system.
A Study on the Analysis of the Urban Sewer Volume Using the Expert System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 11, issue 1, 1993, Pages 67~75
The urban expansion and the modernization of the urban infrastructure need a new technology to manage the facilities. The sewer management, one of the urban infrastructures, requires geographical information systems(GIS) for this purpose, and can be supported by the expert system. Consequently, non-professionals can use this system conveniently. In this study, the search and retrieving capacity of the relational database management system(DBMS) and the chain topology generator of the vector-based GIS were integrated into the sewer management system together with the expert knowledge. This system can predict the sewer volume charge by the simulation, and automate these procedures. This system is also user-friendly by using the user-interface. Finally, the system was applied to one of the Seoul drainage districts and tested.