Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Dec 1994
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jun 1994
Selecting the target year
Establishment of Optimum Photo Condition for the Accurate Monitoring of Cultural Assets and Ground Facilities using Terrestrial Photographs
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 1~13
The terrestrial phetogrammetry has the relative convenience of selecting the site of photo station in contrast with the aerial photogrammetry, and the flexibility in accuracy prediction of object point positioning. So it has the advantage in designing optimum photo taking system which can fulfill the required accuracy. For the convergent photos which are frequently used for the monitoring of cultural assets and ground facilities, almost all of the traditional studies for the optimum photo condition, both in theoretical or experimental, are basically depend on the symmetrical configuration at the normal direction to the center of the object. However, in many cases the surroundings of the object do not allow the normal photo direction or sufficient convergent angle, even more the object features are not always be seen as one panel like planar. In this paper, the accuracy variation of convergent photos for the multi-planar objects, which are composed by some orthogonal planes, are investigated to establish the optimum photo condition. The results of the accuracy analysis for the photo direction, convergent angle, as well as the object feature are expected to be utilized in system design of geometric configuration of convergent photos, which are adequate for the accurate monitoring of the objects, such as culural assets, facilities, precision instruments, deformation surveying, etc.
Evaluation of the Net Strength and Accuracy of Korea Precise Primary Geodetic Network
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 15~24
In order to produce a consistent set of coordinates of the Korea Precise Primary Geodetic Network (PPGN) based on Suwon Datum, PPGN survey with the use of EDM had carried out between 1975 and 1993. In this study, data arrangement and rigorous adjustment was carried out to assess the net strength and local weakness and to evaluate the accuracy of PPGN. ss, specification for PPGN survey would be systematically studied and revised to new technology and field conditions. And basic data for redefinition of official coordinates. of 1st and 2nd triangulation points is obtained.
Development and Application of the Parcel-address Based Water Information System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 25~34
Water Information Systems requires efficient management, fast and highly advanced data processing. To respond these requirements promptly, it is essential to operate proper information systems. In the future, the system should be extended to comprehensive urban information systems. To implement these tasks, the user needs assessment were done using the study site data, Nonhyun-dong, Kangnam-ku, Seoul. Based on these analyses, the parcel-address based water information system was developed using the Arc Macro Language(AML) in Arc/Info, a vector-based GIS. The system was tested at the study site, then, the technological and institutional problems to be solved were discussed for the successful water information system.
A Study on Hydrological Information Management by using Geo-Spatial Information System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 35~42
This study aims to develop a hydrological information management system to manage the hydrological data of Han river integratedly. Various data related to hydrology such as water level, dams, the positions of the hydrological structures for Han river were collected and inputed to build the hydrological information management system. The Database Management System(DBMS) of Korea Water Resources Cooperation which is operated in the form of digits and characters was linked to the Geo-Spatial Information System to join positional information and digital information and to analyze the hydrological data using graphical techniques. Through this study, the positional errors which occurred when digital or characteristic informations were only used, were detected. And the hydrological information management system was presented to estimate the reliability of data related to water level among the hydrological information and to show the basis of output used to correct the data.
A Study on the Effective Algorithms for tine Generalization
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 43~52
This paper outlines a new approach to the line generalization when preparing small scale map on the basis of existing large scale digital map. Line generalizations are conducted based on Douglas algorithm using 1/25,000 scale topographic maps of southeastern JEJU island which produced by National Geographic Institute to analyze the fitness to the original and problems of graphical representation. Compare to the same scale map which was generated by manual method, a verity of small, but sometimes significant errors ＆ modification of topological relationship have been detected. The research gives full details of three algorithms that operationalize the smallest visible object method, together with some empirical results. A comparison of the results produced by the new algorithms with those produced by manual generalization and Douglas method of data reduction is provided. Also this paper presents the preliminary results of an relationships between the size of smallest visual object and requiring data storages for each algorithms.
A Study on the Using of Geo-Spatial Information System for Operation and Management of the Underground Facilities
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 53~59
The purpose of this paper is to use geo-spatial information system for effective operation and management of the underground facilities. The subject area is selected and collected all of the drawing in order to get the coordinate points(tic), which become the standard of the subject area and that can be gotten by way of practising control surveying from a existing triangulation station spatial information and attribute information are classificated from obtained data. Also, after giving the code in the attribute information to make it data-based, connecting spatial information with the attribute information to overlap layer each other, and compared the positional accuracy of the data. From the results of this study, conclusions are acquired as follows; 1) To construct the Database of the spatial and attribute data, which contain all kinds of drawings in underground structures, the reservation of registers and the details of changes and so on, results in easily referencing, compiling and analyzing the reserved data in system as their own purposes. 2) It is expected that we can effectively operate and manage the situation among the underground facilities so accurately that we may obviate the safety accidents or the damages of life and property.
Improved GRS80 Gravimetric Geoid in the South Korea Region (KGM93)
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 61~68
Neglecting distant zones in the computation of geoidal heights using Stokes'formula give rise to some truncation errors. The GRS80 Korean Gravimetric geoid Model 1993(KGM93) of the South Korea region was implemented, in this paper, using a combination of satellite-derived GEM-T2 gravity and terrestrial gravity data. A spherical cap size of 30 degree is used on the integration and the truncation error is compensated to the free-air geoid. The results of this study show that the accuracy of the KGM93-C has one meter level.
The effects of the geoidal height determination in geodetic origin on coordinates transformation between ellipsoids
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 69~76
In this paper, the characteristics of coordinate transformation between the WGS84 and the Bessel ellipsoids according to the assumed values of the geoidal height on Bessel ellipsoid at the geodetic datum origin of Korea were investigated. For this, based on GPS data of 11 control points in Chungnam and Chungbuk province, the mean shift values between ellipsoids were calculated in each case. The geoidal heights on the Bessel ellipsoid were modelled in the area and the coordinate transformation coefficients were derived, and then the accuracy of the transformed coordinates according to fluctuations in geoidal heights were studied.
Techniques of deformations measurement in Electric Power structure by using Close Range Photogrammetry
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 77~87
One of the often espoused merits of close-range photogrammetry is the effectiveness of the method for measuring non-accessible objects of unusual and complex shape. In this study, techniques of deformation measurement using close-range photogrammetry for electric power structures were developed. Absolute deformation could be found efficiently through close-range photogrammetry in the structure deformation analysis based on time variation. Also, feasibility of the structures management system was presented based on this study.
Application of Digital Photogrammetry for The Automatic Extraction of Road Information
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 89~94
A number of the latest research projects focus on the development of real-time mapping system. Typically, these devices are used to capture land-related information in digital form from airplanes or cars. The purpose of this paper is to automatically extract the road information from the digital images obtained using the so-called "GPS-Van" which has been developed by Center for Mapping at The Ohio State University, and to propose the method for the effective storage and management of the digital data. The edges of a road can be extracted from the digital image and determined real-time 3-dimensional position by digital photogrammetry. Also, the three storage level which consists of raster data level, object-oriented data level, and vector data level in the data storage and Quadtree data structure for the effective compression and search in the data management was proposed in this paper.his paper.
The Global Geopotential Models in the Region of Korean Peninsula
Yun, Hong-Sic ; Adam, Jozsef ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 95~106
The purpose of this paper is to establish the optimum reference field as testing some geopotential model, gravity data and GPS data. We have to decide a best fitting geopotential model as a reference surface for establishing the optimum geoid solutions. We conduct some tests on the Korean Peninsula gravity data to establish which of the model would be prove to be the best one. Three ways were used to compare the geopotential coefficient solutions. One of the tests is to compare the residual gravity anomaly remaining after the anomaly computed from the geopotential model has been subtracted from the "observed" gravity anomaly. The second method is a comparison of several geopotential solutions in terms of differences in gravity anomalies and quasi-geoid undulations. The third method is a comparison between the undulation obtained by GPS and the corresponding undulation from each geopotential model. The result showed that OSU91A model is a best fitting model as a reference in the region of Korean Peninsula.Peninsula.
Computational Procedure for Sea Subface Topography of East Asian Marginal Seas using Geosat Altimeter Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 107~118
As satellite altimetry is being progressed to apply with heigher precision to maginal seas, it was necessary to improve correction procedures for tidal signals in altimetry with more accurate tidal model than well-known model of Schwiderski for studying marginal sea dynamics. As a first step, tidal regime of semidiurnal tides
and diurnal tides
were computed with a finer details of formulation of tidal model over the East Asian Marginal Seas covering the Okhotsk Sea and South China Sea and part of Northwest Pacific Ocean with mesh resolutions of 1/6
. Subsequently the computed sets of harmonic constants from the model were used to remove the tide in selected Sea Surface Heights from Geosat in the modelled region. Preliminary correction procedure suggested in the present study may be extensively used for obtaining Sea Surface Topography over the East Asian Marginal Seas, especially for the region where Schwiderski's harmonic constants are not available.
A Study on Calculation of Readjustment Height of Urban Region by Geo-spatial Information System - Focused on the Region of YOUNGDO-GU, PUSAN-
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 119~129
Geo-spatial information system covers a wide range of applications and technologies and is of great potential interest to many users in government, industry and science. In many civil engineering problems it is necessary to model a landform in order to be able to removed or to be brought in to make the site ready for the proposed developed. The earthwork volume, could be calculated by the trapezoidal formula, Simpson's 1/3 and 3/8 rules. And slope is defined by a plane tangent to the surface as modelled by the digital terrain model at any given point and comprises two components namely, gradient, the maximum rate of change altitude, and aspect, the compass direction of this maximum rate of change. The thesis is the earthwork volume could be counted, readjustment height, slope and aspect analysis of various derived products can be obtained form geo-spatial informations.
On the Geoid in and around the Korean Peninsula by analysing Gravity Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 12, issue 1, 1994, Pages 131~139
In this study, calculate the detailed geoidal undulations in and around the Korean peninsula by analysing various sources of gravity data. The relative geoidal undulations reach up to 1.5 meters in and around the Korean peninsula. Geoidal undulations in the Korean peninsula vary from 15.5 m to 30.0 m refer to GRS1980 ellisoid and show a general tendency of eastward increase. These results must be compared with results of other method, especially by the results of GPS survey.