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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Dec 1996
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 1996
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Digital Photogrammetry and Its Role in GIS
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 1~7
The idea of digital photogrammetry was first introduced into the photogrammetric community in early 1960s'. At that time, it was impossible to implement the idea due to inferior computer and digital image processing technology With the recent advancements in computer hardware/software and image processing techniques, digital photogrammetry has made its entry into the field of photogrammetry. The advent of digital photogrammetry also resulted from the increasing amount of digital data acquired through satellites, CCD cameras and digital scanning of photographs. Obviously, the major distinction between conventional photogrammetry and digital photogrammetry lies in the nature of primary input data (analogue versus digital), which could lead to a fully automated digital photogrammetric workstation. However, since digital photogrammetry is in its infant stage, virtually every task is an unsolved problem due to lack of understanding of theories and techniques. Upon considering the increasing demand of efficient digital mapping method and economical GIS database generation, the union of GIS and digital photogrammetry becomes ever clear. In this paper, the author addresses the current status of digital photogrammetry such as digital imagery and digital photogrammetric workstation as well as the role of digital photogrammetry in GIS.
A Stereo Matching Method for Photogrammetric Orientation
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 9~16
A new stereo matching method for the relative orientation and the photogrammetric triangulation has been pro-posed. It matches the pairs of conjugate points to be used as pass points and tie points in digital aerial photographs instead of selecting these points with manual point transfer and measurements. Three unique steps included in the proposed matching method are as followings. The first step is searching interest points, and designating them as candidate points to be matched. The second is matching the points from the pair of images by the Cross Correlation Method in both direction(left to right direction and right to left). The third is selecting consistent pairs in the both matching directions. Computer programs based on the proposed matching method have been developed, and with digital aerial photographs which have full ground coordinate information tests were performed to know reliabiliy and positional accuracy of proposed method. Results of the tests reveal that the proposed matching method can eliminate the in-correctly matched pairs more efficiently than other matching methods, thus this can be more reliably applied to the relative orientation and the photogrammetric triangulation.
Effective Application of Close-Range Photogrammetry with Digital Images in Industrial Precise Measurement
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 17~25
The development of still video CCD cameras has simplified dramatically the digital imaging process. Still video cameras have flexibility that allows digital image acquisition and on-board image storage without being connected to a computer. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the performance of digital close-range photogrammetric system using the still video camera for dimensional inspection and structural monitoring being required in various industries. Some sub-pixel measurement techniques, which is indispensable for digital image measurement, were suggested. The author carried out the self-calibration of a high resolution DCS420 still video camera and then test application of a structure. The self-calibrating bundle adjustments resulted in object space accuracies which exceed 1 :46,000. It is ascertained that this digital close-range photogrammetric system has high accuracy potential and task effectiveness for industrial applications.
A Study on the Small-scale Map Production using Automatic Map Generalization in a Digital Environment and Accuracy Assessment
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 27~38
Non-scale digital map have important role in the field of GIS and other application area which using geographical data in recently against conventional map restricted by scale and information. The main objective of this study is to develope the automated map production system for small scale map in conjuction with generalization techniques in a digital environment. We will intend to develope algorithms and programs for each generalization operators based on specific terrain feature with vector data. This study will be performed aspects related to an data model development of generalization process, focussing on priority for processing sequency with maintaining vector topology, and error analysis for generalized digital data.
Land Cover Classification Techniques for Large Area using Digital Satellite Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 39~47
This paper is to provide land cover classification techniques for large area ranged in different pathos by classifying Landsat TM data of Jeonnam province. The analyses proceeded by individual scene because acquired dates are not same in different pathes. In this processing, troubles had happened something like variation of classes can be classified in two scenes and choice problem about overlapped area. Since spatial effects in large area affect data values, it was difficult to make a selection of classes and training fields. we could present a solution about these problems by trial and error method, and found that Bayesian maximum likelihood classification and majority filtering were effective to improve classification accuracy.
Gravimetric Geoid Determination by Fast Fourier Transform in and Around Korean Peninsula
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 49~58
This paper deals with the gravimetric solution of geoid by Fast Fourier Transform(FFT) technique in and around Korean Peninsula. The used reference surface is OSU91A geopotential model up to degree and order 180 refered to GRS80. The remove and restore technique was applied to obtain the geoidal height in this paper. And the FFT with 20% window was applied to compute the medium wavelength effect from terrestrial gravity anomalies. For the comparison of computed results, the geometric geoidal height was derived from GPS/Levelling data. According to the comparison, the mean value and RMSE of the differences are 0.3819m and 0.4695m respectively.
The Development of Bridge Management System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 59~68
This study suggests that the management of bridge was developed data which supports to execute analysis a-bout bridge. Basically, it makes standardization that the item of management of bridge keeps the effective data management which demonstrates the designed database by graphic processing technic and development of pro-gram in database manipulation. As a result of this study, through the analysis of the management of bridge, we tried to make the acceptable management item standard and to design database. For the purpose of it, computer program and database design with analyzing current works, stable inspection processing demanding the management of bridge and taking adventage of them. In this study, we can get the minimuim cost of the management of bridge and keep maximum common usage. also we contribute to perform effective data management and management system of bridge.
A Locational Analysis by Using GIS and Allocation Model for Residential Area of Local Cities
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 69~80
This Study aims at identifying optimum residential area of small and medium local cities to be relocated in the future. In the object of study, Chinju City was chosen and it consists of three stages of application to choose the priority of residential development us well as available residential locations. In the first stage, a digital image processing technique was applied to generate the existing urban land use information from the satellite image data. In the second stage, GIS technique was used to choose the avaliable residential area by evaluating the elements for residential site allocation such as road accessibility, topographic height, slope, aspect, legal limit, population density, and land price. In the third stage, some mathematical location models were applied to identify optimum candidates of residential areas chosen by earier stages. The results were evaluated by statistical methods and integer programming to identify the development priority. We expect this procedures and the results will be able to be used as a guide-line to support housing policies of Chinju City by allocating residential sites as well as a technique to apply a locational analysis for the future residential areas of small and medium local cities.
Estimation Method of Evapotranspiration through Vegetation Monitoring over Wide Area
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 81~88
Remote sensing technique is a probable means to estimate distribution of actual evapotranspiration over wide area in connection with regional characteristics of vegetation and landuse. Factors controlling evapotranspiration from ground are air temperature, humidity, wind, radiation, soil moisture and so on. Not only the vegetation influences directly the evapotranspiration, but also these factors strongly influnce the vegetation at the area. Therefore we can expect high correlation between the evapotranspiration and the vegetation. To grasp the state of vegetation at any point, NDVI calculated from NOAA/AVHRR data is utilized. It can be considered that evapotranspiration at a forest region is linearly proportional to the NDVI. Here, a model which adopts a direct method to estimate actual evapotranspiration is developed by using the relationship between NDVI and evapotranspiration. This method makes possible to estimate evapotranspiration of Korean Peninsula including North Korea where enough meteorological and hydrological data are unavailable.
A Study on the Determination of the Minimum Number of Control Points for Aerial Photogrammetry Using Simulated GPS Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 89~95
As an attempt to apply GPS technique to aerial photogrammetry, an effort is exerted to replace the ground control points that were necessary in the traditional aerial photogrammetry with the aerial control by measuring the position of the camera exposure. In this study, various situations are simulated to test the conditions that affect the positioning of the points in aerial photogrammetry for the use of GPS data. From the result of the simulations, the necessary conditions and the applicable values to produce a 1:1, 000 topographical map were suggested. In the case of a photo block consists of 104 photos, we found a minimum of six ground control points make acceptable accuracy under the condition of below
image positional error and with the ground observations.
A Study on the Evaluation of Urban Land Use by Urban Land Use Information System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 97~110
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the urban land used by the Urban Land Use Information System (ULIS) which can supply the micro-level land usc information for the understanding of micro-level urban spatial structure and district-level planning and managements(such as urban design, redevelopment planning and district-level transportation planning, etc.). The study evaluates the current situation of urban land use database and suggests the prototype of urban land use database using GIS. The planning and management of post-modern city which has characterized by diversity and the mixture of land use, need more detail and quantitative information about land use. Recent redevelopment and reconstruction of existing physical condition are increasing the density of activity. It raises urban problems such as the shortage of infrastructure and traffic congestion, etc. In this process we need to construct information system which monitors current land use situation.
A Study on the Edge Point Detection of Digital Elevation Model
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 111~118
In this paper, topographic edge points are detected from digital elevation model. Topographic edge points can be considered as the points which have rapid variation from its neighborhood. In this study, these points are dotected by Laplacian operator and noise reduction system is applied to remove small ripple. The results of this study show that Laplacian operator detects efficiently the topographic edge points, and that noise reduction system by local variance is efficient to remove small ripple but inefficient to reconstruct topographical features.