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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Dec 1997
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jun 1997
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Establishing Automated Mapping/Facilities Management System Using PC-CAD
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 141~148
Continuous development of Personal Computer(PC) combined with the decrease of price and the expansion of operating system in PC like Windows 95, and Windows N/T makes it possible for the user to consider PC-bas-ed Automated Happing/Facilities Management (AM/FM) system. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to establish a PC-based data automation system of pipe infrastructures-water, sewer, and drainage-and road in Korea Land Corporation. In order to achieve this goal, relevant literature survey was done first. Secondly, the study site was determined by discussion with Korea Land Institute. Thirdly, PC-based CAD software for AM/FM in the world market were surveyed, and AutoCAD Map was selected because KLC had been using hundreds of AutoCAD copies already. After that user needs assessment was done to visit on-site office, local branch office, and the corresponding city office for the system design and database design. After the graphic data were digitized and the attribute data were entered into the batabase, the data automation system was established, and tested for application. Finally, the guidelines and problems for PC-based data automation in AM/FM was discussed.
A Study on the Technique of Automated Mapping for Facility Management System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 149~156
This study extracts the several informations by computerizing the maps of the new city, i.e. Yang-San, MuI-Gum. This cities are being constructed by Land Coporation, and a map of province based on 1:50,000 scales were digitalized depending on topography by digitizer. Several information was taken, by computerizing a existing design maps, with digitalized maps used. Also, there is map number based on each scale, and measure a settlement of the foundation for constructing a facility in a study region, then intend to use information. This paper aims at using old data such as ancient writing books by computerization permanently.
Exterior Orientation Parameters Determination of Aerial Photogrammetry by GPS Code Phases Measurement
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 157~164
This study deals with GPS-photogrammetry practicability by C/A-code reception. It allows data to be acquired and analyzed fast. Combined block adjustment method was applied at the topographical map production of coast-land. And we compared it that of conventional block adjustment. As a result, it was found that accuracy was very sensitive to the arrangement and number of control points. The accuracy in the horizontal and vertical was
if all of the control points was available. however accuracy was not affected at additional parameters for systematic errors' elimination and it leads to bad results when the number of control points was few and arrangement of control points was not stabilized. GPS observations were added in block adjustment, but the accuracy of block was not upgraded due to the low accuracy of C/A-code reception. So relative positioning method with carrier phases was required for high accuracy and it is expected that CPS photogrammetry with C/A-code will be used widely according to the improvement of observation methods and the development of receiver.
Correction of Antenna Position for Projection Center Coordinates by Kinematic DGPS-Positioning
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 165~173
The combined bundle block adjustment with projection center coordinates determined by kinematic DGPS-positioning has reached a high level of accuracy. Standard deviations of the ground coordinates of
or even better can be reached. On this accuracy level also smaller error components are becoming more important. One major point of this is the interpolation of the projection centers as a function of time between the GPS-antenna locations. A just linear interpolation is not respecting the not linear movement of the aircraft. Based on a least squares polynomial fitting the aircraft maneuver can be estimated more accurate and blunders of the GPS-positions caused by loss of satellite and cycle slips are determinable. The interpolation with a time interval of 3sec in the study area RHEINKAMP is quite different to the interpolation with a time interval of 6-7sec in the study area MAAS. The GPS-positions of the study area are identified as blunders based on a local polynomial regression. This cannot be neglected for precise block adjustment.
Geographical Distribution of Magnetic Elements Deduced from the Results of the First Order Magnetic Survey in Korea
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 175~184
In this study, the basic theory of geomagnetism was introduced and the field data of first order magnetic survey was analyzed to determine geographical distribution of magnetic elements such as Declination(D), Inclination(1), Horizontal Component(H), Vertical Component(Z) and Total Force(F). From this distribution equations, the distribution of geomagnetism of Korean peninsula was examined and the declination was calculated for National Base Maps.
Tracing of Moving Objects by Stereo Video Cameras
Lee, Chang-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 185~193
While close range photogrammetry has been widely applied for static deformation analysis, video cameras have many characteristics that make them the sensors of choice for dynamic analysis of rapidly changing situations. They also have limitations. The aim of this research is to explore the potential of a video system for monitoring dynamic objects. A pilot system consists of two camcorders, VCR, and PC with frame grabber. To estimte the performance of this system for moving objects, a car was imaged covering several phases when starting to drive. The sequential images of a moving car were recorded on VCR. 15 images per second were digitized in an off-line mode by frame grabber. The image coordinates of targets attached to the rear bumper of a car were acquired by IDRISI, and the object coordinates were derived based on DLT. This research suggests that home video cameras, PC, and photogrammetric principles are promising tools for monitoring of the moving objects and vibrations as well as other time dependent situations.
Application of Rapid Static Method on Minor Control Point Surveying Using the Global Positioning System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 195~206
By this time, in order to measure baseline in a few minutes, we must have used expensive dual frequency receiver. Recently, low-priced single frequency receiver have taken place of dual frequency receiver at short base-line by advancement in software development, improvements in geodetic survey receiver system. In this study, according to the observation time and measurement interval, we analyzed differences of each components of baseline by field experiment and we propose the criterion for the minor control point surveying by single frequency GPS receiver.
A Study on Efficient Technique of 3-D Terrain Modelling
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 207~213
The purpose of this study is to aim at presenting efficient technique of 3-D Terrain Modelling through multilateral approach methods and to compare with raw data, using low-densed randomly located point data. The subject religion of this study are selected two sites and take into consideration for degree of freedom about low-densed randomly located point data. The result of this study by precision analysis of digital cartographic map-ping using low-densed randomly located point data bave shown that . First, making digital cartographic map, the technique of making it using low-desned randomly located point data by TIN-based results to good and fast run-time in A and B sites all together. Second, the visualization analysis results of digital cartographic map using TIN and GRID-based terrain modeling techniqus similar exacts A and B sites, but the terrain modeling techniqus by TIN-based are small data size than GRID-based with the data with the data size of saving with DXF files. Third, making digital catographic map using terrain modeling techniques by Grid-based, the standard errors of low-densed randomly located point data and interpolated data using gridding method have more good results by radial basis function interpolation techniques at A and B sites all together.
A Tracing Survey by Means of Satellite TM Image for Go-Sung Forest Eire Damage Area
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 215~219
It is very difficult to conduct a tracing survey of a forest fire because the affected area is huge and the topology of the mountain defies access of investigators. As a result, remote sensing technique is used to get consecutive information about the range and ecological change of the affected area. Therefore, this study investigates the change of activity condition of vegetation by getting vegetation index, hinted by the fact that activities of plants decline after the fire.
The Effect of Grid Size in a Slope Analysis of Terrain by DEM for Hydrological Analysis
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 221~230
In hydrology analysis, the result of a slope analysis for terrain have an very important effect on water quality and water quantity Recently, a slope analysis tend to use the digital elevation model rater than the traditional map sheet. But a terrain slope analysis by the digital elevation model depends on grid size of the digital elevation model. Hence the effect of a slope analysis by the digital elevation model is a important factor. In this study, therefor, in order to determine a hydrological parameter and a terrain parameter for simulation of the water quality and the hydrological property, we adapted two sample area that are the Nerin stream of the basin of the Soyang lake and a Osip stream of Samchuk, and its individual coverages are
. Also to analyze the effect of grid size in the slope of a basin, we apply DEM changing a grid size respectively at intervals of 100 m from 100 m to 1.000m for the Nerin stream basin and at intervals of 10 m from 20 m to 300 m for the Osip stream basin.
A Tracing Survey of Hot Waste Spread from Nuclear Power Station by Means of Landsat TM Images
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 231~236
Observation for hot water spread has been carried out by such activites as sampling of water with ship, etc, until now It was required further to have new probe methodologies in such issues as simultaneity, great-spheric nature, and economics due to many hindering ele- ments such as spread speed of hot waste water, weather conditions, cost and expenses, scope and location determinations. However, it was believed that satellite could be utilized to monitor spread of water temperature and spread level in more quick and correct way than existing one, because it would be possible to supervise and detect marine environment within significantly short period if analyzed by means of satellite images. Therefore, this study is taken into account to flow and spread conditions of hot waste water, survey of water temperature, by means of satellite images.
A Study on Analysis of Natural Disaster Using Remote Sensing Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 237~244
The goal of this research is to evaluate methodology that uses satellite data for the analysis of flood and drought damaged area. Land cover classification were performed using satellite data that were acquired at disaster periods and comparatively normal times. Damaged area was extracted by use of overlay analysis in land cover change and compared with the field survey results. The results show analysis of flood damaged area could be carried out with single scene acquired at adequate day, and are corresponded with field survey data very well. And also, some areas that had been missed in field survey were found. The suggested method proved to be more accurate and effective way for mapping inundated areas of floodplains than field survey that would be held a few month later. The results on the analysis of drought damaged area show that drained water could be detected just only in small area, and crop damaged area could not be verified in objective validity. Drought analysis by remote sensing was proved not to be adequate for practical use in this study.
The Enhancements of Sub-pixel Measuring Accuracy by the Centroid Methods
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 245~252
The development of digital camera and advancement of computer processor could simplify the acquisition and the analysis of digial image, and be the real-time processing by the digital photogrammetry. This study is about to enhancement of the image measuring accuracy by the centroid methods. We were able to determine more effective centroid measuring methods and suitable target shape as the development of analysis system and actualize semi-automatic measuring of digital image. And we can supply the weakness of non-metric camera for the geometric internal accuracy of digital image as the correct of Kodak DCS200 camera 8008s lens distortion.
Transformation of GPS Coordinates in a Small Area
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 253~261
In general, the transformation of coordinates in GPS is carried out by 3 dimensional transformation method with 3-10 parameter. In korea, the coordinates of transformation points ware determined are adjusted in-dependently by planimetry and the height, and also the weight of observations were not properly applied to the adjustment. In this study, two different transformation methods are tested and analysed by the field test, and it is finally found that 2 dimensional method is more efficient way than 3 dimensional classical transformation method.
Real-Time Traffic Information System Using Internet GIS
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 263~268
Software structure must be dynamic to support new geospatial information sources and their object-oriented implementation on the Web. JAVA is interactive, platform idependent and object-oriented language and meets all needs on Internet GSIS. This paper introduce JAVA based GIS program to manipulates various geographic data on Internet, communicating interactively and transfer real-time data between server and client. This and this program analysis roof detector in all part of Pusan area and indicates the traffic states, road surface conditions, weather information, shortest cut, and road names in JAVA client windows. Also this study shows various techniques in expression real time traffic informations.
The Digital Road Map Using World Geodetic System-84 Coordinates System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 269~275
Car Navigation System with Global Positioning System (GPS) can display position direction and the shortest cut of one's destination. The position datum for GPS in World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS-84) coordinates system need to transform Bessel coordinates system and process Map projection. Since 1987, GPS has used the WGS-84. WGS-84 is a geocentric equipotential ellipsoid of revolution which is defined four parameters. In this study, by comparing the digitized topographical map with the digital map of GPS datum we can consider the technique of WGS84 digital map.
A Preliminary Study on the Construction or the AM/FM System for a Univesity
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 277~286
The purpose of this study is to construct the AM/FM system for a university. The sample area used in this study is the Gyeongsang National University in Chinju City, Korea. The layout maps, which scale are 1/1200, 1/3000 and 1/5000, a map of planning of common duct, which scale is 1/1200, and the facility maps which scale is 1/200 were used for input of spatial data. The year of pipe buried, materials of pipe, pipe diameter, length of pipe, depth of pipe buried and slope of pipe buried were purpose of efficient data searching, analyzing, and processing. It was revealed that rapid providing of facility informations and efficient facility management are possible using the constructed the AM/FM system for a university.
A Study on the Extraction of the Matsucoccus Thunbergianae Miller et Park Damaged Area from Satellite Image Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 287~298
The main object of this study was to prove the effectiveness of satellite image data for extraction of the Matsucoccus Thenbergianae Miller ビt Park damaged area. The effectiveness of extraction of damaged area was improved by using the BRCT(Backwards radiance correction transformation) with DEM for normalization of topographic effects. The surface analysis of the extracted damaged area was revealed that the damage was started at south-west slope with the aspect of 7 to 18 degrees, and 50% to 70% of the highest altitude mountains. The direction of damage attached by the Matsucoccus Thunbergianae Miller et Park was able to predict through the analysis of periodical of years' images
GPS측량 및 VLBI관측 -지구중심좌표계의 이용을 위한 국립지리원의 활동-
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 15, issue 2, 1997, Pages 299~304