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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
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GPS Implementation for GIS Coverage Map
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 197~203
Depending on geographical features and error sources in the survey field, inaccurate data is inevitable in GPS kinematic survey for positioning with feature codes. In this study, the trimmed mean and the first order differential equation are used to develop an inaccurate positioning data detection algorithm, and a cubic spline curve and a linear polynomial are used to interpolate the inaccurate data. Based on interpolated data, a digital map for 30 km range of rural highway is produced and a corresponding GIS coverage map is obtained by analyzing and solving the problem associated with the map.
Coordinate Registration of NAHMIS by GPS Surveying Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 205~211
In this study, we utilized 2D conformal transformation method to give coordinatesbased on GPS surveying data to NAHMIS (National Highway Management Information System) drawings which are lack of coordinates. To determine the best method which is comparable with GPS digital map, we compared a transformation result obtained by unique parameters applied to the whole region of about 20 km of the NAHMIS drawings and the similar result of the tile based transformations. As the result of map joining, the error was within 2 m for both cases. In this way, NAHMIS can be used for a systematic management of construction drawings. Moreover, NAHMIS can contribute the management of highway and the data exchange between other systems by a unification of coordinate system.
A Study on Improved Model of Digital Basemap Database
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 213~223
This study provides a improved model of digital basemap production that can efficiently identify and correct the various errors generated in digital map production process. In order to fulfill the requirements that the new model calls for, this study provides a typology of errors by analyzing the errors in digital basemap data. Computer programs for automatic error searching and for checking the correctness of the digital codes in the data have also been developed. Exsiting visual error-checking process has also been analyzed and more systematic process is suggested. As a result, it is found that the improved model of digital basemap production suggested in this study contributes to improving the quality of the digital map database by providing a systematic method for efficient error-searching and correction of digital map data.
The Effective Training Method for the Statistical Classification of Remotely Sensed Imagery
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 225~231
In statistical analysis of remotely sensed data, means and variances of each classes are used as the basis of statistical similarity determination. Therefore, the overall accuracy of classification is affected by the training results. It is assumed that the ideal distributions of pixel values follow normal distributions, but practically they have some aggregations and biases. non anomalies of distribution can affect the classification results greatly as well as the variances of training results. In this study, relationships between the inferential variances of the training sets and the distributions of pixel values are examined. and the resulting changes of classification results are studied. Furthermore, the training method which minimizes the effect of underestimation of variances is proposed.
Applications of Digital Orthophoto in Cadastre
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 233~243
In this study, sample sites are chosen where digitalized cadastral maps are available, and boundaries of forestry, farming lands, and residence are clearly distinguishable. Digital orthophotos, produced from aerial photographs, are overlaid with digitalized cadastral maps to grope for applications of digital orthophoto in cadastre. The conclusions and applicable fields of this study are as follows. The first. digital orthophoto is applicable to solve problems such as discordance and duplication of boundary produced in the process of digitizing cadastral maps. The second, using digital orthophoto, it is possible to extract regions where a trouble of ownership would exist and so the necessity of cadastral resurveying can be brought. The third, by overlaying digital orthophoto and cadastral map, it can be used effectively for the present situation maintenance of buildings. The fourth, because it is possible to examine current land use of each lot, digital orthophoto may contribute to decide the validity of land category on cadastral map.
A study on the Watershed Auto-Delineation of Low Topographic Relief Landscape Using Topogrid
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 245~256
Watershed delineation is the process of tracing surface water flow across a landscape to identify hydrologic basins. Manual and automated techniques have been developed to trace surface waters and locate watersheds on a variety of landscape. Low topographic relief landscapes, however, are particulary problematic for automated watershed delineation techniques. Therefore, this study aims at focusing the watershed delineation algorithm of low topographic relief landscape. By using topogrid, which manages enforcement drainage algorithms and incorporates topographic data into stream data, this study delineates watershed boundary in low relief landscape. Based on this research, in a low topographic relief landscape, enforcement drainage algorithms using topogrid generate better source grid to delineate watershed boundary than using only TIN. Also, comparing automated watershed delineation which incorporates contours and elevations into stream data with manual watershed delineation, we can know that the incorporation of both elevation and stream data generate more effective results.
Direct Correction of Lens Distortions in Close-Range Digital Photogrammetry
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 257~264
The lens distortions were corrected directly using the high-order polynomial which was offered in camera calibration data for the forward transformation and the root of Newton-Raphson's
nonlinear system for the backward transformation. The 0.04~0.08 pixels increase in accuracy was indicated through the use of direct correction of lens distortions instead of least square methods of commercial software. The least square adjustment method of high-order polynomial requires many control points which has a same weight. But this suggested method which is unnecessary to determine control points was developed and applied. The algorithm showed improved efficacy.
Analyses of Coordinates Differences in GRS80 Map Transformation
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 265~272
The map coordinate systems of Korea, based on the Bessel 1841 ellipsoid with Tokyo Datum, applied in digital mapping. So, the new geocentric system have some coordinate differences compared to GRS80 ellipsoid with the International Terrestrial Reference Frame(ITRF). Therefore, map transition procedures are needed to establish for the new coordinate system. In this paper, characteristics and tendencies about coordinate differences and map tiles systems are investigated and modules for the map coordinate transformations between two systems are developed and simulated.
A Study on the Estimation of Mobile Source Emission by Kriging Interpolation in the GSIS Environment
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 273~282
For appling the GSIS on a air environment division, first of all, spatial-distribution of environmental factor which has distinction of continuous surface such as air-pollutant and a factor of weather must be able to be drawn. So we should estimate a distribution of whole area with point observation value which is observed on several restricted point. On this study, we investigate and study the application of GSIS technique which can be visible emission characteristic by regions, items, and time using data such as traffic quantity data, digital map for GIS-T and emission factor of each pollutant of vehicles about whole area of Seoul surveyed by traffic sensus of Seoul to air environment division.
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 283~292
Aerotriangulation for the large scale mapping(photo-scale l/5,000) was studied with the projection center determined by kinematic DGPS positioning. For the feasibility study, the accuracy and error was analyzed with the comparison between a projection center from the conventional model adjustment and the projection center determined by the kinematic DGPS positioning. Kinematic DGPS-supported Bundle adjustment was also performed. The accuracy of projection center, determined by L1 phase data observed within 30 km from base station, was stable, and the planimetric accuracy(RMS) is 13 cm and the vertical accuracy(RMS) is 15 cm with 4 ground control points, which satisfies the national standard of digital mapping. Thus, this study shows that GPS-assisted aerotriangulation can be used for economic digital mapping.
A Study on the Generation of Digital Elevation Model from IRS-1C Satellite Image Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 293~300
The study aims to develope techniques for generating digital elevation model(DEM) from IRS-1C PAN stereo image data. The bundle adjustment technique was used to determine the satellite exterior orientation parameters as a function of along-track lines. The first degree of polynomial was selected as a function of satellite attitude and position for each scan line. To evaluate the DEM and orthoimage generated, the resulted three dimensional coordinates of the 16 elevation points were computed with the map coordinates. The elevation test showed that root mean square errors of the DEM elevation was about
Evaluation of Accuracy and Effectiveness of Real-Time Kinematic GPS Surveying Technology Using Carrier Phase Observations
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 301~309
Real-time kinematic (RTK) GPS surveying which allows centimeter level accuracy of three-dimensional coordinates without post-processing has become recognized as a major advance in GPS technology. Employing On-The-Fly initialization technique, the RTK system can escape from cycle slip problems that have affected as a main obstacle factor in traditional kinematic and static approaches. The objective of this research was to evaluate accuracy and effectiveness of the RTK-GPS surveying. First, the continuous RTK observation of a base line was conducted for the purpose of finding out the repeatability of the RTK surveying and the results which were then compared against results from static surveying showed RMS errors of
for their respective horizontal and vertical components. On a test network of 30 stations covering the small area, the results of RTK testing were compared against those from not only post-processing kinematic and rapid-static surveyings but conventional surveyings and also the efficiency of RTK were analyzed. In addition, geoid heights which were derived by combination of GPS and spirit leveling about all of the points within the network were compared against those derived by the PNU95 and EGM96 models respectively.
Accuracy of Image Transformation Methods and Supervised Classifications on Multi-Spectral TM: A Comparative Study on Lower Tumen River Area
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 311~320
This study conducts to analyze comparative accuracy when both Image Transformation Methods and Supervised Classifications on multi-spectral TM using a case of Lower Tumen River Area. In terms of overall classification accuracy, maximum likelihood method turns out higher than other one, but in a case of vegetation only, MNF and TC image transformation methods produce a better quality of the result. Especially, seven dimensional images including MNF, TC, and NDVI create better image than three dimensional one. Among these transformation methods, maximum likelihood method results out the best one. Multi-spectral image could be useful as an important basic material for site selection of industrial allocation as well as Tumen River Area Economic Development Plan.