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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
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Methods on Recognition and Recovery Process of Censored Areas in Digital Image
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~11
This study set up a purpose in the efficient utilization of security target objects. This purpose is the following: Firstly, this study analyzed problem about deleted areas for security described on aerial photography image. Secondly, this study made clustering and labeling to recognize censored areas of image. Finally, this study tried to maximize various utilizability of digital image data through postprocessing algorithm. Based on these courses, the results of this study appeared that brightness value of image increased depending on topography and quantities of topographic features. It was estimated that these was able to utilized by useful estimative data in judging information of topography and topographic features included in the total image. Besides, in the image recognition and postprocessing, the better result value was not elicited than in a mountainous region. Because it was included that a lots of topography and topographic features was similarly recognized with the process for deletion of the existing security target objects in urban and suburb region. This result appeared that the topography and quantities of topographic features absolutely affected the recognition and processing of image.
The Method of Orthoimage Generation for the Application of Single Photo
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 13~19
In a different way of satellite image or aerial photo, the image acquired by terrestrial photogrammetry has to go through complicated management according to the desired precision and analysis range. In this study, digital surface model and ortho image for cultural asset, terrestrial structures, were made by reflectorless total station in order to increase the application of single photo, and that was analyzed and compared with the method using stereo image. Single photo is expected to be utilized as the measuring method for drawing cultural assets or examining the stability of slope in which high precision doesn't need by performing the various geometric and visual analysis using ortho image made by excluding the difficulties of acquisition and plotting of stereo image.
An Application of Artificial Intelligence System for Accuracy Improvement in Classification of Remotely Sensed Images
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 21~31
This study applied each Neural Networks theory and Fuzzy Set theory to improve accuracy in remotely sensed images. Remotely sensed data have been used to map land cover. The accuracy is dependent on a range of factors related to the data set and methods used. Thus, the accuracy of maps derived from conventional supervised image classification techniques is a function of factors related to the training, allocation, and testing stages of the classification. Conventional image classification techniques assume that all the pixels within the image are pure. That is, that they represent an area of homogeneous cover of a single land-cover class. But, this assumption is often untenable with pixels of mixed land-cover composition abundant in an image. Mixed pixels are a major problem in land-cover mapping applications. For each pixel, the strengths of class membership derived in the classification may be related to its land-cover composition. Fuzzy classification techniques are the concept of a pixel having a degree of membership to all classes is fundamental to fuzzy-sets-based techniques. A major problem with the fuzzy-sets and probabilistic methods is that they are slow and computational demanding. For analyzing large data sets and rapid processing, alterative techniques are required. One particularly attractive approach is the use of artificial neural networks. These are non-parametric techniques which have been shown to generally be capable of classifying data as or more accurately than conventional classifiers. An artificial neural networks, once trained, may classify data extremely rapidly as the classification process may be reduced to the solution of a large number of extremely simple calculations which may be performed in parallel.
GPS Surveying for Application of Geodetic Point
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 33~38
The object of this study is to verify the feasibility in the application of the GPS system data to the existing geodetic and cadastral survey system. WGS-84 data, which were converted into domestic geometric coordinate system, were compared with those of the existing triangular coordinate system in Gwangju area. The significant results in this study are summarized below ; GPS system is more speedy and accurate than the existing triangular coordinate system in the survey of points in triangular coordinate or on the map. And the error in the GPS system was more uniform than that of the existing triangular coordinate system. GPS system is more effective than the existing triangular coordinate system in the future geodetic and cadastral survey because GPS data can be processed by the computer. It is necessary to calculate the conversion coefficients to apply GPS data practically to the existing geodetic and cadastral survey system. It can be achieved by the individual investigation on how the existing data in the domestic coordinate system were determined.
An Analysis of the Accuracy of Reference Points in Cadastral Area Using GPS
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 39~46
This paper shows what is point to be considered at that time in cadastral settlement surveying after declination analysis between GPS and traditional surveying at coordinate result of cadastral triangulation points and supplementary point in site selected deplaning of streets which is surveyed traditional surveying. In the case that coordinates of cadastral triangulation assistance points was decided by standard of the existing cadastral triangulation points that direction of the error vector is in opposition, authors could know all errors was reduced inside coordinate by error being offset each other through the results of study. The coordinates result of cadastral triangulation point by standard of the cadastral triangulation points reduces the deviation value through error that an intersection points was centered being offset each other but through the result that a tendency of errors occurrence is analyzed goniometrys, supplementary points that is close to cadastral triangulation assistance points was affected by error of cadastral triangulation assistance points.
Construction of Guide and Management System for University Facility Using Multi-Imagery and Geospatial Information System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 47~57
The intention of this study is to construct the spatial database and to extract attribute data which are able to complete the omitted data in the topographical map or completion map of construction using the image data of various form such as artificial satellite images, aerial photographs, terrestrial photographs and so on. This study used the single frame images only for the raw image data, supposing the case of rigorous photogrammetric method is not available or rapid acquisition of information is need. The extracted spatial and attribute data from the images are used for modifying and updating the database, and for providing visual effect useful for guide and management of the facilities. This study intended to develop the technique able to apply in the case where comparative high accuracy is not required or rapid modification is necessary, and to verify the possibility of editing and updating the digital map using the photographs or video images remained as old data. Many of previous research on the management system for university facility has been accomplished focusing on the design and construction of database itself. Otherwise, this study aimed for the construction of guide and management system based on compiling the digital map of present state using multi-imagery, and the more applicability was intended too.
Image Map Generation using the Airship Photogrammetric System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 59~67
Recently, much demand of vector data have increased rapidly such as a digital map instead of traditional a paper map and the raster data such as a high-resolution orthoimage have been used for many GIS application with the advent of industrial high-resolution satellites and development of aerial optical sensor technologies. Aerial photogrammetric technologies using an airship can offer cost-effective and high-resolution color images as well as real time images, different from conventional remote sensing measurements. Also, it can acquire images easily and its processing procedure is short and simple relatively. On the other hand, it has often been used for the production of a small-scale land use map not required high accuracy, monitoring of linear infrastructure features through mosaicking strip images and construction of GIS data. Through this study, the developed aerial photogrammetric system using the airship expects to be applied to not only producing of scale 1:5, 000 digital map but also verifying, editing, and updating the digital map which was need to be reproduced. Further more, providing the various type of video-images, it expects to use many other GIS applications such as facilities management, scenery management and construction of GIS data for Urban area.
Applications of Mobile GIS Solution for Utility Management
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 69~75
The important issues of facility database management in GIS are to collect up-to-date information and to update information in accordance with new-establishment, repair and replacement of the facilities. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a system which has capability of monitoring facilities as well as managing database efficiently. The purpose of this study is to propose possibility of implementation of mobile GIS solution for the facility management. In order to achieve the goal, to process existing digital maps and to receive on-site information through the wireless communication service are required. In addition, the system is required to process spatial information obtained by GPS and digital photogrammetric technique with real-time updating database in server. The system increases efficiency both in work flow and monitoring for facility management by providing optimal routing information to the sites and real-time two-way communication using VoIP(Voice over Internet Protocol). The system is expected to perform real-time database management effectively. In consequence, the system could appropriately response on-site situations in various practical applications. The proposed technology could contribute to improve nation's leading-edge technology.
A Study on Detachability Measurement to Buried Target of GPR
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 77~83
Recently, the industrial development caused the expansion of city and the field of construction is being larged in size. So, information of construction buried in underground is necessary. In this paper, we were investigated the detachability on various specimen in self-designed test field using the GPR system with three antenna elements and it was constantly radiated 730 MHz frequency. To examine the detachability on various condition, the test were displayed B-scan CRT. And the pattern was exactly positioned when it was compared to the real buried-depth. Therefore, we can confirm similarity between the wave-propagation velocity and previous results.
On the Earthwork Volume Decision Using Spline Surfaces
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 85~92
The calculation of earthwork plays a major role in plan or design of many civil engineering projects, and thus it has become very important to advanced the accuracy of earthwork calculation. Current methods used for estimating the volume of pit excavation assumes that the ground profile between the grid points is linear(trapezoidal rule), or nonlinear(simpson's formulas). Generally speaking, the nonlinear profile formulas provide better accuracy than the linear profile formulas. However, all the formulas mentioned have a common drawback to ground profile, such as sharp corners or the grid points of any two straight lines. In this paper, we propose an algorithm of finding a spline surface which interpolates the given data and an appropriate method to calculate the earthwork. We present some computational results showing that our proposed method provides better accuracy than Chen and Lin's method.
A Study on the Strategies for Land Information System Development
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 93~101
By the rapid development of computer technology and the more efficient use of land-related information, Land-related Information System has been developed by the central and local government respectively. The problems of the storage, maintenance and exchange of land-related data will be anticipated. The purpose of this study is to meet the demands of governments and prevent the duplicate investment for the information system. The data sharing and standardization should be achieved for the more efficient land management. The theme of UN's sustainable land management and the future vision of cadastre according to Cadastre 2014 are thoroughly reviewed. The advanced foreign cases of LIS development are studied, too. Linkage among land-related data, the improvement of organizational institution and the training for GIS specialists are suggested as the strategies for the more efficient land-related information system development.