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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
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Detection of Roads Information and the Accuracy Analysis from IKONOS Satellite Image Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 235~242
This study is focused on the analysis of road extracting accuracy from the high resolution IKONOS satellite image data. A geometric correction of the image is performed using the RFM and interpretation with the screen digitizing is also performed for extracting the roads information. For the evaluation of road extracting accuracy, the road locations and the road widths are compared with the national digital map. The comparison results shows that the road boundary and the size of road width are able to extract with the geometric accuracy of
The Exact Position Measurement of Radio Telescope by Multi-photo Analysis
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 243~253
These days, the application range of digital photogrammetry is being extended actively, so the great variety of research is being progressed about improvement of measurement accuracy. This method can acquisite a high analysis accuracy and can acquisite easily image. But, So this method require a much processing time and effort by increasing a data amount, as the automation of processing must be completed for efficiency improvement of processing. In this study, the automation of image processing stage is established for multi-image aquisition and analysis about a radio telescope. Also, the precise measurement and the accuracy on object were intended to be improved. As a result of this study, the accuracy on the object which demands precise measurement was enhanced from multi image analysis, and also the assembly accuracy of the object could be checked by precise measurement and curve fitting.
Analysis of Flowaccumulation Threshold Value to Extract Stream Network from DEM
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 255~264
The topography is recognized as an important factor in determining the streamflow response of watershed to precipitation. In watershed analysis, stream networks are very important parameters. Each DEM grid size and flowaccumulation threshold value of drainage accumulation matrix have influence on stream networks extracted by using grid DEM. Therefore, stream networks extracted from DEM varies with each DEM grid size and flowaccumulation threshold value. Generally, small threshold values will generate more detailed stream network with higher drainage density High threshold values will generate coarser stream networks. In this paper, total stream length in the study area was used to calculate the flowaccumulation threshold value by each DEM grid size. Stream network was derived by each DEM grid size, which is applied flowaccumulation threshold value. Regression equation was derived by correlation between flowaccumulation threshold value and each DEM grid size.
A Terrain Surface Approximation Using the Hermite Function
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 265~272
By this time, many methods have been developed for computing the pit excavation volumes, ranging from a simple formula to more complicated numerical methods. Earlier the standard methods for pit excavation volume computation requires that the considered area be divided the boundary ranges of x and y directions into a rectangular grid. whereas these methods may not calculate the estimation of pit excavation volume that is often required in many surveying situation exactly. In Easa methods(1998), the rectangular grid is divided into the same linear in the range x and y directions respectively. This method employs a cubic Hermite polynomial for individual intervals in both directions of the grid. Because the height data over the same boundary of x and y interval ranges have to be exist, it is not possible to choose the governing points of the terrain boundary such as points of maximum and minimum height. In this study, a method of volume computation, that combines the advantages of Easa methods(1998) and avoids the drawbacks of it, is presented. The proposed method employs a cubic Hermite polynomial for individual intervals in both directions of the non-grid, the all over intervals of it may be unequal grid x in width and y in length y, partially. The new proposed method should produce better accuracy than the other conventional methods.
Optimized Land Use by Integrated Use of Fuzzy-LP and GIS
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 273~282
Although the influence of GIS has been proved in a variety of applications, there also have been some research issues about that the coupling of GIS with other mathematical or engineering tools is necessary to meet various needs of specialized problem domains. Linear Programming, a mathematical technique used in optimal distribution of given quantity, can enhance its usability by integrating with GIS since LP basically does not include means to deal with spatial data. The limitation of the traditional LP technique is that it requires explicitly defined conditions, which is impractical or impossible in such decision making processes as in land use problems that use less crisp decision factors. This study develops a method to incorporate such fuzzy situations by integrating Fuzzy-LP that employs fuzzy logic and GIS. The GIS provides data to or displays data from the Fuzzy-LP processes in the integrated system. This methodology is illustrated to solve a land use distribution problem.
A Comparison of Correction Models for the Prediction of Tropospheric Propagation Delay of GPS Signals
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 283~291
Since GPS's SA cancellation, the interest is converged in correction of errors such as atmospheric delay and multipath that weight had been small relatively, which can improve the accuracy of positioning through modelling research. The aim of this study have an extensive comparison of the various tropospheric delay models (Goad&Goodman, A&K, Hopfield and Sasstamoinen) and mapping functions(Niell, Chao, and Marini). Expecially, the tropospheric delay amounts by change of the GPS satellite elevations, and the delay by various combination between zenith delay models and mapping functions, compared and examined. For this, programmed the total delay models and the combined models which can be described as a product of the delay at the zenith and a mapping function. The result of study, especially, as the minimum elevation of included data is reduced under
, it was considered to be reasonable that the prediction of tropospheric delay considering combination and mapping character of functions about the transition of the zenith delay to a delay with arbitrary zenith angle.
A Study on The Marine Geographical Framework Data in Korea
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 293~301
MGF(Marine Geographical Framework) data are the essential data sets concerning graphical and attribute information on coast and ocean among various marine-related data, which consist of framework data of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure(NSDI). This study did research and analyzed the development of current data, the situation of its usage, related technical environment and case study of foreign countries through the survey on the users and experts. Then the item of marine geographical framework data was selected in accordance with the measures for usage and management of possible MGF data. A map was pilot producted based on selected items and MGF data was presented through making up some problems shown ill the process. The importance of GIS will be growing continuously which can develop, deal with and provide the various data to efficiently manage coast and ocean. Accordingly, the MGF data will be applied to various areas such as Internet or raw data for marine information system.
An Analysis of Terrain Slope and Drainage Basin Area by DEM Grid Size
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 303~311
Recently, the research that analyze topography parameters that need in hydrology analysis using GIS techniques is achieved. DEM that is used in topography analysis can be constructed effectively using contour data of digital map. Therefore, DEM's applicability is increasing gradually in several fields. In this study, DEM of 20∼l00m grid size was applied PYONGCHANG river and JUBANG river basin to analyze what effect DEM grid size causes about slope and drainage watershed at topography parameter extraction. This study drew a regression equation about slope change by DEM grid size. As a result, according as DEM grid size increases, slope decreases, and basin area could know that is not change almost.
Estimating the Application Possibility of High-resolution Satellite Image for Update and Revision of Digital Map
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 313~321
Supplying high-resolution satellite image, we take much interest in the update and the revision of digital map and thematic map based on the satellite image. This study presented the possibility of the update and the revision to the existing digital map on a scale of l/5,000 and 1/25,000 to take advantage of the IKONOS satellite image. We performed geometric correction to make use of the ground control points of the existing digital map in IKONOS mono-image and created ortho-image by extracting digital elevation model from three dimensional contour data and altitude on the existing digital map. We revised changed features in the method of screen digitizing by overlapping orthorectified satellite image and existing digital map and flawed features of the unchanged area on the satellite images for positional accuracy analysis. As a result, rectification error is calculated at
3.35m by RMSE. There is a good possibility of update of digital map under the scale of 1/10,000. It is possible to the update of the large scale digital map over the scale of l/5,000, as if we used the method of stereo image and ground control point surveying.
A Simulation of City Viewscape Using Digital Photogrammetry and GIS
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 323~329
This paper aims at three dimensional simulation and quantitative analysis fer city height planning using digital photogrammetry and GIS. Land view has been neglected while the cities in Korea have been developed rapidly and quantitatively It is, however recognized that Land viewscape is an important factor to achieve a high quality of life. Land viewing is shape and subjective, which makes quantitative and objective analysis of urban viewscape not easy. In this study, a spatial database was constructed by aerial color photographing and digital photogrammetry. The analysis of photographic image were performed using 3-D simulation. Numerical and quantitative analysis for the height planning of building was carried out by producing the vertical profiles of existing buildings and terrain at sight lines. As the result of this study, it was found that the hight planning in a city could be made quantitatively and objectively using 3-D viewscape analysis.
Measurements of the Trajectories of Moving Objects with Video System and Image Matching
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 331~341
In order to extract 3-dimensional information from 2-D image, stereo images are prerequisite. Moreover, for the measurement of moving objects, the synchronized sequential stereo images have to be captured and image matching should be implemented for determining the location of moving objects. In this research, a simple method computing 3-dimensional coordinates from sequential images of moving objects was implemented. The sequential stereo images were captured by a video camera with a beam splitter. Once video images were digitalized by frame grabber, the interest points were extracted and matched in each stereo image, and the coordinates of center of them are calculated using weighted average method. Then, 3-dimensional coordinates of moving objects were computed by DLT algorithms.