Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
Manufacturing Digital Map Version 2.0 Increased Visual Information
Park Kyeong Sik ; Lee Jae Kee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 221~231
Though Digital Map Ver. 2.0 is adequate to GIS, the possibility to gain information from its external form and the ease of producing paper map had retrogressed. In this research, concerned with the problems, we plan to make Digital Map Ver. 2.0, which satisfies the conditions of GIS. It will have geometrical and logical data structure, and also possess informative ability as much as that of Ver. 1.0. For the study, the process to analyze the topographic code, color, code priority order, etc. of paper relief map, digital map Ver. 1.0, and digital map Ver. 2.0 was taken. For the topographical feature with diverse expression, we changed the portrayal of digital map Ver. 2.0 to make it fit the regulations of map portrayal. At the point of topographic code priority order, the rule is to arrange them in the same order as the real territory. However, we made a special code in the case of any change of the locational order. According to the property of this study, we observe the regulations of map portrayal, for the elements related to subjective sense, such as colors. And we give priority on the data construction when the portrayal of topographical feature and the schema of GIS database system are contradictory.
Generation of 3-D City Model using Aerial Imagery
Yeu Bock Mo ; Jin Kyeong Hyeok ; Yoo Hwan Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 233~238
3-D virtual city model is becoming increasingly important for a number of GIS applications. For reconstruction of 3D building in urban area aerial images, satellite images, LIDAR data have been used mainly and most of researches related to 3-D reconstruction focus on development of method for extraction of building height and reconstruction of building. In case of automatically extracting and reconstructing of building height using only aerial images or satellite images, there are a lot of problems, such as mismatching that result from a geometric distortion of optical images. Therefore, researches of integrating optical images and existing digital map (1/1,000) has been in progress. In this paper, we focused on extracting of building height by means of interest points and vertical line locus method for reducing matching points. Also we used digital plotter in order to validate for the results in this study using aerial images (1/5,000) and existing digital map (1/1,000).
Error Assessment of Attitude Determination Using Wireless Internet-Based DGPS
Koh June Hwan ; Kwon Jay Hyoun ; Choi Yoon Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 239~249
It is the general consensus that korea is safe from some disasters, particularly earthquake. However, it is not difficult to see the countries considered as safety zones have occasionally experienced a severe earthquakes. In this case, damages and casualties are much serious because they were not prepared for the earthquakes. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a counterplan about an earthquake. In this paper, we analyzed several damages by earthquakes using GIS based methods, and derived a counterproposal. The disasters caused by earthquakes are categorized into three riskiness factors, that is, a building destruction riskiness, a blaze riskiness and a refuge riskiness. Then, it is quantitatively analyzed by the degree of damage so that overall riskiness of the earthquake are assigned. In addition, it was shown that the analysis can be utilized to establish the escape route from the earthquake. It is expected that this study shows an good example of GIS application especially for preventing disasters.
Evaluation of the Optimum Interpolation for Creating Hydraulic Model from Close Range Digital Photogrammetry
Choi Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 251~260
The Development of CCD has contributed to great advancement in mapping technology with giving benefits to research community of photogrammetry. The purpose of this paper is to find the best selection of interpolation method for creating a terrain model form close range digital photogrammetry. T-test as a kind of statistical analysis was conducted to analyze the similarity of hydraulic model with close range digital photogrammetry and trigonometric leveling. Also, many interpolation methods such as inverse distance, kriging, nearest neighbor and TIN about the hydraulic model interpolation were conducted to compare the results for computer to display actual terrain an optimum interpolation of the digital elevation model form close range digital photogrammetry. The results revealed that kriging and TIN interpolation were efficient methods to judge the hazard interpolation law by analyzing geometric similarity of hydraulic model against hydraulic model application.
Accuracy Assessment of DTM Generation Using LIDAR Data
Yoo Hwan Hee ; Kim Seong Sam ; Chung Dong Ki ; Hong Jae Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 261~272
3D models in urban areas are essential for a variety of applications, such as virtual visualization, GIS, and mobile communications. LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) is a relatively new technology for obtaining Digital Terrain Models (DTM) of the earth's surface since manual 3D data reconstruction is very costly and time consuming. In this paper an approach to extract ground and non-ground points data from LIDAR data by using filtering is presented and the accuracy for generating DTM from ground points data is evaluated. Numerous filter algorithms have been developed to date. To determine the performance of filtering, we selected three filters which are based on the concepts for height difference, slope, and morphology, and also were applied two different data acquired from high raised apartments areas and low house areas. From the results it has been found that the accuracy for generating DTM from LIDAR data are 0.16 m and 0.59 m in high raised apartments areas and low house areas respectively. We expect that LIDAR data is used to generate the accurate DTM in urban areas.
Analysis of National Control Points in Jeju Area
Jung young-dong ; Yang young-bo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 273~282
A rapidly developed satellite technology is used in comprehensive fields such as spatial data aquisition and applications. Especially a GPS positioning is expected to reinvigorate at the national reference system changes to ITRF (International Terrain Reference Frame). Currently the National Geographic Information Institute (NGII) issues a triangulation point coordinate by separating old and new coordinates and in the year of 2007 it will be scheduled to be changed ITRF. The triangulation point coordinate in Cheju area causes some problems due to the difference original observation and re-observation. Thus in this study a GPS observation is conducted after re-organizing geodetic network based on 1st and 2nd order triangulation in order to check the current triangulation points in Cheju area. After the GPS observation data analysis, stable points were extracted, proposed a geodetic network and its application.
Performance Analysis of Positioning Using Combined GPS/Galileo System
Lee Dong-Rag ; Lee Hung-Kyu ; Bae Kyoung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 283~292
After USA removed the Selective Availability (SA), Global Positioning System (GPS) has monopolized the world market and other countries have been depended on GPS, absolutely. So the other countries, Russia, European Community (EC) and Japan, which apprehend to monopolize in technical and strategic parts, are developing the next generation GNSS including GLONASS Galileo and JRANS. And the countries are planning to provide the another GNSS. This research has focused on the next generation GNSS system based on GPS and Galileo system with developing a GNSS simulation software, named as GlMS2005, which generates and analyzes satellite constellation and measurements. Based on the software, a variety of simulation tests have been carried out to recognize limits of GPS-only system and potential benefits of integrated GPS/Galileo positioning in terms of satellite geometry strength and solution accuracy.
Analyses on Sunshine Influence and Surface Freezing Section of Road using GIS
Lee Hyung Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 293~301
In case of the roads that pass the mountain area, the cut sections or the tunnels are constructed. And In winter season it appears sunshine few in the specific segment, the shade is continued last and the freezing sections occur. So, the attention is necessary in traffic safety. This study was to evaluate the influence of sunshine and surface freezing sections expected in route plans of roads using GIS and makes alternative ideas in road stability security. After selecting 29 km sections of Donghae highway and creating a 3 dimensional terrain surface through the digital conversion of design plan data, it reflects the road alignment data of the same coordinates and a 3 dimensional road modeling is created. It set shadow time of road surface for the solar trace in the winter solstice in 20 minute interval. Shade areas are displayed and inputed in polygon data by manual vertorizing. Graphic and attribute data of this shade section is constructed in geodatabase of ArcCatalog. And it extracted the freezing section using intersect fuction of the GIS spatial analysis. By analyzing the winter meteorological data of temperature, rainfall, snowfall, humidity, and etc. and grasping dangerous freezing section of the road surface effectively, it will be able to make alternative ideas of the preliminary stability evaluation reflected in basic design.
A Study on Application of PC Based Digital Photogrammetric System - Focusing on Producing Digital Map, DEM and Orthophoto -
Park Byung Uk ; Seo Sang Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 303~312
Digital map, DEM and orthophoto were produced by using PC based digital photogrammetric system and aerial photo images that were obtained with scale of 1/5,000 and scanning density of 1200dpi and 600dpi, and the accuracies of these outputs were evaluated by various methods. Non-skilled operator produced digital map with PC based digital photogrammetric system and aerial photo images scanned by 1200dpi. The results showed that it was impossible to insert contour lines, but the rest elements could be drawn with the accuracy of 1/1,000. In automatic generation of DEM, scanning density of aerial photo and grid interval of DEM didn't affect the accuracy of DEM. In production of orthophoto, we could know that the larger grid interval of DEM, the lower accuracy of orthophoto, but scanning density of original image had more effect on quality of orthophoto. By the way, accuracy comparison between orthophoto and digital map with same check points showed that orthophoto was more accurate than digital map, and orthophoto could be used in more diverse areas. Hereafter in civilian part, aerial photo image and PC based digital photogrammetric system could make practical application of data correction and update in GIS.
Generation of Building and Contour Layers for Digital Mapping Using LiDAR Data
Lee Dong-Cheon ; Yom Jae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 313~322
Rapid advances in technology and changes in human and cultural activities bring about changes to the earth surface in terms of spatial extension as well as time frame of the changes. Such advances introduce shorter updating frequency of maps and geospatial database. To satisfy these requirements, recent research efforts in the geoinformatics field have been focused on the automation and speeding up of the mapping processes which resulted in products such as the digital photogrammetric workstation, GPSIINS, applications of satellite imagery, automatic feature extraction and the LiDAR system. The possibility of automatically extracting buildings and generating contours from airborne LiDAR data has received much attention because LiDAR data produce promising results. However, compared with the manually derived building footprints using traditional photogrammetric process, more investigation and analysis need to be carried out in terms of accuracy and efficiency. On the other hand, generation of the contours with LiDAR data is more efficient and economical in terms of the quality and accuracy. In this study, the effects of various conditions of the pre-processing phase and the subsequent building extraction and contour generation phases for digital mapping have on the accuracy were investigated.
Accuracy Analysis of Combined Block Adjustment with GPS/INS Observations Considering Photo Scale
Lee Jae One ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 323~330
More than ten years after the era of GPS-Photogrammetry which could provide us only three projection center of all six exterior orientation parameters, direct georeferencing with GPS/INS is now becoming a standard method for image orientation. Its main advantage is to skip or reduce the indirect ground control process. This paper describes the experimental test results of integrated sensor orientation with a commercial GPS/IMU system to approve its performance in determination of exterior orientation. For this purpose two different imaging blocks were planned and the area was photographed at a large photo scale of 1:5,000 and a medium photo scale of 1:20,000. From these data set a variety of meaningful results was acquired, i.e., the accuracy. potential of exterior orientation from direct georeferencing and combined block adjustment using these data considering different photo scales and conditions.
Advanced Process Technique for Field Check Data Editing and Structured Editing on Digital Map Ver2.0, Applying Automatic Error Detection Method
Lee Jin Soo ; Park Chang Taek ; Park Ki Surk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 331~340
Digital map is very important digital geographic information which is the base for various fields such as building and using the geographic information system (GIS), planing the regional development, and etc. Therefore, it needs high accuracy. Then we offer the advanced technique which minimizes errors on digital maps, using the automated inspection through the whole figures. In addition this new technique raises the economical efficiency as well as accuracy applying the automated error detection method which can recognize, search and classify errors automatically.