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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Dec 2006
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Oct 2006
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Aug 2006
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
3D Modeling of Automobile Part Using Pattern Scanner and Efficiency Analysis
Han Seung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~8
Effective three dimensional modeling becomes essential in a wide range of drawings, such as construction, machinery and design. In particular, it has been developed as the tool enabling reverse design. Three dimensional modeling requires rapidity, accuracy and tangibility. Data acquisition methods for modeling including contact type coordinate measurement machine, LASER scanner, pattern scanner and digital photogrammetry. In this study, we try to analyze modeling techniques as well as introduce three dimensional modeling using pattern scanner. In addition, this study conducts three dimensional modeling using OPTO-Top pattern scanner with distinguished accuracy and rapidity, and then compare efficiency with digital photogrammetry. And, this study attempts to form environment that enables to turn around models on web in three dimensional ways.
Developement of GPS Data Quality Control Program
Yun Hong-Sic ; Lee Dong-Ha ; Lee Young-Kyun ; Cho Jae-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 9~18
This paper describes a new program called GPS_QC needed to check the quality of GPS observations before post-processing so that the surveyors can be improved the precision of GPS data analysis. The GPS_QC was designed to calculate the quality control (QC) parameters such as data gaps, cycle slips, low elevation angle, inonspheric delay, multi-path effects and DOP etc, within the period of GPS observation. It can be used to read and calculate the QC parameters from RINEX files. This program gives users brief statistics, time series plots and graphs of QC parameters. The GPS_QC can simply be performed the quality checking of GPS data that was difficult for surveyors in the field. It is expected that we can be improved the precision of positioning and solved the time consuming problem of GPS observation.
The Analysis of GIS DB for the Evaluation of Turbid Water Considering Spatial Characteristics of River Channel
Park Jin-Hyeog ; Lee Geun-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 19~26
Andong and Imha reservoir adjoins each other, but turbid water shows too much different when it rains. The characteristics of geological rock in basin and agricultural area around river boundary are pointed out as the major reason of turbid water of Imha reservoir. This study analyzed rock type of topsoil layer using soil map by National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology (NIAST). Among rock types, sedimentary rock affects on the occurrence of turbid water. In the analysis of sedimentary rock type, the distribution of sedimentary rock of Imha basin shows 1.87 times higher than that of Andong basin. Also, the distribution of sedimentary rock of Imha basin shows higher than that of Andong basin within 1,600m from river channel in according to the buffer zone of river boundary. And Agricultural area of Imha basin shows higher than that of Andong basin in analysis of land cover within 1,600 m from river channel. As this agricultural characteristics of Imha basin, cover management factor of Imha basin represents more higher that that of Andong basin.
The Monitoring of Sediment on the Basin Using LiDAR Data
Kang Joon-Mook ; Kang Young-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 27~36
Most of domestic multipurpose dams were basin area to be large, therefore, soil loss were occurred by downpour in the rainy season, They have caused to accumulate sediments on the river and dam reservoir that brought the decrease of storage volume and difficulties of the quality management of water. Until now, the measurement cycle of sediments surveying was long and it was designed to use surveying the degree of sediments, Thus there were many difficult things to secure accuracy. In this study, it was intended to analyze the origin position tracing of sediments and the movement route, for this purpose, aerial LiDAR technology was applied to precise sediments surveying. The amount and location of soil loss were evaluated by classified properties of soil, land-cover, and topographical conditions in detail. Therefore, the reliance could be maintained in analyzing the route of soil loss by extracting the flow within a watercourse and using the advanced accurate DEM.
Analysis of Accumulation/Erosion in River Using Satellite Image
Yang In-Tae ; Kim Dong-Moon ; Chun Ki-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 37~45
Damage of rivers construction is serious to natural disaster by concentration rainfall in summer. Specially, increase of soil erosion breeds flood calamity of river bed accumulation and pondage decline etc., and erosion increase in upper stream shows in rivers flood of earth and sand, farm land and form of urban district burying. Flood damage investigation through on-the-spot probe until present need effective and scientific modelling techniques because is not efficient. This research wished to examine practical use of monitoring data of high resolution satellite image through satellite image analysis of various space resolution. Research analyzed abstraction possibility of soil disaster information using high resolution satellite image. Also, studied soil disaster damage present condition interpretation practical use possibility through various resolution satellite image analysis, and studied practical use of KOMPSAT image for interpretation of river topography change analysis.
Comparison of Position-Rotation Models and Orbit-Attitude Models with SPOT images
Kim Tae-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 47~55
This paper investigates the performance of sensor models based on satellite position and rotation angles and sensor models based on satellite orbit and attitude angles. We analyze the performance with respect to the accuracy of bundle adjustment and the accuracy of exterior orientation estimation. In particular, as one way to analyze the latter, we establish sensor models with respect to one image and apply the models to other scenes that have been acquired from the same orbit. Experiment results indicated that fer the sole purpose of bundle adjustment accuracy one could use both position-rotation models and orbit-attitude models. The accuracy of estimating exterior orientation parameters appeared similar for both models when analysis was performed based on single scene. However, when multiple scenes within the same orbital segment were used for analysis, the orbit-attitude model with attitude biases as unknowns showed the most accurate results.
Extraction of Building Height Using Digital Map and Single Imagery
Yun Kong-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 57~64
Recently the extraction of building height information has been investigated using remotely sensed image and digital maps. In this study, based on the digital photogrammetry principle and mono imagery method the building height information can be extracted by using relationship between ground coordinates and image coordinates. To evaluate the result the comparison was done with building height from 1:5000 aerial photo. The experiment shows that extraction of building height could be performed using IKONOS single imagery and digital map and it is proved that the building height could be reconstructed within some extent.
Accuracy Analysis of Indoor Positioning System Using Wireless Lan Network
Park Jun-Ku ; Cho Woo-Sug ; Kim Byung-Guk ; Lee Jin-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 65~71
There has been equipped wireless network infrastructure making possible to contact mobile computing at buildings, university, airport etc. Due to increase of mobile user dramatically, it raises interest about application and importance of LBS. The purpose of this study is to develop an indoor positioning system which is position of mobile users using Wireless LAN signal strength. We present Euclidean distance model and Bayesian inference model for analyzing position determination. The experimental results showed that the positioning of Bayesian inference model is more accurate than that of Euclidean distance model. In case of static target, the positioning accuracy of Bayesian inference model is within 2 m and increases when the number of cumulative tracking points increase. We suppose, however, Bayesian inference model using 5- cumulative tracking points is the most optimized thing, to decrease operation rate of mobile instruments and distance error of tracking points by movement of mobile user.
Development of Effective Management System for the Sewerage Work
Jung Sung-Heuk ; Lee Jea-Kee ; Choi Seok-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 73~78
Cheongju city is executing a basic sewage maintenance plan for the systematic understanding of the sewage facilities, efficient preservation management, and reformation of the existent sewage facilities, in order to prevent the contamination of water and to preserve the neighboring environments. The new business constitute approximately 6% of the entire facility production, and renovation business constitute approximately 1.5% every year according to the statistics information of the last five years. This research provides effectiveness and reliability for sewage construction, and improvement in service for the civilians, through the efficient management of various documents, construction fees, design drawings, photographs, and construction background for the annually made constructions with the development of the effective management system for the sewage work.
Quality Improvement and Application increase of Framework Data in the Facility Area
Ru Ji-Ho ; Heo Min ; Lee Hyun-Jik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 79~88
The facility area occupies approximately 50% of the topographic landmarks playing an important role in the utilization of geographical information in various fields, and requires more up-to-date information than the framework data of other areas. However, the expression mode in the 1:5000 digital map, which is a primitive data used for the preparation of framework data in the facility area, limits the description of the information on buildings, and its revision/renewal term of 5 years makes it far from up-to-date or accurate. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the problems and quality deteriorating factors that may occur in establishing the framework data on the basis of existing establishment process of them in the facility area, and improve the qualify of the framework data in facility area by upgrading the methods of quality improvement. Expanding the information on attributes and improving the accuracy of locations were proposed as ways to increase the degree of utilization of the framework data in the facility area. And as the methods of expanding the information on attributes, it was proposed to improve the accuracy of the information on attributes for the framework data in the facility area using the information on attributes in the 1:1000 scale maps, and also to diversify the information on attributes in connection with the LMIS and AIS. To improve the accuracy of the locations, analyses were made with the potential problems that may occur in the establishment process through an experiment on the framework data in the facility area based on 1:1,000 digital map, and the results were used to present an improved, optimum process.
Evaluation of GIS-based Soil Loss Amount in Considering Basin Characteristics
Guak Dong-Wook ; Cho Gi-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 89~97
Soil erosion has caused serious environmental problems which threaten the foundation of natural resources. In this paper, we chose RUSLE erosion model, which could be connected easily with GSIS and available generally in mid-scale watershed among soil erosion models, and extracted factors entered model by using GSIS spatial analysis method. First, this study used GIS database as soil map, DEM, land cover map and rainfall data of typhoon Memi (2003) to analyze soil loss amount of Dam basin. To analyze the changes of soil loss in considering basin characteristics as up-, mid- and downstream, this study calculated soil erodibility factor (K), topographic factors (LS), and cover management factor (C). As a result of analysis, K and LS factors of upstream showed much higher than those of downstream because of the high ratio of forest. But C factor of downstream showed much higher than that of upstream because of the high ratio of agricultural area. As a result of analysis of soil loss, unit soil loss of upstream is 4.3 times than soil loss of downstream. Therefore, the establishment of countermeasures for upstream is more efficient to reduce soil loss.
A Study on the Application of Land Form Indices to the Standardization of Development Available Lands, using GIS
Kim Jung-Hoon ; Chae Myung-Ki ; Cho Chun-Man ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 99~110
The current study aims at the design of GIS-based systematic and quantitative standards for development available land forms, precluding any planners' subjective manipulation of those irregular lands. More specifically, first, as the elements of land form standards, both LFI (Land Form Index) and ARCI (Adjusted Related Circumscribing Circle Index) are proposed. Second, through the sample survey of ready-developed residential areas, standard minimum and maximum values for LFI and ARCI were extracted. Third, through the application of those standardized ranges of LFI and ARCI values, actual land form standardization process was performed for the lands with LFI and ARCI indices, falling below the range of standardized values. The significance of the current study lies within the objective proof of the possibility of GIS-supported land form standards applications to actual cases, through the introduction of LFI and ARCI as land form standard indices.
Segmentation of Airborne LIDAR Data: From Points to Patches
Lee Im-Pyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 111~121
Recently, many studies have been performed to apply airborne LIDAR data to extracting urban models. In order to model efficiently the man-made objects which are the main components of these urban models, it is important to extract automatically planar patches from the set of the measured three-dimensional points. Although some research has been carried out for their automatic extraction, no method published yet is sufficiently satisfied in terms of the accuracy and completeness of the segmentation results and their computational efficiency. This study thus aimed to developing an efficient approach to automatic segmentation of planar patches from the three-dimensional points acquired by an airborne LIDAR system. The proposed method consists of establishing adjacency between three-dimensional points, grouping small number of points into seed patches, and growing the seed patches into surface patches. The core features of this method are to improve the segmentation results by employing the variable threshold value repeatedly updated through a statistical analysis during the patch growing process, and to achieve high computational efficiency using priority heaps and sequential least squares adjustment. The proposed method was applied to real LIDAR data to evaluate the performance. Using the proposed method, LIDAR data composed of huge number of three dimensional points can be converted into a set of surface patches which are more explicit and robust descriptions. This intermediate converting process can be effectively used to solve object recognition problems such as building extraction.
A Study On Choosing The Most Suitable Roadline Using Digital Photogrammetry and GIS in Mountain Area
Quan He-Chun ; Lee Byung-Gul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 123~130
The purpose of the paper is to make the three dimensional road simulation model based on the digital photogrammetry and GIS techniques in the middle of Halla mountain of Jeju island. To do this, we generate DEM (digital elevation model) and digital ortho image using GIS tools such as Arc View, Imagestation and MGE module. In GIS, the overlay map schemes combining of the hill shade, the land slope and aspect were applied. Based on the processes, we can build the best three dimensional road line along the hill side of the island. From the results, we also found that the derived DEM from digital ortho image and the GIS technique were very useful for choosing the best three dimensional road design before the real road construction works in Jeju island.
An Effect of Aggregation of Point Features to Areal Units on K-Index
Lee Byoung-Kil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 131~138
Recently, data gathering and algorithm developing are in progress for the GIS application using point feature. Several researches prove that verification of the spatial clustering and evaluation of inter-dependencies between event and control are possible. On the other hand, most of the point features as GIS data are gathered by indirect method, such as address geo-coding, rather than by direct method, such as field surveying. Futhermore, lots of statistics by administrative district based on the point features have no coordinates information of the points. In this study, calculating the K-index in GIS environment, to evaluate the effect of aggregation of raw data on K-index, K-indices estimated from raw data (parcel unit), topographically aggregated data (block unit), administratively aggregated data (administrative district unit) are compared and evaluated. As a result, point feature, highly clustered in local area, is largely distorted when aggregated administratively. But, the K-indices of topographically aggregated data is very similar to the K-indices of raw data.
Land Cover Classification Using Lidar and Optical Image
Cho Woo-Sug ; Chang Hwi-Jung ; Kim Yu-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 139~145
The advantage of the lidar data is in fast acquisition and process time as well as in high accuracy and high point density. However lidar data itself is difficult to classify the earth surface because lidar data is in the form of irregularly distributed point clouds. In this study, we investigated land cover classification using both lidar data and optical image through a supervised classification method. Firstly, we generated 1m grid DSM and DEM image and then nDSM was produced by using DSM and DEM. In addition, we had made intensity image using the intensity value of lidar data. As for optical images, the red, blue, green band of CCD image are used. Moreover, a NDVI image using a red band of the CCD image and infrared band of IKONOS image is generated. The experimental results showed that land cover classification with lidar data and optical image together could reach to the accuracy of 74.0%. To improve classification accuracy, we further performed re-classification of shadow area and water body as well as forest and building area. The final classification accuracy was 81.8%.