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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Dec 2006
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Oct 2006
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Aug 2006
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Digital Elevation Model Created form SPOT 5/HRG Stereo Images
Kim Yeon-Jun ; Yu Young-Geol ; Yang In-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 2, 2006, Pages 153~158
A new High Resolution Geometry or HRG imaging instrument is developed by CNES to be carried on-board SPOT 5. The HRG instrument offers a higher ground resolution than that of the HRV/HRVIR on SPOT 1 - 4 satellites. The field width of HRG is 60 km, same as SPOT constellation. With two HRG instruments, a maximum swath of 120 km at 5 m resolution can be achieved. The generation of Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) from satellite stereo images scores over conventional methods of DEM generation using topographic maps and aerial photographs. This global availability of satellite images allows for quicker data processing for an equivalent area. In this study, a HRG stereo images of SPOT 5 over JECHEON has been used with Leica Photogrammetry Suite OrthoBASE Pro tool for the creation of a digital elevation model (DEM). The extracted DEM was compared to the reference DEM obtained from the contours of digital topographic map.
Estimation of Geostrophic Current Calculated from Sea Surface Topography in East Sea
Yun Hong-Sic ; Lee Dong-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 2, 2006, Pages 159~165
This paper deals with the estimation of geostrophic current using the sea surface topography calculated from the geoidal height from EGM96 geopotential model and the mean sea surface height from CLS_SHOM mean sea surface model. The CLS_SHOM model was developed using the altimetry data set. The estimation of geostrophic current is available in the characteristic research of ocean in many country, while for East Sea a few studies were done. The goal of this study is basically to provide the characteristics of geostrophic current in East Sea. The results show that the mean sea surface topography (SST) in East Sea is about 0.37 m and the mean geostrophic velocity is -0.028 m/sec. The Pacific water enters into the East Sea through the Korea Strait and after passing the strait, this inflow splits into two branches: one flows northward along the Korean coast and another outflows into Pacific ocean through Tsugaru and Soya strait passing the east-northeastward along the Japanese outer shelf, and outflows into Okhotsk ocean.
The Improvement of the Positioning Precision for Single Frequency Receiver Using Ionospheric Model Based on GPS Network
Choi Byung-Kyu ; Lee Sang-Jeong ; Park Jong-Uk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 2, 2006, Pages 167~173
Ionosphere is the largest error source on propagation of GPS signals. Dual frequency (L1,L2) GPS receiver can be effectively able to eliminate the ionosphere error by using linear combination of two frequencies, but the single frequency receiver (L1) have to compute the ionosphere error. In this research, we developed the new ionospheric model with
spatial resolution based on the grid from using 9 GPS reference stations which have been operated by KASI (Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute) and computed TEC (Total Electron Contents) over South Korea by epoch. This paper gives the positioning results of Klobuchar model with that of a newly developed KASI regional ionospheric model and shows the positioning precision of the KASI regional ionospheric model along with TEC variation of ionosphere.
Analysis of the Tsunami Inundation Trace and it's Expectation Area in Coast Using GIS
Lee Hyung-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 2, 2006, Pages 175~182
The efficient management for minimum losses and demage precautions of fragile region against coastal disasters such as seismic waves and seawater overflows is proceeding continually. This study is to analyze inundation trace and extract expected damage areas with historic records of tsunami using Geographic Information System. Creating a digital elevation model of the Mangsang and the Nobong region in the east coast, we marked inundation record of tsunami and forecasted the flood area with a seismic wave height between 3 m and 5 m. The inundation trace layers and the expected damage areas on the cadastral map layer were superimposed individually. Consequently, the range and lot numbers of inundation expected area were calculated and inundation areas of 5 m tsunami were increased by 2.8 times than 3 m tsunami in case of subject regions. Analyzed results are expected to use evacuation work in case of seismic waves and to predict the compensation of the damaged area. And this study is expected to use suitable countermeasure for prevention from natural disasters.
Accuracy Assessment of the Upward Continuation using the Gravity Model from Ultra-high Degree Spherical Harmonics
Kwon Jay-Hyoun ; Lee Jong-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 2, 2006, Pages 183~191
The accuracy of the upward continuation is assessed through the gravity modeling using an ultra-high degree spherical harmonic expansion. The difficulties in the numerical calculation of Legendre function with ultra-high degree, underflow and/or overflow, is successfully resolved in 128 bit calculation scheme. Using the generated Legendre function, the gravity anomaly with spatial resolution of
on the geoid is calculated. The generated gravity anomaly is degraded and extracted with various noise levels and data intervals, then upward continuation is applied to each data sets. The comparison between the upward continued gravity disturbances and the directly calculated from the spherical harmonics showed that the accuracy on the direct method was significantly better than that of Poisson method. In addition, it is verified that the denser and less noised gravity data on the geoid generates better gravity disturbance vectors at an altitude. Especially, it is found that the gravity noise level less than 5mGal, and the data interval less than 2arcmin is necessary for next generation precision INS navigation which requires the accuracy of 5mGal or better at an altitude.
A Study on the Unification Scheme of Surveying Policy and Geographic Information of South and North Korea
Choi Yun-Soo ; Park Hong-Gi ; Lee Ho-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 2, 2006, Pages 193~200
Geographic information and surveying products are a momentous national infrastructure since it is an essential basis for land management and environmental preservation. Hence, it is necessary to set up a systematic plan and countermeasure for the upcoming unification of Korea. Otherwise there would be tremendous confusion and it will cause enormous expenses to establish the national surveying and geographical information standard. In order to show the vision of policies preparing for the unification of North and South Korea, we analyzed the case of Germany and the current status of surveying and Geographical Information in South and North Korea by taking the internet investigation, having a seminar, interviewing experts, and visiting related organizations. First of all, we should predict the change of surveying circumstances after the reunification and establish a plan that unifies laws, systems, and surveying standards of North and South Korea. We need to modify the datum point and unify the surveying product of South and North Korea in World Geodetic System. To accomplish these goals, we must make the map of Korean peninsula and neighboring nations, especially urban area of North Korea. It is considered that National Geographic Information Institute should take a major role in the unification of Korea. With these active preparations and plans, we will achieve the goals of establishing the reinforced surveying policy and minimizing the reunification expenses.
A Study on the Construction and Application of Administrative Boundary
Choi Yun-Soo ; Kwon Jay-Hyoun ; Lee Im-Pyeong ; Park Ji-Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 2, 2006, Pages 201~208
Currently, 1/5,000 Digital Topographic Map covers the whole country with administrative boundary of Gu, while some region has already been constructed with 1/1,000 digital topographic map has legal boundary of Dong. Here, Dong in 1/1,000 scale represents the legal boundary which is used in the address most of time. Therefore, there is no administrative-Dong yet although it is very useful in various fields. In this study, we suggested a method to construct the administrative boundary extending to the level of Dong empirically. In addition, the practical application of the administrative boundary in GIS is discussed. Two methods are applied to construct the administrative boundary to the level of administration-Dong; using the edited cadastral map and the digital topographic map. When the edited cadastral map is used, some problems such as boundary discordance to superordinate administrative area is appeared. On the other hand, using digital topographic map showed simple construction processes and easy connection with other framework data. Therefore, it is recommended that the digital topographic map should be used in the construction of the administrative boundary. It would be useful as framework data in various industries and public operations.
Development of Shoreline Extraction Algorithm using Airborne LiDAR Data
Wie Gwang-Jae ; Jeong Jae-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 2, 2006, Pages 209~215
Shoreline changes its shapes and attribution dynamically by natural, unnatural acts and is the most information for country. These shorelines can apply to framework data of MGIS (Marine Geographic Information System), and they are getting important to implement a phase of monitoring around coastal areas. This study proposed an algorithm automatically extracting shorelines to use a new developed LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) data which is applying in ocean and coastal areas. Then, in result, it was compared to shorelines which is derived from ground survey. In result, it shows stable shorelines in various coast areas such as nature, artificial coast. Additionally, and a possibility of shoreline extraction through LiDAR data.
A Study on Tracking a Moving Object using Photogrammetric Techniques - Focused on a Soccer Field Model -
Bae Sang-Keun ; Kim Byung-Guk ; Jung Jae-Seung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 2, 2006, Pages 217~226
Extraction and tracking objects are fundamental and important steps of the digital image processing and computer vision. Many algorithms about extracting and tracking objects have been developed. In this research, a method is suggested for tracking a moving object using a pair of CCD cameras and calculating the coordinate of the moving object. A 1/100 miniature of soccer field was made to apply the developed algorithms. After candidates were selected from the acquired images using the RGB value of a moving object (soccer ball), the object was extracted using its size (MBR size) among the candidates. And then, image coordinates of a moving object are obtained. The real-time position of a moving object is tracked in the boundary of the expected motion, which is determined by centering the moving object. The 3D position of a moving object can be obtained by conducting the relative orientation, absolute orientation, and space intersection of a pair of the CCD camera image.
A Estimation of Soil Conversion Factor Using Digital Photogrammetry and 3D Laser Scanner
Lee Jae-Kee ; Jung Sung-Heuk ; Lee Kye-Dong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 24, issue 2, 2006, Pages 227~234
Ministry of construction & transportation is operating for the soil and rock information system and is considered to accurate application of soil conversion factor that is essentially necessary for accurate calculation of earth volume. Since the balance of cutting earth in public work, the plan of spoil bank or borrow pit are directly related to construction costs, accurate calculation of earth volume and efficient scheme of haul are important. As such, this study has provided methods that can acquire information that is more rapid, applicable to job sites, and trustworthy by comparing resultant values of photogrammetry, laser scanning, or inside job site experimentations, and calculated soil conversion factor by applying photogrammetry and laser scanning methods for hard rock that has difficulty in calculating soil conversion factor. The study can provide alternatives that can resolve the problems of unbalanced earth volume that may arise in applying to plans the earth conversion factor that relies on planning books and experience without considering the characteristics of job site earth, and can establish its relevancy by calculating soil conversion factor for hard rock that has relative difficulties in doing inside or job site testing.