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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6_2 - Dec 2007
Volume 25, Issue 6_1 - Dec 2007
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Geometric Correction of IKONOS-2 Geo-level Satellite Imagery Using LiDAR Data - Using Linear Features as Registration Primitivess
Lee, Jae-Bin ; Kim, Yong-Min ; Lee, Hyo-Seong ; Yu, Ki-Yun ; Kim, Yong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 25, issue 3, 2007, Pages 183~190
To make use of surveying data obtained from different sensors and different techniques, it is a pre-requite step that register them in a common coordinate system. For this purpose, we developed methodologies to register IKONOS-2 Satellite Imagery using LiDAR(Light Detection And Ranging) data. To achieve this, conjugate features from these data should be extracted in advance. In this study, linear features are chosen as conjugate features. Then, to register them, observation equations are established from similarity measurements of the extracted features and the results was evaluated statistically. The results clearly demonstrate that the proposed algorithms are appropriate to register these data.
Coastline Change Analysis Using RTK-GPS and Aerial Photo
Lee, Jae-One ; Kim, Yong-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 25, issue 3, 2007, Pages 191~198
According to the survey data during the Japanese Occupation Period, the length of South Korea's coastline is about 11,542km, including the coastlines of mainland and islands. To accurately revise/renew this coastline data through site survey, it will cost great money and time. Also, various development projects such as reclamation works on public waters, constructions of ports/harbors, etc. This paper used aerial photographs, satellite image data and GPS survey data with certain intervals to monitor the change in coastal areas of Songieong, Haeundae, Kwanganri, Songdo and Dadaepo. The local area subjected for this research was limited to areas near Busan. The specific contents of this research include. Launching qualitative/time series analyses on the change of coastal areas using aerial photographs, satellite image data and RTK-GPS surveys.
Noise Simulation of Road Traffic in Urban Area Using LiDAR Data for U-City Construction
Cho, Jae-Myoung ; Lee, Dong-Ha ; Yun, Hong-Sic ; Lee, Seung-Huhn ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 25, issue 3, 2007, Pages 199~205
In this study, we have intended to precisely analyze the aspect of propagation and the extent of damage due to the traffic noise as hon as a main source of noise in urban area. The propagation of traffic noise has a strong relationship between distance and shape of surface. Thus, it is necessary to consider the distribution of buildings for estimating effects of noise in urban area because noise propagations will be affected by buildings. For this, we developed the DEM and DBM using the airborne LiDAR data in the study area and compared with results from the noise simulations using the each model. The extent of damage occurred by the traffic noise above 60 dB(A) from the case of DEM were shown at the 60% of a whole study area, whereas the extent from other case of DBM were shown at the 30% of a whole study area. Also, the extent of the noise levels between 45 dB(A) and 50 dB(A) will be generally recognized as calm environment was increased(the 0% to the 43%) in the case which simulated with building informations. These results indicated that the shape informations of buildings like a DBM is a essential source to simulate the propagation of traffic noise in urban area especially. With results in this study, the effect of traffic noise at a specific area will be easily and precisely estimated if we have the LiDAR data and a traffic census for Korea. Furthermore specific area's traffic noise simulation could be possible using only road traffic information once we have DBM data from LiDAR surveying. This also could be applied as a base data for noise pollution petitioning, traffic planning, construction, etc. in huge city planning projects like a U-City.
The Optimized Integration of Single-baseline GPS Solutions for Network-based Kinematic Positioning
Choi, Yun-Soo ; Bae, Tae-Suk ; Lee, Jong-Ki ; Kwon, Jay-Hyoun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 25, issue 3, 2007, Pages 207~213
For several years, although the demand of high accuracy kinematic positing using multiple bases has been increased, most of the commercial GPS processing softwares can provide the single-baseline solutions only. Thus, we studied the methods to improve the accuracy of the kinematic positioning using the network configuration based on the several single-baseline solutions. As discussed in this study, the positioning accuracy as well as the network stability is improved by introducing the geodetic network adjustment theories into the kinematic positioning application. Three different methods to remove the rank-deficiency, RLESS, BLIMPBE and SCLESS, are analyzed in this study. The 3D RMS error has been improved from 3.5cm(max) to 2.1cm using the network-based kinematic positioning, and it is desired to choose BLIMPBE and SCLESS depending on the accuracy of the base stations.
Measurement of Velocity for Mobile Units Using RFID Location Sensing System
Song, Woo-Seok ; Lee, Jea-Bin ; Chang, An-Jin ; Yu, Ki-Yun ; Kim, Yong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 25, issue 3, 2007, Pages 215~221
In Ubiquitous computing, RFID has been become a key technology to provide the real-time location information of users. For this purpose, many recent researches have been conducted regarding RTLS based on the RFID system. In this study, we evaluated the efficiency and feasibility of the velocity gauging system using RTLS based on the RFID system. By using this system, the velocity of mobile units were measured and the accuracy was evaluated with data obtained from DGPS. The results demonstrated that RTLS based on the RFID system would be suitable to measure with relatively low velocity information of mobile units. When RFID infrastructures are being constructed, the developed system will be a better position to increase popularity of velocity information service.
A Study on Status and Accuracy of Underground Facilities Maps
Lee, Yong-Wook ; Heo, Min ; Lee, Jae-One ; Bae, Kyoung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 25, issue 3, 2007, Pages 223~230
As the centralization of city, underground facilities is increasing and being more important. Although the importance of underground facilities map has been emphasized, there were many accidents related underground facilities. The inaccuracy of existing data and the carelessness of management caused many accidents. It is very important to update and to have high quality accuracy of underground facilities maps. But the underground facilities maps are mapped and updated by each institutes. So it is difficult to verify the accuracy of the data. In this study, Field Test is performed to analyze the horizontal accuracy of existing maps using Electromegnetic Induction Method, Total Station and GPS. Surveying of underground facilities in Seoul was performed for 6 institutes of underground facilities during 3 years. The aim of this study is to verify the horizontal accuracy of data and to improve the accuracy of underground facility maps. As the result of analysis, the horizontal accuracy of 6 underground facilities management institutes is 73 cm(2004), 78 cm(2005) and 75 cm(2006).
Simulating the Availability of Integrated GNSS Positioning in Dense Urban Areas
Suh, Yong-Cheol ; Lee, Yang-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 25, issue 3, 2007, Pages 231~238
This paper describes the availability of the forthcoming integrated GNSS(Global Navigation Positioning System) positioning that includes GPS(Global Positioning System), Galileo, and QZSS(Quasi-Zenith Satellites System). We built a signal propagation model that identifies direct, multipath, and diffraction signals, using the principles of specular reflection and ray tracing technique. The signal propagation model was combined with 3D GIS(three-dimensional geographic information system) in order to measure the satellite visibility and positioning error factors, such as the number of visible satellites, average elevation of visible satellites, optimized DOP(dilution of position) values, and the portion of multipath-producing satellites. Since Galileo and QZSS will not be fully operational until 2010, we used a simulation in comparing GPS and GNSS positioning for a
developed area in Shinjuku, Tokyo. To account for local terrain variation. we divided the target area into 40,000
grid cells. The number of visible satellites and that of multipath-free satellites will be greatly increased in the integrated GNSS environment while the average elevation of visible satellites will be higher in the GPS positioning. Much decreased PDOP(position dilution of precision) values indicate the appropriate satellite/user geometry of the integrated GNSS; however, in dense urban areas, multipath mitigation will be more important than the satellite/user geometry. Thus, the efforts for applying current technologies of multipath mitigation to the future GNSS environment will be necessary.
Development of 3D Digital Map Editing System
Lee, Jae-Kee ; Park, Ki-Surk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 25, issue 3, 2007, Pages 239~247
The 3D spatial information projects have been processed and utilized in varied fields. However, the research of the 3D digital map for a role of national base map is not enough. The draft maps, which are raw data for generating 2D digital map, shows problems in generating 3D digital map. The objective of this research is to develop 3D digital map editing system for modifying and editing of 3D digital map from 2D vector and raster information such as a draft map, 2D digital map, DEM, aerial photo and so forth. This 3D digital map editing system was designed to include data structure of geometric and attribute object under provision of ISO/TC211 and OGC standard. This system was developed to implement the function of 3D stereo editing based on stereo viewing, 3D view editing based on projective, and 3D spatial operation. Using this system, 3D digital maps were able to be successfully produced from not only existing draft maps but also modified or edited draft maps and then application results were compared and analyzed.
Development of Update System for GIS Database
Lee, Jae-Kee ; Lee, Dong-Ju ; Choi, Seok-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 25, issue 3, 2007, Pages 249~255
The building of spatial database such as digital maps has been extensively achieved as a base of geographic information system. However, in the GIS system built by the organizations including local autonomous entities, there are some problems technically and systematically for a promptly updating of GIS DB. This research is to develop the object-oriented database updating system to efficiently update the spatial data at any time for a small area. It could be managed the history of spatial database such as creation, modification and deletion at a object level using the UFID of spatial data. This system could help to modify or update the changed geographical features in an office or in-situ promptly. Finally, it could be made the efficient updating manner of geographic data and the assurance of newest database.
Migration Characteristic Analysis on Red Tide Using GIS
Kim, Jin-Gi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 25, issue 3, 2007, Pages 257~266
The research on red tide is generally in progress through field work, such as the naked eye and sampling. It was difficult to forecast exactly the course, from appearance of red tide to disappearance. with the established ways of investigation and analysis. Accordingly it is need to analyze environmental factors in time and space, the appearance of red tide and the path of its migration by more objective and scientific methods. In this study, GIS is applied to analyse the space character of red tide and the interpolation of IDW(Inverse Distance Weight) is applied to assume the density distribution of red tide after gather data by using Arc/Info. After IDW interpolation, the sea area occurred over 1,000 cells/ml of red tide density is extracted with CON and SUM Function of Grid Module, and the density of the sea area is accumulated daily. As a result of this study, the distribution condition of red tide is found timely and spacially by applying GIS to the sea area of red tide, the results indicated that the spatial density and the cumulative frequency about the origin of red tide using GIS, the sea area demonstrated that the maximum density and the maximum frequency varied significantly over the Nammyun of Namhae-Is. with the maximum frequency being 49 times. accordingly if data about the areas of red tide will occur from the present are accumulated, the shifting route of red tide occurrence and extinction can be predicted.
Hydrographic Surveying in River by RTK GPS
Lee, Suk-Bae ; Choi, Bo-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 25, issue 3, 2007, Pages 267~275
Nowadays, it grows bigger the importance of water resource management, and so, hydrographic surveying technology in river is important because it serves basic data about river environment. And, also, the application field of GPS has been increased and expected to be more increased because of the change of the geodetic reference system to World Geodetic System. In this study, hydrographic surveying in Hwang river in Geochang is accomplished by RTK GPS and Total Station and they are compared and analyzed the both results. The section profile in river is made by Hec-Ras program and CAD. The results show it can be saved 15.3% in surveying times and the amount of surveying works can be enlarged 42.5%. And the standard error between RTK results with calibration and the results without calibration turned out as 2.1 cm. So we have a conclusion that RTK GPS is more efficient surveying method than total station in hydrographic surveying in river.